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Flashcards in Deck20 Deck (94):
1

Abut

1.  to be adjacent; touch or join at the edge or border (often followed by on, upon,  or against ): This piece of land abuts on a street.

2. to be adjacent to; border on; end at.

2

Amendment

1. the act of amending  or the state of being amended.

2.
an alteration of or addition to a motion, bill, constitution, etc.
3.
a change made by correction, addition, or deletion: The editors made few amendments to the manuscript.

3

Articulate

1. uttered clearly in distinct syllables.

2. capable of speech; not speechless.
3. using language easily and fluently; having facility with words: an articulate speaker.
4. expressed, formulated, or presented with clarity and effectiveness: an articulate thought.
5. made clear, distinct, and precise in relation to other parts: an articulate form; an articulate shape; an articulate area.

6. Having parts connected by joints; jointed

4. expressive. See eloquent. 9.  enunciate.

 

-4.  inarticulate, unintelligible. 9.  mumble. 

4

Avid

1.enthusiastic; ardent; dedicated; keen: an avid moviegoer.

2.
keenly desirous; eager; greedy (often followed by for  or of ): avid for pleasure; avid of power.

 

Avid, eager, keen

5

Benediction

1.an utterance of good wishes.

2.
the form of blessing pronounced by an officiating minister, as at the close of divine service.
3.
a ceremony by which things are set aside for sacred uses, as a church, vestments, or bells.

6

Brandish

1.to shake or wave, as a weapon; flourish: Brandishing his sword, he rode into battle.

2. a flourish or waving, as of a weapon.

 

 swing, flaunt, wield, display. 

7

Casual

1.happening by chance; fortuitous: a casual meeting.

2.
without definite or serious intention; careless or offhand; passing: a casual remark.
3.
seeming or tending to be indifferent to what is happening; apathetic; unconcerned: a casual, nonchalant air.

 

 1 unexpected, fortuitous, unforeseen. See accidental. 5.  random.

-1.  planned.
 

8

Cogent

1.convincing or believable by virtue of forcible, clear, or incisive presentation; telling.

2.
to the point; relevant; pertinent.


 

9

Congenital

1 of or pertaining to a condition present at birth, whether inherited or caused by the environment, especially the uterine environment.

2.
having by nature a specified character: a congenital fool.

 

innate

 

10

Counterfeit

1 made in imitation so as to be passed off fraudulently or deceptively as genuine; not genuine; forged: counterfeit dollar bills.

2.
pretended; unreal: counterfeit grief.

 

1.  spurious, bogus. See false. 2.  sham, feigned, simulated, fraudulent; mock, fake, ersatz. 3.  falsification, sham. 7.  copy; falsify.

11

Defer

1 to put off (action, consideration, etc.) to a future time: The decision has been deferred by the board until next week.

2.
to exempt temporarily from induction into military service.

 

Defer, delay, postpone

12

Desultory

1 lacking in consistency, constancy, or visible order, disconnected; fitful: desultory conversation.

2.
digressing from or unconnected with the main subject; random: a desultory remark.

 

See haphazard

13

Dislodge

1 to remove or force out of a particular place: to dislodge a stone with one's foot.

2.
to drive out of a hiding place, a military position, etc.

14

Dud

1 a device, person, or enterprise that proves to be a failure.

2.
a shell or missile that fails to explode after being fired.

 

1 fiasco, debacle, fizzle, miscarriage.

15

Embryonic

1 pertaining to or in the state of an embryo.

2.
rudimentary; undeveloped.

 

underdeveloped, immature, unfinished. 

16

Epicurean

1 fond of or adapted to luxury or indulgence in sensual pleasures; having luxurious tastes or habits, especially in eating and drinking.

2 fit for an epicure: epicurean delicacies.

 

gourmet, luxury, lavish, deluxe, rich.

Antonyms
2.  austere, simple, plain, modest, frugal. 

17

Evolve

1 to develop gradually: to evolve a scheme.

2.
to give off or emit, as odors or vapors.

3. to come forth gradually into being; develop; undergo evolution: The whole idea evolved from a casual remark.

18

Extralegal

1being beyond the province or authority of law: There were only extralegal recourses for their grievances.

19

Feud

1 Also called blood feud. a bitter, continuous hostility, especially between two families, clans, etc., often lasting for many years or generations.

2.
a bitter quarrel or contention: a feud between labor and management.

 

2. argument, difference.

20

Foil

1 to prevent the success of; frustrate; balk: Loyal troops foiled his attempt to overthrow the government.

2.
to keep (a person) from succeeding in an enterprise, plan, etc.

 

1 thwart; impede, hamper.

21

Fulminate

1 to explode with a loud noise; detonate.

2.
to issue denunciations or the like (usually followed by against ): The minister fulminated against legalized vice.

22

Groove

1 a long, narrow cut or indentation in a surface, as the cut in a board to receive the tongue of another board (tongue-and-groove joint),  a furrow, or a natural indentation on an organism.

2.
the track or channel of a phonograph record for the needle or stylus.
3. a fixed routine: to get into a groove.

4. A habitual way of doing something

3. rut, habit, pattern. 

23

Hoary

1 gray or white with age: an old dog with a hoary muzzle.

2.
ancient or venerable: hoary myths.
3.
tedious from familiarity; stale: Please don't tell that hoary joke at dinner again tonight.

 

1. grizzled, grizzly; hoar. 2.  old, dated, aged; venerated, revered.

24

Immolate

1 to sacrifice.

2.
to kill as a sacrificial victim, as by fire; offer in sacrifice.
3.
to destroy by fire.

25

Incredulous

1 not credulous; disinclined or indisposed to believe; skeptical.

2.
indicating or showing unbelief: an incredulous smile.

 

unbelieving. See doubtful. 

26

Inhibit

1 to restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.).

2.
to prohibit; forbid.

3. To hold back or keep some action, feeling, etc, check, repress

 

1.  repress, discourage, obstruct. 2.  interdict. See forbid. 

27

Inveigle

1 to entice, lure, or ensnare by flattery or artful talk or inducements (usually followed by into ): to inveigle a person into playing bridge.

2.
to acquire, win, or obtain by beguiling talk or methods (usually followed by from  or away ): to inveigle a theater pass from a person.

- kandırmak ayartmak, baştan çıkarmak

induce, beguile, persuade. 2.  wheedle.

28

Legacy

1 Law . a gift of property, especially personal property, as money, by will; a bequest.

2.
anything handed down from the past, as from an ancestor or predecessor: the legacy of ancient Rome.
3.
an applicant to or student at a school that was attended by his or her parent.

 

1, 2.  inheritance.

29

Massacre

1 the unnecessary, indiscriminate killing of a large number of human beings or animals, as in barbarous warfare or persecution or for revenge or plunder.

2.
a general slaughter, as of persons or animals: the massacre of millions during the war.

 

1, 2.  carnage, extermination, butchery, genocide. 4.  slay. See slaughter.

30

Morbid

1 suggesting an unhealthy mental state or attitude; unwholesomely gloomy, sensitive, extreme, etc.: a morbid interest in death.

2. affected by, caused by, causing, or characteristic of disease.
3. pertaining to diseased parts: morbid anatomy.
4. gruesome; grisly.

-marazi

unwholesome, diseased, unhealthy, sick, sickly; tainted, corrupted, vitiated.

- 1.  cheerful. 2.  healthy.

31

Obloquy

1 censure, blame, or abusive language aimed at a person or thing, especially by numerous persons or by the general public.

2.
discredit, disgrace, or bad repute resulting from public blame, abuse, or denunciation.

-kötüleme, yerme, kınama

 reproach, calumny; aspersion, revilement.

Antonyms
1.  praise. 2.  credit.

32

Palliate

1 to relieve or lessen without curing; mitigate; alleviate.

2.
to try to mitigate or conceal the gravity of (an offense) by excuses, apologies, etc.; extenuate.

33

Perjury

1 the willful giving of false testimony under oath or affirmation, before a competent tribunal, upon a point material to a legal inquiry.

-yalan yere yemin

34

Plaque

1 a thin, flat plate or tablet of metal, porcelain, etc., intended for ornament, as on a wall, or set in a piece of furniture.

2.
an inscribed commemorative tablet, usually of metal placed on a building, monument, or the like.

35

Preempt

1 to occupy (land) in order to establish a prior right to buy.

2.
to acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate: a political issue preempted by the opposition party.
3.
to take the place of because of priorities, reconsideration, rescheduling, etc.; supplant: The special newscast preempted the usual television program.

 

1   claim, appropriate, usurp.

36

Protract

1 to draw out or lengthen, especially in time; extend the duration of; prolong.

 

continue. See lengthen.

- 1.  curtail. 

37

Raconteur

1 a person who is skilled in relating stories and anecdotes interestingly.

38

Refractory

1 hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient: a refractory child.

2.
resisting ordinary methods of treatment.
3.
difficult to fuse, reduce, or work, as an ore or metal.

 

1 obstinate, perverse, mulish, headstrong, intractable, disobedient, recalcitrant, ungovernable. See unruly.

- 1.  obedient, tractable

39

Resurrect

1 to raise from the dead; bring to life again.

2.
to bring back into use, practice, etc.: to resurrect an ancient custom.

40

Scabbard

1 a sheath for a sword or the like.

41

Skit

1 a short literary piece of a humorous or satirical character.

2.
a short theatrical sketch or act, usually comical.

42

Steep (v)

1 to soak in water or other liquid, as to soften, cleanse, or extract some constituent: to steep tea in boiling-hot water; to steep reeds for basket weaving.

2. to wet thoroughly in or with a liquid; drench; saturate; imbue.
3. to immerse in or saturate or imbue with some pervading, absorbing, or stupefying influence or agency: an incident steeped in mystery.

 

1.  infuse. 2.  permeate. 3.  bury, engulf. 

43

Summarily

1 in a prompt or direct manner; immediately; straightaway.

2.
without notice; precipitately: to be dismissed summarily from one's job.

44

Tedious

1 marked by tedium;  long and tiresome: tedious tasks; a tedious journey.

2.
wordy so as to cause weariness or boredom, as a speaker or writer; prolix.

 

1 wearing, boring, tiring, monotonous, dull.

45

Trite

1 lacking in freshness or effectiveness because of constant use or excessive repetition; hackneyed; stale: the trite phrases in his letter.

2.
characterized by hackneyed expressions, ideas, etc.: The commencement address was trite and endlessly long.

 

1 ordinary. See commonplace.

- 1.  original. 

46

Vapid

1 lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavor; insipid; flat: vapid tea.

2.
without liveliness or spirit; dull or tedious: a vapid party; vapid conversation.

 

 1. lifeless, flavorless. 2.  spiritless, unanimated, tiresome, prosaic.

- 1.  pungent. 2.  stimulating.

47

Waft

1 to carry lightly and smoothly through the air or over water: The gentle breeze wafted the sound of music to our ears.

2.
to send or convey lightly, as if in flight: The actress wafted kisses to her admirers in the audience.

48

1.  to be adjacent; touch or join at the edge or border (often followed by on, upon,  or against ): This piece of land abuts on a street.

2. to be adjacent to; border on; end at.

Abut

49

1. the act of amending  or the state of being amended.

2.
an alteration of or addition to a motion, bill, constitution, etc.
3.
a change made by correction, addition, or deletion: The editors made few amendments to the manuscript.

Amendment

50

1. uttered clearly in distinct syllables.

2. capable of speech; not speechless.
3. using language easily and fluently; having facility with words: an articulate speaker.
4. expressed, formulated, or presented with clarity and effectiveness: an articulate thought.
5. made clear, distinct, and precise in relation to other parts: an articulate form; an articulate shape; an articulate area.

6. Having parts connected by joints; jointed

4. expressive. See eloquent. 9.  enunciate.

 

-4.  inarticulate, unintelligible. 9.  mumble. 

Articulate

51

1.enthusiastic; ardent; dedicated; keen: an avid moviegoer.

2.
keenly desirous; eager; greedy (often followed by for  or of ): avid for pleasure; avid of power.

 

Avid, eager, keen

Avid

52

1.an utterance of good wishes.

2.
the form of blessing pronounced by an officiating minister, as at the close of divine service.
3.
a ceremony by which things are set aside for sacred uses, as a church, vestments, or bells.

Benediction

53

1.to shake or wave, as a weapon; flourish: Brandishing his sword, he rode into battle.

2. a flourish or waving, as of a weapon.

 

 swing, flaunt, wield, display. 

Brandish

54

1.happening by chance; fortuitous: a casual meeting.

2.
without definite or serious intention; careless or offhand; passing: a casual remark.
3.
seeming or tending to be indifferent to what is happening; apathetic; unconcerned: a casual, nonchalant air.

 

 1 unexpected, fortuitous, unforeseen. See accidental. 5.  random.

-1.  planned.
 

Casual

55

1.convincing or believable by virtue of forcible, clear, or incisive presentation; telling.

2.
to the point; relevant; pertinent.


 

Cogent

56

1 of or pertaining to a condition present at birth, whether inherited or caused by the environment, especially the uterine environment.

2.
having by nature a specified character: a congenital fool.

 

innate

 

Congenital

57

1 made in imitation so as to be passed off fraudulently or deceptively as genuine; not genuine; forged: counterfeit dollar bills.

2.
pretended; unreal: counterfeit grief.

 

1.  spurious, bogus. See false. 2.  sham, feigned, simulated, fraudulent; mock, fake, ersatz. 3.  falsification, sham. 7.  copy; falsify.

Counterfeit

58

1 to put off (action, consideration, etc.) to a future time: The decision has been deferred by the board until next week.

2.
to exempt temporarily from induction into military service.

 

Defer, delay, postpone

Defer

59

1 lacking in consistency, constancy, or visible order, disconnected; fitful: desultory conversation.

2.
digressing from or unconnected with the main subject; random: a desultory remark.

 

See haphazard

Desultory

60

1 to remove or force out of a particular place: to dislodge a stone with one's foot.

2.
to drive out of a hiding place, a military position, etc.

Dislodge

61

1 a device, person, or enterprise that proves to be a failure.

2.
a shell or missile that fails to explode after being fired.

 

1 fiasco, debacle, fizzle, miscarriage.

Dud

62

1 pertaining to or in the state of an embryo.

2.
rudimentary; undeveloped.

 

underdeveloped, immature, unfinished. 

Embryonic

63

1 fond of or adapted to luxury or indulgence in sensual pleasures; having luxurious tastes or habits, especially in eating and drinking.

2 fit for an epicure: epicurean delicacies.

 

gourmet, luxury, lavish, deluxe, rich.

Antonyms
2.  austere, simple, plain, modest, frugal. 

Epicurean

64

1 to develop gradually: to evolve a scheme.

2.
to give off or emit, as odors or vapors.

3. to come forth gradually into being; develop; undergo evolution: The whole idea evolved from a casual remark.

Evolve

65

1being beyond the province or authority of law: There were only extralegal recourses for their grievances.

Extralegal

66

1 Also called blood feud. a bitter, continuous hostility, especially between two families, clans, etc., often lasting for many years or generations.

2.
a bitter quarrel or contention: a feud between labor and management.

 

2. argument, difference.

Feud

67

1 to prevent the success of; frustrate; balk: Loyal troops foiled his attempt to overthrow the government.

2.
to keep (a person) from succeeding in an enterprise, plan, etc.

 

1 thwart; impede, hamper.

Foil

68

1 to explode with a loud noise; detonate.

2.
to issue denunciations or the like (usually followed by against ): The minister fulminated against legalized vice.

Fulminate

69

1 a long, narrow cut or indentation in a surface, as the cut in a board to receive the tongue of another board (tongue-and-groove joint),  a furrow, or a natural indentation on an organism.

2.
the track or channel of a phonograph record for the needle or stylus.
3. a fixed routine: to get into a groove.

4. A habitual way of doing something

3. rut, habit, pattern. 

Groove

70

1 gray or white with age: an old dog with a hoary muzzle.

2.
ancient or venerable: hoary myths.
3.
tedious from familiarity; stale: Please don't tell that hoary joke at dinner again tonight.

 

1. grizzled, grizzly; hoar. 2.  old, dated, aged; venerated, revered.

Hoary

71

1 to sacrifice.

2.
to kill as a sacrificial victim, as by fire; offer in sacrifice.
3.
to destroy by fire.

Immolate

72

1 not credulous; disinclined or indisposed to believe; skeptical.

2.
indicating or showing unbelief: an incredulous smile.

 

unbelieving. See doubtful. 

Incredulous

73

1 to restrain, hinder, arrest, or check (an action, impulse, etc.).

2.
to prohibit; forbid.

3. To hold back or keep some action, feeling, etc, check, repress

 

1.  repress, discourage, obstruct. 2.  interdict. See forbid. 

Inhibit

74

1 to entice, lure, or ensnare by flattery or artful talk or inducements (usually followed by into ): to inveigle a person into playing bridge.

2.
to acquire, win, or obtain by beguiling talk or methods (usually followed by from  or away ): to inveigle a theater pass from a person.

- kandırmak ayartmak, baştan çıkarmak

induce, beguile, persuade. 2.  wheedle.

Inveigle

75

1 Law . a gift of property, especially personal property, as money, by will; a bequest.

2.
anything handed down from the past, as from an ancestor or predecessor: the legacy of ancient Rome.
3.
an applicant to or student at a school that was attended by his or her parent.

 

1, 2.  inheritance.

Legacy

76

1 the unnecessary, indiscriminate killing of a large number of human beings or animals, as in barbarous warfare or persecution or for revenge or plunder.

2.
a general slaughter, as of persons or animals: the massacre of millions during the war.

 

1, 2.  carnage, extermination, butchery, genocide. 4.  slay. See slaughter.

Massacre

77

1 suggesting an unhealthy mental state or attitude; unwholesomely gloomy, sensitive, extreme, etc.: a morbid interest in death.

2. affected by, caused by, causing, or characteristic of disease.
3. pertaining to diseased parts: morbid anatomy.
4. gruesome; grisly.

-marazi

unwholesome, diseased, unhealthy, sick, sickly; tainted, corrupted, vitiated.

- 1.  cheerful. 2.  healthy.

Morbid

78

1 censure, blame, or abusive language aimed at a person or thing, especially by numerous persons or by the general public.

2.
discredit, disgrace, or bad repute resulting from public blame, abuse, or denunciation.

-kötüleme, yerme, kınama

 reproach, calumny; aspersion, revilement.

Antonyms
1.  praise. 2.  credit.

Obloquy

79

1 to relieve or lessen without curing; mitigate; alleviate.

2.
to try to mitigate or conceal the gravity of (an offense) by excuses, apologies, etc.; extenuate.

Palliate

80

1 the willful giving of false testimony under oath or affirmation, before a competent tribunal, upon a point material to a legal inquiry.

-yalan yere yemin

Perjury

81

1 a thin, flat plate or tablet of metal, porcelain, etc., intended for ornament, as on a wall, or set in a piece of furniture.

2.
an inscribed commemorative tablet, usually of metal placed on a building, monument, or the like.

Plaque

82

1 to occupy (land) in order to establish a prior right to buy.

2.
to acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate: a political issue preempted by the opposition party.
3.
to take the place of because of priorities, reconsideration, rescheduling, etc.; supplant: The special newscast preempted the usual television program.

 

1   claim, appropriate, usurp.

Preempt

83

1 to draw out or lengthen, especially in time; extend the duration of; prolong.

 

continue. See lengthen.

- 1.  curtail. 

Protract

84

1 a person who is skilled in relating stories and anecdotes interestingly.

Raconteur

85

1 hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient: a refractory child.

2.
resisting ordinary methods of treatment.
3.
difficult to fuse, reduce, or work, as an ore or metal.

 

1 obstinate, perverse, mulish, headstrong, intractable, disobedient, recalcitrant, ungovernable. See unruly.

- 1.  obedient, tractable

Refractory

86

1 to raise from the dead; bring to life again.

2.
to bring back into use, practice, etc.: to resurrect an ancient custom.

Resurrect

87

1 a sheath for a sword or the like.

Scabbard

88

1 a short literary piece of a humorous or satirical character.

2.
a short theatrical sketch or act, usually comical.

Skit

89

1 to soak in water or other liquid, as to soften, cleanse, or extract some constituent: to steep tea in boiling-hot water; to steep reeds for basket weaving.

2. to wet thoroughly in or with a liquid; drench; saturate; imbue.
3. to immerse in or saturate or imbue with some pervading, absorbing, or stupefying influence or agency: an incident steeped in mystery.

 

1.  infuse. 2.  permeate. 3.  bury, engulf. 

Steep (v)

90

1 in a prompt or direct manner; immediately; straightaway.

2.
without notice; precipitately: to be dismissed summarily from one's job.

Summarily

91

1 marked by tedium;  long and tiresome: tedious tasks; a tedious journey.

2.
wordy so as to cause weariness or boredom, as a speaker or writer; prolix.

 

1 wearing, boring, tiring, monotonous, dull.

Tedious

92

1 lacking in freshness or effectiveness because of constant use or excessive repetition; hackneyed; stale: the trite phrases in his letter.

2.
characterized by hackneyed expressions, ideas, etc.: The commencement address was trite and endlessly long.

 

1 ordinary. See commonplace.

- 1.  original. 

Trite

93

1 lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavor; insipid; flat: vapid tea.

2.
without liveliness or spirit; dull or tedious: a vapid party; vapid conversation.

 

 1. lifeless, flavorless. 2.  spiritless, unanimated, tiresome, prosaic.

- 1.  pungent. 2.  stimulating.

Vapid

94

1 to carry lightly and smoothly through the air or over water: The gentle breeze wafted the sound of music to our ears.

2.
to send or convey lightly, as if in flight: The actress wafted kisses to her admirers in the audience.

Waft