Rapid Review Preview #10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Rapid Review Preview #10 Deck (20):
1

True positives divided by pts w/ disease

Sensitivity

2

15 yo F requires hospitalization for preeclampsia, should parents be informed?

No, parental consent not necessary in tx pregnant minors (also not for STDs, contraception, etc.)

3

Pt unable to inspire completely due to pain during palpation of RUQ

Murphy's sign - Dx: Acute cholecystitis

4

Reversal agent for heparin

Protamine sulfate

5

Substances known to cause hemolysis in pts w/ G6PD deficiency

Sulfonamides, Primaquine, High-dose ASA, INH, Nitrofurantoin, Dapsone, Fava beans

6

Meds given to pregnant woman w/ cystitis

Amoxicillin/Ampicillin, Nitrofurantoin, 1st or 2nd gen cephalosporin (e.g., cefalexin)

7

P/w limb pain on passive movement, pallor, poikilothermia, paresthesias, paralysis, and pulselessness - Tx

Compartment syndrome; All compartment fasciotomy

8

Complication 2/2 overly rapid correction of hyponatremia

CPM

9

60 yo p/w acute onset broken speech - Dx, Lobe & artery affected, 1st step in w/u

Broca's aphasia; Frontal lobe - left middle cerebral artery distribution; CT head r/o hemorrhage

10

Most common primary sources of metastasis to brain

Lung CA, Breast CA, Skin CA (melanoma), Renal CA, GI tract CA

11

Tx Mastitis in pt breastfeeding

Continue breastfeeding; Oral antibx

12

Characteristics favoring carcinoma in solitary pulmonary nodule

Smoker; Age > 45; New or larger lesions; Size > 2 cm; Irregular margins; No or Irregular calcifications

13

Disease find atrophy of mammillary bodies

Wernicke's encephalopathy

14

Heavy bleeding during &/or between menstrual periods

Menometorrhagia; Menorrhagia = heavy bleeding; Metorrhagia = higher frequency of bleeding

15

Most common type of esophageal fistula

Esophageal atresia & distal esophagus connected to trachea (85%)

16

Tx Kawasaki disease

Acute phase = high-dose ASA, IVIg; NOT give steroids

17

1st line [harmacotherapy for depression

SSRIs

18

Antidepressants assoc w/ hypertensive crisis; Substances that can exacerbate this

MAOi's; Tyramine

19

40 yo black F p/w noncaseating granulomas of lung & hypercalcemia

Sarcoidosis

20

Curschmann spirals, bronchial mucous plugs

Asthma

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