Day 7 - GI1 Quiz Flashcards Preview

Step 2 DIT Rapid Review > Day 7 - GI1 Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 7 - GI1 Quiz Deck (27):
1

Different types of esophageal diverticula

ZENKER - upper esophagus; TRACTION - mid esophagus; EPIPHRENIC - low esophagus

2

Tx diarrheal illnesses: Entamoeba histolytica

Metronidazole

3

Tx diarrheal illnesses: Giardia lamblia

Metronidazole

4

Tx diarrheal illnesses: Salmonella or Shigella

Quinolone, Fluoroquinolone, or TMP/SMX; Try not to tx Salmonella if can avoid it (only give antibx to high risk pts or severe disease)

5

Tx diarrheal illnesses: Campylobacter

Erythromycin

6

Hep B exposure: Negative HBsAg, Negative HBeAg, Negative Anti-HBs, Positive Anti-HBc IgM

Acute infection window period

7

Hep B exposure: Positive HBsAg, Positive HBeAg, Negative Anti-HBs, Positive Anti-HBc IgG

Chronic infection (active viral replication)

8

Hep B exposure: Negative HBsAg, Negative HBeAg, Positive Anti-HBs, Negative Anti-HBc IgG

Vaccination

9

Hep B exposure: Negative HBsAg, Negative HBeAg, Positive Anti-HBs, Positive Anti-HBc IgG

Recovery from infection

10

Tx diffuse esophageal spasm v. Achalasia

NOT too different in terms of medical tx - Nifedipine, Nitrates, (can also use TCAs for dysphagia/chest pain in DES); Achalasia more likely to need interventino - botox injections, pneumatic dilation, or myotomy

11

Infectious agents: Food poisoning with mayonaise sitting out too long

S. aureus (preformed toxin)

12

Infectious agents: Rice water stools

Vibrio cholera (or ETEC)

13

Infectious agents: Diarrhea from pet feces

Yersinia entercolytica (also causes pseudoappendicitis)

14

Infectious agents: Food poisoning from reheated rice in Chinese food

Bacillus cereus

15

Infectious agents: Most common cause of traveler's diarrhea

ETEC

16

Infectious agents: Diarrhea after antibx

Clostridium difficile colitis

17

Infectious agents: Diarrhea from recent ingestion of water from stream

Giardia lamblia (or possibly Entamoeba histolytica)

18

Infectious agents: Mild intestinal infx that can become neurocysticercosis

Taenium solium

19

Infectious agents: Food poisoning from undercooked hamburger

EHEC (e.g., O157:H7)

20

Infectious agents: Diarrhea after eating seafood

Vibrio species (cholera, vulnificus, parahemolyticus)

21

Infectious agents: Bloody diarrhea from poultry

Salmonella or Campylobacter

22

Infectious agents: Diarrhea & pink eye

Adenovirus

23

Infectious agents: Bloody diarrhea w/ liver abscess

Entamoeba histolytica

24

Infectious agents: Diarrhea in AIDS pts

Cryptosporodium (or Isospora)

25

Infectious agents: Dehydrated child with greenish diarrhea in winter months

Rotavirus

26

Hep C tx

Pegylated INF-alpha & Ribavirin

27

Next step pt p/w dysphagia

Barium swallow

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