Rapid Review Preview #11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Rapid Review Preview #11 Deck (20):
1

RTA type assoc w/ abnormal H+ secretion & nephrolithiasis

RTA Type 1

2

Causes of hypervolemic hyponatremia

Cirrhosis, CHF, Nephrotic syndrome

3

Cherry red skin, coma, O2 sat norm, carboxyhemoglobin elevated - Dx & Tx

Dx: Carbon monoxide poisoning; Tx: 100% hyperbaric oxygen

4

Tx Delirium tremens

Benzodiazepines (chlordiaxepoxide aka Librium is common)

5

Most common cause of postpartum hemorrhage

Uterine atony (reason for massaging uterus & giving IV oxytocin after delivery)

6

Drugs inhibiting transmission through AV node

Beta-blockers, digoxin, CCBs (verapamil, diltiazem)

7

Skin lesion causing pearly papule with transulent surface & telangiectasias

Basal cell carcinoma

8

Infx causing honey crusted lesions around nose or mouth

Impetigo (S. pyogenes or S. aureus)

9

Hypocalcemia, High phosphorus, & Low PTH

Hypoparathyroidism

10

Stones, bones, groans, & psychiatric overtones

Hypercalcemia (ususally due to hyperparathyroidism or bony malignancies)

11

1st line tx acute ottitis media

Amoxicillin for 10 days; 2nd line: Amoxicillin w/ clavulanic acid... then Cephalosporin

12

Cohort study: incidence or prevalence

Identify both since following pts over time

13

MD can refuse tx pt on grounds of futility

No rationale for tx, maximum intervention already failed, or tx does not achieve goals of care

14

Violent pt w/ vertical &/or horizontal nystagmus

PCP

15

Diarrheal illness assoc w/ church picnics and mayonaise

S. aureus (preformed toxins)

16

Cause of congenital red blood cell aplasia

Diamond-Blackfan anemia

17

Pentad for TTP

Thrombocytopenia, renal failure, hemolytic anemia (HUS); fever, neuro changes

18

Pt w/ recent travel to Southwest p/w fever, malaise, night sweats - Dx & Tx

Coccidioides imitis; Fluconazole

19

Ring-enhancing brain lesion on CT w/ seizures

Brain abscess (may also see neurocysticercosis or toxoplasmosis, but this is classic)

20

S/Sx of endocarditis

Fever, new heart murmur, splinter hemorrhages, Osler nodes, Janeway lesions, Roth spots, conjunctival hemorrhage

Decks in Step 2 DIT Rapid Review Class (111):