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Flashcards in Deck22 Deck (96):
1

Abide

1. to remain; continue; stay: Abide with me.

2. to have one's abode; dwell; reside: to abide in a small Scottish village.
3. to continue in a particular condition, attitude, relationship, etc.; last.

4. to put up with; tolerate; stand: I can't abide dishonesty!

7. to accept without opposition or question: to abide the verdict of the judges.

 

 tarry. 2.  live. 3.  persevere, endure. 4.  bear, endure, brook; support. 

2

Allegiance

1. the loyalty of a citizen to his or her government or of a subject to his or her sovereign.

2.
loyalty or devotion to some person, group, cause, or the like.

  treason. 2.  treachery. 

3

Arbitrate

1.to decide as arbitrator  or arbiter;  determine.

2.
to submit to arbitration;  settle by arbitration: to arbitrate a dispute.

-hakemlik, arabuluculuk yapmak (-a başvurmak)

4

Auspicious

1. promising success; propitious; opportune; favorable: an auspicious occasion.

2.
favored by fortune; prosperous; fortunate.

-uğurlu, hayırlı

5

Bedizen

1. to dress or adorn in a showy, gaudy, or tasteless manner.

6

Blunt

1. having an obtuse, thick, or dull edge or point; rounded; not sharp: a blunt pencil.

2. abrupt in address or manner: a blunt, ill-timed question.
3. slow in perception or understanding; obtuse: His isolation has made him blunt about the feelings of others.

5 to weaken or impair the force, keenness, or susceptibility of: Wine first excites, then blunts the imagination.

6. to make less effective

-kör, keskin olmayan, pervasız

1. See dull. 2.  short, gruff, rough, rude, uncivil, impolite. Blunt, bluff, brusque, curt  3.  dimwitted, thick, stolid. 4.  dull.

7

Calumniate

1.  to make, spread false and malicious statements about; slander.

8

Clot

1. a mass or lump.

2.
a semisolid mass, as of coagulated blood.

-pıhtı

9

Conceal

1. to hide; withdraw or remove from observation; cover or keep from sight: He concealed the gun under his coat.

2.
to keep secret; to prevent or avoid disclosing or divulging: to conceal one's identity by using a false name.

 

hide

10

Convoluted

1. twisted; coiled.

2.
complicated; intricately involved: a convoluted way of describing a simple device.

11

Dawdle

1. to waste time; idle; trifle; loiter: Stop dawdling and help me with these packages!

2.
to move slowly, languidly, or dilatorily; saunter.

3. to waste (time) by or as if by trifling (usually followed by away ): He dawdled away the whole morning.

 

1, 2. See loiter. 3.  fritter, putter, idle, trifle.

12

Dereliction

1.deliberate or conscious neglect; negligence; delinquency: dereliction of duty.

2.
the act of abandoning something.

 

1. See neglect. 2.  desertion. 

13

Discountenance

1. to disconcert, embarrass, or abash: With his composure, he survived every attempt to discountenance him.

2.
to show disapproval of: The teachers discountenanced smoking by the students.

3 disapproval; disapprobation.

14

Dogmatism

1. dogmatic  character; unfounded positiveness in matters of opinion; arrogant assertion of opinions as truths.

15

Electorate

1. the body of persons entitled to vote in an election.

2.
the dignity or territory of an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire.

16

Enormity

1.outrageous or heinous character; atrociousness: the enormity of war crimes.

2. something outrageous or heinous, as an offense: The bombing of the defenseless population was an enormity beyond belief.
3. greatness of size, scope, extent, or influence; immensity: The enormity of such an act of generosity is staggering.

-alçaklık, habislik, büyük kötülük, çok büyük olma

1 monstrousness, heinousness. 3.  hugeness, vastness. 

17

Eulogy

1. a speech or writing in praise of a person or thing, especially a set oration in honor of a deceased person.

2.
high praise or commendation.

18

Exsert

1. to thrust out, protrude, project

19

Ferocity

1. a ferocious  quality or state; savage fierceness.

-vahşilik

20

Flexibility

1. capable of being bent, usually without breaking; easily bent: a flexible ruler.

2. susceptible of modification or adaptation; adaptable: a flexible schedule.
3. willing or disposed to yield; pliable: a flexible personality.

 pliable, elastic, supple. Flexible, limber, pliant

-stiff, rigid

21

Frenetic

1. frantic;  frenzied, hectic, hyper

-telaşlı, çok heyecanlı

22

Grace

1. elegance or beauty of form, manner, motion, or action.

2. a pleasing or attractive quality or endowment.
3. favor or good will.

14 to lend or add grace to; adorn: Many fine paintings graced the rooms of the house.


1.  attractiveness, charm, gracefulness, comeliness, ease. 4.  kindness, kindliness, love, benignity; condescension. 5.  lenity, leniency. 14.  embellish, beautify, deck, decorate, ornament; enhance, honor.

Antonyms
1.  ugliness. 4.  animosity. 5.  harshness. 14.  disfigure. 

23

Heed

1. to give careful attention to: He did not heed the warning.

2.
to give attention; have regard.

 

 
1.  note, observe, consider, mark. 3.  consideration, care; caution, vigilance, watchfulness.

- 1.  disregard, ignore.
 

24

Ignoble

1.of low character, aims, etc.; mean; base: his ignoble purposes.

2.
of low grade or quality; inferior.
3.
not noble; of humble descent or rank.

 

1 degraded, dishonorable, ignominious, contemptible. 3.  lowly, obscure, plebeian, peasant.

- 1.  honorable. 2.  superior. 

 

25

Implode

1. to burst inward ( opposed to explode).

26

Inflammatory

1. tending to arouse anger, hostility, passion, etc.: inflammatory speeches.

-tahrik edici, alevlendirici

  fiery, incendiary, provocative.

27

Intrepid

1. resolutely fearless; dauntless: an intrepid explorer.

 

brave, courageous, bold.

-timid.

28

Laconic

1. using few words; expressing much in few words; concise: a laconic reply.

 

brief, pithy, terse; succinct.

- voluble. 

29

Maladroit

1. lacking in adroitness; unskillful; awkward; bungling; tactless: to handle a diplomatic crisis in a very maladroit way.

 

clumsy, inept; gauche

30

Miscreant

1. depraved, villainous, or base., an evil person

31

Noxious

1. harmful or injurious to health or physical well-being: noxious fumes.

2.
morally harmful; corrupting; pernicious: a noxious plan to spread dissension.

 

hurtful, unwholesome, unhealthy, nocuous, detrimental, deleterious. 2.  corruptive.

- 1, 2.  harmless.
 

32

Outset

1. the beginning or start: I wanted to explain the situation at the outset.

33

Peremptory

1. leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative: a peremptory command.

2.
imperious or dictatorial.
3.
positive or assertive in speech, tone, manner, etc.

 

2.  arbitrary, dogmatic, domineering.

34

Piquant

1.  agreeably pungent or sharp in taste or flavor; pleasantly biting or tart: a piquant aspic.

2.
agreeably stimulating, interesting, or attractive: a piquant glance.
3.
of an interestingly provocative or lively character: a piquant wit.

 

1.  spicy. 2.  intriguing. 3.  sharp, clever.

- 1.  insipid.

35

Pragmatic

1.  of or pertaining to a practical point of view or practical considerations.

36

Prone

1. having a natural inclination or tendency to something; disposed; liable: to be prone to anger.

2. having the front or ventral part downward; lying face downward.
3. lying flat; prostrate.

4. Groveling, abject, inclined, predisposed

1.  apt, subject, tending. 3.  recumbent. 

37

Quell

1. to suppress; put an end to; extinguish: The troops quelled the rebellion quickly.

2. to vanquish; subdue.
3. to quiet or allay (emotions, anxieties, etc.): The child's mother quelled his fears of the thunder.

1, 2.  crush, quash, overpower, overcome, defeat, conquer, quench. 3.  calm, pacify, compose, hush.

- 1, 2.  foster. 3.  agitate.  

38

Reconnaissance

1. Military . a search made for useful military information in the field, especially by examining the ground.

3.
Surveying, Civil Engineering . a general examination or survey of a region, usually followed by a detailed survey.

39

Repulsive

1. causing repugnance or aversion: a repulsive mask.

2. capable of causing repulsion;  serving to repulse: to present enough repulsive force to keep the enemy from daring to attack.
3. tending to drive away or keep at a distance; cold; forbidding: arrogant, repulsive airs to frighten the timid.

 

1.  loathsome, disgusting, offensive, distasteful. 

40

Sap

1. to undermine; weaken or destroy insidiously.

-altını oymak

3.  impair, enfeeble, deplete, exhaust, enervate. 

41

Shrewd

1. astute or sharp in practical matters: a shrewd politician.

2.
keen; piercing.

 

1.  quick, discerning, perceptive, perspicacious, sagacious, keen; discriminating, intelligent. See acute. 

42

Splice

1.to join together or unite (two ropes or parts of a rope) by the interweaving of strands.

2. to unite (timbers, spars, or the like) by overlapping and binding their ends. 

3. graft, mesh (aşılamak, birbirine geçmek)

 

43

Submerge

1. to put or sink below the surface of water or any other enveloping medium.

2.
to cover or overflow with water; immerse.
3.
to cover; bury; subordinate; suppress: His aspirations were submerged by the necessity of making a living.

 

1.  submerse. 2.  flood, inundate, engulf.

44

Tangential

1. pertaining to or of the nature of a tangent;  being or moving in the direction of a tangent.

2.
merely touching; slightly connected: tangential information.
3.
divergent or digressive, as from a subject under consideration: tangential remarks.

45

Transgress

1.to violate a law, command, moral code, etc.; offend; sin.

2. to pass over or go beyond (a limit, boundary, etc.): to transgress bounds of prudence.

3.
to go beyond the limits imposed by (a law, command, etc.); violate; infringe: to transgress the will of God.

 

 err, trespass. 3.  contravene, disobey.

Antonyms
3.  obey. 

46

Urbane

1 having the polish and suavity regarded as characteristic of sophisticated social life in major cities: an urbane manner.

2.
reflecting elegance, sophistication, etc., especially in expression: He maintained an urbane tone in his letters.

-nazik, medeni

1.  suave, cosmopolitan.

47

Vitiate

1 to impair the quality of; make faulty; spoil.

2.
to impair or weaken the effectiveness of.
3.
to debase; corrupt; pervert.
4.
to make legally defective or invalid; invalidate: to vitiate a claim.

48

Yarn

1 thread made of natural or synthetic fibers and used for knitting and weaving.

2. a continuous strand or thread made from glass, metal, plastic, etc.
3. the thread, in the form of a loosely twisted aggregate of fibers, as of hemp, of which rope is made (rope yarn).
4. a tale, especially a long story of adventure or incredible happenings: He spun a yarn that outdid any I had ever heard.

49

1. to remain; continue; stay: Abide with me.

2. to have one's abode; dwell; reside: to abide in a small Scottish village.
3. to continue in a particular condition, attitude, relationship, etc.; last.

4. to put up with; tolerate; stand: I can't abide dishonesty!

7. to accept without opposition or question: to abide the verdict of the judges.

 

 tarry. 2.  live. 3.  persevere, endure. 4.  bear, endure, brook; support. 

Abide

50

1. the loyalty of a citizen to his or her government or of a subject to his or her sovereign.

2.
loyalty or devotion to some person, group, cause, or the like.

  treason. 2.  treachery. 

Allegiance

51

1.to decide as arbitrator  or arbiter;  determine.

2.
to submit to arbitration;  settle by arbitration: to arbitrate a dispute.

-hakemlik, arabuluculuk yapmak (-a başvurmak)

Arbitrate

52

1. promising success; propitious; opportune; favorable: an auspicious occasion.

2.
favored by fortune; prosperous; fortunate.

-uğurlu, hayırlı

Auspicious

53

1. to dress or adorn in a showy, gaudy, or tasteless manner.

Bedizen

54

1. having an obtuse, thick, or dull edge or point; rounded; not sharp: a blunt pencil.

2. abrupt in address or manner: a blunt, ill-timed question.
3. slow in perception or understanding; obtuse: His isolation has made him blunt about the feelings of others.

5 to weaken or impair the force, keenness, or susceptibility of: Wine first excites, then blunts the imagination.

6. to make less effective

-kör, keskin olmayan, pervasız

1. See dull. 2.  short, gruff, rough, rude, uncivil, impolite. Blunt, bluff, brusque, curt  3.  dimwitted, thick, stolid. 4.  dull.

Blunt

55

1.  to make, spread false and malicious statements about; slander.

Calumniate

56

1. a mass or lump.

2.
a semisolid mass, as of coagulated blood.

-pıhtı

Clot

57

1. to hide; withdraw or remove from observation; cover or keep from sight: He concealed the gun under his coat.

2.
to keep secret; to prevent or avoid disclosing or divulging: to conceal one's identity by using a false name.

 

hide

Conceal

58

1. twisted; coiled.

2.
complicated; intricately involved: a convoluted way of describing a simple device.

Convoluted

59

1. to waste time; idle; trifle; loiter: Stop dawdling and help me with these packages!

2.
to move slowly, languidly, or dilatorily; saunter.

3. to waste (time) by or as if by trifling (usually followed by away ): He dawdled away the whole morning.

 

1, 2. See loiter. 3.  fritter, putter, idle, trifle.

Dawdle

60

1.deliberate or conscious neglect; negligence; delinquency: dereliction of duty.

2.
the act of abandoning something.

 

1. See neglect. 2.  desertion. 

Dereliction

61

1. to disconcert, embarrass, or abash: With his composure, he survived every attempt to discountenance him.

2.
to show disapproval of: The teachers discountenanced smoking by the students.

3 disapproval; disapprobation.

Discountenance

62

1. dogmatic  character; unfounded positiveness in matters of opinion; arrogant assertion of opinions as truths.

Dogmatism

63

1. the body of persons entitled to vote in an election.

2.
the dignity or territory of an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire.

Electorate

64

1.outrageous or heinous character; atrociousness: the enormity of war crimes.

2. something outrageous or heinous, as an offense: The bombing of the defenseless population was an enormity beyond belief.
3. greatness of size, scope, extent, or influence; immensity: The enormity of such an act of generosity is staggering.

-alçaklık, habislik, büyük kötülük, çok büyük olma

1 monstrousness, heinousness. 3.  hugeness, vastness. 

Enormity

65

1. a speech or writing in praise of a person or thing, especially a set oration in honor of a deceased person.

2.
high praise or commendation.

Eulogy

66

1. to thrust out, protrude, project

Exsert

67

1. a ferocious  quality or state; savage fierceness.

-vahşilik

Ferocity

68

1. capable of being bent, usually without breaking; easily bent: a flexible ruler.

2. susceptible of modification or adaptation; adaptable: a flexible schedule.
3. willing or disposed to yield; pliable: a flexible personality.

 pliable, elastic, supple. Flexible, limber, pliant

-stiff, rigid

Flexibility

69

1. frantic;  frenzied, hectic, hyper

-telaşlı, çok heyecanlı

Frenetic

70

1. elegance or beauty of form, manner, motion, or action.

2. a pleasing or attractive quality or endowment.
3. favor or good will.

14 to lend or add grace to; adorn: Many fine paintings graced the rooms of the house.


1.  attractiveness, charm, gracefulness, comeliness, ease. 4.  kindness, kindliness, love, benignity; condescension. 5.  lenity, leniency. 14.  embellish, beautify, deck, decorate, ornament; enhance, honor.

Antonyms
1.  ugliness. 4.  animosity. 5.  harshness. 14.  disfigure. 

Grace

71

1. to give careful attention to: He did not heed the warning.

2.
to give attention; have regard.

 

 
1.  note, observe, consider, mark. 3.  consideration, care; caution, vigilance, watchfulness.

- 1.  disregard, ignore.
 

Heed

72

1.of low character, aims, etc.; mean; base: his ignoble purposes.

2.
of low grade or quality; inferior.
3.
not noble; of humble descent or rank.

 

1 degraded, dishonorable, ignominious, contemptible. 3.  lowly, obscure, plebeian, peasant.

- 1.  honorable. 2.  superior. 

 

Ignoble

73

1. to burst inward ( opposed to explode).

Implode

74

1. tending to arouse anger, hostility, passion, etc.: inflammatory speeches.

-tahrik edici, alevlendirici

  fiery, incendiary, provocative.

Inflammatory

75

1. resolutely fearless; dauntless: an intrepid explorer.

 

brave, courageous, bold.

-timid.

Intrepid

76

1. using few words; expressing much in few words; concise: a laconic reply.

 

brief, pithy, terse; succinct.

- voluble. 

Laconic

77

1. lacking in adroitness; unskillful; awkward; bungling; tactless: to handle a diplomatic crisis in a very maladroit way.

 

clumsy, inept; gauche

Maladroit

78

1. depraved, villainous, or base., an evil person

Miscreant

79

1. harmful or injurious to health or physical well-being: noxious fumes.

2.
morally harmful; corrupting; pernicious: a noxious plan to spread dissension.

 

hurtful, unwholesome, unhealthy, nocuous, detrimental, deleterious. 2.  corruptive.

- 1, 2.  harmless.
 

Noxious

80

1. the beginning or start: I wanted to explain the situation at the outset.

Outset

81

1. leaving no opportunity for denial or refusal; imperative: a peremptory command.

2.
imperious or dictatorial.
3.
positive or assertive in speech, tone, manner, etc.

 

2.  arbitrary, dogmatic, domineering.

Peremptory

82

1.  agreeably pungent or sharp in taste or flavor; pleasantly biting or tart: a piquant aspic.

2.
agreeably stimulating, interesting, or attractive: a piquant glance.
3.
of an interestingly provocative or lively character: a piquant wit.

 

1.  spicy. 2.  intriguing. 3.  sharp, clever.

- 1.  insipid.

Piquant

83

1.  of or pertaining to a practical point of view or practical considerations.

Pragmatic

84

1. having a natural inclination or tendency to something; disposed; liable: to be prone to anger.

2. having the front or ventral part downward; lying face downward.
3. lying flat; prostrate.

4. Groveling, abject, inclined, predisposed

1.  apt, subject, tending. 3.  recumbent. 

Prone

85

1. to suppress; put an end to; extinguish: The troops quelled the rebellion quickly.

2. to vanquish; subdue.
3. to quiet or allay (emotions, anxieties, etc.): The child's mother quelled his fears of the thunder.

1, 2.  crush, quash, overpower, overcome, defeat, conquer, quench. 3.  calm, pacify, compose, hush.

- 1, 2.  foster. 3.  agitate.  

Quell

86

1. Military . a search made for useful military information in the field, especially by examining the ground.

3.
Surveying, Civil Engineering . a general examination or survey of a region, usually followed by a detailed survey.

Reconnaissance

87

1. causing repugnance or aversion: a repulsive mask.

2. capable of causing repulsion;  serving to repulse: to present enough repulsive force to keep the enemy from daring to attack.
3. tending to drive away or keep at a distance; cold; forbidding: arrogant, repulsive airs to frighten the timid.

 

1.  loathsome, disgusting, offensive, distasteful. 

Repulsive

88

1. to undermine; weaken or destroy insidiously.

-altını oymak

3.  impair, enfeeble, deplete, exhaust, enervate. 

Sap

89

1. astute or sharp in practical matters: a shrewd politician.

2.
keen; piercing.

 

1.  quick, discerning, perceptive, perspicacious, sagacious, keen; discriminating, intelligent. See acute. 

Shrewd

90

1.to join together or unite (two ropes or parts of a rope) by the interweaving of strands.

2. to unite (timbers, spars, or the like) by overlapping and binding their ends. 

3. graft, mesh (aşılamak, birbirine geçmek)

 

Splice

91

1. to put or sink below the surface of water or any other enveloping medium.

2.
to cover or overflow with water; immerse.
3.
to cover; bury; subordinate; suppress: His aspirations were submerged by the necessity of making a living.

 

1.  submerse. 2.  flood, inundate, engulf.

Submerge

92

1. pertaining to or of the nature of a tangent;  being or moving in the direction of a tangent.

2.
merely touching; slightly connected: tangential information.
3.
divergent or digressive, as from a subject under consideration: tangential remarks.

Tangential

93

1.to violate a law, command, moral code, etc.; offend; sin.

2. to pass over or go beyond (a limit, boundary, etc.): to transgress bounds of prudence.

3.
to go beyond the limits imposed by (a law, command, etc.); violate; infringe: to transgress the will of God.

 

 err, trespass. 3.  contravene, disobey.

Antonyms
3.  obey. 

Transgress

94

1 having the polish and suavity regarded as characteristic of sophisticated social life in major cities: an urbane manner.

2.
reflecting elegance, sophistication, etc., especially in expression: He maintained an urbane tone in his letters.

-nazik, medeni

1.  suave, cosmopolitan.

Urbane

95

1 to impair the quality of; make faulty; spoil.

2.
to impair or weaken the effectiveness of.
3.
to debase; corrupt; pervert.
4.
to make legally defective or invalid; invalidate: to vitiate a claim.

Vitiate

96

1 thread made of natural or synthetic fibers and used for knitting and weaving.

2. a continuous strand or thread made from glass, metal, plastic, etc.
3. the thread, in the form of a loosely twisted aggregate of fibers, as of hemp, of which rope is made (rope yarn).
4. a tale, especially a long story of adventure or incredible happenings: He spun a yarn that outdid any I had ever heard.

Yarn