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Flashcards in Deck10 Deck (96):
1

Abdomen

1.the part of the body of a mammal between the thorax and the pelvis; belly.

2

Agile

1. quick and well-coordinated in movement; lithe: an agile leap.

2.
active; lively: an agile person.

-çevik, atik,

nimble, sprightly. 2.  brisk, spry. 

- awkward. 2.  sluggish, lethargic. 

3

Appropriate

1. to set apart, authorize, or legislate for some specific purpose or use: The legislature appropriated funds for the university.

4.
to take to or for oneself; take possession of.
5.
to take without permission or consent; seize; expropriate: He appropriated the trust funds for himself.

 

1.  apportion, allocate, assign. 

4

Audacious

1. extremely bold or daring; recklessly brave; fearless: an audacious explorer.

2.
extremely original; without restriction to prior ideas; highly inventive: an audacious vision of the city's bright future.
3.
recklessly bold in defiance of convention, propriety, law, or the like; insolent; brazen, lively, not restrained

 

1.  courageous, intrepid, dauntless, venturesome. 3.  unabashed, shameless; impertinent, forward. 

-1.  cowardly. 

5

Bastion

1. Fortification. a projecting portion of a rampart or fortification that forms an irregular pentagon attached at the base to the main work.

2.
a fortified place.
3.
anything seen as preserving or protecting some quality, condition, etc.: a bastion of solitude; a bastion of democracy.

-kale

 

2.  fortress, fort, bulwark, stronghold, citadel. 

6

Blemish

1. to destroy or diminish the perfection of: The book is blemished by those long, ineffective descriptions.

2. a mark that detracts from appearance, as a pimple or a scar.

3.
a defect or flaw; stain; blight: a blemish on his record.

-güzelliğine halel getirmek

1.  stain, sully, spot, tarnish, taint; injure, mar, damage, impair, deface. 3.  blot, spot, speck, taint. See defect. 

-1.  purify, repair.

7

Cacophony

1. harsh discordance of sound; dissonance: a cacophony of hoots, cackles, and wails.

2.
a discordant and meaningless mixture of sounds: the cacophony produced by city traffic at midday.

 

8

Clamor

1. a loud uproar, as from a crowd of people: the clamor of the crowd at the gates.

2.
a vehement expression of desire or dissatisfaction: the clamor of the proponents of the law.
3.
popular outcry: The senators could not ignore the clamor against higher taxation.

6. to drive, force, influence, etc., by clamoring: The newspapers clamored him out of office.

 

1.  shouting. 2.  vociferation. 4. See noise. 

9

Compound

1. composed of two or more parts, elements, or ingredients: Soap is a compound substance.

2.
having or involving two or more actions or functions: The mouth is a compound organ.

3 to put together into a whole; combine: to compound drugs to form a new medicine.

4 to settle or adjust by agreement, especially for a reduced amount, as a debt.

10

Conundrum

1. a riddle, the answer to which involves a pun or play on words, as What is black and white and read all over? A newspaper.

2.
anything that puzzles.

11

Curtail

1. to cut short; cut off a part of; abridge; reduce; diminish.

lessen, dock. See shorten. 

12

Deposition

1. removal from an office or position.

2.
the act or process of depositing: deposition of the documents with the Library of Congress.
3.
the state of being deposited or precipitated: deposition of soil at the mouth of a river.

the act of testifying

-çökelme, yeminli ifade verme

13

Disallow

1. to refuse to allow; reject; veto: to disallow a claim for compensation.

2.
to refuse to admit the truth or validity of: to disallow the veracity of a report.

14

Divulge

1. to disclose or reveal (something private, secret, or previously unknown).

 

reveal

15

Egress

1. the act or an instance of going, especially from an enclosed place.

2.
a means or place of going out; an exit.
3.
the right or permission to go out.

16

Engulf

1. to swallow up in or as in a gulf;  submerge: The overflowing river has engulfed many small towns along its banks.

2.
to plunge or immerse, as into a gulf: He engulfed himself in his studies.

-yutmak, içine çekmek, girdaba çekmek

1.  envelop, bury, inundate, deluge, swamp. 

17

Escalate

1. to increase in intensity, magnitude, etc.: to escalate a war; a time when prices escalate.

2.
to raise, lower, rise, or descend on or as if on an escalator.

3. to grow or increase rapidly, often to the point of becoming unmanageable, as prices or wages

1.  advance, mount, swell. 

-1.  lower, decrease, fall. 

18

Exploit

1. a striking or notable deed; feat; spirited or heroic act: the exploits of Alexander the Great.

2.a bold or daring feat

accomplishment. See achievement. 

1.to utilize, especially for profit; turn to practical account: to exploit a business opportunity.
2.
to use selfishly for one's own ends: employers who exploit their workers.
3.
to advance or further through exploitation;  promote: He exploited his new movie through a series of guest appearances.

19

Felicitous

1. well-suited for the occasion, as an action, manner, or expression; apt; appropriate: The chairman's felicitous anecdote set everyone at ease.

2.
having a special ability for suitable manner or expression, as a person.

20

Fledge

1. to bring up (a young bird) until it is able to fly.

2.
to furnish with or as if with feathers or plumage.
3.
to provide (an arrow) with feathers.

4. (of a young bird) to acquire the feathers necessary for flight.

21

Fragile

1.easily broken, shattered, or damaged; delicate; brittle; frail: a fragile ceramic container; a very fragile alliance.

2.
vulnerably delicate, as in appearance: She has a fragile beauty.
3.
lacking in substance or force; flimsy: a fragile excuse.

See frail

22

Gnaw

1.to bite or chew on, especially persistently.

2.
to wear away or remove by persistent biting or nibbling.
3.
to form or make by so doing: to gnaw a hole through the wall.

-kemirmek

23

Harsh

1.ungentle and unpleasant in action or effect: harsh treatment; harsh manners.

2.
grim or unpleasantly severe; stern; cruel; austere: a harsh life; a harsh master.
3.
physically uncomfortable; desolate; stark: a harsh land.

 

2.  brusque, hard, unfeeling, unkind, brutal, acrimonious, bad-tempered. See stern1 . 3.  rough. 4.  discordant, dissonant, unharmonious. 6.  unesthetic. 

24

Idolatrous

1.worshiping idols.

2.
blindly adoring.
3.
of or pertaining to idolatry.

4. having or showing excessive admiration or devotion

25

Implacable

1.not to be appeased, mollified, or pacified; inexorable: an implacable enemy.

-yatıştırılamaz, amansız, acımasız

unappeasable, unbending, merciless. See inflexible. 

26

Ineluctable

1.incapable of being evaded; inescapable: an ineluctable destiny.

 

inevitable, unavoidable. 

27

Intervene

1to come between disputing people, groups, etc.; intercede; mediate. to modify, settle

2.
to occur or be between two things.
3.
to occur or happen between other events or periods: Nothing important intervened between the meetings.

1.  arbitrate, interpose. 

28

Knit

1 to make (a garment, fabric, etc.) by interlocking loops of one or more yarns either by hand with knitting  needles or by machine.

2.
to join closely and firmly, as members or parts (often followed by together ): The tragedy knitted the family closer together.
3.
to contract into folds or wrinkles: to knit the brow.

2.  bind, link, unite. 

29

Luminous

1 radiating or reflecting light; shining; bright.

2.
lighted up or illuminated; well-lighted: the luminous ballroom.
3.
brilliant intellectually; enlightened or enlightening, as a writer or a writer's works: a luminous concept; luminous prose.
4.
clear; readily intelligible: a concise, luminous report.

 

1.  lucid, radiant, resplendent, brilliant. 3.  bright, intelligent. 4.  understandable, perspicuous, lucid. 

-1, 2.  dark. 3.  stupid. 4.  obscure. 

30

Mince

1 to cut or chop into very small pieces.

2.
to soften, moderate, or weaken (one's words), especially for the sake of decorum or courtesy.
3.
to perform or utter with affected elegance.

4. to walk or move with short, affectedly dainty steps

—Idiom

8.
not mince words / matters, to speak directly and frankly; be blunt or outspoken: He was angry and didn't mince words.

31

Nonchalant

1 coolly unconcerned, indifferent, or unexcited; casual: His nonchalant manner infuriated me.

 

cool, calm, collected, composed. 

-excitable. 

32

Ostentation

1 pretentious or conspicuous show, as of wealth or importance; display intended to impress others.

2.
Archaic . the act of showing or exhibiting; display.

 

1.  pretension, pretense. See show. 

33

Penchant

1 a strong inclination, taste, or liking for something: a penchant for outdoor sports.

34

Picaresque

1 pertaining to, characteristic of, or characterized by a form of prose fiction,  picaresque novel; picaresque hero.

2.
of, pertaining to, or resembling rogues.

-haydutlarla, külhanbeyleriyle iglili

35

Poseur

1 a person who attempts to impress others by assuming or affecting a manner, degree of elegance, sentiment, etc., other than his or her true one.

36

Profundity

1 the quality or state of being profound;  depth.

2.
Usually, profundities. profound  or deep matters.

a profoundly deep place; abyss.

37

Quack

1 a fraudulent or ignorant pretender to Medical skill.

2.
a person who pretends, professionally or publicly, to skill, knowledge, or qualifications he or she does not possess; a charlatan.

2.  mountebank, phony. 

38

Recluse

1 a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.

secluded, solitary

-münzevi

39

Reproach

1 to find fault with (a person, group, etc.); blame; censure.

2.
to upbraid.
3.
to be a cause of blame or discredit to.

-suçlama, serzeniş, sitem

.  chide, abuse, reprimand, reprehend, condemn, criticize. Reproach, rebuke, scold, reprove

-praise

40

Sanctimony

1 pretended, affected, or hypocritical religious devotion, righteousness, etc.

-yalancı sofuluk

41

Shard

1 a fragment, especially of broken earthenware.

42

Sordid

1 morally ignoble or base; vile: sordid methods.

2.
meanly selfish, self-seeking, or mercenary.
3.
dirty or filthy.

-çıkarcı, kirli, paragöz

43

Stygian

1 of or pertaining to the river Styx or to Hades.

2.
dark or gloomy.
3.
infernal; hellish.

-karanlık, kasvetli

44

Taciturn

1 inclined to silence; reserved in speech; reluctant to join in conversation.

2.
dour, stern, and silent in expression and manner.

 

1.  silent, uncommunicative, reticent, quiet. 

45

Tout

1 to solicit business, employment, votes, or the like, importunately.

4. to describe or advertise boastfully; publicize or promote; praise extravagantly: a highly touted nightclub.

-tüyo vermek, çığırtkanlık etmek, ısrarla rica etmek

46

Unmitigated

1 not mitigated; not softened or lessened: unmitigated suffering.

2.
unqualified or absolute: an unmitigated bore.

1.  unrelieved, unabated, unbroken, persistent. 

47

Vindictive

1 disposed or inclined to revenge; vengeful: a vindictive person.

2.
proceeding from or showing a revengeful spirit: vindictive rumors.


1.  unforgiving. See spiteful.  

-1.  forgiving. 

48

Winsome

1 sweetly or innocently charming; winning;  engaging: a winsome smile.

49

1.not to be appeased, mollified, or pacified; inexorable: an implacable enemy.

-yatıştırılamaz, amansız, acımasız

 

unappeasable, unbending, merciless. See inflexible. 

Implacable

50

1. quick and well-coordinated in movement; lithe: an agile leap.

2.
active; lively: an agile person.

-çevik, atik,

nimble, sprightly. 2.  brisk, spry. 

- awkward. 2.  sluggish, lethargic. 

Agile

51

1. to set apart, authorize, or legislate for some specific purpose or use: The legislature appropriated funds for the university.

4.
to take to or for oneself; take possession of.
5.
to take without permission or consent; seize; expropriate: He appropriated the trust funds for himself.

 

1.  apportion, allocate, assign. 

Appropriate

52

1. extremely bold or daring; recklessly brave; fearless: an audacious explorer.

2.
extremely original; without restriction to prior ideas; highly inventive: an audacious vision of the city's bright future.
3.
recklessly bold in defiance of convention, propriety, law, or the like; insolent; brazen, lively, not restrained

 

1.  courageous, intrepid, dauntless, venturesome. 3.  unabashed, shameless; impertinent, forward. 

-1.  cowardly. 

Audacious

53

1. Fortification. a projecting portion of a rampart or fortification that forms an irregular pentagon attached at the base to the main work.

2.
a fortified place.
3.
anything seen as preserving or protecting some quality, condition, etc.: a bastion of solitude; a bastion of democracy.

-kale

 

2.  fortress, fort, bulwark, stronghold, citadel. 

Bastion

54

1. to destroy or diminish the perfection of: The book is blemished by those long, ineffective descriptions.

2. a mark that detracts from appearance, as a pimple or a scar.

3.
a defect or flaw; stain; blight: a blemish on his record.

-güzelliğine halel getirmek

1.  stain, sully, spot, tarnish, taint; injure, mar, damage, impair, deface. 3.  blot, spot, speck, taint. See defect. 

-1.  purify, repair.

Blemish

55

1. harsh discordance of sound; dissonance: a cacophony of hoots, cackles, and wails.

2.
a discordant and meaningless mixture of sounds: the cacophony produced by city traffic at midday.

 

Cacophony

56

1. a loud uproar, as from a crowd of people: the clamor of the crowd at the gates.

2.
a vehement expression of desire or dissatisfaction: the clamor of the proponents of the law.
3.
popular outcry: The senators could not ignore the clamor against higher taxation.

6. to drive, force, influence, etc., by clamoring: The newspapers clamored him out of office.

 

1.  shouting. 2.  vociferation. 4. See noise. 

Clamor

57

1. composed of two or more parts, elements, or ingredients: Soap is a compound substance.

2.
having or involving two or more actions or functions: The mouth is a compound organ.

3 to put together into a whole; combine: to compound drugs to form a new medicine.

4 to settle or adjust by agreement, especially for a reduced amount, as a debt.

Compound

58

1. a riddle, the answer to which involves a pun or play on words, as What is black and white and read all over? A newspaper.

2.
anything that puzzles.

Conundrum

59

1. to cut short; cut off a part of; abridge; reduce; diminish.

lessen, dock. See shorten. 

Curtail

60

1. removal from an office or position.

2.
the act or process of depositing: deposition of the documents with the Library of Congress.
3.
the state of being deposited or precipitated: deposition of soil at the mouth of a river.

the act of testifying

-çökelme, yeminli ifade verme

Deposition

61

1. to refuse to allow; reject; veto: to disallow a claim for compensation.

2.
to refuse to admit the truth or validity of: to disallow the veracity of a report.

Disallow

62

1. to disclose or reveal (something private, secret, or previously unknown).

 

reveal

Divulge

63

1. the act or an instance of going, especially from an enclosed place.

2.
a means or place of going out; an exit.
3.
the right or permission to go out.

Egress

64

1. to swallow up in or as in a gulf;  submerge: The overflowing river has engulfed many small towns along its banks.

2.
to plunge or immerse, as into a gulf: He engulfed himself in his studies.

-yutmak, içine çekmek, girdaba çekmek

1.  envelop, bury, inundate, deluge, swamp. 

Engulf

65

1. to increase in intensity, magnitude, etc.: to escalate a war; a time when prices escalate.

2.
to raise, lower, rise, or descend on or as if on an escalator.

3. to grow or increase rapidly, often to the point of becoming unmanageable, as prices or wages

1.  advance, mount, swell. 

-1.  lower, decrease, fall. 

Escalate

66

1. a striking or notable deed; feat; spirited or heroic act: the exploits of Alexander the Great.

2.a bold or daring feat

accomplishment. See achievement. 

1.to utilize, especially for profit; turn to practical account: to exploit a business opportunity.
2.
to use selfishly for one's own ends: employers who exploit their workers.
3.
to advance or further through exploitation;  promote: He exploited his new movie through a series of guest appearances.

Exploit

67

1. well-suited for the occasion, as an action, manner, or expression; apt; appropriate: The chairman's felicitous anecdote set everyone at ease.

2.
having a special ability for suitable manner or expression, as a person.

Felicitous

68

1. to bring up (a young bird) until it is able to fly.

2.
to furnish with or as if with feathers or plumage.
3.
to provide (an arrow) with feathers.

4. (of a young bird) to acquire the feathers necessary for flight.

Fledge

69

1.easily broken, shattered, or damaged; delicate; brittle; frail: a fragile ceramic container; a very fragile alliance.

2.
vulnerably delicate, as in appearance: She has a fragile beauty.
3.
lacking in substance or force; flimsy: a fragile excuse.

See frail

Fragile

70

1.to bite or chew on, especially persistently.

2.
to wear away or remove by persistent biting or nibbling.
3.
to form or make by so doing: to gnaw a hole through the wall.

-kemirmek

Gnaw

71

1.ungentle and unpleasant in action or effect: harsh treatment; harsh manners.

2.
grim or unpleasantly severe; stern; cruel; austere: a harsh life; a harsh master.
3.
physically uncomfortable; desolate; stark: a harsh land.

 

2.  brusque, hard, unfeeling, unkind, brutal, acrimonious, bad-tempered. See stern1 . 3.  rough. 4.  discordant, dissonant, unharmonious. 6.  unesthetic. 

Harsh

72

1.worshiping idols.

2.
blindly adoring.
3.
of or pertaining to idolatry.

4. having or showing excessive admiration or devotion

Idolatrous

73

1.the part of the body of a mammal between the thorax and the pelvis; belly.

Abdomen

74

1.incapable of being evaded; inescapable: an ineluctable destiny.

 

inevitable, unavoidable. 

Ineluctable

75

1to come between disputing people, groups, etc.; intercede; mediate. to modify, settle

2.
to occur or be between two things.
3.
to occur or happen between other events or periods: Nothing important intervened between the meetings.

1.  arbitrate, interpose. 

Intervene

76

1 to make (a garment, fabric, etc.) by interlocking loops of one or more yarns either by hand with knitting  needles or by machine.

2.
to join closely and firmly, as members or parts (often followed by together ): The tragedy knitted the family closer together.
3.
to contract into folds or wrinkles: to knit the brow.

2.  bind, link, unite. 

Knit

77

1 radiating or reflecting light; shining; bright.

2.
lighted up or illuminated; well-lighted: the luminous ballroom.
3.
brilliant intellectually; enlightened or enlightening, as a writer or a writer's works: a luminous concept; luminous prose.
4.
clear; readily intelligible: a concise, luminous report.

 

1.  lucid, radiant, resplendent, brilliant. 3.  bright, intelligent. 4.  understandable, perspicuous, lucid. 

-1, 2.  dark. 3.  stupid. 4.  obscure. 

Luminous

78

1 to cut or chop into very small pieces.

2.
to soften, moderate, or weaken (one's words), especially for the sake of decorum or courtesy.
3.
to perform or utter with affected elegance.

4. to walk or move with short, affectedly dainty steps

—Idiom

8.
not mince words / matters, to speak directly and frankly; be blunt or outspoken: He was angry and didn't mince words.

Mince

79

1 coolly unconcerned, indifferent, or unexcited; casual: His nonchalant manner infuriated me.

 

cool, calm, collected, composed. 

-excitable. 

Nonchalant

80

1 pretentious or conspicuous show, as of wealth or importance; display intended to impress others.

2.
Archaic . the act of showing or exhibiting; display.

 

1.  pretension, pretense. See show. 

Ostentation

81

1 a strong inclination, taste, or liking for something: a penchant for outdoor sports.

Penchant

82

1 pertaining to, characteristic of, or characterized by a form of prose fiction,  picaresque novel; picaresque hero.

2.
of, pertaining to, or resembling rogues.

-haydutlarla, külhanbeyleriyle iglili

Picaresque

83

1 a person who attempts to impress others by assuming or affecting a manner, degree of elegance, sentiment, etc., other than his or her true one.

Poseur

84

1 the quality or state of being profound;  depth.

2.
Usually, profundities. profound  or deep matters.

a profoundly deep place; abyss.

Profundity

85

1 a fraudulent or ignorant pretender to Medical skill.

2.
a person who pretends, professionally or publicly, to skill, knowledge, or qualifications he or she does not possess; a charlatan.

2.  mountebank, phony. 

Quack

86

1 a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.

secluded, solitary

-münzevi

Recluse

87

1 to find fault with (a person, group, etc.); blame; censure.

2.
to upbraid.
3.
to be a cause of blame or discredit to.

-suçlama, serzeniş, sitem

.  chide, abuse, reprimand, reprehend, condemn, criticize. Reproach, rebuke, scold, reprove

-praise

Reproach

88

1 pretended, affected, or hypocritical religious devotion, righteousness, etc.

-yalancı sofuluk

Sanctimony

89

1 a fragment, especially of broken earthenware.

Shard

90

1 morally ignoble or base; vile: sordid methods.

2.
meanly selfish, self-seeking, or mercenary.
3.
dirty or filthy.

-çıkarcı, kirli, paragöz

Sordid

91

1 of or pertaining to the river Styx or to Hades.

2.
dark or gloomy.
3.
infernal; hellish.

-karanlık, kasvetli

Stygian

92

1 inclined to silence; reserved in speech; reluctant to join in conversation.

2.
dour, stern, and silent in expression and manner.

 

1.  silent, uncommunicative, reticent, quiet. 

Taciturn

93

1 to solicit business, employment, votes, or the like, importunately.

4. to describe or advertise boastfully; publicize or promote; praise extravagantly: a highly touted nightclub.

-tüyo vermek, çığırtkanlık etmek, ısrarla rica etmek

Tout

94

1 not mitigated; not softened or lessened: unmitigated suffering.

2.
unqualified or absolute: an unmitigated bore.

1.  unrelieved, unabated, unbroken, persistent. 

Unmitigated

95

1 disposed or inclined to revenge; vengeful: a vindictive person.

2.
proceeding from or showing a revengeful spirit: vindictive rumors.


1.  unforgiving. See spiteful.  

-1.  forgiving. 

Vindictive

96

1 sweetly or innocently charming; winning;  engaging: a winsome smile.

Winsome