Deck17 Flashcards Preview

TTP > Deck17 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck17 Deck (96):
1

Abeyance

1. temporary inactivity, cessation, or suspension: Let's hold that problem in abeyance for a while.

2.
Law . a state or condition of real property in which title is not as yet vested in a known titleholder: an estate in abeyance.

 

1.  remission, deferral. 

2

Alacrity

1. cheerful readiness, promptness, or willingness: We accepted the invitation with alacrity.

2.
liveliness; briskness.

-can atma, atiklik

1.  eagerness, keenness; fervor, zeal. 2.  sprightliness, agility.

3

Apt

1. inclined; disposed; given; prone: too apt to slander others.

2. likely: Am I apt to find him at home?
3. unusually intelligent; able to learn quickly and easily: an apt pupil.

4. suited to the purpose or occasion; appropriate: an apt metaphor; a few apt remarks on world peace.

1.  liable. 2. See likely. 3.  clever, bright; adaptable; handy, adroit, dexterous, skillful. 4.  fitting, meet, germane, felicitous.

4

August

1.  inspiring reverence or admiration; of supreme dignity or grandeur; majestic: an august performance of a religious drama.

2.
venerable; eminent: an august personage.

5

Bazaar

1.  a marketplace or shopping quarter, especially one in the Middle East.

2.
a sale of miscellaneous contributed articles to benefit some charity, cause, organization, etc.
3.
a store in which many kinds of goods are offered for sale; department store.

 

1.  market, mart, exchange. 

6

Bludgeon

1.  a short, heavy club with one end weighted, or thicker and heavier than the other.

2.
to strike or knock down with a bludgeon.
3.
to force into something; coerce; bully: The boss finally bludgeoned him into accepting responsibility.

-cop, zorlamak

7

Calligraphy

1.  fancy penmanship, especially highly decorative handwriting, as with a great many flourishes: She appreciated the calligraphy of the 18th century.

2.
handwriting; penmanship.
3.
the art of writing beautifully: He studied calligraphy when he was a young man.

8

Cleave

1.  to adhere closely; stick; cling (usually followed by to ).

2.
to remain faithful (usually followed by to ): to cleave to one's principles in spite of persecution.

3. to split or divide by or as if by a cutting blow, especially along a natural line of division, as the grain of wood.

-ayırmak, yarmak, bağlı olmak

9

Compunction

1. a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety of the conscience caused by regret for doing wrong or causing pain; contrition; remorse.

2.
any uneasiness or hesitation about the rightness of an action.

10

Conviction

1. a fixed or firm belief.

2.
the act of convicting.
3.
the state of being convicted.

 

1. See belief.

—  doubt, uncertainty. 

11

Dart

1. to move swiftly; spring or start suddenly and run swiftly: A mouse darted out of the closet and ran across the room.

 

.  dash, bolt, shoot. 

12

Deprecate

1. to express earnest disapproval of.

2.
to urge reasons against; protest against (a scheme, purpose, etc.).
3.
to depreciate; belittle.

-karşı çıkmak, küçümsemek

1.  condemn, denounce, disparage. See decry. 

13

Discomfit

1. to confuse and deject; disconcert,  to make uneasy: to be discomfited by a question.

2.
to frustrate the plans of; thwart; foil.

3. defeat

 

1.  discompose, embarrass, disturb. 

14

Doggerel

1. comic or burlesque, and usually loose or irregular in measure.

b. rude; crude; poor.

2. Trivial, awkard, often comic verse

2. any trivial or bad poetry

 

15

Elate

1. to make very happy or proud: news to elate the hearer.

16

Enmity

1. a feeling or condition of hostility; hatred; ill will; animosity; antagonism.

 

malice, acrimony, rancor

17

Espouse

1. to make one's own; adopt or embrace, as a cause.

2.
to marry.
3.
to give (a woman) in marriage.

-benimsemek, kabullenmek

1.  support, champion, advocate. 

18

Expurgate

1. to amend by removing words, passages, etc., deemed offensive or objectionable: Most children read an expurgated version of Grimms' fairy tales.

2.
to purge or cleanse of moral offensiveness.

-sakıncalı bölümleri çıkarmak

1.  delete, excise, censor, purge, bowdlerize. 

19

Feral

1. existing in a natural state, as animals or plants; not domesticated or cultivated; wild.

2.
having reverted to the wild state, as from domestication: a pack of feral dogs roaming the woods.
3.
of or characteristic of wild animals; ferocious; brutal.

4. causing death; fatal.

5. funereal; gloomy.

20

Fleet

1. the largest organized unit of naval ships grouped for tactical or other purposes.

2. swift; rapid: to be fleet of foot; a fleet horse

3. to cause (time) to pass lightly or swiftly.

 

3.  speed, hasten; beguile. 

21

Franchise

1. a privilege of a public nature conferred on an individual, group, or company by a government: a franchise to operate a bus system.

2.
the right or license granted by a company to an individual or group to market its products or services in a specific territory.
3.
a store, restaurant, or other business operating under such a license.

22

Gossamer

1. a fine, filmy cobweb seen on grass or bushes or floating in the air in calm weather, especially in autumn.

2.
a thread or a web of this substance.
3.
an extremely delicate variety of gauze, used especially for veils.

-ince hafif incecik

23

Haven

1. a harbor or port.

2.
any place of shelter and safety; refuge; asylum.

24

Idyll

1. a poem or prose composition, usually describing pastoral scenes or events or any charmingly simple episode, appealing incident, or the like.

2.
a simple descriptive or narrative piece in verse or prose.
3.
material suitable for such a work.

25

Implicate

1. to show to be also involved, usually in an incriminating manner: to be implicated in a crime.

2.
to imply  as a necessary circumstance, or as something to be inferred or understood.
3.
to connect or relate to intimately; affect as a consequence: The malfunctioning of one part of the nervous system implicates another part.

 

involve

26

Inexorable

1. unyielding; unalterable: inexorable truth; inexorable justice.

2.
not to be persuaded, moved, or affected by prayers or entreaties: an inexorable creditor.

 

2.  unbending; severe, relentless, unrelenting, implacable, merciless, cruel, pitiless. See inflexible.

— 2.  flexible; merciful. 

27

Intransigent

1. refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible.

2. a person who refuses to agree or compromise, as in politics.

28

Lachrymose

1. suggestive of or tending to cause tears; mournful.

2.
given to shedding tears readily; tearful.

29

Macabre

1. gruesome and horrifying; ghastly; horrible.

2.
of, pertaining to, dealing with, or representing death, especially its grimmer or uglier aspect.
3.
of or suggestive of the allegorical dance of death.

30

Mischievous

1. maliciously or playfully annoying.

2.
causing annoyance, harm, or trouble.
3.
roguishly or slyly teasing, as a glance.

31

Nostrum

1. a medicine sold with false or exaggerated claims and with no demonstrable value; quack medicine.

2.
a scheme, theory, device, etc., especially one to remedy social or political ills; panacea.
3.
a medicine made by the person who recommends it

32

Ostracize

1. to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, conversation, privileges, etc.: His friends ostracized him after his father's arrest.

2.
to banish (a person) from his or her native country; expatriate.
3.
(in ancient Greece) to banish (a citizen) temporarily by popular vote.

-sürgün etmek, toplum dışına itmek

1.  shun, snub, blacklist.

— 1.  accept. 

33

Penury

1. textreme poverty; destitution.

2.
scarcity; dearth; inadequacy; insufficiency.

 

1.  indigence, need, want.

— 1.  wealth.
 

34

Pinch

1.t o squeeze or compress between the finger and thumb, the teeth, the jaws of an instrument, or the like.

 6. to affect with sharp discomfort or distress, as cold, hunger, or need does.

7.
to straiten in means or circumstances: The depression pinched them.
8.
to stint (a person, family, etc.) in allowance of money, food, or the like: They were severely pinched by the drought.

35

Potent

1. powerful; mighty: a potent fighting force.

2.
cogent; persuasive: Several potent arguments were in his favor.
3.
producing powerful physical or chemical effects: a potent drug.

 

1.  strong, puissant. See powerful. 4.  influential.

— 1.  weak. 4.  ineffectual. 

36

Prolix

1. extended to great, unnecessary, or tedious length; long and wordy.

2.
(of a person) given to speaking or writing at great or tedious length.

 

1.  prolonged, protracted. See wordy. 1, 2.  verbose. 

37

Quail

1. to lose heart or courage in difficulty or danger; shrink with fear.

 

recoil, flinch, blench, cower. See wince. 

38

Reconcile

1. to cause (a person) to accept or be resigned to something not desired: He was reconciled to his fate.

2. to win over to friendliness; cause to become amicable: to reconcile hostile persons.
3. to compose or settle (a quarrel, dispute, etc.).

4 to bring into agreement or harmony; make compatible or consistent: to reconcile differing statements; to reconcile accounts.

2.  pacify, propitiate, placate. 4.  harmonize.

— 3.  anger. 

39

Reprove

1. to criticize or correct, especially gently: to reprove a pupil for making a mistake.

2.
to disapprove of strongly; censure: to reprove a bad decision.

 

 scold, reprimand, upbraid, chide, reprehend, admonish. See reproach.

— 1.  praise.
 

40

Sanguine

1. cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident: a sanguine disposition; sanguine expectations.

2.
reddish; ruddy: a sanguine complexion.

 

1.  enthusiastic, buoyant, animated, lively, spirited.

— 1.  morose. 

41

Shoot

1. the action of growing or sprouting

42

Specious

1. apparently good or right though lacking real merit; superficially pleasing or plausible: specious arguments.

2.
pleasing to the eye but deceptive.

 

1. See plausible. 2.  false, misleading.

— 1, 2.  genuine. 

43

Subdue

1. to conquer and bring into subjection: Rome subdued Gaul.

2. to overpower by superior force; overcome.
3. to bring under mental or emotional control, as by persuasion or intimidation; render submissive.
4. to repress (feelings, impulses, etc.).
5. to bring (land) under cultivation: to subdue the wilderness.
6. to reduce the intensity, force, or vividness of (sound, light, color, etc.); tone down; soften.
7. to allay (inflammation, infection, etc.).

1.  subjugate, vanquish. See defeat. 3.  tame, break, discipline. 3, 4.  suppress.

— 4.  awaken, arouse. 6.  intensify. 

 

44

Tamp

1.to force in or down by repeated, rather light, strokes: He tamped the tobacco in his pipe.

2.
(in blasting) to fill (a drilled hole) with earth or the like after the charge has been inserted.

-bastırıp sıkıştırmak, çamurla tıkamak

45

Tractable

1. easily managed or controlled; docile; yielding: a tractable child; a tractable disposition.

2.
easily worked, shaped, or otherwise handled; malleable.

 

manageable, willing, governable.

— 1.  stubborn. 

46

Untoward

1.unfavorable or unfortunate: Untoward circumstances forced him into bankruptcy.

2.
improper: untoward social behavior.

47

Visceral

1. intuitive, instinctive, emotional rather than intellectual

48

Woo

1. to seek the favor, affection, or love of, especially with a view to marriage.

2. to seek to win, try to get: to woo fame.
3. to invite (consequences, whether good or bad) by one's own action; court: to woo one's own destruction.

4. to seek to persuade (a person, group, etc.), as to do something; solicit; importune.

5. to make love to a woman; court: He went wooing.

6. to solicit favor or approval; entreat: Further attempts to woo proved useless.

4.  petition, sue, address, entreat. 

49

1. temporary inactivity, cessation, or suspension: Let's hold that problem in abeyance for a while.

2.
Law . a state or condition of real property in which title is not as yet vested in a known titleholder: an estate in abeyance.

 

1.  remission, deferral. 

Abeyance

50

1. cheerful readiness, promptness, or willingness: We accepted the invitation with alacrity.

2.
liveliness; briskness.

-can atma, atiklik

1.  eagerness, keenness; fervor, zeal. 2.  sprightliness, agility.

Alacrity

51

1. inclined; disposed; given; prone: too apt to slander others.

2. likely: Am I apt to find him at home?
3. unusually intelligent; able to learn quickly and easily: an apt pupil.

4. suited to the purpose or occasion; appropriate: an apt metaphor; a few apt remarks on world peace.

1.  liable. 2. See likely. 3.  clever, bright; adaptable; handy, adroit, dexterous, skillful. 4.  fitting, meet, germane, felicitous.

Apt

52

1.  inspiring reverence or admiration; of supreme dignity or grandeur; majestic: an august performance of a religious drama.

2.
venerable; eminent: an august personage.

August

53

1.  a marketplace or shopping quarter, especially one in the Middle East.

2.
a sale of miscellaneous contributed articles to benefit some charity, cause, organization, etc.
3.
a store in which many kinds of goods are offered for sale; department store.

 

1.  market, mart, exchange. 

Bazaar

54

1.  a short, heavy club with one end weighted, or thicker and heavier than the other.

2.
to strike or knock down with a bludgeon.
3.
to force into something; coerce; bully: The boss finally bludgeoned him into accepting responsibility.

-cop, zorlamak

Bludgeon

55

1.  fancy penmanship, especially highly decorative handwriting, as with a great many flourishes: She appreciated the calligraphy of the 18th century.

2.
handwriting; penmanship.
3.
the art of writing beautifully: He studied calligraphy when he was a young man.

Calligraphy

56

1.  to adhere closely; stick; cling (usually followed by to ).

2.
to remain faithful (usually followed by to ): to cleave to one's principles in spite of persecution.

3. to split or divide by or as if by a cutting blow, especially along a natural line of division, as the grain of wood.

-ayırmak, yarmak, bağlı olmak

Cleave

57

1. a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety of the conscience caused by regret for doing wrong or causing pain; contrition; remorse.

2.
any uneasiness or hesitation about the rightness of an action.

Compunction

58

1. a fixed or firm belief.

2.
the act of convicting.
3.
the state of being convicted.

 

1. See belief.

—  doubt, uncertainty. 

Conviction

59

1. to move swiftly; spring or start suddenly and run swiftly: A mouse darted out of the closet and ran across the room.

 

.  dash, bolt, shoot. 

Dart

60

1. to express earnest disapproval of.

2.
to urge reasons against; protest against (a scheme, purpose, etc.).
3.
to depreciate; belittle.

-karşı çıkmak, küçümsemek

1.  condemn, denounce, disparage. See decry. 

Deprecate

61

1. to confuse and deject; disconcert,  to make uneasy: to be discomfited by a question.

2.
to frustrate the plans of; thwart; foil.

3. defeat

 

1.  discompose, embarrass, disturb. 

Discomfit

62

1. comic or burlesque, and usually loose or irregular in measure.

b. rude; crude; poor.

2. Trivial, awkard, often comic verse

2. any trivial or bad poetry

 

Doggerel

63

1. to make very happy or proud: news to elate the hearer.

Elate

64

1. a feeling or condition of hostility; hatred; ill will; animosity; antagonism.

 

malice, acrimony, rancor

Enmity

65

1. to make one's own; adopt or embrace, as a cause.

2.
to marry.
3.
to give (a woman) in marriage.

-benimsemek, kabullenmek

1.  support, champion, advocate. 

Espouse

66

1. to amend by removing words, passages, etc., deemed offensive or objectionable: Most children read an expurgated version of Grimms' fairy tales.

2.
to purge or cleanse of moral offensiveness.

-sakıncalı bölümleri çıkarmak

1.  delete, excise, censor, purge, bowdlerize. 

Expurgate

67

1. existing in a natural state, as animals or plants; not domesticated or cultivated; wild.

2.
having reverted to the wild state, as from domestication: a pack of feral dogs roaming the woods.
3.
of or characteristic of wild animals; ferocious; brutal.

4. causing death; fatal.

5. funereal; gloomy.

Feral

68

1. the largest organized unit of naval ships grouped for tactical or other purposes.

2. swift; rapid: to be fleet of foot; a fleet horse

3. to cause (time) to pass lightly or swiftly.

 

3.  speed, hasten; beguile. 

Fleet

69

1. a privilege of a public nature conferred on an individual, group, or company by a government: a franchise to operate a bus system.

2.
the right or license granted by a company to an individual or group to market its products or services in a specific territory.
3.
a store, restaurant, or other business operating under such a license.

Franchise

70

1. a fine, filmy cobweb seen on grass or bushes or floating in the air in calm weather, especially in autumn.

2.
a thread or a web of this substance.
3.
an extremely delicate variety of gauze, used especially for veils.

-ince hafif incecik

Gossamer

71

1. a harbor or port.

2.
any place of shelter and safety; refuge; asylum.

Haven

72

1. a poem or prose composition, usually describing pastoral scenes or events or any charmingly simple episode, appealing incident, or the like.

2.
a simple descriptive or narrative piece in verse or prose.
3.
material suitable for such a work.

Idyll

73

1. to show to be also involved, usually in an incriminating manner: to be implicated in a crime.

2.
to imply  as a necessary circumstance, or as something to be inferred or understood.
3.
to connect or relate to intimately; affect as a consequence: The malfunctioning of one part of the nervous system implicates another part.

 

involve

Implicate

74

1. unyielding; unalterable: inexorable truth; inexorable justice.

2.
not to be persuaded, moved, or affected by prayers or entreaties: an inexorable creditor.

 

2.  unbending; severe, relentless, unrelenting, implacable, merciless, cruel, pitiless. See inflexible.

— 2.  flexible; merciful. 

Inexorable

75

1. refusing to agree or compromise; uncompromising; inflexible.

2. a person who refuses to agree or compromise, as in politics.

Intransigent

76

1. suggestive of or tending to cause tears; mournful.

2.
given to shedding tears readily; tearful.

Lachrymose

77

1. gruesome and horrifying; ghastly; horrible.

2.
of, pertaining to, dealing with, or representing death, especially its grimmer or uglier aspect.
3.
of or suggestive of the allegorical dance of death.

Macabre

78

1. maliciously or playfully annoying.

2.
causing annoyance, harm, or trouble.
3.
roguishly or slyly teasing, as a glance.

Mischievous

79

1. a medicine sold with false or exaggerated claims and with no demonstrable value; quack medicine.

2.
a scheme, theory, device, etc., especially one to remedy social or political ills; panacea.
3.
a medicine made by the person who recommends it

Nostrum

80

1. to exclude, by general consent, from society, friendship, conversation, privileges, etc.: His friends ostracized him after his father's arrest.

2.
to banish (a person) from his or her native country; expatriate.
3.
(in ancient Greece) to banish (a citizen) temporarily by popular vote.

-sürgün etmek, toplum dışına itmek

1.  shun, snub, blacklist.

— 1.  accept. 

Ostracize

81

1. textreme poverty; destitution.

2.
scarcity; dearth; inadequacy; insufficiency.

 

1.  indigence, need, want.

— 1.  wealth.
 

Penury

82

1.t o squeeze or compress between the finger and thumb, the teeth, the jaws of an instrument, or the like.

 6. to affect with sharp discomfort or distress, as cold, hunger, or need does.

7.
to straiten in means or circumstances: The depression pinched them.
8.
to stint (a person, family, etc.) in allowance of money, food, or the like: They were severely pinched by the drought.

Pinch

83

1. powerful; mighty: a potent fighting force.

2.
cogent; persuasive: Several potent arguments were in his favor.
3.
producing powerful physical or chemical effects: a potent drug.

 

1.  strong, puissant. See powerful. 4.  influential.

— 1.  weak. 4.  ineffectual. 

Potent

84

1. extended to great, unnecessary, or tedious length; long and wordy.

2.
(of a person) given to speaking or writing at great or tedious length.

 

1.  prolonged, protracted. See wordy. 1, 2.  verbose. 

Prolix

85

1. to lose heart or courage in difficulty or danger; shrink with fear.

 

recoil, flinch, blench, cower. See wince. 

Quail

86

1. to cause (a person) to accept or be resigned to something not desired: He was reconciled to his fate.

2. to win over to friendliness; cause to become amicable: to reconcile hostile persons.
3. to compose or settle (a quarrel, dispute, etc.).

4 to bring into agreement or harmony; make compatible or consistent: to reconcile differing statements; to reconcile accounts.

2.  pacify, propitiate, placate. 4.  harmonize.

— 3.  anger. 

Reconcile

87

1. to criticize or correct, especially gently: to reprove a pupil for making a mistake.

2.
to disapprove of strongly; censure: to reprove a bad decision.

 

 scold, reprimand, upbraid, chide, reprehend, admonish. See reproach.

— 1.  praise.
 

Reprove

88

1. cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident: a sanguine disposition; sanguine expectations.

2.
reddish; ruddy: a sanguine complexion.

 

1.  enthusiastic, buoyant, animated, lively, spirited.

— 1.  morose. 

Sanguine

89

1. the action of growing or sprouting

Shoot

90

1. apparently good or right though lacking real merit; superficially pleasing or plausible: specious arguments.

2.
pleasing to the eye but deceptive.

 

1. See plausible. 2.  false, misleading.

— 1, 2.  genuine. 

Specious

91

1. to conquer and bring into subjection: Rome subdued Gaul.

2. to overpower by superior force; overcome.
3. to bring under mental or emotional control, as by persuasion or intimidation; render submissive.
4. to repress (feelings, impulses, etc.).
5. to bring (land) under cultivation: to subdue the wilderness.
6. to reduce the intensity, force, or vividness of (sound, light, color, etc.); tone down; soften.
7. to allay (inflammation, infection, etc.).

1.  subjugate, vanquish. See defeat. 3.  tame, break, discipline. 3, 4.  suppress.

— 4.  awaken, arouse. 6.  intensify. 

 

Subdue

92

1.to force in or down by repeated, rather light, strokes: He tamped the tobacco in his pipe.

2.
(in blasting) to fill (a drilled hole) with earth or the like after the charge has been inserted.

-bastırıp sıkıştırmak, çamurla tıkamak

Tamp

93

1. easily managed or controlled; docile; yielding: a tractable child; a tractable disposition.

2.
easily worked, shaped, or otherwise handled; malleable.

 

manageable, willing, governable.

— 1.  stubborn. 

Tractable

94

1.unfavorable or unfortunate: Untoward circumstances forced him into bankruptcy.

2.
improper: untoward social behavior.

Untoward

95

1. intuitive, instinctive, emotional rather than intellectual

Visceral

96

1. to seek the favor, affection, or love of, especially with a view to marriage.

2. to seek to win, try to get: to woo fame.
3. to invite (consequences, whether good or bad) by one's own action; court: to woo one's own destruction.

4. to seek to persuade (a person, group, etc.), as to do something; solicit; importune.

5. to make love to a woman; court: He went wooing.

6. to solicit favor or approval; entreat: Further attempts to woo proved useless.

4.  petition, sue, address, entreat. 

Woo