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Flashcards in Deck11 Deck (94):
1

Abstruse

1. hard to understand; recondite; esoteric: abstruse theories.

2. Intellectually demanding, highly abstract, deep, recondite

 

1.  incomprehensible, unfathomable, arcane. 

-1.  clear, uncomplicated, simple; obvious.

2

Ambivalent

1.uncertainty or fluctuation, especially when caused by inability to make a choice or by a simultaneous desire to say or do two opposite or conflicting things, irresolute

2.
Psychology . the coexistence within an individual of positive and negative feelings toward the same person, object, or action, simultaneously drawing him or her in opposite directions.
.

3

Arrant

1.downright; thorough; unmitigated; notorious: an arrant fool.

2.
wandering; errant.

 

1.  thoroughgoing, utter, confirmed, flagrant. 

4

Aversion

1.a strong feeling of dislike, opposition, repugnance, or antipathy (usually followed by to ): a strong aversion to snakes and spiders.

2.
a cause or object of dislike; person or thing that causes antipathy: His pet aversion is guests who are always late.

 

1.  distaste, abhorrence, disgust. Aversion, antipathy, loathing

-1.  predilection. 

5

Bemoan

1.to express distress or grief over; lament: to bemoan one's fate.

2.
to regard with regret or disapproval.

3. to moan about or deplore ( a loss, grief)

-hayıflanmak, şikayet etmek

6

Boorish

1.of or like a boor;  unmannered; crude; insensitive, rude, awkard

-hödük, öküz

coarse, uncouth, loutish, churlish. Boorish, oafish, rude, uncouth

7

Capricious

1.subject to, led by, or indicative of caprice  or whim; erratic: He's such a capricious boss I never know how he'll react.

-değişken, kaprisli

8

Coerce

1.to compel by force, intimidation, or authority, especially without regard for individual desire or volition: They coerced him into signing the document.

2.
to bring about through the use of force or other forms of compulsion; exact: to coerce obedience.
3.
to dominate or control, especially by exploiting fear, anxiety, etc.: The state is based on successfully coercing the individual.

9

Condone

1.to disregard or overlook (something illegal, objectionable, or the like).

2.
to give tacit approval to: By his silence, he seemed to condone their behavior.
3.
to pardon or forgive (an offense); excuse.

10

Corroborate

1.to make more certain; confirm: He corroborated my account of the accident.

 

1.  verify, authenticate, support, validate.

11

Decree

1.a formal and authoritative order, especially one having the force of law: a presidential decree.

2.
Law . a judicial decision or order.
3.
Theology . one of the eternal purposes of god, by which events are foreordained.

4. to command, ordain, or decide by decree.

12

Desiccate

1.to dry thoroughly; dry up.

2.
to preserve (food) by removing moisture; dehydrate.

13

Disingenuous

1.lacking in frankness, candor, or sincerity; falsely or hypocritically ingenuous;  insincere: Her excuse was rather disingenuous. not candid

-samimi olmayan, ikiyüzlü

14

Dubious

1.doubtful; marked by or occasioning doubt: a dubious reply.

2.
of doubtful quality or propriety; questionable: a dubious compliment; a dubious transaction.
3.
of uncertain outcome: in dubious battle.

 

1.  equivocal, ambiguous, obscure, unclear. 4.  undecided, uncertain, hesitant, fluctuating. See doubtful. 

15

Embellish

1. to beautify by or as if by ornamentation; ornament; adorn.

2.
to enhance (a statement or narrative) with fictitious additions.
.

1.  decorate, garnish, bedeck, embroider. 

16

Ephemeral

1. lasting a very short time; short-lived; transitory: the ephemeral joys of childhood.

2.
lasting but one day: an ephemeral flower.

1.  fleeting, evanescent, transient, momentary, brief.

—1.  permanent. 

17

Evince

1. to show clearly; make evident or manifest; prove.

2.
to reveal the possession of (a quality, trait, etc.).

-açığa vurmak

display

18

Extol

1.to praise highly; laud; eulogize: to extol the beauty of Naples.

 

glorify, exalt, celebrate.

—disparage. 

19

Fetid

1.having an offensive odor; stinking.

malodorous, smelly, noisome. 

20

Flux

1.a flowing or flow.

2.
the flowing in of the tide.
3.
continuous change, passage, or movement: His political views are in a state of flux.

7. to melt; make fluid.
8.
to fuse by the use of flux.

 

1.  course, current, flood, stream. 

21

Frugal

1.economical in use or expenditure; prudently saving or sparing; not wasteful: a frugal manager.

2.
entailing little expense; requiring few resources; meager; scanty: a frugal meal.

 

1.  thrifty, chary, provident, careful. See economical. 

22

Grimace

1. a facial expression, often ugly or contorted, that indicates disapproval, pain, etc.

23

Hew

1. to strike forcibly with an ax, sword, or other cutting instrument; chop; hack.

2.
to make, shape, smooth, etc., with cutting blows: to hew a passage through the crowd; to hew a statue from marble.

3. to uphold, follow closely, or conform (usually followed by to ): to hew to the tenets of one's political party. , adhere, confirm

 

1. See cut. 2.  form. 

24

Immerse

1. to plunge into or place under a liquid; dip; sink.

2.
to involve deeply; absorb: She is totally immersed in her law practice.
3.
to baptize by immersion.

4. to embed, bury

 

1.  immerge, duck, douse. See dip1 . 2.  engage. 

—4.  disinter. 

25

Impromptu

1. made or done without previous preparation: an impromptu address to the unexpected crowds.

2.
suddenly or hastily prepared, made, etc.: an impromptu dinner.
3.
improvised; having the character of an improvisation.

 

1. See extemporaneous. 

26

Ingratiate

1.to establish (oneself) in the favor or good graces of others, especially by deliberate effort (usually followed by with ): He ingratiated himself with all the guests.

-gözüne girmek, yağcılık yapmak

27

Invective

1.vehement or violent denunciation, censure, or reproach.

2.
a railing accusation; vituperation.
3.
an insulting or abusive word or expression.

-ağır hakaret, küfür mahiyetinde, suçlayıcı

1.  contumely, scorn. See abuse. 

28

Lavish

1.expended, bestowed, or occurring in profusion: lavish spending.

2.
using or giving in great amounts; prodigal (often followed by of ): lavish of his time; lavish of affection.

3. to expend or give in great amounts or without limit: to lavish gifts on a person.
 

1, 2.  unstinted, extravagant, wasteful, improvident; generous, openhanded. Lavish, prodigal, profuse

—1, 2.  niggardly. 

29

Manacle

1.a shackle for the hand; handcuff.

2.
Usually, manacles. restraints; checks.
3.
to handcuff; fetter.
4.
to hamper; restrain: He was manacled by his inhibitions.

-kelepçe

30

Mollify

1.to soften in feeling or temper, as a person; pacify; appease.

2.
to mitigate or reduce; soften: to mollify one's demands.

31

Oblique

1 neither perpendicular nor parallel to a given line or surface; slanting; sloping.

2. indirectly stated or expressed; not straightforward: oblique remarks about the candidate's honesty.

3. morally, ethically, or mentally wrong; underhand; perverse

 

.  indirect, veiled, masked, covert. , evasive, disingenuous, underhanded

32

Palate

1 the roof of the mouth

3. intellectual or aesthetic taste; mental appreciation.

33

Peripatetic

1 walking or traveling about; itinerant.

-gezinimci, aristocu

34

Placebo

1 a substance having no pharmacological effect but given merely to satisfy a patient who supposes it to be a medicine.

2. smth said or done to win the favor of another

35

Predilection

1 a tendency to think favorably of something in particular; partiality; preference: a predilection for Bach.

 

bias, inclination, leaning, liking, weakness, predisposition, prepossession. 

36

Prosaic

1 commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative: a prosaic mind.

2.
of or having the character or form of prose  rather than poetry.

 

1.  ordinary, everyday; vapid, humdrum, tedious, tiresome, uninteresting. 

37

Quotidian

1 daily: a quotidian report.

2.
usual or customary; everyday: quotidian needs.
3.
ordinary; commonplace: paintings of no more than quotidian artistry.

38

Redoubtable

1 that is to be feared; formidable.

2.
commanding or evoking respect, reverence, or the like.

-heybetli, korkulur

39

Resplendent

1 shining brilliantly; gleaming; splendid: troops resplendent in white uniforms; resplendent virtues.

 

radiant; dazzling, gorgeous, magnificent. 

40

Savor

1 the quality in a substance that affects the sense of taste or of smell.

2.
a particular taste or smell.
3.
distinctive quality or property.

4. to give oneself to the enjoyment of: to savor the best in life.

 

- kendine has tat, tadını çıkarmak

 

41

Sinuous

1 having many curves, bends, or turns; winding: a sinuous path.

2.
indirect; devious: sinuous questions.
3.
characterized by a series of graceful curving motions: a sinuous dance.

 

1.  curving, meandering, twining, twisting, coiled, curved, serpentine. 2.  roundabout.

 

—1.  straight. 2.  direct.
 

42

Stalwart

1. strongly and stoutly built; sturdy and robust.
2.
strong and brave; valiant: a stalwart knight.
3.
firm, steadfast, or uncompromising: a stalwart supporter of the U.N.

43

Suffuse

1. to overspread with or as with a liquid, color, glow etc.

 

cover, pervade, diffuse, bathe, flood. 

44

Tawdry

1.(of finery, trappings, etc.) gaudy; showy and cheap.

2.
low or mean; base: tawdry motives.

3. cheap, gaudy apparel.

 

1.  flashy, meretricious. 

—1.  elegant. 

45

Trepidation

1. tremulous fear, alarm, or agitation; perturbation.

2.
trembling or quivering movement; tremor.

-dehşet, ürperme

 

1.  trembling, fright. 2.  quivering, shaking. 

46

Valorous

1. having valor;  courageous; valiant; brave.

2.
characterized by valor: valorous deeds.

47

Voluminous

1.forming, filling, or writing a large volume  or many volumes: a voluminous edition.

2.
sufficient to fill a volume  or volumes: a voluminous correspondence.
3.
of great volume,  size, or extent: voluminous flow of lava.

 

3.  extensive, copious, ample. 

48

1. hard to understand; recondite; esoteric: abstruse theories.

2. Intellectually demanding, highly abstract, deep, recondite

 

1.  incomprehensible, unfathomable, arcane. 

-1.  clear, uncomplicated, simple; obvious.

Abstruse

49

1.uncertainty or fluctuation, especially when caused by inability to make a choice or by a simultaneous desire to say or do two opposite or conflicting things, irresolute

2.
Psychology . the coexistence within an individual of positive and negative feelings toward the same person, object, or action, simultaneously drawing him or her in opposite directions.
.

Ambivalent

50

1.downright; thorough; unmitigated; notorious: an arrant fool.

2.
wandering; errant.

 

1.  thoroughgoing, utter, confirmed, flagrant. 

Arrant

51

1.a strong feeling of dislike, opposition, repugnance, or antipathy (usually followed by to ): a strong aversion to snakes and spiders.

2.
a cause or object of dislike; person or thing that causes antipathy: His pet aversion is guests who are always late.

 

1.  distaste, abhorrence, disgust. Aversion, antipathy, loathing

-1.  predilection. 

Aversion

52

1.to express distress or grief over; lament: to bemoan one's fate.

2.
to regard with regret or disapproval.

3. to moan about or deplore ( a loss, grief)

-hayıflanmak, şikayet etmek

Bemoan

53

1.of or like a boor;  unmannered; crude; insensitive, rude, awkard

-hödük, öküz

coarse, uncouth, loutish, churlish. Boorish, oafish, rude, uncouth

Boorish

54

1.subject to, led by, or indicative of caprice  or whim; erratic: He's such a capricious boss I never know how he'll react.

-değişken, kaprisli

Capricious

55

1.to compel by force, intimidation, or authority, especially without regard for individual desire or volition: They coerced him into signing the document.

2.
to bring about through the use of force or other forms of compulsion; exact: to coerce obedience.
3.
to dominate or control, especially by exploiting fear, anxiety, etc.: The state is based on successfully coercing the individual.

Coerce

56

1.to disregard or overlook (something illegal, objectionable, or the like).

2.
to give tacit approval to: By his silence, he seemed to condone their behavior.
3.
to pardon or forgive (an offense); excuse.

Condone

57

1.to make more certain; confirm: He corroborated my account of the accident.

 

1.  verify, authenticate, support, validate.

Corroborate

58

1.a formal and authoritative order, especially one having the force of law: a presidential decree.

2.
Law . a judicial decision or order.
3.
Theology . one of the eternal purposes of god, by which events are foreordained.

4. to command, ordain, or decide by decree.

Decree

59

1.to dry thoroughly; dry up.

2.
to preserve (food) by removing moisture; dehydrate.

Desiccate

60

1.lacking in frankness, candor, or sincerity; falsely or hypocritically ingenuous;  insincere: Her excuse was rather disingenuous. not candid

-samimi olmayan, ikiyüzlü

Disingenuous

61

1.doubtful; marked by or occasioning doubt: a dubious reply.

2.
of doubtful quality or propriety; questionable: a dubious compliment; a dubious transaction.
3.
of uncertain outcome: in dubious battle.

 

1.  equivocal, ambiguous, obscure, unclear. 4.  undecided, uncertain, hesitant, fluctuating. See doubtful. 

Dubious

62

1. to beautify by or as if by ornamentation; ornament; adorn.

2.
to enhance (a statement or narrative) with fictitious additions.
.

1.  decorate, garnish, bedeck, embroider. 

Embellish

63

1. lasting a very short time; short-lived; transitory: the ephemeral joys of childhood.

2.
lasting but one day: an ephemeral flower.

1.  fleeting, evanescent, transient, momentary, brief.

—1.  permanent. 

Ephemeral

64

1. to show clearly; make evident or manifest; prove.

2.
to reveal the possession of (a quality, trait, etc.).

-açığa vurmak

display

Evince

65

1.to praise highly; laud; eulogize: to extol the beauty of Naples.

 

glorify, exalt, celebrate.

—disparage. 

Extol

66

1.having an offensive odor; stinking.

malodorous, smelly, noisome. 

Fetid

67

1.a flowing or flow.

2.
the flowing in of the tide.
3.
continuous change, passage, or movement: His political views are in a state of flux.

7. to melt; make fluid.
8.
to fuse by the use of flux.

 

1.  course, current, flood, stream. 

Flux

68

1.economical in use or expenditure; prudently saving or sparing; not wasteful: a frugal manager.

2.
entailing little expense; requiring few resources; meager; scanty: a frugal meal.

 

1.  thrifty, chary, provident, careful. See economical. 

Frugal

69

1. a facial expression, often ugly or contorted, that indicates disapproval, pain, etc.

Grimace

70

1. to strike forcibly with an ax, sword, or other cutting instrument; chop; hack.

2.
to make, shape, smooth, etc., with cutting blows: to hew a passage through the crowd; to hew a statue from marble.

3. to uphold, follow closely, or conform (usually followed by to ): to hew to the tenets of one's political party. , adhere, confirm

 

1. See cut. 2.  form. 

Hew

71

1. to plunge into or place under a liquid; dip; sink.

2.
to involve deeply; absorb: She is totally immersed in her law practice.
3.
to baptize by immersion.

4. to embed, bury

 

1.  immerge, duck, douse. See dip1 . 2.  engage. 

—4.  disinter. 

Immerse

72

1. made or done without previous preparation: an impromptu address to the unexpected crowds.

2.
suddenly or hastily prepared, made, etc.: an impromptu dinner.
3.
improvised; having the character of an improvisation.

 

1. See extemporaneous. 

Impromptu

73

1.to establish (oneself) in the favor or good graces of others, especially by deliberate effort (usually followed by with ): He ingratiated himself with all the guests.

-gözüne girmek, yağcılık yapmak

Ingratiate

74

1.vehement or violent denunciation, censure, or reproach.

2.
a railing accusation; vituperation.
3.
an insulting or abusive word or expression.

-ağır hakaret, küfür mahiyetinde, suçlayıcı

1.  contumely, scorn. See abuse. 

Invective

75

1.expended, bestowed, or occurring in profusion: lavish spending.

2.
using or giving in great amounts; prodigal (often followed by of ): lavish of his time; lavish of affection.

3. to expend or give in great amounts or without limit: to lavish gifts on a person.
 

1, 2.  unstinted, extravagant, wasteful, improvident; generous, openhanded. Lavish, prodigal, profuse

—1, 2.  niggardly. 

Lavish

76

1.a shackle for the hand; handcuff.

2.
Usually, manacles. restraints; checks.
3.
to handcuff; fetter.
4.
to hamper; restrain: He was manacled by his inhibitions.

-kelepçe

Manacle

77

1.to soften in feeling or temper, as a person; pacify; appease.

2.
to mitigate or reduce; soften: to mollify one's demands.

Mollify

78

1 neither perpendicular nor parallel to a given line or surface; slanting; sloping.

2. indirectly stated or expressed; not straightforward: oblique remarks about the candidate's honesty.

3. morally, ethically, or mentally wrong; underhand; perverse

 

.  indirect, veiled, masked, covert. , evasive, disingenuous, underhanded

Oblique

79

1 the roof of the mouth

3. intellectual or aesthetic taste; mental appreciation.

Palate

80

1 walking or traveling about; itinerant.

-gezinimci, aristocu

Peripatetic

81

1 a substance having no pharmacological effect but given merely to satisfy a patient who supposes it to be a medicine.

2. smth said or done to win the favor of another

Placebo

82

1 a tendency to think favorably of something in particular; partiality; preference: a predilection for Bach.

 

bias, inclination, leaning, liking, weakness, predisposition, prepossession. 

Predilection

83

1 commonplace or dull; matter-of-fact or unimaginative: a prosaic mind.

2.
of or having the character or form of prose  rather than poetry.

 

1.  ordinary, everyday; vapid, humdrum, tedious, tiresome, uninteresting. 

Prosaic

84

1 daily: a quotidian report.

2.
usual or customary; everyday: quotidian needs.
3.
ordinary; commonplace: paintings of no more than quotidian artistry.

Quotidian

85

1 that is to be feared; formidable.

2.
commanding or evoking respect, reverence, or the like.

-heybetli, korkulur

Redoubtable

86

1 shining brilliantly; gleaming; splendid: troops resplendent in white uniforms; resplendent virtues.

 

radiant; dazzling, gorgeous, magnificent. 

Resplendent

87

1 the quality in a substance that affects the sense of taste or of smell.

2.
a particular taste or smell.
3.
distinctive quality or property.

4. to give oneself to the enjoyment of: to savor the best in life.

 

- kendine has tat, tadını çıkarmak

 

Savor

88

1 having many curves, bends, or turns; winding: a sinuous path.

2.
indirect; devious: sinuous questions.
3.
characterized by a series of graceful curving motions: a sinuous dance.

 

1.  curving, meandering, twining, twisting, coiled, curved, serpentine. 2.  roundabout.

 

—1.  straight. 2.  direct.
 

Sinuous

89

1. strongly and stoutly built; sturdy and robust.
2.
strong and brave; valiant: a stalwart knight.
3.
firm, steadfast, or uncompromising: a stalwart supporter of the U.N.

Stalwart

90

1. to overspread with or as with a liquid, color, glow etc.

 

cover, pervade, diffuse, bathe, flood. 

Suffuse

91

1.(of finery, trappings, etc.) gaudy; showy and cheap.

2.
low or mean; base: tawdry motives.

3. cheap, gaudy apparel.

 

1.  flashy, meretricious. 

—1.  elegant. 

Tawdry

92

1. tremulous fear, alarm, or agitation; perturbation.

2.
trembling or quivering movement; tremor.

-dehşet, ürperme

 

1.  trembling, fright. 2.  quivering, shaking. 

Trepidation

93

1. having valor;  courageous; valiant; brave.

2.
characterized by valor: valorous deeds.

Valorous

94

1.forming, filling, or writing a large volume  or many volumes: a voluminous edition.

2.
sufficient to fill a volume  or volumes: a voluminous correspondence.
3.
of great volume,  size, or extent: voluminous flow of lava.

 

3.  extensive, copious, ample. 

Voluminous