Day 11 - Ms1 Quiz Flashcards Preview

Step 2 DIT Rapid Review > Day 11 - Ms1 Quiz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 11 - Ms1 Quiz Deck (27):
1

Classic sx carpal tunnel syndrome

Wrist pain tends to radiate up arm, worsen w/ hand flexion or grasping (may drop things), numbness in thumb/middle/index fingers, Tinel sign (tapping carpal bone elicits wrist tingling & pain), Phalen sign (dorsum of hands together for 30 s, reproduces sx); May have thenar atrophy if long-term

2

Nerve injury in carpal tunnel syndrome

Median nerve

3

Monteggia v. Galeazzi fractures

Proximal ulnar fracture w/ anterior disloation of radial head v. Radial fracture with dislocation of DRUJ (distal radial ulnar joint)

4

Dx/Complications: fall on outstreched arm, snuffbox tenderness

Scaphoid fracture; Risk of AVN

5

Dx/Complications: Anterior shoulder dislocation

Axillary nerve injury

6

Dx/Complications: 5th metacarpal fracture

Boxer fracture; Commonly assoc w/ Bite wound, that may require irrigation & antibx

7

Dx/Complications: Humerus fracture

(Mid-shaft) Radial nerve injury

8

Dx/Complications: Hip fracture

DVT formation & AVN

9

Dx/Complications: Femur fracture

Fat embolism & severe blood loss into leg compartment

10

Dx/Complications: Tibia fracture

Compartment syndrome

11

Dx/Complications: Pelvic fracture

Hypovolemic shock from blood loss

12

Cause of back pain: pain increases w/ passive straight leg raise

Disc herniation

13

Cause of back pain: pain lessens w/ flexion of hips, bending over shopping cart

Spinal stenosis

14

Cause of back pain: Elderly, weight loss, pain constant but worse when supine

Spinal tumor

15

Cause of back pain: Acute urinary retention

Cauda equina syndrome

16

Cause of back pain: Pain made worse by walking and standing

Spinal stenosis

17

Cause of back pain: Loss of foot dorsiflexion, pain on crossed straight leg raise

Disc herniation

18

Cause of back pain: Pain limited to paraspinal region

Muscular strain

19

Nerve injury: Humeral shaft

Radial nerve

20

Nerve injury: Surgical neck of humerus

Axillary nerve

21

Nerve injury: Supracondyle of humerus

Median nerve

22

Nerve injury: Medial epicondyle of humerus

Ulnar nerve

23

Nerve injury: Anterior shoulder dislocation

Axillary nerve

24

Nerve injury: Injury to carpal tunnel

Median nerve

25

Conditions favoring posterior shoulder dislocation

Seizures, electrocution (incl. lightning strikes),

26

Tx compartment syndrome

Emergent fasciotomy of all fascial compartments of that extremity, not just compartment affected

27

Unhappy triad of knee

ACL injury with MCL and medial meniscus tear

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