Rapid Review Preview #9 Flashcards Preview

Step 2 DIT Rapid Review > Rapid Review Preview #9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rapid Review Preview #9 Deck (20):
1

Tx Vfib

Immediate cardioversion (360 J); If not working, Epi or Vasopressin (just with 1st dose),

2

Positive Nikolsky's sign

Blistering skin sloughs off w/ light touch; Pemphigus vulgaris

3

Most common inherited cause of hypercoagulability

Factor V Leiden

4

Genetic disorder assoc w/ multiple fractures & commonly mistaken for child abuse

Osteogenesis imperfecta

5

Most common cause of bloody nipple discharge

Intraductal papilloma

6

Antibx avoided during pregnancy due to potential teratogenic effects

Fluoroquinolones, Tetracyclines; Less concerning - Aminoglycosides, Sulfonamides

7

Anti-histone antibodies

Drug-induced lupus (e.g., hydralazine)

8

Infx cause aplastic crisis in sickle cell disease

Parvovirus B19

9

Tachycardia, wild fluctuations in bp, HA, diaphoresis, panic attack

Pheochromocytoma

10

Always should be done prior to LP

Check for increased ICP ( look for papilledema - not always need CT, unless suspect intracranial lesion or increased ICP)

11

Next step dx cholecystitis if US equivocal

HIDA scan

12

Clinical definition of HTN

BP > 140/90 on 3 separate occsasions at least 2 wks apart

13

Most common causes of fever of unknown origin

Infx, CA, Autoimmune diseases

14

Most feared complication of scaphoid fracture

Avascular necrosis of scaphoid

15

Albuminologic dissociation, increased protein in CSF w/o increased cell ct

Guillain Barre

16

Two disorders when neonate has meconium ileus

CF & Hirchsprung disease

17

Immunodef w/ positive Nitrozolium blue test

CGD

18

Ped pt w/ red currant jelly stools

Intussuception

19

Young female pt w/ amenorrhea, bradycardia, abnormal body image

Anorexia nervosa

20

Tx SVC syndrome

Radiation to decrease size of tumor; Also, steroids can be helpful

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