Day 7 - GI1 Flashcards Preview

Step 2 DIT Rapid Review > Day 7 - GI1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 7 - GI1 Deck (26):
1

GI Infx: Food poisoning as result of food sitting out too long

S. aureus (preformed enterotoxins)

2

GI Infx: Rice water stool

Vibrio cholera (ETEC also)

3

GI Infx: Diarrhea due to pet feces

Yersinia entercolytica

4

GI Infx: Food poisoning resulting from reheated rice

Bacillus cereus

5

GI Infx: Most common cause of traveler's diarrhea

Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC)

6

GI Infx: Diarrhea after course of antibx

Clostridium difficile

7

GI Infx: Diarrhea plus recent ingestion of water from a stream

Giardia lamblia (could also be Entamoeba histolytica)

8

GI Infx: Mild intestinal infx can become neurocysticercosis

Taenia solium

9

GI Infx: Food poisoning from undercooked hamburger meat

Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) (Recall O157:H7 can cause HUS)

10

GI Infx: Diarrhea from seafood

Vibrio species (cholerae, parahemolyticus, vulnificus)

11

GI Infx: Bloody diarrhea from poultry

Salmonella or Campylobacter

12

GI Infx: Diarrhea and pink eye

Adenovirus

13

GI Infx: Bloody diarrhea w/ liver abscess

Entamoeba histolytica

14

GI Infx: Diarrhea in AIDS pt

Cryptosporidium (and Isospora)

15

GI Infx: Dehydrated child w/ greenish diarrhea in winter months

Rotavirus

16

Tx Hep B v. C

Hep B: INF-alpha (standard or pegylated) w/ antivrals (lamivudine, adefovir, entecavir, telbivudine) v. Hep C (pegylated only) in addition to Ribavirin

17

Anatomy of GI tract highlighted by following study: Barium swallow

Esophagus, LES, stomach

18

Anatomy of GI tract highlighted by following study: Gastric emptying study

Stomach, pyloric sphincter, duodenum

19

Anatomy of GI tract highlighted by following study: Small bowel follow-through

Contrast agent (e.g., barium) w/ images every 30 min for 2 hrs; Stomach to terminal ileum

20

Anatomy of GI tract highlighted by following study: Barium enema

Colon & appendix

21

Mallory-Weiss v. Booerhave's syndrome

MW: mucosal laceration of esophagus; Booerhave: esophageal perforation (life-threatening); Both p/w blood with retching

22

Surgical connection of stomach to skin of anterior wall for feeding

Gastrostomy

23

Surgical connection of illeum to skin of anterior wall for feeding

Illeostomy

24

Surgical connection of colon to skin of anterior wall for feeding

Colostomy

25

Visualization of peritoneal cavity using laproscope

Laparascopy

26

Surgical incision into abdominal cavity

Laparotomy (or may be called Celiotomy)

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