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Flashcards in Deck23 Deck (94):
1

Acarpous

1. not producing fruit; sterile; barren.

2

Amortize

1. Finance .

a.
to liquidate or extinguish (a mortgage, debt, or other obligation), especially by periodic payments to the creditor or to a sinking fund.
b.
to write off a cost of (an asset) gradually.

3

Ascent

1. an act of ascending;  upward movement; a rising movement: the ascent of a balloon.

2.
movement upward from a lower to a higher state, degree, grade, or status; advancement: His ascent to the governorship came after a long political career.

4

Avuncular

1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an uncle: avuncular affection.

2. having traits considered typical of uncles, jolly, indulgent, stodgy etc

-babacan

5

Benevolence

1. desire to do good to others; goodwill; charitableness: to be filled with benevolence toward one's fellow creatures.

2.
an act of kindness; a charitable gift.

 

- malevolence.

6

Brass

1.any of various metal alloys consisting mainly of copper and zinc.

2.  excessive self-assurance; impudence; effrontery.

 

cheek, nerve, brashness, gall, chutzpa. 

7

Catalyst

1. something that causes activity between two or more persons or forces without itself being affected.

8

Cognition

1. the act or process of knowing; perception.

2.
the product of such a process; something thus known, perceived, etc.

-idrak

9

Connoisseur

1. a person who is especially competent to pass critical judgments in an art, particularly one of the fine arts, or in matters of taste: a connoisseur of modern art.

 

critic, aesthete.

10

Countervail

1. to act or avail against with equal power, force, or effect; counteract.

2.
to furnish an equivalent of or a compensation for; offset.

 

1.  counterbalance, counterpoise, neutralize. 

11

Deferential

1. showing deference; deferent;  respectful.

-hürmetkar

12

Deter

1. to discourage or restrain from acting or proceeding: The large dog deterred trespassers.

2.
to prevent; check; arrest: timber treated with creosote to deter rot.

13

Disparage

1. to speak of or treat slightingly; depreciate; belittle: Do not disparage good manners.

2.
to bring reproach or discredit upon; lower the estimation of: Your behavior will disparage the whole family.

-aleyhinde konuşmak, küçük görmek - düşürmek

1.  ridicule, discredit, mock, demean, denounce, derogate. 

14

Dupe

1. a person who is easily deceived or fooled; gull.

2.
a person who unquestioningly or unwittingly serves a cause or another person: a dupe of the opponents.

3. to make a dupe of; deceive; delude; trick.

15

Emote

1. to show or pretend emotion: to emote over the beauties of nature.

2.
to portray emotion  in acting, especially exaggeratedly or ineptly; behave theatrically: The actress emoted for all she was worth.

-fazla duygulu davranmak

16

Epithet

1. any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality: “Richard the Lion-Hearted” is an epithet of Richard I.

2. a characterizing word or phrase firmly associated with a person or thing and often used in place of an actual name, title, or the like, as “man's best friend” for “dog.”

3. a word, phrase, or expression used invectively as a term of abuse or contempt, to express hostility, etc.

1, 2.  nickname, sobriquet, designation, appellation. 3.  curse, insult, abuse, expletive, obscenity. 

17

Excoriate

1. to denounce or berate severely; flay verbally: He was excoriated for his mistakes.

2.
to strip off or remove the skin from: Her palms were excoriated by the hard labor of shoveling.

18

Extricable

1. capable of being released from an entanglement or difficulty

19

Fidget

1. to move about restlessly, nervously, or impatiently.

2.
to cause to fidget; make uneasy.

-huzursuzluktan yerinde duramama

20

Foppish

1.resembling or befitting a fop;  excessively refined and fastidious in taste and manner.

-züppece

21

Fusillade

1.a simultaneous or continuous discharge of firearms.

2.
a general discharge or outpouring of anything: a fusillade of questions.

-yaylım ateşi

22

Grovel

1 to humble oneself or act in an abject manner, as in great fear or utter servility.

2.
to lie or crawl with the face downward and the body prostrate, especially in abject humility, fear, etc.
3.
to take pleasure in mean or base things.

-yerde sürünmek, kendini alçaltmak

1.  truckle, toady, fawn, kowtow, pander.

23

Hoi Polloi

1 the common people; the masses (often preceded by the ).

24

Impair

1 to make or cause to become worse; diminish in ability, value, excellence, etc.; weaken or damage: to impair one's health; to impair negotiations.

 

1. See injure.

Antonyms
1.  repair. 

25

Inculcate

1 to implant by repeated statement or admonition; teach persistently and earnestly (usually followed by upon  or in ): to inculcate virtue in the young.

2.
to cause or influence (someone) to accept an idea or feeling (usually followed by with ): Socrates inculcated his pupils with the love of truth.

-talim etmek, tekrarlayarak kafasına sokmak

1.  instill, infix, ingrain.

26

Inimitable

1 incapable of being imitated or copied; surpassing imitation; matchless.

27

Involute

1 intricate; complex.

2.
curled or curved inward or spirally.

28

Libel

1 anything that is defamatory or that maliciously or damagingly misrepresents

29

Mature

1 complete in natural growth or development, as plant and animal forms: a mature rose bush.

2. ripe, as fruit, or fully aged, as cheese or wine.
3. fully developed in body or mind, as a person: a mature woman.
4. pertaining to or characteristic of full development: a mature appearance; fruit with a mature softness.
5. completed, perfected, or elaborated in full by the mind: mature plans.

 aged, grown, adult. 2. See ripe. 5.  ready, prepared. 12, 15.  age, develop.

Antonyms
1, 3.  childish, raw, green, young. 

30

Mortuary

1  funeral home.

2 of or pertaining to the burial of the dead.

4. pertaining to or connected with death.

31

Obsolete

1 no longer in general use; fallen into disuse: an obsolete expression.

2.
of a discarded or outmoded type; out of date: an obsolete battleship.

 

2 antiquated, ancient, old.

Antonyms
1, 2.  new, modern. 

32

Palpable

1 readily or plainly seen, heard, perceived, etc.; obvious; evident: a palpable lie; palpable absurdity.

2.
capable of being touched or felt; tangible.

 

1 manifest, plain. 2.  material, corporeal.

Antonyms
1.  obscure. 

33

Pernicious

1 causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful: pernicious teachings; a pernicious lie.

2.
deadly; fatal: a pernicious disease.

 

1   harmful, detrimental, deleterious, destructive, damaging, baneful, noxious, malicious. 2.  lethal. 

34

Plea

1 an appeal or entreaty: a plea for mercy.

2.
something that is alleged, urged, or pleaded in defense or justification.
3.
an excuse; pretext: He begged off on the plea that his car wasn't working.

-yalvarma, rica, mazeret, itiraz

1 request, petition, supplication, solicitation, suit. 3.  justification. 

35

Premature

1 occurring, coming, or done too soon: a premature announcement.

2.
mature or ripe before the proper time.

36

Provident

1 having or showing foresight; providing  carefully for the future.

2.
characterized by or proceeding from foresight: provident care.
3.
mindful in making provision  (usually followed by of ).
4.
economical; frugal; thrifty.

 

1 cautious, prudent.

- 1.  careless.
 

37

Raffish

1 mildly or sometimes engagingly disreputable or nonconformist; rakish: a matinee idol whose raffish offstage behavior amused millions.

2.
gaudily vulgar or cheap; tawdry.

-ucuz, havalı

 

38

Regale

1 to entertain lavishly or agreeably; delight.

2.
to entertain with choice food or drink.

 

-ağırlamak, hoşça vakit geçirmek, eğlendirmek

39

Retard

1 to make slow; delay the development or progress of (an action, process, etc.); hinder or impede.

 

obstruct, check.

- 1.  accelerate.
 

40

Scribble

1 to write hastily or carelessly: to scribble a letter.

2.
to cover with meaningless writing or marks: to scribble all over a page.

41

Slake

1 to allay (thirst, desire, wrath, etc.) by satisfying.

2.
to cool or refresh: He slaked his lips with ice.
3.
to make less active, vigorous, intense, etc.: His calm manner slaked their enthusiasm.

-kanmasını sağlamak, doyurmak


1.  satisfy, quench, gratify, relieve. 

42

Stickler

1 a person who insists on something unyieldingly (usually followed by for ): a stickler for ceremony.

2.
any puzzling or difficult problem.

 

fanatic, purist, perfectionist. 2.  puzzle, riddle, mystery. 

43

Sundry

1 various or diverse: sundry persons.

44

Temerity

1 reckless boldness; rashness.

 

audacity, effrontery, foolhardiness.

45

Trudge

1 to walk, especially laboriously or wearily: to trudge up a long flight of steps.

-güçlükle, yorgun argın yürüme

tramp

46

Variegated

1 varied in appearance or color; marked with patches or spots of different colors.

2.
varied; diversified; diverse.

47

Wage

1 to carry on (a battle, war, conflict, argument, etc.): to wage war against a nation

 

undertake, prosecute.

48

1. not producing fruit; sterile; barren.

Acarpous

49

1. Finance .

a.
to liquidate or extinguish (a mortgage, debt, or other obligation), especially by periodic payments to the creditor or to a sinking fund.
b.
to write off a cost of (an asset) gradually.

Amortize

50

1. an act of ascending;  upward movement; a rising movement: the ascent of a balloon.

2.
movement upward from a lower to a higher state, degree, grade, or status; advancement: His ascent to the governorship came after a long political career.

Ascent

51

1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an uncle: avuncular affection.

2. having traits considered typical of uncles, jolly, indulgent, stodgy etc

-babacan

Avuncular

52

1. desire to do good to others; goodwill; charitableness: to be filled with benevolence toward one's fellow creatures.

2.
an act of kindness; a charitable gift.

 

- malevolence.

Benevolence

53

1.any of various metal alloys consisting mainly of copper and zinc.

2.  excessive self-assurance; impudence; effrontery.

 

cheek, nerve, brashness, gall, chutzpa. 

Brass

54

1. something that causes activity between two or more persons or forces without itself being affected.

Catalyst

55

1. the act or process of knowing; perception.

2.
the product of such a process; something thus known, perceived, etc.

-idrak

Cognition

56

1. a person who is especially competent to pass critical judgments in an art, particularly one of the fine arts, or in matters of taste: a connoisseur of modern art.

 

critic, aesthete.

Connoisseur

57

1. to act or avail against with equal power, force, or effect; counteract.

2.
to furnish an equivalent of or a compensation for; offset.

 

1.  counterbalance, counterpoise, neutralize. 

Countervail

58

1. showing deference; deferent;  respectful.

-hürmetkar

Deferential

59

1. to discourage or restrain from acting or proceeding: The large dog deterred trespassers.

2.
to prevent; check; arrest: timber treated with creosote to deter rot.

Deter

60

1. to speak of or treat slightingly; depreciate; belittle: Do not disparage good manners.

2.
to bring reproach or discredit upon; lower the estimation of: Your behavior will disparage the whole family.

-aleyhinde konuşmak, küçük görmek - düşürmek

1.  ridicule, discredit, mock, demean, denounce, derogate. 

Disparage

61

1. a person who is easily deceived or fooled; gull.

2.
a person who unquestioningly or unwittingly serves a cause or another person: a dupe of the opponents.

3. to make a dupe of; deceive; delude; trick.

Dupe

62

1. to show or pretend emotion: to emote over the beauties of nature.

2.
to portray emotion  in acting, especially exaggeratedly or ineptly; behave theatrically: The actress emoted for all she was worth.

-fazla duygulu davranmak

Emote

63

1. any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality: “Richard the Lion-Hearted” is an epithet of Richard I.

2. a characterizing word or phrase firmly associated with a person or thing and often used in place of an actual name, title, or the like, as “man's best friend” for “dog.”

3. a word, phrase, or expression used invectively as a term of abuse or contempt, to express hostility, etc.

1, 2.  nickname, sobriquet, designation, appellation. 3.  curse, insult, abuse, expletive, obscenity. 

Epithet

64

1. to denounce or berate severely; flay verbally: He was excoriated for his mistakes.

2.
to strip off or remove the skin from: Her palms were excoriated by the hard labor of shoveling.

Excoriate

65

1. capable of being released from an entanglement or difficulty

Extricable

66

1. to move about restlessly, nervously, or impatiently.

2.
to cause to fidget; make uneasy.

-huzursuzluktan yerinde duramama

Fidget

67

1.resembling or befitting a fop;  excessively refined and fastidious in taste and manner.

-züppece

Foppish

68

1.a simultaneous or continuous discharge of firearms.

2.
a general discharge or outpouring of anything: a fusillade of questions.

-yaylım ateşi

Fusillade

69

1 to humble oneself or act in an abject manner, as in great fear or utter servility.

2.
to lie or crawl with the face downward and the body prostrate, especially in abject humility, fear, etc.
3.
to take pleasure in mean or base things.

-yerde sürünmek, kendini alçaltmak

1.  truckle, toady, fawn, kowtow, pander.

Grovel

70

1 the common people; the masses (often preceded by the ).

Hoi Polloi

71

1 to make or cause to become worse; diminish in ability, value, excellence, etc.; weaken or damage: to impair one's health; to impair negotiations.

 

1. See injure.

Antonyms
1.  repair. 

Impair

72

1 to implant by repeated statement or admonition; teach persistently and earnestly (usually followed by upon  or in ): to inculcate virtue in the young.

2.
to cause or influence (someone) to accept an idea or feeling (usually followed by with ): Socrates inculcated his pupils with the love of truth.

-talim etmek, tekrarlayarak kafasına sokmak

1.  instill, infix, ingrain.

Inculcate

73

1 incapable of being imitated or copied; surpassing imitation; matchless.

Inimitable

74

1 intricate; complex.

2.
curled or curved inward or spirally.

Involute

75

1 anything that is defamatory or that maliciously or damagingly misrepresents

Libel

76

1 complete in natural growth or development, as plant and animal forms: a mature rose bush.

2. ripe, as fruit, or fully aged, as cheese or wine.
3. fully developed in body or mind, as a person: a mature woman.
4. pertaining to or characteristic of full development: a mature appearance; fruit with a mature softness.
5. completed, perfected, or elaborated in full by the mind: mature plans.

 aged, grown, adult. 2. See ripe. 5.  ready, prepared. 12, 15.  age, develop.

Antonyms
1, 3.  childish, raw, green, young. 

Mature

77

1  funeral home.

2 of or pertaining to the burial of the dead.

4. pertaining to or connected with death.

Mortuary

78

1 no longer in general use; fallen into disuse: an obsolete expression.

2.
of a discarded or outmoded type; out of date: an obsolete battleship.

 

2 antiquated, ancient, old.

Antonyms
1, 2.  new, modern. 

Obsolete

79

1 readily or plainly seen, heard, perceived, etc.; obvious; evident: a palpable lie; palpable absurdity.

2.
capable of being touched or felt; tangible.

 

1 manifest, plain. 2.  material, corporeal.

Antonyms
1.  obscure. 

Palpable

80

1 causing insidious harm or ruin; ruinous; injurious; hurtful: pernicious teachings; a pernicious lie.

2.
deadly; fatal: a pernicious disease.

 

1   harmful, detrimental, deleterious, destructive, damaging, baneful, noxious, malicious. 2.  lethal. 

Pernicious

81

1 an appeal or entreaty: a plea for mercy.

2.
something that is alleged, urged, or pleaded in defense or justification.
3.
an excuse; pretext: He begged off on the plea that his car wasn't working.

-yalvarma, rica, mazeret, itiraz

1 request, petition, supplication, solicitation, suit. 3.  justification. 

Plea

82

1 occurring, coming, or done too soon: a premature announcement.

2.
mature or ripe before the proper time.

Premature

83

1 having or showing foresight; providing  carefully for the future.

2.
characterized by or proceeding from foresight: provident care.
3.
mindful in making provision  (usually followed by of ).
4.
economical; frugal; thrifty.

 

1 cautious, prudent.

- 1.  careless.
 

Provident

84

1 mildly or sometimes engagingly disreputable or nonconformist; rakish: a matinee idol whose raffish offstage behavior amused millions.

2.
gaudily vulgar or cheap; tawdry.

-ucuz, havalı

 

Raffish

85

1 to entertain lavishly or agreeably; delight.

2.
to entertain with choice food or drink.

 

-ağırlamak, hoşça vakit geçirmek, eğlendirmek

Regale

86

1 to make slow; delay the development or progress of (an action, process, etc.); hinder or impede.

 

obstruct, check.

- 1.  accelerate.
 

Retard

87

1 to write hastily or carelessly: to scribble a letter.

2.
to cover with meaningless writing or marks: to scribble all over a page.

Scribble

88

1 to allay (thirst, desire, wrath, etc.) by satisfying.

2.
to cool or refresh: He slaked his lips with ice.
3.
to make less active, vigorous, intense, etc.: His calm manner slaked their enthusiasm.

-kanmasını sağlamak, doyurmak


1.  satisfy, quench, gratify, relieve. 

Slake

89

1 a person who insists on something unyieldingly (usually followed by for ): a stickler for ceremony.

2.
any puzzling or difficult problem.

 

fanatic, purist, perfectionist. 2.  puzzle, riddle, mystery. 

Stickler

90

1 various or diverse: sundry persons.

Sundry

91

1 reckless boldness; rashness.

 

audacity, effrontery, foolhardiness.

Temerity

92

1 to walk, especially laboriously or wearily: to trudge up a long flight of steps.

-güçlükle, yorgun argın yürüme

tramp

Trudge

93

1 varied in appearance or color; marked with patches or spots of different colors.

2.
varied; diversified; diverse.

Variegated

94

1 to carry on (a battle, war, conflict, argument, etc.): to wage war against a nation

 

undertake, prosecute.

Wage