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Flashcards in Deck14 Deck (94):
1

Abundant

1. present in great quantity; more than adequate; oversufficient: an abundant supply of water.

2.
well supplied; abounding: a river abundant in salmon.
3.
richly supplied: an abundant land.

 

1.  copious, profuse, overflowing. See plentiful. 2.  teeming, rich.

—1, 2.  sparse, scarce. 

2

Ameliorate

1. to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve; meliorate.

 

amend, better. See improve.

— worsen. 

3

Arrogance

1.offensive display of superiority or self-importance; overbearing pride.

 

haughtiness, insolence, disdain.

—humility, modesty, diffidence. 

4

Aviary

1.a large cage or a house or enclosure in which birds are kept.

5

Bent

1. An inclination, tendency, a natural leaning or tendency propensity

6

Braid

1. to weave together strips or strands of; plait: to braid the hair.

2.
to form by such weaving: to braid a rope.
3.
to bind or confine (the hair) with a band, ribbon, etc.

-örgü

7

Castigate

1. to criticize or reprimand severely.

2.
to punish in order to correct.

 

1.  scold, reprove. 2.  discipline, chastise, chasten. 

8

Coeval

1. of the same age, date, or duration; equally old: Analysis has proved that this manuscript is coeval with that one.

2.
coincident: Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo were only approximately coeval.

3. a contemporary: He is more serious than his coevals.

 

1, 2. See contemporary. 

9

Congeal

1. to change from a soft or fluid state to a rigid or solid state, as by cooling or freezing: The fat congealed on the top of the soup.

2.
to curdle; coagulate, as a fluid.
3.
to make or become fixed, as ideas, sentiments, or principles: Some philosophic systems lost their vitality and congealed.

 

1.  harden, set, jell, solidify. 

10

Countenance

1. appearance, especially the look or expression of the face: a sad countenance.

2.
the face; visage.
3.
calm facial expression; composure.

4. approval or favor; encouragement; moral support.

5. to permit or tolerate: You should not have countenanced his rudeness.

11

Decry

1. to speak disparagingly of; denounce as faulty or worthless; express censure of: She decried the lack of support for the arts in this country.

2.
to condemn or depreciate by proclamation, as foreign or obsolete coins.

 

belittle, disparage, discredit, depreciate, minimize. Decry, denigrate, deprecate, derogate

12

Desuetude

1. the state of being no longer used or practiced.

13

Disinter

1. to take out of the place of interment; exhume; unearth.

2.
to bring from obscurity into view: The actor's autobiography disinterred a past era.

14

Ductile

1. capable of being hammered out thin, as certain metals; malleable.

2.
capable of being drawn out into wire or threads, as gold.
3.
able to undergo change of form without breaking.

15

Embezzle

1. to appropriate fraudulently to one's own use, as money or property entrusted to one's care.

 

misappropriate. 

16

Epicure

1.a person who cultivates a refined taste, especially in food and wine; connoisseur.

 

1.  gastronome, gourmet, epicurean. 2.  voluptuary, sensualist, gourmand.

—1.  ascetic. 

17

Evoke

1. to call up or produce (memories, feelings, etc.): to evoke a memory.

2.
to elicit or draw forth: His comment evoked protests from the shocked listeners.
3.
to call up; cause to appear; summon: to evoke a spirit from the dead.

18

Extort

1.a. to wrest or wring (money, information, etc.) from a person by violence, intimidation, or abuse of authority; obtain by force, torture, threat, or the like.

b.
to take illegally by reason of one's office.
2.
to compel (something) of a person or thing: Her wit and intelligence extorted their admiration.

 

see extract

19

Fetter

1. a chain or shackle placed on the feet.

2.
Usually, fetters. anything that confines or restrains: Boredom puts fetters upon the imagination

-engellemek, zincir vurmak

to put fetters upon.
4.
to confine; restrain

20

Foible

1. a minor weakness or failing of character; slight flaw or defect: an all-too-human foible.

2.
the weaker part of a sword blade, between the middle and the point ( opposed to forte).

 

1.  frailty, quirk, crotchet, eccentricity, peculiarity. See fault.

—1.  strength. 

21

Frustrate

1.  to make (plans, efforts, etc.) worthless or of no avail; defeat; nullify: The student's indifference frustrated the teacher's efforts to help him.

2.
to disappoint or thwart (a person): a talented woman whom life had frustrated.

3.
to become frustrated: His trouble is that he frustrates much too easily.

-

1.  balk, foil, circumvent. See thwart. 

22

Grind

1. to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet: to grind a lens.

2.
to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.
3.
to oppress, torment, or crush: to grind the poor.

-ezmek, öğütmek, çektirmek

23

Hirsute

1. hairy; shaggy, bristly

 

1.  pilose, unshaved, bearded, bushy, woolly, furry. 

24

Imminent

1. likely to occur at any moment; impending: Her death is imminent.

2.
projecting or leaning forward; overhanging.

 

1.  near, at hand. Imminent, Impending, Threatening

-distant, remote. 

25

Imprudent

1.not prudent; lacking discretion; incautious; rash, indiscreet

26

Inherent

1. existing in someone or something as a permanent and inseparable element, quality, or attribute: an inherent distrust of strangers.

 

1.  innate, native, inbred, ingrained. See essential. 

27

Inveigh

1. to protest strongly or attack vehemently with words; rail (usually followed by against ): to inveigh against isolationism.

 

harangue, revile. 

28

Leakage

1. an act of leaking; leak.

29

Martial

1. inclined or disposed to war; warlike: The ancient Romans were a martial people.

2.
of, suitable for, or associated with war or the armed forces: martial music.
3.
characteristic of or befitting a warrior: a martial stride.

 

2.  military, soldierly.

30

Molt

1. (of birds, insects, reptiles, etc.) to cast or shed the feathers, skin, or the like, that will be replaced by a new growth.

2. to cast or shed (feathers, skin, etc.) in the process of renewal.

-tüy dökme, deri değiştirme

31

Oblivious

1. unmindful; unconscious; unaware (usually followed by of  or to ): She was oblivious of his admiration.

2.
forgetful; without remembrance or memory: oblivious of my former failure.

32

Palatial

1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a palace: a palatial home.

2.
befitting or suitable for a palace;  stately; magnificent: a palatial tapestry.

3. large and ornate; magnificent; stately

 

1, 2.  noble, regal, imposing, grand.

—1, 2.  humble, simple.
 

33

Perish

1. to die or be destroyed through violence, privation, etc.: to perish in an earthquake.

2.
to pass away or disappear: an age of elegance that has forever perished.
3.
to suffer destruction or ruin: His valuable paintings perished in the fire.

 

1.  expire. See die1 . 2.  wither, shrivel, rot, molder, vanish.

—2.  appear. 

34

Plaintive

1. expressing sorrow or melancholy; mournful: a plaintive melody.

 

wistful, sorrowful, sad.

—happy, joyful. 

35

Predominate

1. to be the stronger or leading element or force.

2.
to have numerical superiority or advantage: The radicals predominate in the new legislature.
3.
to surpass others in authority or influence; be preeminent: He predominated in the political scene.

4. to have or exert controlling power (often followed by over ): Good sense predominated over the impulse to fight.
5.
to appear more noticeable or imposing than something else: Blues and greens predominated in the painting.

 

4.  overrule, dominate

36

Proscribe

1. to denounce or condemn (a thing) as dangerous or harmful; prohibit.

2.
to put outside the protection of the law; outlaw.
3.
to banish or exile.

 

1.  censure, disapprove, repudiate. 

37

Rabble

1. a disorderly crowd; mob.

2.
the rabble, the lower classes; the common people: The nobility held the rabble in complete contempt.

3. to beset as a rabble does; mob.

38

Refine

1. to bring to a fine  or a pure state; free from impurities: to refine metal, sugar, or petroleum.

2.
to purify from what is coarse, vulgar, or debasing; make elegant or cultured.
3.
to bring to a finer  state or form by purifying.

39

Restive

1. impatient of control, restraint, or delay, as persons; restless; uneasy.

2.
refractory; stubborn.
3.
refusing to go forward; balky: a restive horse.

 

1.  nervous, unquiet. 2.  recalcitrant, disobedient, obstinate.

—1.  patient, quiet. 2.  obedient, tractable. 

40

Sawdust

1.particles of wood formed by sawing

41

Skiff

1. any of various types of boats small enough for sailing or rowing by one person.

42

Stanch

1. to stop the flow of (a liquid, especially blood).

2.
to stop the flow of blood or other liquid from (a wound, leak, etc.).

43

Sullied

1. to soil, stain, or tarnish.

2.
to mar the purity or luster of; defile: to sully a reputation.

-kirlenmiş, lekelenmiş

1.  taint, blemish, contaminate. 2.  dirty, disgrace, dishonor. 

 

44

Tease

1. to irritate or provoke with persistent petty distractions, trifling raillery, or other annoyance, often in sport.

2. to pull apart or separate the adhering fibers of (wool or the like), as in combing or carding; comb or card, as wool; shred.
3. to ruffle (the hair) by holding it at the ends and combing toward the scalp so as to give body to a hairdo.

- to reveal, extract, obtain, tantalize

1.  trouble, disturb, vex; harass. See bother.

—1.  mollify. 

45

Trifling

1. of very little importance; trivial; insignificant: a trifling matter.

2. of small value, cost, or amount: a trifling sum.
3. frivolous; shallow; light: trifling conversation.

 

1.  unimportant, slight, inconsequential. See petty. 2.  negligible, piddling.

— 1.  important. 

46

Vanquish

1. to conquer or subdue by superior force, as in battle.

2.
to defeat in any contest or conflict; be victorious over: to vanquish one's opponent in an argument.
3.
to overcome or overpower: He vanquished all his fears.

 

subjugate, suppress, crush, quell. 

47

Vulpine

1.  of or resembling a fox.

2. cunning or crafty, clever

48

1. present in great quantity; more than adequate; oversufficient: an abundant supply of water.

2.
well supplied; abounding: a river abundant in salmon.
3.
richly supplied: an abundant land.

 

1.  copious, profuse, overflowing. See plentiful. 2.  teeming, rich.

—1, 2.  sparse, scarce. 

Abundant

49

1. to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve; meliorate.

 

amend, better. See improve.

— worsen. 

Ameliorate

50

1.offensive display of superiority or self-importance; overbearing pride.

 

haughtiness, insolence, disdain.

—humility, modesty, diffidence. 

Arrogance

51

1.a large cage or a house or enclosure in which birds are kept.

Aviary

52

1. An inclination, tendency, a natural leaning or tendency propensity

Bent

53

1. to weave together strips or strands of; plait: to braid the hair.

2.
to form by such weaving: to braid a rope.
3.
to bind or confine (the hair) with a band, ribbon, etc.

-örgü

Braid

54

1. to criticize or reprimand severely.

2.
to punish in order to correct.

 

1.  scold, reprove. 2.  discipline, chastise, chasten. 

Castigate

55

1. of the same age, date, or duration; equally old: Analysis has proved that this manuscript is coeval with that one.

2.
coincident: Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo were only approximately coeval.

3. a contemporary: He is more serious than his coevals.

 

1, 2. See contemporary. 

Coeval

56

1. to change from a soft or fluid state to a rigid or solid state, as by cooling or freezing: The fat congealed on the top of the soup.

2.
to curdle; coagulate, as a fluid.
3.
to make or become fixed, as ideas, sentiments, or principles: Some philosophic systems lost their vitality and congealed.

 

1.  harden, set, jell, solidify. 

Congeal

57

1. appearance, especially the look or expression of the face: a sad countenance.

2.
the face; visage.
3.
calm facial expression; composure.

4. approval or favor; encouragement; moral support.

5. to permit or tolerate: You should not have countenanced his rudeness.

Countenance

58

1. to speak disparagingly of; denounce as faulty or worthless; express censure of: She decried the lack of support for the arts in this country.

2.
to condemn or depreciate by proclamation, as foreign or obsolete coins.

 

belittle, disparage, discredit, depreciate, minimize. Decry, denigrate, deprecate, derogate

Decry

59

1. the state of being no longer used or practiced.

Desuetude

60

1. to take out of the place of interment; exhume; unearth.

2.
to bring from obscurity into view: The actor's autobiography disinterred a past era.

Disinter

61

1. capable of being hammered out thin, as certain metals; malleable.

2.
capable of being drawn out into wire or threads, as gold.
3.
able to undergo change of form without breaking.

Ductile

62

1. to appropriate fraudulently to one's own use, as money or property entrusted to one's care.

 

misappropriate. 

Embezzle

63

1.a person who cultivates a refined taste, especially in food and wine; connoisseur.

 

1.  gastronome, gourmet, epicurean. 2.  voluptuary, sensualist, gourmand.

—1.  ascetic. 

Epicure

64

1. to call up or produce (memories, feelings, etc.): to evoke a memory.

2.
to elicit or draw forth: His comment evoked protests from the shocked listeners.
3.
to call up; cause to appear; summon: to evoke a spirit from the dead.

Evoke

65

1.a. to wrest or wring (money, information, etc.) from a person by violence, intimidation, or abuse of authority; obtain by force, torture, threat, or the like.

b.
to take illegally by reason of one's office.
2.
to compel (something) of a person or thing: Her wit and intelligence extorted their admiration.

 

see extract

Extort

66

1. a chain or shackle placed on the feet.

2.
Usually, fetters. anything that confines or restrains: Boredom puts fetters upon the imagination

-engellemek, zincir vurmak

to put fetters upon.
4.
to confine; restrain

Fetter

67

1. a minor weakness or failing of character; slight flaw or defect: an all-too-human foible.

2.
the weaker part of a sword blade, between the middle and the point ( opposed to forte).

 

1.  frailty, quirk, crotchet, eccentricity, peculiarity. See fault.

—1.  strength. 

Foible

68

1.  to make (plans, efforts, etc.) worthless or of no avail; defeat; nullify: The student's indifference frustrated the teacher's efforts to help him.

2.
to disappoint or thwart (a person): a talented woman whom life had frustrated.

3.
to become frustrated: His trouble is that he frustrates much too easily.

-

1.  balk, foil, circumvent. See thwart. 

Frustrate

69

1. to wear, smooth, or sharpen by abrasion or friction; whet: to grind a lens.

2.
to reduce to fine particles, as by pounding or crushing; bray, triturate, or pulverize.
3.
to oppress, torment, or crush: to grind the poor.

-ezmek, öğütmek, çektirmek

Grind

70

1. hairy; shaggy, bristly

 

1.  pilose, unshaved, bearded, bushy, woolly, furry. 

Hirsute

71

1. likely to occur at any moment; impending: Her death is imminent.

2.
projecting or leaning forward; overhanging.

 

1.  near, at hand. Imminent, Impending, Threatening

-distant, remote. 

Imminent

72

1.not prudent; lacking discretion; incautious; rash, indiscreet

Imprudent

73

1. existing in someone or something as a permanent and inseparable element, quality, or attribute: an inherent distrust of strangers.

 

1.  innate, native, inbred, ingrained. See essential. 

Inherent

74

1. to protest strongly or attack vehemently with words; rail (usually followed by against ): to inveigh against isolationism.

 

harangue, revile. 

Inveigh

75

1. an act of leaking; leak.

Leakage

76

1. inclined or disposed to war; warlike: The ancient Romans were a martial people.

2.
of, suitable for, or associated with war or the armed forces: martial music.
3.
characteristic of or befitting a warrior: a martial stride.

 

2.  military, soldierly.

Martial

77

1. (of birds, insects, reptiles, etc.) to cast or shed the feathers, skin, or the like, that will be replaced by a new growth.

2. to cast or shed (feathers, skin, etc.) in the process of renewal.

-tüy dökme, deri değiştirme

Molt

78

1. unmindful; unconscious; unaware (usually followed by of  or to ): She was oblivious of his admiration.

2.
forgetful; without remembrance or memory: oblivious of my former failure.

Oblivious

79

1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a palace: a palatial home.

2.
befitting or suitable for a palace;  stately; magnificent: a palatial tapestry.

3. large and ornate; magnificent; stately

 

1, 2.  noble, regal, imposing, grand.

—1, 2.  humble, simple.
 

Palatial

80

1. to die or be destroyed through violence, privation, etc.: to perish in an earthquake.

2.
to pass away or disappear: an age of elegance that has forever perished.
3.
to suffer destruction or ruin: His valuable paintings perished in the fire.

 

1.  expire. See die1 . 2.  wither, shrivel, rot, molder, vanish.

—2.  appear. 

Perish

81

1. expressing sorrow or melancholy; mournful: a plaintive melody.

 

wistful, sorrowful, sad.

—happy, joyful. 

Plaintive

82

1. to be the stronger or leading element or force.

2.
to have numerical superiority or advantage: The radicals predominate in the new legislature.
3.
to surpass others in authority or influence; be preeminent: He predominated in the political scene.

4. to have or exert controlling power (often followed by over ): Good sense predominated over the impulse to fight.
5.
to appear more noticeable or imposing than something else: Blues and greens predominated in the painting.

 

4.  overrule, dominate

Predominate

83

1. to denounce or condemn (a thing) as dangerous or harmful; prohibit.

2.
to put outside the protection of the law; outlaw.
3.
to banish or exile.

 

1.  censure, disapprove, repudiate. 

Proscribe

84

1. a disorderly crowd; mob.

2.
the rabble, the lower classes; the common people: The nobility held the rabble in complete contempt.

3. to beset as a rabble does; mob.

Rabble

85

1. to bring to a fine  or a pure state; free from impurities: to refine metal, sugar, or petroleum.

2.
to purify from what is coarse, vulgar, or debasing; make elegant or cultured.
3.
to bring to a finer  state or form by purifying.

Refine

86

1. impatient of control, restraint, or delay, as persons; restless; uneasy.

2.
refractory; stubborn.
3.
refusing to go forward; balky: a restive horse.

 

1.  nervous, unquiet. 2.  recalcitrant, disobedient, obstinate.

—1.  patient, quiet. 2.  obedient, tractable. 

Restive

87

1.particles of wood formed by sawing

Sawdust

88

1. any of various types of boats small enough for sailing or rowing by one person.

Skiff

89

1. to stop the flow of (a liquid, especially blood).

2.
to stop the flow of blood or other liquid from (a wound, leak, etc.).

Stanch

90

1. to soil, stain, or tarnish.

2.
to mar the purity or luster of; defile: to sully a reputation.

-kirlenmiş, lekelenmiş

1.  taint, blemish, contaminate. 2.  dirty, disgrace, dishonor. 

 

Sullied

91

1. to irritate or provoke with persistent petty distractions, trifling raillery, or other annoyance, often in sport.

2. to pull apart or separate the adhering fibers of (wool or the like), as in combing or carding; comb or card, as wool; shred.
3. to ruffle (the hair) by holding it at the ends and combing toward the scalp so as to give body to a hairdo.

- to reveal, extract, obtain, tantalize

1.  trouble, disturb, vex; harass. See bother.

—1.  mollify. 

Tease

92

1. of very little importance; trivial; insignificant: a trifling matter.

2. of small value, cost, or amount: a trifling sum.
3. frivolous; shallow; light: trifling conversation.

 

1.  unimportant, slight, inconsequential. See petty. 2.  negligible, piddling.

— 1.  important. 

Trifling

93

1. to conquer or subdue by superior force, as in battle.

2.
to defeat in any contest or conflict; be victorious over: to vanquish one's opponent in an argument.
3.
to overcome or overpower: He vanquished all his fears.

 

subjugate, suppress, crush, quell. 

Vanquish

94

1.  of or resembling a fox.

2. cunning or crafty, clever

Vulpine