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Flashcards in Deck15 Deck (96):
1

Abhor

1. to regard with extreme repugnance or aversion; detest utterly; loathe; abominate.

-hor görmek

despise. See hate.

— love, admire.
 

2

Alienate

1. to make indifferent or hostile: He has alienated his entire family.

2. to turn away; transfer or divert: to alienate funds from their intended purpose.

3. Law . to transfer or convey, as title, property, or other right, to another: to alienate lands.

estrange

3

Arabesque

1. any ornament or ornamental object, as a rug or mosaic, in which flowers, foliage, fruits, vases, animals, and figures are represented in a fancifully combined pattern.

4

Auspice

1. Usually, auspices. patronage; support; sponsorship: under the auspices of the Department of education.

2.
Often, auspices. a favorable sign or propitious circumstance.
3.
a divination or prognostication, originally from observing birds

-kehanet (kuşlara bakılarak), himaye

5

Beatify

1. to make blissfully happy.

2.
Roman Catholic Church . to declare (a deceased person) to be among the blessed and thus entitled to specific religious honor.

6

Blueprint

1. a detailed outline or plan of action: a blueprint for success.

7

Calipers

1. Usually, calipers. an instrument for measuring thicknesses and internal or external diameters inaccessible to a scale, consisting usually of a pair of adjustable pivoted legs.

2.
any of various calibrated instruments for measuring thicknesses or distances between surfaces, usually having a screwed or sliding adjustable piece. Compare vernier caliper.
3.
thickness or depth, as of paper or a tree.

-kumpas

8

Cling

1. to adhere closely; stick to: The wet paper clings to the glass.

2.
to hold tight, as by grasping or embracing; cleave: The children clung to each other in the dark.
3.
to be or remain close: The child clung to her mother's side.

 

2.  clutch, grab, hug. 

9

Concave

1. curved like a segment of the interior of a circle or hollow  sphere; hollow  and curved. Compare convex ( def. 1 ) .

10

Convoke

1. to call together; summon to meet or assemble.

 

convene. 

11

Daunt

1. to overcome with fear; intimidate: to daunt one's adversaries.

2.
to lessen the courage of; dishearten: Don't be daunted by the amount of work still to be done.

 

 overawe, subdue, dismay, frighten. 2.  discourage, dispirit.

—2.  encourage. 

12

Depredation

1. the act of preying upon or plundering; robbery; ravage.

-yağmalama

13

Disconcert

1. to disturb the self-possession of; perturb; ruffle: Her angry reply disconcerted me completely.

2.
to throw into disorder or confusion; disarrange: He changed his mind and disconcerted everybody's plans.

3. frustrate

 

discompose, perplex, bewilder, abash, discomfit. See confuse.

 

—1.  calm. 2.  arrange.

14

Dogmatic

1. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a dogma  or dogmas;  doctrinal.

2.
asserting opinions in a doctrinaire or arrogant manner; opinionated.

15

Elation

1. a feeling or state of great joy or pride; exultant gladness; high spirits.

16

Ennui

1. a feeling of utter weariness and discontent resulting from satiety or lack of interest; boredom: The endless lecture produced an unbearable ennui.

-can sıkıntısı, bıkkınlık

17

Ethereal

1.light, airy, or tenuous: an ethereal world created through the poetic imagination.

2.
extremely delicate or refined: ethereal beauty.
3.
heavenly or celestial: gone to his ethereal home.

18

Exscind

1. to cut out or off., extirpate

19

Ferment

1. agitation; unrest; excitement; commotion; tumult: The new painters worked in a creative ferment. the capital lived in a political ferment.

- fermante olmak

20

Fleeting

1. passing swiftly; vanishing quickly; transient; transitory: fleeting beauty; a fleeting glance.

-kısacık süren

 

passing, flitting, flying, brief, fugitive. 

21

Frantic

1.desperate or wild with excitement, passion, fear, pain, etc.; frenzied.

2. marked by frenzy; resulting from wild emotion

overwrought, agitated, frenzied, distraught.

22

Gouge

1. to scoop out or turn with or as if with a gouge: to gouge a channel; to gouge holes.

2. to extort from, swindle, or overcharge.

-marangoz kalemi (ile oymak), değerinden daha pahalıya  satmak

23

Hedonist

1. a person whose life is devoted to the pursuit of pleasure and self-gratification.

24

Igneous

1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of fire.

-volkanik, ateşle alakalı

25

Implicit

1. implied, rather than expressly stated: implicit agreement.

2.
unquestioning or unreserved; absolute: implicit trust; implicit obedience; implicit confidence.
3.
potentially contained (usually followed by in ): to bring out the drama implicit in the occasion.

 

2.  inherent, complete, total.

26

Infertile

1.not fertile; unproductive; sterile; barren: infertile soil.

27

Intransigence

1. refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible.

2. a person who refuses to agree or compromise, as in politics.

-uyuşmaz, uzlaşmaz

28

Lackluster

1. lacking  brilliance or radiance; dull: lackluster eyes.

2.
lacking  liveliness, vitality, spirit, or enthusiasm: a lackluster performance.

3. a lack  of brilliance or vitality.

29

Machination

1. an act or instance of machinating.

2.
Usually, machinations. crafty schemes; plots; intrigues.

-dolap, entrika, hile

2.  stratagem, device. 

30

Misconstrue

1. to misunderstand the meaning of; take in a wrong sense; misinterpret.

 

misread, misapprehend, misjudge. 

31

Notion

1. a general understanding; vague or imperfect conception or idea of something: a notion of how something should be done.

2.
an opinion, view, or belief: That's his notion, not mine.
3.
conception or idea: his notion of democracy.

 

see idea

32

Ostrich

1. a person who attempts to ignore unpleasant facts or situations.

-devekuşu

33

Peregrination

1. travel from one place to another, especially on foot.

2.
a course of travel; journey

 

1, 2.  trip, excursion, expedition.

34

Pious

1. having or showing a dutiful spirit of reverence for god or an earnest wish to fulfill religious obligations.

2.
characterized by a hypocritical concern with virtue or religious devotion; sanctimonious.
3.
practiced or used in the name of real or pretended religious motives, or for some ostensibly good object; falsely earnest or sincere: a pious deception.

-dindarlık, sahte dindarlık

 

1.  devout, godly, reverent

35

Poverty

1.the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor; indigence.

2.deficiency of necessary or desirable ingredients, qualities, etc.: poverty of the soil.
3.scantiness; insufficiency: Their efforts to stamp out disease were hampered by a poverty of Medical supplies.

 

1.  penury. Poverty, destitution, need, want

- 1.  riches, wealth, plenty. 

36

Promulgate

1. to make known by open declaration; publish; proclaim formally or put into operation (a law, decree of a court, etc.).

2.
to set forth or teach publicly (a creed, doctrine, etc.).

 

1.  announce, issue, declare. 2.  advocate. 

37

Qualm

1. an uneasy feeling or pang of conscience as to conduct; compunction: He has no qualms about lying.

2. a sudden feeling of apprehensive uneasiness; misgiving: a sudden qualm about the success of the venture.
3. a sudden sensation or onset of faintness or illness, especially of nausea.

38

Recondite

1. dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter: a recondite treatise.

2. beyond ordinary knowledge or understanding; esoteric: recondite principles.
3. little known; obscure: a recondite fact.

39

Repudiate

1. to reject as having no authority or binding force: to repudiate a claim.

2. to cast off or disown: to repudiate a son.
3. to reject with disapproval or condemnation: to repudiate a new doctrine.

 

disavow, renounce, discard, disclaim. 3.  condemn, disapprove.

—Antonyms
1.  accept. 3.  approve. 

40

Sanity

1. the state of being sane;  soundness of mind.

2. soundness of judgment.

-akıl sağlığı, mantıklı olma

2.  reason, rationality, sensibleness, reasonableness. 

41

Shove

1. to move along by force from behind; push.

2.
to push roughly or rudely; jostle.
3.
Slang: Often Vulgar . to go to hell with: Voters are telling Congress to shove its new tax plan.

42

Splenetic

1. of the spleen;  splenic.

2.
irritable; peevish; spiteful.

-huysuz, aksi

 

2.  vexatious, irascible, testy, fretful, touchy, petulant, choleric. 

43

Sublime

1. 1. elevated or lofty in thought, language, etc.: Paradise lost is sublime poetry.

2. impressing the mind with a sense of grandeur or power; inspiring awe, veneration, etc.: Switzerland has sublime scenery.
3. supreme or outstanding: a sublime dinner.
4. complete; absolute; utter: sublime stupidity.

5. Noble, exalted, majestic

-muhteşem, görkemli, ulu, asil

1.  exalted, noble. 2.  magnificent, superb, august, grand, gorgeous, resplendent, imposing, majestic. 

44

Tamper

1. to meddle, especially for the purpose of altering, damaging, or misusing (usually followed by with ): Someone has been tampering with the lock.

2. to make changes in something, especially in order to falsify (usually followed by with ): to tamper with official records.
3. to engage secretly or improperly in something.

-kurcalamak

 

1.  interfere

45

Traduce

1. to speak maliciously and falsely of; slander; defame: to traduce someone's character.

 

vilify, decry, disparage.

— praise. 

46

Upbraid

1. to find fault with or reproach severely; censure: The military tribunal upbraided the soldier for his cowardice.

2.
(of things) to bring reproach on; serve as a reproach to.

 

1.  reprove, blame. See reprimand. 

47

Viscid

1.having a glutinous consistency; sticky; adhesive; viscous.

48

Xenophobia

1. an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange.

49

1. to regard with extreme repugnance or aversion; detest utterly; loathe; abominate.

-hor görmek

despise. See hate.

— love, admire.
 

Abhor

50

1. to make indifferent or hostile: He has alienated his entire family.

2. to turn away; transfer or divert: to alienate funds from their intended purpose.

3. Law . to transfer or convey, as title, property, or other right, to another: to alienate lands.

estrange

Alienate

51

1. any ornament or ornamental object, as a rug or mosaic, in which flowers, foliage, fruits, vases, animals, and figures are represented in a fancifully combined pattern.

Arabesque

52

1. Usually, auspices. patronage; support; sponsorship: under the auspices of the Department of education.

2.
Often, auspices. a favorable sign or propitious circumstance.
3.
a divination or prognostication, originally from observing birds

-kehanet (kuşlara bakılarak), himaye

Auspice

53

1. to make blissfully happy.

2.
Roman Catholic Church . to declare (a deceased person) to be among the blessed and thus entitled to specific religious honor.

Beatify

54

1. a detailed outline or plan of action: a blueprint for success.

Blueprint

55

1. Usually, calipers. an instrument for measuring thicknesses and internal or external diameters inaccessible to a scale, consisting usually of a pair of adjustable pivoted legs.

2.
any of various calibrated instruments for measuring thicknesses or distances between surfaces, usually having a screwed or sliding adjustable piece. Compare vernier caliper.
3.
thickness or depth, as of paper or a tree.

-kumpas

Calipers

56

1. to adhere closely; stick to: The wet paper clings to the glass.

2.
to hold tight, as by grasping or embracing; cleave: The children clung to each other in the dark.
3.
to be or remain close: The child clung to her mother's side.

 

2.  clutch, grab, hug. 

Cling

57

1. curved like a segment of the interior of a circle or hollow  sphere; hollow  and curved. Compare convex ( def. 1 ) .

Concave

58

1. to call together; summon to meet or assemble.

 

convene. 

Convoke

59

1. to overcome with fear; intimidate: to daunt one's adversaries.

2.
to lessen the courage of; dishearten: Don't be daunted by the amount of work still to be done.

 

 overawe, subdue, dismay, frighten. 2.  discourage, dispirit.

—2.  encourage. 

Daunt

60

1. the act of preying upon or plundering; robbery; ravage.

-yağmalama

Depredation

61

1. to disturb the self-possession of; perturb; ruffle: Her angry reply disconcerted me completely.

2.
to throw into disorder or confusion; disarrange: He changed his mind and disconcerted everybody's plans.

3. frustrate

 

discompose, perplex, bewilder, abash, discomfit. See confuse.

 

—1.  calm. 2.  arrange.

Disconcert

62

1. of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a dogma  or dogmas;  doctrinal.

2.
asserting opinions in a doctrinaire or arrogant manner; opinionated.

Dogmatic

63

1. a feeling or state of great joy or pride; exultant gladness; high spirits.

Elation

64

1. a feeling of utter weariness and discontent resulting from satiety or lack of interest; boredom: The endless lecture produced an unbearable ennui.

-can sıkıntısı, bıkkınlık

Ennui

65

1.light, airy, or tenuous: an ethereal world created through the poetic imagination.

2.
extremely delicate or refined: ethereal beauty.
3.
heavenly or celestial: gone to his ethereal home.

Ethereal

66

1. to cut out or off., extirpate

Exscind

67

1. agitation; unrest; excitement; commotion; tumult: The new painters worked in a creative ferment. the capital lived in a political ferment.

- fermante olmak

Ferment

68

1. passing swiftly; vanishing quickly; transient; transitory: fleeting beauty; a fleeting glance.

-kısacık süren

 

passing, flitting, flying, brief, fugitive. 

Fleeting

69

1.desperate or wild with excitement, passion, fear, pain, etc.; frenzied.

2. marked by frenzy; resulting from wild emotion

overwrought, agitated, frenzied, distraught.

Frantic

70

1. to scoop out or turn with or as if with a gouge: to gouge a channel; to gouge holes.

2. to extort from, swindle, or overcharge.

-marangoz kalemi (ile oymak), değerinden daha pahalıya  satmak

Gouge

71

1. a person whose life is devoted to the pursuit of pleasure and self-gratification.

Hedonist

72

1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of fire.

-volkanik, ateşle alakalı

Igneous

73

1. implied, rather than expressly stated: implicit agreement.

2.
unquestioning or unreserved; absolute: implicit trust; implicit obedience; implicit confidence.
3.
potentially contained (usually followed by in ): to bring out the drama implicit in the occasion.

 

2.  inherent, complete, total.

Implicit

74

1.not fertile; unproductive; sterile; barren: infertile soil.

Infertile

75

1. refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible.

2. a person who refuses to agree or compromise, as in politics.

-uyuşmaz, uzlaşmaz

Intransigence

76

1. lacking  brilliance or radiance; dull: lackluster eyes.

2.
lacking  liveliness, vitality, spirit, or enthusiasm: a lackluster performance.

3. a lack  of brilliance or vitality.

Lackluster

77

1. an act or instance of machinating.

2.
Usually, machinations. crafty schemes; plots; intrigues.

-dolap, entrika, hile

2.  stratagem, device. 

Machination

78

1. to misunderstand the meaning of; take in a wrong sense; misinterpret.

 

misread, misapprehend, misjudge. 

Misconstrue

79

1. a general understanding; vague or imperfect conception or idea of something: a notion of how something should be done.

2.
an opinion, view, or belief: That's his notion, not mine.
3.
conception or idea: his notion of democracy.

 

see idea

Notion

80

1. a person who attempts to ignore unpleasant facts or situations.

-devekuşu

Ostrich

81

1. travel from one place to another, especially on foot.

2.
a course of travel; journey

 

1, 2.  trip, excursion, expedition.

Peregrination

82

1. having or showing a dutiful spirit of reverence for god or an earnest wish to fulfill religious obligations.

2.
characterized by a hypocritical concern with virtue or religious devotion; sanctimonious.
3.
practiced or used in the name of real or pretended religious motives, or for some ostensibly good object; falsely earnest or sincere: a pious deception.

-dindarlık, sahte dindarlık

 

1.  devout, godly, reverent

Pious

83

1.the state or condition of having little or no money, goods, or means of support; condition of being poor; indigence.

2.deficiency of necessary or desirable ingredients, qualities, etc.: poverty of the soil.
3.scantiness; insufficiency: Their efforts to stamp out disease were hampered by a poverty of Medical supplies.

 

1.  penury. Poverty, destitution, need, want

- 1.  riches, wealth, plenty. 

Poverty

84

1. to make known by open declaration; publish; proclaim formally or put into operation (a law, decree of a court, etc.).

2.
to set forth or teach publicly (a creed, doctrine, etc.).

 

1.  announce, issue, declare. 2.  advocate. 

Promulgate

85

1. an uneasy feeling or pang of conscience as to conduct; compunction: He has no qualms about lying.

2. a sudden feeling of apprehensive uneasiness; misgiving: a sudden qualm about the success of the venture.
3. a sudden sensation or onset of faintness or illness, especially of nausea.

Qualm

86

1. dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter: a recondite treatise.

2. beyond ordinary knowledge or understanding; esoteric: recondite principles.
3. little known; obscure: a recondite fact.

Recondite

87

1. to reject as having no authority or binding force: to repudiate a claim.

2. to cast off or disown: to repudiate a son.
3. to reject with disapproval or condemnation: to repudiate a new doctrine.

 

disavow, renounce, discard, disclaim. 3.  condemn, disapprove.

—Antonyms
1.  accept. 3.  approve. 

Repudiate

88

1. the state of being sane;  soundness of mind.

2. soundness of judgment.

-akıl sağlığı, mantıklı olma

2.  reason, rationality, sensibleness, reasonableness. 

Sanity

89

1. to move along by force from behind; push.

2.
to push roughly or rudely; jostle.
3.
Slang: Often Vulgar . to go to hell with: Voters are telling Congress to shove its new tax plan.

Shove

90

1. of the spleen;  splenic.

2.
irritable; peevish; spiteful.

-huysuz, aksi

 

2.  vexatious, irascible, testy, fretful, touchy, petulant, choleric. 

Splenetic

91

1. 1. elevated or lofty in thought, language, etc.: Paradise lost is sublime poetry.

2. impressing the mind with a sense of grandeur or power; inspiring awe, veneration, etc.: Switzerland has sublime scenery.
3. supreme or outstanding: a sublime dinner.
4. complete; absolute; utter: sublime stupidity.

5. Noble, exalted, majestic

-muhteşem, görkemli, ulu, asil

1.  exalted, noble. 2.  magnificent, superb, august, grand, gorgeous, resplendent, imposing, majestic. 

Sublime

92

1. to meddle, especially for the purpose of altering, damaging, or misusing (usually followed by with ): Someone has been tampering with the lock.

2. to make changes in something, especially in order to falsify (usually followed by with ): to tamper with official records.
3. to engage secretly or improperly in something.

-kurcalamak

 

1.  interfere

Tamper

93

1. to speak maliciously and falsely of; slander; defame: to traduce someone's character.

 

vilify, decry, disparage.

— praise. 

Traduce

94

1. to find fault with or reproach severely; censure: The military tribunal upbraided the soldier for his cowardice.

2.
(of things) to bring reproach on; serve as a reproach to.

 

1.  reprove, blame. See reprimand. 

Upbraid

95

1.having a glutinous consistency; sticky; adhesive; viscous.

Viscid

96

1. an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange.

Xenophobia