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Flashcards in diabetes Deck (13)
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1

risk factors for diabetes

family history, lack of exercise, unhealthy eatting and overweight

2

modifiable type 2 risk factors

Obesity
Sedentary life
Previous identified glucose intolerance (IGT and/or IGF)
Metabolic Syndrome
Dietary Factors
Intrauterine Environment
Smoking

3

non-modifiable type 2 risk factors

Ethnicity (African-American, Alaska Native, Native American Asian American, Pacific Islander)
Family History of type 2 diabetes
Age
Gender
History of gestational diabetes
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Inflammation

4

how to prevent diabetes

get more physical activity, plenty of fiber, go for whole grain, lose extra weight, skip fad diets and just make healthier choices

5

clinical symptoms of diabetes

3 P's
Polyuria
Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
Polyphagia (excessive hunger & increased appetite)

6

hyperglycemia symptoms

Increased levels of glucose
Dehydration
Hot red flushed skin
Abdominal pain
Fruity odor on the breath
Confusion, visual disturbances
3 Ps

7

what long-term problems can hyperglycemia lead to?

blindness, kidney diease, nerve damage, amputation, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, heart attack, and loss of limb circulation

8

cormobities if diabetes is untreated

Hypertension
Cardiovascular disease
Cerebrovascular disease
Peripheral Artery Disease
Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Nephropathy (ESRD)
Peripheral Neuropathy
Death

9

microvascular complications of diabetes

eyes/kidneys/neuropathy (PNS)

10

macrovascular complications of diabetes

brain/heaart/extremities

11

Leading cause of blindness in adults ages 18-74
Usually occurs after people have been battling diabetes for a number of years
Ruptured blood vessels cloud visual field

diabetic retinopathy

12

Altered sensation of the extremities leading to pain often being described as
Burning
Stabbing
Tingling
Can impede motor function

peripheral neuropathy

13

Often caused by constant wear and tear on specific weight-bearing areas of the foot
Decreased circulation and sensation make healing more difficult
Infection is common and amputation is likely, if healing does not occur

diabetic foot ulcers