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Flashcards in Deck16 Deck (94):
1

Adamant

1. utterly unyielding in attitude or opinion in spite of all appeals, urgings, etc.

2.
too hard to cut, break, or pierce.

-son derece kararlı, kırılmaz

1.  inflexible, rigid, uncompromising.

—Antonyms
1.  flexible, easygoing, yielding. 

2

Apartheid

1. (in the Republic of South Africa) a rigid policy of segregation of the nonwhite population.

2.
any system or practice that separates people according to race, caste, etc.

3

Asset

1. a useful and desirable thing or quality: Organizational ability is an asset.

2. a single item of ownership having exchange value.
3. assets,
a.
items of ownership convertible into cash; total resources of a person or business, as cash, notes and accounts receivable, securities, inventories, goodwill, fixtures, machinery, or real estate ( opposed to liabilities).
b.
Accounting . the items detailed on a balance sheet, especially in relation to liabilities and capital.
c.
all property available for the payment of debts, especially of a bankrupt or insolvent firm or person.
d.
Law . property in the hands of an heir, executor, or administrator, that is sufficient to pay the debts or legacies of a deceased person.

4

Balloon

1. to swell or puff out like a balloon.

2.
to multiply or increase at a rapid rate: Membership has ballooned beyond all expectations.

5

Biased

1. having or showing bias  or prejudice: They gave us a biased report on immigration trends.

6

Broach

1. to enlarge and finish with a broach.

2.
to mention or suggest for the first time: to broach a subject.

-delgi, bir konuyu açmak

 

1.  introduce, propose, bring up, submit, advance. 

7

Chagrin

1. a feeling of vexation, marked by disappointment or humiliation.

2. to vex by disappointment or humiliation: The rejection of his proposal chagrined him deeply.

3. A feeling of embarrassment and annoyance because one has failed or been dissapointed; mortification

See shame

8

Combustion

1. the act or process of burning.

2. violent excitement; tumult.

 

-yanma, arbede

9

Consternation

1. a sudden, alarming amazement or dread that results in utter confusion; dismay.

2. Great fear or shock that makes one feel helpless or bewildered

-dehşet, hayret

10

Credulity

1. willingness to believe or trust too readily, especially without proper or adequate evidence; gullibility.

11

Deluge

1.a great flood  of water; inundation; flood.

2.
a drenching rain; downpour.
3.
anything that overwhelms like a flood: a deluge of mail.

 

1. See flood. 3.  cataclysm, catastrophe. 

12

Diatribe

1. a bitter, sharply abusive denunciation, attack, or criticism: repeated diatribes against the senator.

 

tirade, harangue. 

13

Dissolution

1. the act or process of resolving or dissolving  into parts or elements.

2.
the resulting state.
3.
the undoing or breaking of a bond, tie, union, partnership, etc.

14

Ebullient

1.overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited; exuberant: The award winner was in an ebullient mood at the dinner in her honor.

2.
bubbling up like a boiling liquid

 

-taşkın, içi içine sığmayan

15

Endearment

1.An endearing or being endeared; affection

2. A word or act expressing affection

-affection: sevgi, etkileme, şefkat

16

Equipoise

1. an equal distribution of weight; even balance; equilibrium.

2.
a counterpoise., a weight or force that balances another

17

Exhort

1. to urge, advise, or caution earnestly; admonish urgently.

 

1, 2.  encourage, spur, press, goad. 

18

Fallacy

1. a deceptive, misleading, delusive or false notion, belief, etc.: That the world is flat was at one time a popular fallacy.

2.
a misleading or unsound argument.
3.
deceptive, misleading, or false nature; erroneousness.

 

1.  misconception, delusion, misapprehension. 

19

Firebrand

1. a piece of burning wood or other material.

2.
a person who kindles strife or encourages unrest; an agitator; troublemaker.

20

Forfeit

1. a fine; penalty.

2.
an act of forfeiting; forfeiture.
3.
something to which the right is lost, as for commission of a crime or misdeed, neglect of duty, or violation of a contract.

7. to lose or become liable to lose, as in consequence of crime, fault, or breach of engagement.

 

7.  surrender, yield, relinquish, forgo, waive. 

21

Garrulous

1. excessively talkative in a rambling, roundabout manner, especially about trivial matters.

2.
wordy or diffuse: a garrulous and boring speech.

 

1.  prating, babbling. See talkative. 2.  verbose, prolix.

—1.  reticent, uncommunicative, taciturn, close-mouthed. 

22

Hack

1. to cut, notch, slice, chop, or sever (something) with or as with heavy, irregular blows (often followed by up  or down ): to hack meat; to hack down trees.

2. to annoy or irritate

—Synonyms
1.  mangle, haggle. See cut. 

23

Hubris

1. excessive pride or self-confidence; arrogance.

wanton insolence or arrogance resulting from excessive pride or passion

24

Impenitent

1.not feeling regret, remorse about one's sin or sins; obdurate.

 

unrepentant, uncontrite, hardened.

25

Indigent

1. lacking food, clothing, and other necessities of life because of poverty; needy; poor; impoverished.

 

1.  necessitous, penurious, distressed. 

26

Insipid

1. without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities; vapid: an insipid personality.

2.


without sufficient taste to be pleasing, as food or drink; bland: a rather insipid soup.

-yavan

1, 2.  flat, dull, uninteresting. 2.  tasteless, bland. 

 

27

Irresolute

1. not resolute;  doubtful; infirm of purpose; vacillating.

wavering in decision, indecisive, vacillating

 

28

Loll

1. to recline or lean in a relaxed, lazy, or indolent manner; lounge: to loll on a sofa.

2.
to hang loosely; droop; dangle: The dog stood in the heat with his tongue lolling out of his mouth.

29

Mendicant

1. begging; practicing begging; living on alms.

2.
pertaining to or characteristic of a beggar.

30

Nebulous

1. hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused: a nebulous recollection of the meeting; a nebulous distinction between pride and conceit.

2.
cloudy or cloudlike.

31

Odious

1. deserving or causing hatred; hateful; detestable.

2.
highly offensive; repugnant; disgusting.

 


1.  abominable, objectionable, despicable, execrable. See hateful. 2.  loathsome, repellent, repulsive.

—1.  attractive, lovable. 

32

Parsimonious

1. characterized by or showing parsimony; frugal or stingy.

 

tight, close, niggardly, miserly, illiberal, mean, penurious; avaricious, covetous. See stingy.

— generous. 

33

Pertain

1. to have reference or relation; relate: documents pertaining to the lawsuit.

2.
to belong or be connected as a part, adjunct, possession, or attribute.
3.
to belong properly or fittingly; be appropriate.

34

Plummet

1 something that weighs down or depresses.

.
3. to plunge.

 

3.  fall, dive, drop, swoop. 

.

35

Pristine

1  having its original purity; uncorrupted or unsullied.

2.
of or pertaining to the earliest period or state; primitive.

 

1.  undefiled, unpolluted, untouched. 

.

36

Pugnacious

1  inclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligerent; combative.

 

argumentative, contentious, bellicose.

— agreeable.
 

37

Raucous

1  harsh; strident; grating: raucous voices; raucous laughter.

2.
rowdy; disorderly: a raucous party.
.- yüksek ve nahoş (ses)

1.  rough, jarring, raspy.

— 1.  soft, mellow, dulcet. 

38

Reluctant

1 unwilling; disinclined: a reluctant candidate.

2.
struggling in opposition.

 

1. Reluctant, loath, averse 

-willing

39

Rotund

1 round in shape; rounded: ripe, rotund fruit.

2.
plump; fat.
3.
full-toned or sonorous: rotund speeches.

-sonorous: gür, dolgun ses

2.  obese, fleshy, corpulent, stout, portly. 

40

Sententious

1 abounding in pithy aphorisms or maxims: a sententious book.

2.
given to excessive moralizing; self-righteous.
3.
given to or using pithy sayings or maxims: a sententious poet.

4. expressing much in a few words

-veciz, kısa ve özlü, tumturaklı

2.  preachy, didactic, sanctimonious, moralistic. 

41

Solicitous

1 anxious or concerned (usually followed by about, for,  etc., or a clause): solicitous about a person's health.

2. anxiously desirous: solicitous of the esteem of others.
3. eager (usually followed by an infinitive): He was always solicitous to please.
4. careful or particular: a solicitous housekeeper.

 

1.  mindful, regardful, attentive.

— 1.  unconcerned, careless. 

42

Stipulate

1 to make an express demand or arrangement as a condition of agreement (often followed by for ).

.
2. to arrange expressly or specify in terms of agreement: to stipulate a price.
3. to require as an essential condition in making an agreement: Total disarmament was stipulated in the peace treaty.
4. to promise, in making an agreement.

 

2, 3.  specify, designate, indicate, cite. 

43

Suppliant

1 Asking humbly, supplicating, entreating

2. Expressing supplication

 

-yalvaran, rica eden

44

Thrift

1 economical management; economy; frugality.

2.
Also called thrift institution. Banking . a savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union.

45

Ulterior

1 being beyond what is seen or avowed; intentionally kept concealed: ulterior motives.

2.
coming at a subsequent time or stage; future; further: ulterior action.
3.
lying beyond or outside of some specified or understood boundary; more remote: a suggestion ulterior to the purposes of the present discussion.

 

1.  hidden, covert, undisclosed, undivulged. 

46

Verisimilitude

1 the appearance or semblance of truth; likelihood; probability: The play lacked verisimilitude.

2.
something, as an assertion, having merely the appearance of truth.
.-gerçeğe benzeme, ihtimal

47

Wax

1 to increase in extent, quantity, intensity, power, etc.: Discord waxed at an alarming rate.

2.
(of the moon) to increase in the extent of its illuminated portion before the full moon. Compare wane ( def. 4 ) .
3.
to grow or become: He waxed angry at the insinuation.

 

1.  extend, grow, lengthen, enlarge, dilate. 

48

1. utterly unyielding in attitude or opinion in spite of all appeals, urgings, etc.

2.
too hard to cut, break, or pierce.

-son derece kararlı, kırılmaz

1.  inflexible, rigid, uncompromising.

—Antonyms
1.  flexible, easygoing, yielding. 

Adamant

49

1. (in the Republic of South Africa) a rigid policy of segregation of the nonwhite population.

2.
any system or practice that separates people according to race, caste, etc.

Apartheid

50

1. a useful and desirable thing or quality: Organizational ability is an asset.

2. a single item of ownership having exchange value.
3. assets,
a.
items of ownership convertible into cash; total resources of a person or business, as cash, notes and accounts receivable, securities, inventories, goodwill, fixtures, machinery, or real estate ( opposed to liabilities).
b.
Accounting . the items detailed on a balance sheet, especially in relation to liabilities and capital.
c.
all property available for the payment of debts, especially of a bankrupt or insolvent firm or person.
d.
Law . property in the hands of an heir, executor, or administrator, that is sufficient to pay the debts or legacies of a deceased person.

Asset

51

1. to swell or puff out like a balloon.

2.
to multiply or increase at a rapid rate: Membership has ballooned beyond all expectations.

Balloon

52

1. having or showing bias  or prejudice: They gave us a biased report on immigration trends.

Biased

53

1. to enlarge and finish with a broach.

2.
to mention or suggest for the first time: to broach a subject.

-delgi, bir konuyu açmak

 

1.  introduce, propose, bring up, submit, advance. 

Broach

54

1. a feeling of vexation, marked by disappointment or humiliation.

2. to vex by disappointment or humiliation: The rejection of his proposal chagrined him deeply.

3. A feeling of embarrassment and annoyance because one has failed or been dissapointed; mortification

See shame

Chagrin

55

1. the act or process of burning.

2. violent excitement; tumult.

 

-yanma, arbede

Combustion

56

1. a sudden, alarming amazement or dread that results in utter confusion; dismay.

2. Great fear or shock that makes one feel helpless or bewildered

-dehşet, hayret

Consternation

57

1. willingness to believe or trust too readily, especially without proper or adequate evidence; gullibility.

Credulity

58

1.a great flood  of water; inundation; flood.

2.
a drenching rain; downpour.
3.
anything that overwhelms like a flood: a deluge of mail.

 

1. See flood. 3.  cataclysm, catastrophe. 

Deluge

59

1. a bitter, sharply abusive denunciation, attack, or criticism: repeated diatribes against the senator.

 

tirade, harangue. 

Diatribe

60

1. the act or process of resolving or dissolving  into parts or elements.

2.
the resulting state.
3.
the undoing or breaking of a bond, tie, union, partnership, etc.

Dissolution

61

1.overflowing with fervor, enthusiasm, or excitement; high-spirited; exuberant: The award winner was in an ebullient mood at the dinner in her honor.

2.
bubbling up like a boiling liquid

 

-taşkın, içi içine sığmayan

Ebullient

62

1.An endearing or being endeared; affection

2. A word or act expressing affection

-affection: sevgi, etkileme, şefkat

Endearment

63

1. an equal distribution of weight; even balance; equilibrium.

2.
a counterpoise., a weight or force that balances another

Equipoise

64

1. to urge, advise, or caution earnestly; admonish urgently.

 

1, 2.  encourage, spur, press, goad. 

Exhort

65

1. a deceptive, misleading, delusive or false notion, belief, etc.: That the world is flat was at one time a popular fallacy.

2.
a misleading or unsound argument.
3.
deceptive, misleading, or false nature; erroneousness.

 

1.  misconception, delusion, misapprehension. 

Fallacy

66

1. a piece of burning wood or other material.

2.
a person who kindles strife or encourages unrest; an agitator; troublemaker.

Firebrand

67

1. a fine; penalty.

2.
an act of forfeiting; forfeiture.
3.
something to which the right is lost, as for commission of a crime or misdeed, neglect of duty, or violation of a contract.

7. to lose or become liable to lose, as in consequence of crime, fault, or breach of engagement.

 

7.  surrender, yield, relinquish, forgo, waive. 

Forfeit

68

1. excessively talkative in a rambling, roundabout manner, especially about trivial matters.

2.
wordy or diffuse: a garrulous and boring speech.

 

1.  prating, babbling. See talkative. 2.  verbose, prolix.

—1.  reticent, uncommunicative, taciturn, close-mouthed. 

Garrulous

69

1. to cut, notch, slice, chop, or sever (something) with or as with heavy, irregular blows (often followed by up  or down ): to hack meat; to hack down trees.

2. to annoy or irritate

—Synonyms
1.  mangle, haggle. See cut. 

Hack

70

1. excessive pride or self-confidence; arrogance.

wanton insolence or arrogance resulting from excessive pride or passion

Hubris

71

1.not feeling regret, remorse about one's sin or sins; obdurate.

 

unrepentant, uncontrite, hardened.

Impenitent

72

1. lacking food, clothing, and other necessities of life because of poverty; needy; poor; impoverished.

 

1.  necessitous, penurious, distressed. 

Indigent

73

1. without distinctive, interesting, or stimulating qualities; vapid: an insipid personality.

2.


without sufficient taste to be pleasing, as food or drink; bland: a rather insipid soup.

-yavan

1, 2.  flat, dull, uninteresting. 2.  tasteless, bland. 

 

Insipid

74

1. not resolute;  doubtful; infirm of purpose; vacillating.

wavering in decision, indecisive, vacillating

 

Irresolute

75

1. to recline or lean in a relaxed, lazy, or indolent manner; lounge: to loll on a sofa.

2.
to hang loosely; droop; dangle: The dog stood in the heat with his tongue lolling out of his mouth.

Loll

76

1. begging; practicing begging; living on alms.

2.
pertaining to or characteristic of a beggar.

Mendicant

77

1. hazy, vague, indistinct, or confused: a nebulous recollection of the meeting; a nebulous distinction between pride and conceit.

2.
cloudy or cloudlike.

Nebulous

78

1. deserving or causing hatred; hateful; detestable.

2.
highly offensive; repugnant; disgusting.

 


1.  abominable, objectionable, despicable, execrable. See hateful. 2.  loathsome, repellent, repulsive.

—1.  attractive, lovable. 

Odious

79

1. characterized by or showing parsimony; frugal or stingy.

 

tight, close, niggardly, miserly, illiberal, mean, penurious; avaricious, covetous. See stingy.

— generous. 

Parsimonious

80

1. to have reference or relation; relate: documents pertaining to the lawsuit.

2.
to belong or be connected as a part, adjunct, possession, or attribute.
3.
to belong properly or fittingly; be appropriate.

Pertain

81

1 something that weighs down or depresses.

.
3. to plunge.

 

3.  fall, dive, drop, swoop. 

.

Plummet

82

1  having its original purity; uncorrupted or unsullied.

2.
of or pertaining to the earliest period or state; primitive.

 

1.  undefiled, unpolluted, untouched. 

.

Pristine

83

1  inclined to quarrel or fight readily; quarrelsome; belligerent; combative.

 

argumentative, contentious, bellicose.

— agreeable.
 

Pugnacious

84

1  harsh; strident; grating: raucous voices; raucous laughter.

2.
rowdy; disorderly: a raucous party.
.- yüksek ve nahoş (ses)

1.  rough, jarring, raspy.

— 1.  soft, mellow, dulcet. 

Raucous

85

1 unwilling; disinclined: a reluctant candidate.

2.
struggling in opposition.

 

1. Reluctant, loath, averse 

-willing

Reluctant

86

1 round in shape; rounded: ripe, rotund fruit.

2.
plump; fat.
3.
full-toned or sonorous: rotund speeches.

-sonorous: gür, dolgun ses

2.  obese, fleshy, corpulent, stout, portly. 

Rotund

87

1 abounding in pithy aphorisms or maxims: a sententious book.

2.
given to excessive moralizing; self-righteous.
3.
given to or using pithy sayings or maxims: a sententious poet.

4. expressing much in a few words

-veciz, kısa ve özlü, tumturaklı

2.  preachy, didactic, sanctimonious, moralistic. 

Sententious

88

1 anxious or concerned (usually followed by about, for,  etc., or a clause): solicitous about a person's health.

2. anxiously desirous: solicitous of the esteem of others.
3. eager (usually followed by an infinitive): He was always solicitous to please.
4. careful or particular: a solicitous housekeeper.

 

1.  mindful, regardful, attentive.

— 1.  unconcerned, careless. 

Solicitous

89

1 to make an express demand or arrangement as a condition of agreement (often followed by for ).

.
2. to arrange expressly or specify in terms of agreement: to stipulate a price.
3. to require as an essential condition in making an agreement: Total disarmament was stipulated in the peace treaty.
4. to promise, in making an agreement.

 

2, 3.  specify, designate, indicate, cite. 

Stipulate

90

1 Asking humbly, supplicating, entreating

2. Expressing supplication

 

-yalvaran, rica eden

Suppliant

91

1 economical management; economy; frugality.

2.
Also called thrift institution. Banking . a savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union.

Thrift

92

1 being beyond what is seen or avowed; intentionally kept concealed: ulterior motives.

2.
coming at a subsequent time or stage; future; further: ulterior action.
3.
lying beyond or outside of some specified or understood boundary; more remote: a suggestion ulterior to the purposes of the present discussion.

 

1.  hidden, covert, undisclosed, undivulged. 

Ulterior

93

1 the appearance or semblance of truth; likelihood; probability: The play lacked verisimilitude.

2.
something, as an assertion, having merely the appearance of truth.
.-gerçeğe benzeme, ihtimal

Verisimilitude

94

1 to increase in extent, quantity, intensity, power, etc.: Discord waxed at an alarming rate.

2.
(of the moon) to increase in the extent of its illuminated portion before the full moon. Compare wane ( def. 4 ) .
3.
to grow or become: He waxed angry at the insinuation.

 

1.  extend, grow, lengthen, enlarge, dilate. 

Wax