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Flashcards in Deck12 Deck (94):
1

Acquisition

1.  the act of acquiring  or gaining possession: the acquisition of real estate.

2.
something acquired;  addition: a recent acquisition to the museum.
3.
Linguistics . the act or process of achieving mastery of a language or a linguistic rule or element: child language acquisition; second language acquisition.

2

Antithetic

1.  of the nature of or involving antithesis.

2.
directly opposed or contrasted; opposite.

3

Assail

1.  to attack vigorously or violently; assault.

2.
to attack with arguments, criticism, ridicule, abuse, etc.: to assail one's opponent with slander.
3.
to undertake with the purpose of mastering: He assailed his studies with new determination.

 

1. See attack. 2.  asperse, malign.

4

Ballast

1.  anything that gives mental, moral, or political stability or steadiness: the ballast of a steady income.

5

Bewilder

1. to confuse or puzzle completely; perplex: These shifting attitudes bewilder me.

 

mystify, nonplus, confuse, daze, confound, stagger, muddle. 

6

Brittle

1 having hardness and rigidity but little tensile strength; breaking readily with a comparatively smooth fracture, as glass.

2.
easily damaged or destroyed; fragile; frail: a brittle marriage.
3.
lacking warmth, sensitivity, or compassion; aloof; self-centered: a self-possessed, cool, and rather brittle person.

 

1.  fragile. See frail

7

Centurion

1 the commander of a century.

8

Collusion

1 a secret agreement, especially for fraudulent or treacherous purposes; conspiracy: Some of his employees were acting in collusion to rob him.

 

1.  intrigue, connivance, complicity. 

9

Conspicuous

1 easily seen or noticed; readily visible or observable: a conspicuous error.

2.
attracting special attention, as by outstanding qualities or eccentricities: He was conspicuous by his booming laughter.

 

1.  manifest, noticeable, clear, marked, salient. 2.  prominent, striking, noteworthy. 

10

Credence

1 belief as to the truth of something: to give credence to a claim.

2.
something giving a claim to belief or confidence: letter of credence.

11

Delineate

1 to trace the outline of; sketch or trace in outline; represent pictorially: He delineated the state of Texas on the map with a red pencil.

2.
to portray in words; describe or outline with precision: In her speech she delineated the city plan with great care.

12

Diaphanous

1 very sheer and light; almost completely transparent or translucent.

2.
delicately hazy.

3. vague, indistinct; airy

13

Dissipation

1 a wasting or squandering

2. an idle or frivolous amusement or diversion

-harcanım, enerji kaybı, dağıtma

14

Ebullience

1 high spirits; exhilaration; exuberance.

2.
a boiling over; overflow.

-coşkunluk, galeyan, keyif neşe

15

Endearing

1 tending to make dear or beloved.

2.
manifesting or evoking affection: an endearing smile.

-sevdiren, sevdirme, alımlı

16

Equine

1 of, pertaining to, or resembling a horse: a bold, equine face.

17

Exhaustive

1 Leaving nothing out; covering every possible detail; thorough.

18

Fallacious

1 containing a fallacy;  logically unsound: fallacious arguments.

2.
deceptive; misleading: fallacious testimony.
3.
disappointing; delusive: a fallacious peace.

19

Finite

1 having bounds or limits; not infinite; measurable.

20

Forestall

1 to prevent, hinder, or thwart by action in advance: to forestall a riot by deploying police.

2.
to act beforehand with or get ahead of; anticipate.
3.
to buy up (goods) in advance in order to increase the price when resold.

 

1.  preclude, obviate, intercept, obstruct. 2.  prevent, avert. 

21

Garrulity

1 to prevent, hinder, or thwart by action in advance: to forestall a riot by deploying police.

2.
to act beforehand with or get ahead of; anticipate.
3.
to buy up (goods) in advance in order to increase the price when resold.

 

1.  preclude, obviate, intercept, obstruct. 2.  prevent, avert. 

22

Gust

1 a sudden, strong blast of wind.

2.
a sudden rush or burst of water, fire, smoke, sound, etc.
3.
an outburst of passionate feeling.

23

Hospitable

1 receiving or treating guests or strangers warmly and generously: a hospitable family.

2.
characterized by or betokening warmth and generosity toward guests or strangers: a hospitable smile.
3.
favorably receptive or open (usually followed by to ): to be hospitable to new ideas; a climate hospitable to the raising of corn.

24

Impending

1 about to happen; imminent: their impending marriage.

2.
imminently threatening or menacing: an impending storm.

25

Indemnify

1 to compensate for damage or loss sustained, expense incurred, etc.

2.
to guard or secure against anticipated loss; give security against (future damage or liability).

26

Insinuate

1 to suggest or hint slyly: He insinuated that they were lying.

2.
to instill or infuse subtly or artfully, as into the mind: to insinuate doubts through propaganda.
3.
to bring or introduce into a position or relation by indirect or artful methods: to insinuate oneself into favor.

27

Insinuate

1 to suggest or hint slyly: He insinuated that they were lying.

2.
to instill or infuse subtly or artfully, as into the mind: to insinuate doubts through propaganda.
3.
to bring or introduce into a position or relation by indirect or artful methods: to insinuate oneself into favor.

28

Lithe

1 bending readily; pliant; limber; supple; flexible: the lithe body of a ballerina.

29

Mendacity

1 the quality of being mendacious;  untruthfulness; tendency to lie.

2.
an instance of lying; falsehood.

30

Nascent

1 Beginning to form, start, grow or develop, said of ideas, cultures etc

31

Occult

1 to hide or become hidden from view

2. secret, esoteric, mysterious

3. of or pertaining to magic, astrology, or any system claiming use or knowledge of secret or supernatural powers or agencies.

 

.  metaphysical, supernatural. .  concealed, unrevealed; veiled, shrouded; mystical, cabalistic. 

32

Pariah

1 an outcast.

2.
any person or animal that is generally despised, rejected or avoided.

33

Perspicacity

1 keenness of mental perception and understanding; discernment; penetration

-idrak, kavrayış, nüfuz edebilme

34

Plumb

1 to discover the facts or contents of, fathom, solve, understand

2. a small mass of lead or other heavy material, as that suspended by a line and used to measure the depth of water or to ascertain a vertical line. Compare plumb line.

35

Prim

1 formally precise or proper, as persons or behavior; stiffly neat.

-aşırı resmi

 

prissy, formal, rigid.

— 1.  flexible.
 

36

Pry

1 to inquire impertinently or unnecessarily into something: to pry into the personal affairs of others.

2.
to look closely or curiously; peer; peep.

to move, raise, or open by leverage.
3.
to get, separate, or ferret out with difficulty: to pry a secret out of someone; We finally pried them away from the TV.

4. to draw forth or obtain with difficulty

37

Rarefy

1 to make rare or rarer; make less dense: to rarefy a gas.

2.
to make more refined, spiritual, or exalted.

3. to become rare or less dense; become thinned: Moisture rarefies when heated.

38

Relinquish

1 to renounce or surrender (a possession, right, etc.): to relinquish the throne.

2.
to give up; put aside or desist from: to relinquish a plan.
3.
to let go; release: to relinquish one's hold.
.

2.  yield, cede, waive, forego, abdicate, leave, quit, forswear, desert, resign.

39

Rope

1 to tie, bind, or fasten with a rope.

40

Seminal

1 pertaining to, containing, or consisting of semen.

2.
Botany . of or pertaining to seed.
3.
having possibilities of future development.

4. highly original and influencing the development of future events: a seminal artist; seminal ideas.

5. basic, central, principal, of central importance

 

4.  germinal, primary, formative, innovative. 

41

Soggy

1 soaked; thoroughly wet; sodden.

2.
damp and heavy, as poorly baked bread.
3.
spiritless, heavy, dull, or stupid: a soggy novel.

42

Stipple

1 to paint, engrave, or draw by means of dots or small touches.

-noktalama

43

Supine

1 lying on the back, face or front upward.

2.
inactive, passive, or inert, especially from indolence or indifference., mentally or morally inactive, sluggish, listless

-lakayt, miskin

44

Theocracy

1 a form of government in which god or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.

2.
a system of government by priests claiming a divine commission.
3.
a commonwealth or state under such a form or system of government.

45

Tyro

1 a beginner in learning anything; novice.

46

Verbiage

1 overabundance or superfluity of words, as in writing or speech; wordiness; verbosity.

2.
manner or style of expressing something in words; wording: a manual of official verbiage.

47

Wastrel

1 a wasteful person; spendthrift.

48

1.  the act of acquiring  or gaining possession: the acquisition of real estate.

2.
something acquired;  addition: a recent acquisition to the museum.
3.
Linguistics . the act or process of achieving mastery of a language or a linguistic rule or element: child language acquisition; second language acquisition.

Acquisition

49

1.  of the nature of or involving antithesis.

2.
directly opposed or contrasted; opposite.

Antithetic

50

1.  to attack vigorously or violently; assault.

2.
to attack with arguments, criticism, ridicule, abuse, etc.: to assail one's opponent with slander.
3.
to undertake with the purpose of mastering: He assailed his studies with new determination.

 

1. See attack. 2.  asperse, malign.

Assail

51

1.  anything that gives mental, moral, or political stability or steadiness: the ballast of a steady income.

Ballast

52

1. to confuse or puzzle completely; perplex: These shifting attitudes bewilder me.

 

mystify, nonplus, confuse, daze, confound, stagger, muddle. 

Bewilder

53

1 having hardness and rigidity but little tensile strength; breaking readily with a comparatively smooth fracture, as glass.

2.
easily damaged or destroyed; fragile; frail: a brittle marriage.
3.
lacking warmth, sensitivity, or compassion; aloof; self-centered: a self-possessed, cool, and rather brittle person.

 

1.  fragile. See frail

Brittle

54

1 the commander of a century.

Centurion

55

1 a secret agreement, especially for fraudulent or treacherous purposes; conspiracy: Some of his employees were acting in collusion to rob him.

 

1.  intrigue, connivance, complicity. 

Collusion

56

1 easily seen or noticed; readily visible or observable: a conspicuous error.

2.
attracting special attention, as by outstanding qualities or eccentricities: He was conspicuous by his booming laughter.

 

1.  manifest, noticeable, clear, marked, salient. 2.  prominent, striking, noteworthy. 

Conspicuous

57

1 belief as to the truth of something: to give credence to a claim.

2.
something giving a claim to belief or confidence: letter of credence.

Credence

58

1 to trace the outline of; sketch or trace in outline; represent pictorially: He delineated the state of Texas on the map with a red pencil.

2.
to portray in words; describe or outline with precision: In her speech she delineated the city plan with great care.

Delineate

59

1 very sheer and light; almost completely transparent or translucent.

2.
delicately hazy.

3. vague, indistinct; airy

Diaphanous

60

1 a wasting or squandering

2. an idle or frivolous amusement or diversion

-harcanım, enerji kaybı, dağıtma

Dissipation

61

1 high spirits; exhilaration; exuberance.

2.
a boiling over; overflow.

-coşkunluk, galeyan, keyif neşe

Ebullience

62

1 tending to make dear or beloved.

2.
manifesting or evoking affection: an endearing smile.

-sevdiren, sevdirme, alımlı

Endearing

63

1 of, pertaining to, or resembling a horse: a bold, equine face.

Equine

64

1 Leaving nothing out; covering every possible detail; thorough.

Exhaustive

65

1 containing a fallacy;  logically unsound: fallacious arguments.

2.
deceptive; misleading: fallacious testimony.
3.
disappointing; delusive: a fallacious peace.

Fallacious

66

1 having bounds or limits; not infinite; measurable.

Finite

67

1 to prevent, hinder, or thwart by action in advance: to forestall a riot by deploying police.

2.
to act beforehand with or get ahead of; anticipate.
3.
to buy up (goods) in advance in order to increase the price when resold.

 

1.  preclude, obviate, intercept, obstruct. 2.  prevent, avert. 

Forestall

68

1 to prevent, hinder, or thwart by action in advance: to forestall a riot by deploying police.

2.
to act beforehand with or get ahead of; anticipate.
3.
to buy up (goods) in advance in order to increase the price when resold.

 

1.  preclude, obviate, intercept, obstruct. 2.  prevent, avert. 

Garrulity

69

1 a sudden, strong blast of wind.

2.
a sudden rush or burst of water, fire, smoke, sound, etc.
3.
an outburst of passionate feeling.

Gust

70

1 receiving or treating guests or strangers warmly and generously: a hospitable family.

2.
characterized by or betokening warmth and generosity toward guests or strangers: a hospitable smile.
3.
favorably receptive or open (usually followed by to ): to be hospitable to new ideas; a climate hospitable to the raising of corn.

Hospitable

71

1 about to happen; imminent: their impending marriage.

2.
imminently threatening or menacing: an impending storm.

Impending

72

1 to compensate for damage or loss sustained, expense incurred, etc.

2.
to guard or secure against anticipated loss; give security against (future damage or liability).

Indemnify

73

1 to suggest or hint slyly: He insinuated that they were lying.

2.
to instill or infuse subtly or artfully, as into the mind: to insinuate doubts through propaganda.
3.
to bring or introduce into a position or relation by indirect or artful methods: to insinuate oneself into favor.

Insinuate

74

1 to suggest or hint slyly: He insinuated that they were lying.

2.
to instill or infuse subtly or artfully, as into the mind: to insinuate doubts through propaganda.
3.
to bring or introduce into a position or relation by indirect or artful methods: to insinuate oneself into favor.

Insinuate

75

1 bending readily; pliant; limber; supple; flexible: the lithe body of a ballerina.

Lithe

76

1 the quality of being mendacious;  untruthfulness; tendency to lie.

2.
an instance of lying; falsehood.

Mendacity

77

1 Beginning to form, start, grow or develop, said of ideas, cultures etc

Nascent

78

1 to hide or become hidden from view

2. secret, esoteric, mysterious

3. of or pertaining to magic, astrology, or any system claiming use or knowledge of secret or supernatural powers or agencies.

 

.  metaphysical, supernatural. .  concealed, unrevealed; veiled, shrouded; mystical, cabalistic. 

Occult

79

1 an outcast.

2.
any person or animal that is generally despised, rejected or avoided.

Pariah

80

1 keenness of mental perception and understanding; discernment; penetration

-idrak, kavrayış, nüfuz edebilme

Perspicacity

81

1 to discover the facts or contents of, fathom, solve, understand

2. a small mass of lead or other heavy material, as that suspended by a line and used to measure the depth of water or to ascertain a vertical line. Compare plumb line.

Plumb

82

1 formally precise or proper, as persons or behavior; stiffly neat.

-aşırı resmi

 

prissy, formal, rigid.

— 1.  flexible.
 

Prim

83

1 to inquire impertinently or unnecessarily into something: to pry into the personal affairs of others.

2.
to look closely or curiously; peer; peep.

to move, raise, or open by leverage.
3.
to get, separate, or ferret out with difficulty: to pry a secret out of someone; We finally pried them away from the TV.

4. to draw forth or obtain with difficulty

Pry

84

1 to make rare or rarer; make less dense: to rarefy a gas.

2.
to make more refined, spiritual, or exalted.

3. to become rare or less dense; become thinned: Moisture rarefies when heated.

Rarefy

85

1 to renounce or surrender (a possession, right, etc.): to relinquish the throne.

2.
to give up; put aside or desist from: to relinquish a plan.
3.
to let go; release: to relinquish one's hold.
.

2.  yield, cede, waive, forego, abdicate, leave, quit, forswear, desert, resign.

Relinquish

86

1 to tie, bind, or fasten with a rope.

Rope

87

1 pertaining to, containing, or consisting of semen.

2.
Botany . of or pertaining to seed.
3.
having possibilities of future development.

4. highly original and influencing the development of future events: a seminal artist; seminal ideas.

5. basic, central, principal, of central importance

 

4.  germinal, primary, formative, innovative. 

Seminal

88

1 soaked; thoroughly wet; sodden.

2.
damp and heavy, as poorly baked bread.
3.
spiritless, heavy, dull, or stupid: a soggy novel.

Soggy

89

1 to paint, engrave, or draw by means of dots or small touches.

-noktalama

Stipple

90

1 lying on the back, face or front upward.

2.
inactive, passive, or inert, especially from indolence or indifference., mentally or morally inactive, sluggish, listless

-lakayt, miskin

Supine

91

1 a form of government in which god or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.

2.
a system of government by priests claiming a divine commission.
3.
a commonwealth or state under such a form or system of government.

Theocracy

92

1 a beginner in learning anything; novice.

Tyro

93

1 overabundance or superfluity of words, as in writing or speech; wordiness; verbosity.

2.
manner or style of expressing something in words; wording: a manual of official verbiage.

Verbiage

94

1 a wasteful person; spendthrift.

Wastrel