Day 9 - GU1 Quiz Flashcards Preview

Step 2 DIT Rapid Review > Day 9 - GU1 Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 9 - GU1 Quiz Deck (17):
1

60 yo male smoker found to have varicocele not empty when pt recumbent - Suspicion & Next step

RCC - CT Scan

2

Glomerulonephritis w/ b/l sensorineural deafness

Alport syndrome

3

Dietary reqs for tx nephrolithiasis

Normal Ca, Increased fluid intake, Decreased sodium intake, Decreased dietary protein and oxalate

4

Young black male p/w painless hematuria

Sickle cell trait

5

Tx uric acid renal stones

Alkalinize urine (w/ sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate)

6

Most common syndrome nephrotic syndrome in African-American adults

FSGS (especially males)

7

Meds Tx Wegener's granulomatosis

Steroids & cyclophosphamide

8

Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis p/w

Kid w/ history of strep throat 1-2 wks ago p/w brown urine; Serum - ASO titer

9

Most common cause of morbidity/mortality in pts w/ lupus

Renal disease (Lupus nephritis)

10

Characteristics of nephrotic syndrome

> 3.5 g protein/day; Hypoalbuminea, Hyperlipidemia

11

Fever, rash, elevated Cr, eosinophilia

Interstitial nephritis; Most likely due to drugs (e.g., sulfa drugs, penicillin drugs, NSAIDs)

12

Biggest risk factor for RCC

Smoking

13

Etiologies for temporary hematuria

UTI, Nephrolithias, exercise, trauma, endometriosis

14

Most common location of renal stone

Ureterovesicular junction

15

Most commonly used diuretic in case of renal stones due to hypercalciuria

Thiazides

16

4 potassium sparing diuretics

Spironolactone, Eplerenone; Amiloride, Triamterene

17

Size Ca renal stone has 50% chance of passing w/o surgical removal

8-9 mm; Smaller then give medical mgt a shot

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