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Flashcards in Deck18 Deck (94):
1

Abysmal

1. of or like an abyss;  immeasurably deep or great.

2.
extremely or hopelessly bad or severe: abysmal ignorance; abysmal poverty.

-abyss: boşluk cehennem uçurum

2

Amicable

1. characterized by or showing goodwill; friendly; peaceable: an amicable settlement.

 

agreeable. 

3

Ascend

1.to move, climb, or go upward; mount; rise: The airplane ascended into the clouds.

2.
to slant upward.
3.
to rise to a higher point, rank, or degree; proceed from an inferior to a superior degree or level: to ascend to the presidency.

 

1.  soar. 6. See climb.

— 1, 6.  descend. 

4

Avow

1 to declare frankly or openly; own; acknowledge; confess; admit: He avowed himself an opponent of all alliances.

5

Benefactor

1 a person who confers a benefit; kindly helper.

2.
a person who makes a bequest or endowment, as to an institution.

 

2.  patron, supporter, sponsor, backer, protector. 

6

Brash

1  impertinent; impudent; tactless: a brash young man.

2.hasty; rash; impetuous.
3. energetic or highly spirited, especially in an irreverent way; zesty: a brash new musical.

-

2.  reckless, overhasty, imprudent, foolhardy, precipitate.

— 2.  cautious, wary, prudent, careful.
 

7

Carnal

1  pertaining to or characterized by the flesh or the body, its passions and appetites; sensual: carnal pleasures.

2.
not spiritual; merely human; temporal; worldly: a man of secular, rather carnal, leanings.

 

1.  bodily, lustful, lecherous, lascivious, libidinous, concupiscent. Carnal, sensual, fleshly, animal

8

Cogitate

1  to think hard; ponder; meditate: to cogitate about a problem.

2. to think about; devise: to cogitate a scheme.

 

1.  deliberate, reflect. 2.  weigh. 

9

Conjoin

1  to join together; unite; combine; associate.

10

Countermand

1  to revoke or cancel (a command, order, etc.).

2.
to recall or stop by a contrary order.

3. a command, order, etc., revoking a previous one.

 

1.  rescind, abrogate, overrule, recall. 

11

Deference

1  respectful submission or yielding to the judgment, opinion, will, etc., of another.

2.
respectful or courteous regard: in deference to his wishes.

-hürmet, itaat

12

Detach

1  to unfasten and separate; disengage; disunite.

2.
Military . to send away (a regiment, ship, etc.) on a special mission.

13

Dismal

1  causing gloom or dejection; gloomy; dreary; cheerless; melancholy: dismal weather.

2.
characterized by ineptness or lack of skill, competence, effectiveness, imagination, or interest; pitiful: Our team played a dismal game

-kasvetli, üzücü, iç karartıcı

2.  hopeless, abysmal, dreadful.

— 1.  cheerful; gay. 

14

Dulcet

1  pleasant to the ear; melodious: the dulcet tones of the cello.

2.
pleasant or agreeable to the eye or the feelings; soothing.

 

1.  musical, tuneful, mellifluous, sweet-sounding. 

15

Emergence

1  the act or process of emerging.

2.
an outgrowth, as a prickle, on the surface of a plant.

16

Epistle

1  a letter, especially a formal or didactic one; written communication.

17

Excise

1  an internal tax or duty on certain commodities, as liquor or tobacco, levied on their manufacture, sale, or consumption within the country.

2. a tax levied for a license to carry on certain employments, pursue certain sports, etc.

3. to expunge, as a passage or sentence, from a text.

4. to cut out or off, as a tumor.

18

Extrapolate

1  to infer (an unknown) from something that is known; conjecture.

2.
Statistics . to estimate (the value of a variable) outside the tabulated or observed range.

19

Fidelity

1  strict observance of promises, duties, etc.: a servant's fidelity.

2. faithful devotion to duty or to one's obligations or vows, loyalty: fidelity to one's country.
3. conjugal faithfulness.

4. Accuracy of a description, translation

 

2. See loyalty. 5.  precision, faithfulness, rigor, meticulousness.

— 2.  disloyalty. 

20

Foment

1  to instigate or foster (discord, rebellion, etc.); promote the growth or development of: to foment trouble; to foment discontent.

2.
to apply warm water or medicated liquid, ointments, etc., to (the surface of the body).

-1. teşvik etmek, fesat çıkarmak

1.  incite, provoke, arouse, inflame, excite, stir up; encourage, stimulate. 

21

Fulsome

1  offensive to good taste, especially as being excessive; overdone or gross: fulsome praise that embarrassed her deeply; fulsome décor.

2.
disgusting; sickening; repulsive: a table heaped with fulsome mounds of greasy foods.
3.
excessively or insincerely lavish: fulsome admiration.

-aşırı, iğrenç, bıktırıcı

22

Grouse

1  to grumble; complain: I've never met anyone who grouses so much about his work.

 

1.  gripe, fret, fuss. 

23

Hoax

1  something intended to deceive or defraud: The Piltdown man was a scientific hoax.

2. A trick or fraud esp. one meant as a practical joke

-muziplik, işletme

1.  deception, fraud, fake, imposture, humbug. 

24

Immutable

1  not mutable; unchangeable; changeless.

25

Increment

1  something added or gained; addition; increase.

2.
profit; gain.

26

Inimical

1 adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable; harmful: a climate inimical to health.

2.
unfriendly; hostile: a cold, inimical gaze.

 

1.  noxious. 2.  antagonistic. See hostile.

— 2.  friendly. 

27

Inveterate

1 settled or confirmed in a habit, practice, feeling, or the like: an inveterate gambler.

2.
firmly established by long continuance, as a disease, habit, practice, feeling, etc.; chronic.

 

1.  hardened, constant, habitual. 2.  set, fixed, rooted. 

28

Legerdemain

1 sleight of hand.

2.
trickery; deception.
3.
any artful trick.

29

Matriculation

1 to enroll in a college or university as a candidate for a degree.

2. to admit or be admitted into a group, especially a college or university

3. entry, registering, enlisting

30

Morose

1 gloomily or sullenly ill-humored, as a person or mood.

2.
characterized by or expressing gloom.

-asık suratlı, huysuz

31

Obsequious

1 characterized by or showing servile complaisance or deference; fawning: an obsequious bow.

2.
servilely compliant or deferential: obsequious servants.
3.
obedient; dutiful.

-dalkavuk, yağcı

1.  sycophantic, flattering. 2.  cringing, submissive. See servile. 

32

Pallid

1 pale; faint or deficient in color; wan: a pallid countenance.

2.
lacking in vitality or interest: a pallid musical performance.

-solgun, benzi atmış

33

Permeate

1 to pass into or through every part of: Bright sunshine permeated the room.

2.
to penetrate through the pores, interstices, etc., of.
3.
to be diffused through; pervade; saturate: Cynicism permeated his report.
4.
to become diffused; penetrate.

-nüfuz etmek, içine işlemek

34

Platitude

1 a flat, dull, or trite remark, especially one uttered as if it were fresh or profound.

2.
the quality or state of being flat, dull, or trite: the platitude of most political oratory.

-basmakalıp, yavanlık

1.  cliché, truism.

35

Prehensile

1  adapted for seizing, grasping, or taking hold of something: a prehensile tail.

2.
able to perceive quickly; having keen mental grasp.
3.
greedy; grasping; avaricious.

36

Provenance

1  place or source of origin: The provenance of the ancient manuscript has never been determined.

37

Radiant

1 emitting rays of light; shining; bright: the radiant sun; radiant colors.

2.
bright with joy, hope, etc.: radiant smiles; a radiant future.

 

1.  beaming, refulgent, resplendent. See bright.

— 1.  dim. 

38

Refulgent

1 shining brightly; radiant; gleaming: Crystal chandeliers and gilded walls made the opera house a refulgent setting for the ball.

39

Resuscitate

1 to revive, especially from apparent death or from unconsciousness.

40

Scent

1 a distinctive odor, especially when agreeable: the scent of roses.

2.
an odor left in passing, by means of which an animal or person may be traced.

 3. a trail, clue, or guide

4. an instinctive ability for finding out or detecting

5. to get a hint or liking of

41

Slack

1 not tight, taut, firm, or tense; loose: a slack rope.

2.
negligent; careless; remiss: slack proofreading.
3.
slow, sluggish, or indolent: He is slack in answering letters.
4.
not active or busy; dull; not brisk: the slack season in an industry.

 

1.  relaxed. 2.  lazy, weak. 3.  dilatory, tardy, late. 4.  idle, quiet.

42

Stentorian

1 very loud or powerful in sound: a stentorian voice.

43

Sumptuous

1 entailing great expense, as from choice materials, fine work, etc.; costly: a sumptuous residence.

2.
luxuriously fine or large; lavish; splendid: a sumptuous feast.

 

2.  magnificent, luxurious, munificent. 

44

Teetotal

1 of or pertaining to, advocating, or pledged to total abstinence from intoxicating drink.

2.
Informal . absolute; complete.

-ağzına içki almayan

45

Truculence

1 fierce; cruel; savagely brutal.

2.
brutally harsh; vitriolic; scathing: his truculent criticism of her work.
3.
aggressively hostile; belligerent.

 

1. See fierce.

— 1.  amiable, gentle.
 

46

Vapor

1 a visible exhalation, as fog, mist, steam, smoke, or noxious gas, diffused through or suspended in the air: the vapors rising from the bogs.

2. to cause to rise or pass off in, or as if in, vapor; vaporize.

3. to talk or act grandiloquently, pompously, or boastfully; bluster.

 

47

Wag

1 to move from side to side, forward and backward, or up and down, especially rapidly and repeatedly: a dog wagging its tail.

2.
to move (the tongue), as in idle or indiscreet chatter.
3.
to shake (a finger) at someone, as in reproach.

48

1. of or like an abyss;  immeasurably deep or great.

2.
extremely or hopelessly bad or severe: abysmal ignorance; abysmal poverty.

-abyss: boşluk cehennem uçurum

Abysmal

49

1. characterized by or showing goodwill; friendly; peaceable: an amicable settlement.

 

agreeable. 

Amicable

50

1.to move, climb, or go upward; mount; rise: The airplane ascended into the clouds.

2.
to slant upward.
3.
to rise to a higher point, rank, or degree; proceed from an inferior to a superior degree or level: to ascend to the presidency.

 

1.  soar. 6. See climb.

— 1, 6.  descend. 

Ascend

51

1 to declare frankly or openly; own; acknowledge; confess; admit: He avowed himself an opponent of all alliances.

Avow

52

1 a person who confers a benefit; kindly helper.

2.
a person who makes a bequest or endowment, as to an institution.

 

2.  patron, supporter, sponsor, backer, protector. 

Benefactor

53

1  impertinent; impudent; tactless: a brash young man.

2.hasty; rash; impetuous.
3. energetic or highly spirited, especially in an irreverent way; zesty: a brash new musical.

-

2.  reckless, overhasty, imprudent, foolhardy, precipitate.

— 2.  cautious, wary, prudent, careful.
 

Brash

54

1  pertaining to or characterized by the flesh or the body, its passions and appetites; sensual: carnal pleasures.

2.
not spiritual; merely human; temporal; worldly: a man of secular, rather carnal, leanings.

 

1.  bodily, lustful, lecherous, lascivious, libidinous, concupiscent. Carnal, sensual, fleshly, animal

Carnal

55

1  to think hard; ponder; meditate: to cogitate about a problem.

2. to think about; devise: to cogitate a scheme.

 

1.  deliberate, reflect. 2.  weigh. 

Cogitate

56

1  to join together; unite; combine; associate.

Conjoin

57

1  to revoke or cancel (a command, order, etc.).

2.
to recall or stop by a contrary order.

3. a command, order, etc., revoking a previous one.

 

1.  rescind, abrogate, overrule, recall. 

Countermand

58

1  respectful submission or yielding to the judgment, opinion, will, etc., of another.

2.
respectful or courteous regard: in deference to his wishes.

-hürmet, itaat

Deference

59

1  to unfasten and separate; disengage; disunite.

2.
Military . to send away (a regiment, ship, etc.) on a special mission.

Detach

60

1  causing gloom or dejection; gloomy; dreary; cheerless; melancholy: dismal weather.

2.
characterized by ineptness or lack of skill, competence, effectiveness, imagination, or interest; pitiful: Our team played a dismal game

-kasvetli, üzücü, iç karartıcı

2.  hopeless, abysmal, dreadful.

— 1.  cheerful; gay. 

Dismal

61

1  pleasant to the ear; melodious: the dulcet tones of the cello.

2.
pleasant or agreeable to the eye or the feelings; soothing.

 

1.  musical, tuneful, mellifluous, sweet-sounding. 

Dulcet

62

1  the act or process of emerging.

2.
an outgrowth, as a prickle, on the surface of a plant.

Emergence

63

1  a letter, especially a formal or didactic one; written communication.

Epistle

64

1  an internal tax or duty on certain commodities, as liquor or tobacco, levied on their manufacture, sale, or consumption within the country.

2. a tax levied for a license to carry on certain employments, pursue certain sports, etc.

3. to expunge, as a passage or sentence, from a text.

4. to cut out or off, as a tumor.

Excise

65

1  to infer (an unknown) from something that is known; conjecture.

2.
Statistics . to estimate (the value of a variable) outside the tabulated or observed range.

Extrapolate

66

1  strict observance of promises, duties, etc.: a servant's fidelity.

2. faithful devotion to duty or to one's obligations or vows, loyalty: fidelity to one's country.
3. conjugal faithfulness.

4. Accuracy of a description, translation

 

2. See loyalty. 5.  precision, faithfulness, rigor, meticulousness.

— 2.  disloyalty. 

Fidelity

67

1  to instigate or foster (discord, rebellion, etc.); promote the growth or development of: to foment trouble; to foment discontent.

2.
to apply warm water or medicated liquid, ointments, etc., to (the surface of the body).

-1. teşvik etmek, fesat çıkarmak

1.  incite, provoke, arouse, inflame, excite, stir up; encourage, stimulate. 

Foment

68

1  offensive to good taste, especially as being excessive; overdone or gross: fulsome praise that embarrassed her deeply; fulsome décor.

2.
disgusting; sickening; repulsive: a table heaped with fulsome mounds of greasy foods.
3.
excessively or insincerely lavish: fulsome admiration.

-aşırı, iğrenç, bıktırıcı

Fulsome

69

1  to grumble; complain: I've never met anyone who grouses so much about his work.

 

1.  gripe, fret, fuss. 

Grouse

70

1  something intended to deceive or defraud: The Piltdown man was a scientific hoax.

2. A trick or fraud esp. one meant as a practical joke

-muziplik, işletme

1.  deception, fraud, fake, imposture, humbug. 

Hoax

71

1  not mutable; unchangeable; changeless.

Immutable

72

1  something added or gained; addition; increase.

2.
profit; gain.

Increment

73

1 adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable; harmful: a climate inimical to health.

2.
unfriendly; hostile: a cold, inimical gaze.

 

1.  noxious. 2.  antagonistic. See hostile.

— 2.  friendly. 

Inimical

74

1 settled or confirmed in a habit, practice, feeling, or the like: an inveterate gambler.

2.
firmly established by long continuance, as a disease, habit, practice, feeling, etc.; chronic.

 

1.  hardened, constant, habitual. 2.  set, fixed, rooted. 

Inveterate

75

1 sleight of hand.

2.
trickery; deception.
3.
any artful trick.

Legerdemain

76

1 to enroll in a college or university as a candidate for a degree.

2. to admit or be admitted into a group, especially a college or university

3. entry, registering, enlisting

Matriculation

77

1 gloomily or sullenly ill-humored, as a person or mood.

2.
characterized by or expressing gloom.

-asık suratlı, huysuz

Morose

78

1 characterized by or showing servile complaisance or deference; fawning: an obsequious bow.

2.
servilely compliant or deferential: obsequious servants.
3.
obedient; dutiful.

-dalkavuk, yağcı

1.  sycophantic, flattering. 2.  cringing, submissive. See servile. 

Obsequious

79

1 pale; faint or deficient in color; wan: a pallid countenance.

2.
lacking in vitality or interest: a pallid musical performance.

-solgun, benzi atmış

Pallid

80

1 to pass into or through every part of: Bright sunshine permeated the room.

2.
to penetrate through the pores, interstices, etc., of.
3.
to be diffused through; pervade; saturate: Cynicism permeated his report.
4.
to become diffused; penetrate.

-nüfuz etmek, içine işlemek

Permeate

81

1 a flat, dull, or trite remark, especially one uttered as if it were fresh or profound.

2.
the quality or state of being flat, dull, or trite: the platitude of most political oratory.

-basmakalıp, yavanlık

1.  cliché, truism.

Platitude

82

1  adapted for seizing, grasping, or taking hold of something: a prehensile tail.

2.
able to perceive quickly; having keen mental grasp.
3.
greedy; grasping; avaricious.

Prehensile

83

1  place or source of origin: The provenance of the ancient manuscript has never been determined.

Provenance

84

1 emitting rays of light; shining; bright: the radiant sun; radiant colors.

2.
bright with joy, hope, etc.: radiant smiles; a radiant future.

 

1.  beaming, refulgent, resplendent. See bright.

— 1.  dim. 

Radiant

85

1 shining brightly; radiant; gleaming: Crystal chandeliers and gilded walls made the opera house a refulgent setting for the ball.

Refulgent

86

1 to revive, especially from apparent death or from unconsciousness.

Resuscitate

87

1 a distinctive odor, especially when agreeable: the scent of roses.

2.
an odor left in passing, by means of which an animal or person may be traced.

 3. a trail, clue, or guide

4. an instinctive ability for finding out or detecting

5. to get a hint or liking of

Scent

88

1 not tight, taut, firm, or tense; loose: a slack rope.

2.
negligent; careless; remiss: slack proofreading.
3.
slow, sluggish, or indolent: He is slack in answering letters.
4.
not active or busy; dull; not brisk: the slack season in an industry.

 

1.  relaxed. 2.  lazy, weak. 3.  dilatory, tardy, late. 4.  idle, quiet.

Slack

89

1 very loud or powerful in sound: a stentorian voice.

Stentorian

90

1 entailing great expense, as from choice materials, fine work, etc.; costly: a sumptuous residence.

2.
luxuriously fine or large; lavish; splendid: a sumptuous feast.

 

2.  magnificent, luxurious, munificent. 

Sumptuous

91

1 of or pertaining to, advocating, or pledged to total abstinence from intoxicating drink.

2.
Informal . absolute; complete.

-ağzına içki almayan

Teetotal

92

1 fierce; cruel; savagely brutal.

2.
brutally harsh; vitriolic; scathing: his truculent criticism of her work.
3.
aggressively hostile; belligerent.

 

1. See fierce.

— 1.  amiable, gentle.
 

Truculence

93

1 a visible exhalation, as fog, mist, steam, smoke, or noxious gas, diffused through or suspended in the air: the vapors rising from the bogs.

2. to cause to rise or pass off in, or as if in, vapor; vaporize.

3. to talk or act grandiloquently, pompously, or boastfully; bluster.

 

Vapor

94

1 to move from side to side, forward and backward, or up and down, especially rapidly and repeatedly: a dog wagging its tail.

2.
to move (the tongue), as in idle or indiscreet chatter.
3.
to shake (a finger) at someone, as in reproach.

Wag