Deck21 Flashcards Preview

TTP > Deck21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck21 Deck (94):
1

Adhesion

1. the act or state of adhering; state of being adhered or united: the adhesion of parts united by growth.

2.
steady or devoted attachment, support, etc.; adherence.
3.
assent; concurrence.

2

Aplomb

1. imperturbable self-possession, poise, or assurance.

2.
the perpendicular, or vertical, position.

 

 composure, equanimity, imperturbability.

- 1.  confusion, discomposure; doubt, uncertainty. 

3

Assuage

1. to make milder or less severe; relieve; ease; mitigate: to assuage one's grief; to assuage one's pain.

2.
to appease; satisfy; allay; relieve: to assuage one's hunger.
3.
to soothe, calm, or mollify: to assuage his fears; to assuage her anger.

 

alleviate, lessen.

 

- intensify. 

4

Banal

1.devoid of freshness or originality; hackneyed; trite: a banal and sophomoric treatment of courage on the frontier.

 

5

Bifurcate

1 to divide or fork  into two branches. (or divided)

6

Brook

1 to bear; suffer; tolerate (usually in the negative): I will brook no interference.

 

take, stand, endure, abide, stomach.

7

Chassis

1 the frame, wheels, and machinery of a motor vehicle, on which the body is supported.

8

Commend

1 to present, mention, or praise as worthy of confidence, notice, kindness, etc.; recommend: to commend a friend to another; to commend an applicant for employment.

2. to entrust; give in charge; deliver with confidence: I commend my child to your care.
3. to cite or name with approval or special praise: to commend a soldier for bravery.


1.  acclaim, laud, extol. See approve. 2.  commit, consign, relegate, convey.

-1.  censure.
 

9

Consummate

1 to bring to a state of perfection; fulfill.

2.
to complete (an arrangement, agreement, or the like) by a pledge or the signing of a contract: The company consummated its deal to buy a smaller firm.
3.
to complete (the union of a marriage) by the first marital sexual intercourse.

 1 complete, perfect, finish, accomplish, achieve.

-4.  imperfect, unfinished

10

Crush

1 to press or squeeze with a force that destroys or deforms.

2.
to squeeze or pound into small fragments or particles, as ore, stone, etc.

 

1 crumple, rumple. 2.  pulverize, powder, mash, crumble. See break. 7.  quell, overcome, quash. 

11

Demur

1 to make objection, especially on the grounds of scruples; take exception; object: They wanted to make him the treasurer, but he demurred.

to hesitate because of one's doubts or objections; have scruples; object

4. the act of making objection.

5.
an objection raised.

5 scruple, qualm, misgiving.

 

- 1.  agree, accede.

12

Dictate

1 to say or read (something) aloud for another person to transcribe or for a machine to record: to dictate some letters to a secretary.

2. to prescribe or lay down authoritatively or peremptorily; command unconditionally: to dictate peace terms to a conquered enemy.

5. an authoritative order or command.

6. a guiding or governing principle, requirement, etc.: to follow the dictates of one's conscience.

 bidding, urging, prompting.

13

Distinct

1 distinguished  as not being the same; not identical; separate (sometimes followed by from ): His private and public lives are distinct.

2.
different in nature or quality; dissimilar (sometimes followed by from ): Gold is distinct from iron.

 

1 individual. See various. 3.  well-defined, unconfused.

- 3, 4.  indistinct. 

14

Edacious

1 devouring; voracious; consuming.

15

Endorse

1 to approve, support, or sustain: to endorse a political candidate.

2. to designate oneself as payee of (a check) by signing, usually on the reverse side of the instrument.
3. to sign one's name on (a commercial document or other instrument).

 

1 sanction, ratify, uphold, sustain, back, second. 

16

Equivocate

1 to use ambiguous or unclear expressions, usually to avoid commitment or in order to mislead; prevaricate or hedge: When asked directly for his position on disarmament, the candidate only equivocated.

 

evade, stall, dodge. 

17

Exonerate

1 to clear, as of an accusation; free from guilt or blame; exculpate: He was exonerated from the accusation of cheating.

2.
to relieve, as from an obligation, duty, or task

 

1 vindicate. See absolve. 2.  release, discharge, free.

- 1.  blame. 

18

Fatuous

1 foolish or inane, especially in an unconscious, complacent manner; silly.

2.
unreal; illusory.

 

dense, dull, dim-witted. See foolish.

19

Fatuous

1 to fix;  make stable or stationary.

2. to direct and focus (the eyes) on (a point or object)

20

Forgery

1 the crime of falsely making or altering a writing by which the legal rights or obligations of another person are apparently affected; simulated signing of another person's name to any such writing whether or not it is also the forger's  name.

2.
the production of a spurious work that is claimed to be genuine, as a coin, a painting, or the like.

21

Germane

1 closely or significantly related; relevant; pertinent: Please keep your statements germane to the issue.

 

related, applicable, apposite, appropriate, fitting, apt, suited

22

Hallow

1 to make holy; sanctify; consecrate.

2.
to honor as holy; consider sacred; venerate: to hallow a battlefield.

23

Husk

1 the dry external covering of certain fruits or seeds, especially of an ear of corn.

2. the enveloping or outer part of anything, especially when dry or worthless.
3. to remove the husk from.

24

Imperious

1 domineering in a haughty manner; dictatorial; overbearing: an imperious manner; an imperious person.

2.
urgent; imperative: imperious need

 

1 tyrannical, despotic, arrogant. 2.  necessary.

- 1.  submissive. 2.  unnecessary.
 

25

Indistinct

1 not distinct; not clearly marked or defined: indistinct markings.

2.
not clearly distinguishable or perceptible, as to the eye, ear, or mind: He heard an indistinct muttering.

 

  blurred, clouded, dim.

26

Insouciant

1 free from concern, worry, or anxiety; carefree; nonchalant.

 

lighthearted, debonair, jaunty, breezy.

27

Itinerant

1 traveling from place to place, especially on a circuit, as a minister, judge, or sales representative; itinerating;  journeying.

2. characterized by such traveling: itinerant preaching.
3. working in one place for a comparatively short time and then moving on to work in another place, usually as a physical or outdoor laborer; characterized by alternating periods of working and wandering: an itinerant farm hand.

1, 3.  wandering, nomadic, migratory, unsettled, roving, roaming; peripatetic.

Antonyms
1.  settled.

28

Lubricant

1 a substance, as oil or grease, for lessening friction, especially in the working parts of a mechanism.

 

29

Mercurial

1 changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty; erratic: a mercurial nature.

2. animated; lively; sprightly; quick-witted.

 

 inconstant, indecisive. 2.  spirited.

- 1.  constant, steady. 2.  phlegmatic

30

Neophyte

1 a beginner or novice: He's a neophyte at chess.

 

greenhorn, tyro.

31

Odor

1 the property of a substance that activates the sense of smell: to have an unpleasant odor.

2.
a sensation perceived by the sense of smell; scent.

 

 aroma, redolence, perfume. Odor, smell, scent, stench

32

Parvenu

1 a person who has recently or suddenly acquired wealth, importance, position, or the like, but has not yet developed the conventionally appropriate manners, dress, surroundings, etc.

33

Petrify

1 to convert into stone or a stony substance.

2. to benumb or paralyze with astonishment, horror, or other strong emotion: I was petrified with fear.

 

immobilize, dumbfound, daze.

34

Plutocracy

1 the rule or power of wealth or of the wealthy.

2.
a government or state in which the wealthy class rules.
3.
a class or group ruling, or exercising power or influence, by virtue of its wealth.

35

Probity

1 integrity and uprightness; honesty.

-doğruluk, dürüstlük

rectitude.

-dishonesty. 

36

Punctilious

1 extremely attentive to punctilios;  strict or exact in the observance of the formalities or amenities of conduct or actions.

 

precise, demanding; careful, conscientious. See scrupulous.

- careless. 

37

Rebuff

1 a blunt or abrupt rejection, as of a person making advances.

2. a peremptory refusal of a request, offer, etc.; snub.
3. a check to action or progress.

4. to give a rebuff to; check; repel; refuse; drive away

-ret, ters cevap

snub, slight, reject, spurn.

38

Remonstrate

1 to say or plead in protest, objection, or disapproval.

3. to present reasons in complaint; plead in protest.

 

3.  argue, object, expostulate.

39

Ruffian

1 a tough, lawless person; roughneck; bully.

 

1.  brute, tough, knave, rogue, blackguard.

40

Serrated

1 having a notched edge or sawlike teeth, especially for cutting; serrate: the serrated blade of a bread knife

41

Somatic

1 of the body; bodily; physical.

 

corporal.

- 1.  psychic.
 

42

Stolid

1 not easily stirred or moved mentally; unemotional; impassive.

 

apathetic, lethargic, phlegmatic. 

43

Suppress

1 to put an end to the activities of (a person, body of persons, etc.): to suppress the Communist party.

2. to do away with by or as by authority; abolish; stop (a practice, custom, etc.).
3. to keep in or repress (a feeling, smile, groan, etc.).
4. to withhold from disclosure or publication (truth, evidence, a book, names, etc.).
5. to stop or arrest (a flow, hemorrhage, cough, etc.).

44

Timorous

1  full of fear; fearful: The noise made them timorous.

2.
subject to fear; timid.
3.
characterized by or indicating fear: a timorous whisper.

 

See cowardly

45

Uncouth

1  awkward, clumsy, or unmannerly: uncouth behavior; an uncouth relative who embarrasses the family.

2. strange and ungraceful in appearance or form.
3. unusual or strange.

 discourteous, rude, uncivil. See boorish. 3.  odd, unfamiliar.

 

- 1.  courteous.
 

46

Verve

1 enthusiasm or vigor, as in literary or artistic work; spirit: Her latest novel lacks verve.

2.
vivaciousness; liveliness; animation: I like a teacher with plenty of verve.

47

Weigh

1 to evaluate in the mind; consider carefully in order to reach an opinion, decision, or choice: to weigh the facts; to weigh a proposal.

2 to have importance, moment, or consequence: Your recommendation weighs heavily in his favor.

 

1 ponder, contemplate. 

48

1. the act or state of adhering; state of being adhered or united: the adhesion of parts united by growth.

2.
steady or devoted attachment, support, etc.; adherence.
3.
assent; concurrence.

Adhesion

49

1. imperturbable self-possession, poise, or assurance.

2.
the perpendicular, or vertical, position.

 

 composure, equanimity, imperturbability.

- 1.  confusion, discomposure; doubt, uncertainty. 

Aplomb

50

1. to make milder or less severe; relieve; ease; mitigate: to assuage one's grief; to assuage one's pain.

2.
to appease; satisfy; allay; relieve: to assuage one's hunger.
3.
to soothe, calm, or mollify: to assuage his fears; to assuage her anger.

 

alleviate, lessen.

 

- intensify. 

Assuage

51

1.devoid of freshness or originality; hackneyed; trite: a banal and sophomoric treatment of courage on the frontier.

 

Banal

52

1 to divide or fork  into two branches. (or divided)

Bifurcate

53

1 to bear; suffer; tolerate (usually in the negative): I will brook no interference.

 

take, stand, endure, abide, stomach.

Brook

54

1 the frame, wheels, and machinery of a motor vehicle, on which the body is supported.

Chassis

55

1 to present, mention, or praise as worthy of confidence, notice, kindness, etc.; recommend: to commend a friend to another; to commend an applicant for employment.

2. to entrust; give in charge; deliver with confidence: I commend my child to your care.
3. to cite or name with approval or special praise: to commend a soldier for bravery.


1.  acclaim, laud, extol. See approve. 2.  commit, consign, relegate, convey.

-1.  censure.
 

Commend

56

1 to bring to a state of perfection; fulfill.

2.
to complete (an arrangement, agreement, or the like) by a pledge or the signing of a contract: The company consummated its deal to buy a smaller firm.
3.
to complete (the union of a marriage) by the first marital sexual intercourse.

 1 complete, perfect, finish, accomplish, achieve.

-4.  imperfect, unfinished

Consummate

57

1 to press or squeeze with a force that destroys or deforms.

2.
to squeeze or pound into small fragments or particles, as ore, stone, etc.

 

1 crumple, rumple. 2.  pulverize, powder, mash, crumble. See break. 7.  quell, overcome, quash. 

Crush

58

1 to make objection, especially on the grounds of scruples; take exception; object: They wanted to make him the treasurer, but he demurred.

to hesitate because of one's doubts or objections; have scruples; object

4. the act of making objection.

5.
an objection raised.

5 scruple, qualm, misgiving.

 

- 1.  agree, accede.

Demur

59

1 to say or read (something) aloud for another person to transcribe or for a machine to record: to dictate some letters to a secretary.

2. to prescribe or lay down authoritatively or peremptorily; command unconditionally: to dictate peace terms to a conquered enemy.

5. an authoritative order or command.

6. a guiding or governing principle, requirement, etc.: to follow the dictates of one's conscience.

 bidding, urging, prompting.

Dictate

60

1 distinguished  as not being the same; not identical; separate (sometimes followed by from ): His private and public lives are distinct.

2.
different in nature or quality; dissimilar (sometimes followed by from ): Gold is distinct from iron.

 

1 individual. See various. 3.  well-defined, unconfused.

- 3, 4.  indistinct. 

Distinct

61

1 devouring; voracious; consuming.

Edacious

62

1 to approve, support, or sustain: to endorse a political candidate.

2. to designate oneself as payee of (a check) by signing, usually on the reverse side of the instrument.
3. to sign one's name on (a commercial document or other instrument).

 

1 sanction, ratify, uphold, sustain, back, second. 

Endorse

63

1 to use ambiguous or unclear expressions, usually to avoid commitment or in order to mislead; prevaricate or hedge: When asked directly for his position on disarmament, the candidate only equivocated.

 

evade, stall, dodge. 

Equivocate

64

1 to clear, as of an accusation; free from guilt or blame; exculpate: He was exonerated from the accusation of cheating.

2.
to relieve, as from an obligation, duty, or task

 

1 vindicate. See absolve. 2.  release, discharge, free.

- 1.  blame. 

Exonerate

65

1 foolish or inane, especially in an unconscious, complacent manner; silly.

2.
unreal; illusory.

 

dense, dull, dim-witted. See foolish.

Fatuous

66

1 to fix;  make stable or stationary.

2. to direct and focus (the eyes) on (a point or object)

Fatuous

67

1 the crime of falsely making or altering a writing by which the legal rights or obligations of another person are apparently affected; simulated signing of another person's name to any such writing whether or not it is also the forger's  name.

2.
the production of a spurious work that is claimed to be genuine, as a coin, a painting, or the like.

Forgery

68

1 closely or significantly related; relevant; pertinent: Please keep your statements germane to the issue.

 

related, applicable, apposite, appropriate, fitting, apt, suited

Germane

69

1 to make holy; sanctify; consecrate.

2.
to honor as holy; consider sacred; venerate: to hallow a battlefield.

Hallow

70

1 the dry external covering of certain fruits or seeds, especially of an ear of corn.

2. the enveloping or outer part of anything, especially when dry or worthless.
3. to remove the husk from.

Husk

71

1 domineering in a haughty manner; dictatorial; overbearing: an imperious manner; an imperious person.

2.
urgent; imperative: imperious need

 

1 tyrannical, despotic, arrogant. 2.  necessary.

- 1.  submissive. 2.  unnecessary.
 

Imperious

72

1 not distinct; not clearly marked or defined: indistinct markings.

2.
not clearly distinguishable or perceptible, as to the eye, ear, or mind: He heard an indistinct muttering.

 

  blurred, clouded, dim.

Indistinct

73

1 free from concern, worry, or anxiety; carefree; nonchalant.

 

lighthearted, debonair, jaunty, breezy.

Insouciant

74

1 traveling from place to place, especially on a circuit, as a minister, judge, or sales representative; itinerating;  journeying.

2. characterized by such traveling: itinerant preaching.
3. working in one place for a comparatively short time and then moving on to work in another place, usually as a physical or outdoor laborer; characterized by alternating periods of working and wandering: an itinerant farm hand.

1, 3.  wandering, nomadic, migratory, unsettled, roving, roaming; peripatetic.

Antonyms
1.  settled.

Itinerant

75

1 a substance, as oil or grease, for lessening friction, especially in the working parts of a mechanism.

 

Lubricant

76

1 changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty; erratic: a mercurial nature.

2. animated; lively; sprightly; quick-witted.

 

 inconstant, indecisive. 2.  spirited.

- 1.  constant, steady. 2.  phlegmatic

Mercurial

77

1 a beginner or novice: He's a neophyte at chess.

 

greenhorn, tyro.

Neophyte

78

1 the property of a substance that activates the sense of smell: to have an unpleasant odor.

2.
a sensation perceived by the sense of smell; scent.

 

 aroma, redolence, perfume. Odor, smell, scent, stench

Odor

79

1 a person who has recently or suddenly acquired wealth, importance, position, or the like, but has not yet developed the conventionally appropriate manners, dress, surroundings, etc.

Parvenu

80

1 to convert into stone or a stony substance.

2. to benumb or paralyze with astonishment, horror, or other strong emotion: I was petrified with fear.

 

immobilize, dumbfound, daze.

Petrify

81

1 the rule or power of wealth or of the wealthy.

2.
a government or state in which the wealthy class rules.
3.
a class or group ruling, or exercising power or influence, by virtue of its wealth.

Plutocracy

82

1 integrity and uprightness; honesty.

-doğruluk, dürüstlük

rectitude.

-dishonesty. 

Probity

83

1 extremely attentive to punctilios;  strict or exact in the observance of the formalities or amenities of conduct or actions.

 

precise, demanding; careful, conscientious. See scrupulous.

- careless. 

Punctilious

84

1 a blunt or abrupt rejection, as of a person making advances.

2. a peremptory refusal of a request, offer, etc.; snub.
3. a check to action or progress.

4. to give a rebuff to; check; repel; refuse; drive away

-ret, ters cevap

snub, slight, reject, spurn.

Rebuff

85

1 to say or plead in protest, objection, or disapproval.

3. to present reasons in complaint; plead in protest.

 

3.  argue, object, expostulate.

Remonstrate

86

1 a tough, lawless person; roughneck; bully.

 

1.  brute, tough, knave, rogue, blackguard.

Ruffian

87

1 having a notched edge or sawlike teeth, especially for cutting; serrate: the serrated blade of a bread knife

Serrated

88

1 of the body; bodily; physical.

 

corporal.

- 1.  psychic.
 

Somatic

89

1 not easily stirred or moved mentally; unemotional; impassive.

 

apathetic, lethargic, phlegmatic. 

Stolid

90

1 to put an end to the activities of (a person, body of persons, etc.): to suppress the Communist party.

2. to do away with by or as by authority; abolish; stop (a practice, custom, etc.).
3. to keep in or repress (a feeling, smile, groan, etc.).
4. to withhold from disclosure or publication (truth, evidence, a book, names, etc.).
5. to stop or arrest (a flow, hemorrhage, cough, etc.).

Suppress

91

1  full of fear; fearful: The noise made them timorous.

2.
subject to fear; timid.
3.
characterized by or indicating fear: a timorous whisper.

 

See cowardly

Timorous

92

1  awkward, clumsy, or unmannerly: uncouth behavior; an uncouth relative who embarrasses the family.

2. strange and ungraceful in appearance or form.
3. unusual or strange.

 discourteous, rude, uncivil. See boorish. 3.  odd, unfamiliar.

 

- 1.  courteous.
 

Uncouth

93

1 enthusiasm or vigor, as in literary or artistic work; spirit: Her latest novel lacks verve.

2.
vivaciousness; liveliness; animation: I like a teacher with plenty of verve.

Verve

94

1 to evaluate in the mind; consider carefully in order to reach an opinion, decision, or choice: to weigh the facts; to weigh a proposal.

2 to have importance, moment, or consequence: Your recommendation weighs heavily in his favor.

 

1 ponder, contemplate. 

Weigh