Day 1 - Rapid Review Preview #1 Flashcards Preview

Step 2 DIT Rapid Review > Day 1 - Rapid Review Preview #1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 1 - Rapid Review Preview #1 Deck (20):
1

Suspect in blood in urethral meatus or high riding prostate

Bladder rupture or urethral injury; Not put in foley catheter, because potential for either

2

Type of ARF in pt w/ fractional excretion of Na

Pre-renal ARF

3

Protein & LDH criteria for exudative effusion

Pleural/Serum protein > 0.5 & Pleural LDH/Serum LDH > 0.6; Dx

4

Cause of muscle rigidity, fever, & rhadomylosis, in pt w/ schizophrenia

Neuroleptic malignant syndrome

5

Cause of bilious emesis in newborn w/i hours of first feeding

Duodenal atresia

6

60 yo woman leaks urine when laughing or coughin; Nonsurgical options?

Stress incontinence - Kegel exercises; Oral or vaginal estrogen cream; Pessaries

7

Cause of HTN in young women

OCPs

8

Most common causes of seizures in children age 2-10

(1) Febrile (2) Infections (3) Trauma (4) Idiopathic

9

DDx p-anca positive

(1) Pauci immune glomerulonephritis (2) Microscpic polyangitis (3) Churg-Strauss syndrome

10

Organism causing infx in burn victims

Pseudomonas aeurginosa

11

Painless pruritic regional LAD, evolves over 7-10 days into necrotic ulcer w/ black eschar - Dx & Tx

Cutaneous Anthrax; Penicillin V or G or Ampicillin or Doxycycline

12

Late life-threatening complication of CML

Blast crisis - fever, bone pain, splenomegaly, & pancytopenia

13

Hernia carrying highest risk for incarceration & strangulation

Femoral hernia (although not as common as direct or indirect)

14

Cause of aplastic anemia assoc. w/ thumb abnormalities, diffuse hypo/hyper-pigmentation, cafe-au-lait spots and short stature

Fanconi's anemia

15

Biostatistics calculation looks at people with and w/o disease & determines likelihood of exposure to risk factor

Odds ratio

16

Antidiabetic agent w/ side effect of lactic acidosis

Metformin

17

Cradle cap - What & Tx

Seborrheic dermatitis, Selenium sulfide shampoo or topic antifungals

18

Glomerulonephritis w/ deafness

Alport syndrome

19

Preferred diagnostic test for PE

CT scan w/ IV contrast; If renal disease or on Metformin, then V/Q scan

20

Herald patch followed by Christmas tree formation of rash

Pityriasis rosea

Decks in Step 2 DIT Rapid Review Class (111):