Day 1 - Neuro Part 1 Basics Flashcards Preview

Step 2 DIT Rapid Review > Day 1 - Neuro Part 1 Basics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 1 - Neuro Part 1 Basics Deck (29):
1

Touch, vibration, pressure sensation

Dorsal columns - fasciculus gracilis and cuneatus

2

Voluntary motor command from motor cortex to body

Corticospinal tracts - Lateral and Anterior/Ventral

3

Pain, temp sensation

Lateral spinothalamic tract

4

Postural adjustments and head movements

Vestibulospinal tract

5

Eyelid opening

CN III

6

Taste anterior 2/3 tongue

CN VII

7

Head turning

CN XI

8

Tongue movement

CN XII

9

Muscles of mastication

CN V

10

Balance

CN VIII

11

Monitoring of carotid bodies via chemo/baro-receptors

CN IX

12

2 Most common locations of aneurysms in Circle of Willis p/w; Type of aneursyms & complication

(1) A. Comm - bitemporal lower quandrantonopia (2) P. Comm - CN III palsy (eye down & out); Note: Berry aneurysms may lead SAH - Worst headache of life

13

Tract decussates: (1) Dorsal Column (2) LCST (3) Lateral spinothalamic

(1) Medulla (2) Medullary pyramids (3) Anterior white commissure, 1-2 segments above where enters at Lissauer tracts

14

Voluntary motor command from motor cortex to head and neck

Corticobular tract

15

Contralateral hemibalismus; Clinical relevance

Subthalamic nucleus lesion; Lesion made to treat Parkinson's Disease

16

Eyes look toward lesion

Frontal eye field lesion

17

Eyes look away from lesion

Prepontine Paramedian Reticular Formation (PPRF)

18

Upward gaze; Name lesion and syndrome

Superior colliculi; Parinaud syndrome

19

Hemispatial neglect

Non-dominant parietal lobe (usually right)

20

Coma

Reticular activating system

21

Unable to repeat

Arcuate fasciculus

22

Poor comprehension

Wernicke

23

Poor vocal expression

Boca

24

Resting tremor

Basal ganglia

25

Intention tremor

Cerebellar hemispheres

26

Hyperorality, hypersexuality, disinhibition; Name lesion & syndrome

Bilateral amygdala; Kluver-Bucy syndrome

27

Personality changes

Frontal lobe

28

Dysarthria

Cerebellar vermis

29

Acalculia and Agraphia

Dominant parietal lobe (usually left)

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