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Flashcards in Deck19 Deck (94):
1

Adhere

1. to stay attached; stick fast; cleave; cling (usually followed by to ): The mud adhered to his shoes.

2. to be devoted in support or allegiance; be attached as a follower or upholder (usually followed by to ): to adhere to a party.

1. See stick.

— 1.  part, loosen. 

2

Apathetic

1. having or showing little or no emotion: apathetic behavior.

2.
not interested or concerned; indifferent or unresponsive: an apathetic audience.

 

1.  unfeeling, impassive, cool. 2.  uninterested, unconcerned.

—Antonyms
1.  emotional. 2.  concerned.

3

Assiduous

1. constant; unremitting: assiduous reading.

2.
constant in application or effort; working diligently at a task; persevering; industrious; attentive: an assiduous student

 

1.  continuous, tireless, persistent. 2.  studious, diligent, sedulous.

— 1, 2.  inconstant, lazy. 

4

Balm

1. any of various oily, fragrant, resinous substances, often of medicinal value, exuding from certain plants, especially tropical trees of the genus Commiphora.

2.
a plant or tree yielding such a substance.

3. any aromatic or fragrant ointment.

 

3.  salve, unguent, lotion, emollient. 

5

Bigot

1. a person who is utterly intolerant of any differing creed, belief, or opinion.

6

Bromide

1. a platitude or trite saying, typically intended to sooth or placate

7

Chary

1. cautious or careful; wary: He was chary of investing in oil wells.

2. shy; timid.
3. fastidious; choosy: She is excessively chary about her friends.

4. sparing (often followed by of ): chary of his praise.

 

1.  circumspect. 4.  frugal.

— 1.  trustful. 2.  confident. 3.  uncritical. 4.  lavish.
 

8

Commemorate

1. to serve as a memorial or reminder of: The monument commemorates the signing of the declaration of independence.

2.
to honor the memory of by some observance: to commemorate the dead by a moment of silence; to commemorate Bastille Day.
3.
to make honorable mention of.

9

Constrict

1. to draw or press in; cause to contract or shrink; compress.

2. to slow or stop the natural course or development of: Greed and aggressiveness constricted the nation's cultural life.

3. To hold in, limit, restrict

1.  cramp, squeeze, bind, tighten.

—1.  expand. 

10

Credulous

1. willing to believe or trust too readily, especially without proper or adequate evidence; gullible.

2.
marked by or arising from credulity: a credulous rumor.
.

 

1.  believing, trustful, unsuspecting. 

11

Demagogue

1. a person, especially an orator or political leader, who gains power and popularity by arousing the emotions, passions, and prejudices of the people.

2.
(in ancient times) a leader of the people.

3. to treat or manipulate (a political issue) in the manner of a demagogue; obscure or distort with emotionalism, prejudice, etc.

12

Dichotomy

1. division into two parts, kinds, etc.; subdivision into halves or pairs.

2.
division into two mutually exclusive, opposed, or contradictory groups: a dichotomy between thought and action.

13

Distend

1. to expand by stretching, as something hollow or elastic: Habitual overeating had distended his stomach.

2.
to spread in all directions; expand; swell: The sea distended about them.

 

 See expand. 1, 2.  enlarge, bloat.

-1, 2.  shrink, contract. 

14

Ecumenical

1. general; universal.

2.
pertaining to the whole Christian church.
3.
promoting or fostering Christian unity throughout the world.

15

Endemic

1. natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous: endemic folkways; countries where high unemployment is endemic.

2.
belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place: a fever endemic to the tropics.

3. an endemic disease

4. native to a particular country,or region

16

Equivocal

1. allowing the possibility of several different meanings, as a word or phrase, especially with intent to deceive or misguide; susceptible of double interpretation; deliberately ambiguous: an equivocal answer.

2.
of doubtful nature or character; questionable; dubious; suspicious: aliens of equivocal loyalty.
3.
of uncertain significance; not determined: an equivocal attitude.

17

Exigency

1. exigent  state or character; urgency.

2.
Usually, exigencies. the need, demand, or requirement intrinsic to a circumstance, condition, etc.: the exigencies of city life.
3.
a case or situation that demands prompt action or remedy; emergency: He promised help in any exigency.

18

Fallow

1. (of land) plowed and left unseeded for a season or more; uncultivated.

2.
not in use; inactive: My creative energies have lain fallow this year.

19

Fission

1. the act of cleaving or splitting into parts.

2.
Also called nuclear fission. Physics . the splitting of the nucleus of an atom into nuclei of lighter atoms, accompanied by the release of energy. Compare fusion ( def. 4 ) .
3.
Biology . the division of an organism into new organisms as a process of reproduction.

20

Forge

1.to form by heating and hammering; beat into shape.

2.
to form or make, especially by concentrated effort: to forge a friendship through mutual trust.
3.
to imitate (handwriting, a signature, etc.) fraudulently; fabricate a forgery.

4. to move ahead slowly; progress steadily: to forge through dense underbrush.

5. to move ahead with increased speed and effectiveness (usually followed by ahead ): to forge ahead and finish the work in a burst of energy.

21

Gaucherie

1 lack of social grace, sensitivity, or acuteness; awkwardness; crudeness; tactlessness.

2.
an act, movement, etc., that is socially graceless, awkward, or tactless.

-beceriksizlik acemilik

22

Halcyon

1 calm; peaceful; tranquil: halcyon weather.

2.
rich; wealthy; prosperous: halcyon times of peace., usually with nostalgic reference
3.
happy; joyful; carefree: halcyon days of youth.
4.
of or pertaining to the halcyon or kingfisher.

23

Hurdle

1 a portable barrier over which contestants must leap in certain running races, usually a wooden frame with a hinged inner frame that swings down under impact to prevent injury to a runner who does not clear it.

2. hurdles, ( used with a singular verb ) a race in which contestants must leap over a number of such barriers placed at specific intervals around the track. Compare high hurdles, low hurdles.
3. any of various vertical barriers, as a hedge, low wall, or section of fence, over which horses must jump in certain types of turf races, as a steeplechase, but especially an artificial barrier.
4. a difficult problem to be overcome; obstacle.

24

Imperative

1 absolutely necessary or required; unavoidable: It is imperative that we leave.

2.
of the nature of or expressing a command; commanding.

25

Indigenous

1 originating in and characteristic of a particular region or country; native (often followed by to ): the plants indigenous to Canada; the indigenous peoples of southern Africa.

2.
innate; inherent; natural (usually followed by to ): feelings indigenous to human beings

 

autochthonous, aboriginal, natural.

-1.  foreign, alien. 

26

Insolvent

1 not solvent;  unable to satisfy creditors or discharge liabilities, either because liabilities exceed assets or because of inability to pay debts as they mature.

2.
pertaining to bankrupt persons or bankruptcy.

 

 penniless, destitute, impoverished, bankrupt. 

27

Irrevocable

1 not to be revoked or recalled; unable to be repealed or annulled; unalterable: an irrevocable decree.

28

Loquacious

1 talking or tending to talk much or freely; talkative; chattering; babbling; garrulous: a loquacious dinner guest.

2.
characterized by excessive talk; wordy: easily the most loquacious play of the season.

29

Mercenary

1 working or acting merely for money or other reward; venal.

2.
hired to serve in a foreign army, guerrilla organization, etc.

3. a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army.
4. any hireling..

 

grasping, acquisitive, avaricious, covetous.

 

-1.  altruistic, idealistic, unselfish. 

30

Negligent

1guilty of or characterized by neglect,  as of duty: negligent officials.

2.
lazily careless; offhand: a negligent wave of his manicured hand.

 

neglectful

31

Odium

1 intense hatred or dislike, especially toward a person or thing regarded as contemptible, despicable, or repugnant.

2.
the reproach, discredit, or opprobrium attaching to something hated or repugnant: He had to bear the odium of neglecting his family.
3.
the state or quality of being hated.

 

detestation, abhorrence, antipathy. 2.  obloquy.

- 1.  love. 

32

Partisan

1 an adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, especially a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance.

2.
Military . a member of a party of light or irregular troops engaged in harassing an enemy, especially a member of a guerrilla band engaged in fighting or sabotage against an occupying army.


1. See follower. 3.  biased, prejudiced.

- 1.  opponent. 

33

Pest

1 an annoying or troublesome person, animal, or thing; nuisance.

2.
an insect or other small animal that harms or destroys garden plants, trees, etc.
3.
a deadly epidemic disease, especially a plague; pestilence.


1.  annoyance. 3.  pandemic, scourge, epidemic. 

34

Plunge

1 to cast or thrust forcibly or suddenly into something, as a liquid, a penetrable substance, a place, etc.; immerse; submerge: to plunge a dagger into one's heart.

2.
to bring suddenly or forcibly into some condition, situation, etc.: to plunge a country into war; to pull a switch and plunge a house into darkness.

3. to move violently and rapidly downward or forward

35

Prize v.

1 to value highly, esteem 

36

Punch

1 a thrusting blow, especially with the fist. (v)

2.
forcefulness, effectiveness, or pungency in content or appeal; power; zest: a letter to voters that needs more punch.

 

1.  strike, hit; drub, pummel. 

37

Reactionary

1 of, pertaining to, marked by, or favoring reaction,  especially extreme conservatism or rightism in politics; opposing political or social change.

 

 ultraconservative.

-1, 2.  radical. 

38

Remiss

1 negligent, careless, or slow in performing one's duty, business, etc.: He's terribly remiss in his work.

2.
characterized by negligence or carelessness.
3.
lacking force or energy; languid; sluggish.

 

 
1, 2.  derelict, thoughtless, lax, slack, neglectful. 3.  dilatory, slothful, slow. 

39

Rubric

1 a title, heading, direction, or the like, in a manuscript, book, statute, etc., written or printed in red or otherwise distinguished from the rest of the text.

2.
a direction for the conduct of divine service or the administration of the sacraments, inserted in liturgical books.
3.
any established mode of conduct or procedure; protocol.
4.
an explanatory comment; gloss.
5.
a class or category

40

Sequence

1 the following of one thing after another; succession.

2.
order of succession: a list of books in alphabetical sequence.
3.
a continuous or connected series: a sonnet sequence.
4.
something that follows; a subsequent event; result; consequence.

 

1. See series. 2.  arrangement. 4.  outcome, sequel. 

41

Solvent

1 able to pay all just debts.

2.


having the power of dissolving; causing solution. 

42

Stoic

1 of or pertaining to the school of philosophy founded by Zeno, who taught that people should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and submit without complaint to unavoidable necessity.

43

Supplicate

1 to pray humbly; make humble and earnest entreaty or petition.

 

 

2.  implore, crave, solicit, beseech. See appeal. 

44

Timid

1 lacking in self-assurance, courage, or bravery; easily alarmed; timorous; shy.

2.
characterized by or indicating fear: a timid approach to a problem.

 

 fearful, fainthearted. See cowardly. 

45

Umbrage

1 offense; annoyance; displeasure: to feel umbrage at a social snub; to give umbrage to someone; to take umbrage at someone's rudeness.

2.
the slightest indication or vaguest feeling of suspicion, doubt, hostility, or the like.
3.
leaves that afford shade, as the foliage of trees.

-gücenme alınma kızma, gölge

  pique, grudge, resentment.

 

 

46

Veritable

1being truly or very much so: a veritable triumph.

2. being such practically or in effect

3. true, real, utter, absolute

 

real, genuine; utter. See authentic. 

47

Weave

1 to interlace (threads, yarns, strips, fibrous material, etc.) so as to form a fabric or material.

2. to form by interlacing threads, yarns, strands, or strips of some material: to weave a basket; to weave cloth.
3. to form by combining various elements or details into a connected whole: to weave a tale; to weave a plan.
4. to introduce as an element or detail into a connected whole (usually followed by in  or into ): She wove an old folk melody into her latest musical composition.
5. to direct or move along in a winding or zigzag course; move from side to side, especially to avoid obstructions: to weave one's way through traffic.

 contrive, fabricate, construct, compose. 4.  insert, intermix, intermingle. 

48

1. to stay attached; stick fast; cleave; cling (usually followed by to ): The mud adhered to his shoes.

2. to be devoted in support or allegiance; be attached as a follower or upholder (usually followed by to ): to adhere to a party.

1. See stick.

— 1.  part, loosen. 

Adhere

49

1. having or showing little or no emotion: apathetic behavior.

2.
not interested or concerned; indifferent or unresponsive: an apathetic audience.

 

1.  unfeeling, impassive, cool. 2.  uninterested, unconcerned.

—Antonyms
1.  emotional. 2.  concerned.

Apathetic

50

1. constant; unremitting: assiduous reading.

2.
constant in application or effort; working diligently at a task; persevering; industrious; attentive: an assiduous student

 

1.  continuous, tireless, persistent. 2.  studious, diligent, sedulous.

— 1, 2.  inconstant, lazy. 

Assiduous

51

1. any of various oily, fragrant, resinous substances, often of medicinal value, exuding from certain plants, especially tropical trees of the genus Commiphora.

2.
a plant or tree yielding such a substance.

3. any aromatic or fragrant ointment.

 

3.  salve, unguent, lotion, emollient. 

Balm

52

1. a person who is utterly intolerant of any differing creed, belief, or opinion.

Bigot

53

1. a platitude or trite saying, typically intended to sooth or placate

Bromide

54

1. cautious or careful; wary: He was chary of investing in oil wells.

2. shy; timid.
3. fastidious; choosy: She is excessively chary about her friends.

4. sparing (often followed by of ): chary of his praise.

 

1.  circumspect. 4.  frugal.

— 1.  trustful. 2.  confident. 3.  uncritical. 4.  lavish.
 

Chary

55

1. to serve as a memorial or reminder of: The monument commemorates the signing of the declaration of independence.

2.
to honor the memory of by some observance: to commemorate the dead by a moment of silence; to commemorate Bastille Day.
3.
to make honorable mention of.

Commemorate

56

1. to draw or press in; cause to contract or shrink; compress.

2. to slow or stop the natural course or development of: Greed and aggressiveness constricted the nation's cultural life.

3. To hold in, limit, restrict

1.  cramp, squeeze, bind, tighten.

—1.  expand. 

Constrict

57

1. willing to believe or trust too readily, especially without proper or adequate evidence; gullible.

2.
marked by or arising from credulity: a credulous rumor.
.

 

1.  believing, trustful, unsuspecting. 

Credulous

58

1. a person, especially an orator or political leader, who gains power and popularity by arousing the emotions, passions, and prejudices of the people.

2.
(in ancient times) a leader of the people.

3. to treat or manipulate (a political issue) in the manner of a demagogue; obscure or distort with emotionalism, prejudice, etc.

Demagogue

59

1. division into two parts, kinds, etc.; subdivision into halves or pairs.

2.
division into two mutually exclusive, opposed, or contradictory groups: a dichotomy between thought and action.

Dichotomy

60

1. to expand by stretching, as something hollow or elastic: Habitual overeating had distended his stomach.

2.
to spread in all directions; expand; swell: The sea distended about them.

 

 See expand. 1, 2.  enlarge, bloat.

-1, 2.  shrink, contract. 

Distend

61

1. general; universal.

2.
pertaining to the whole Christian church.
3.
promoting or fostering Christian unity throughout the world.

Ecumenical

62

1. natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous: endemic folkways; countries where high unemployment is endemic.

2.
belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place: a fever endemic to the tropics.

3. an endemic disease

4. native to a particular country,or region

Endemic

63

1. allowing the possibility of several different meanings, as a word or phrase, especially with intent to deceive or misguide; susceptible of double interpretation; deliberately ambiguous: an equivocal answer.

2.
of doubtful nature or character; questionable; dubious; suspicious: aliens of equivocal loyalty.
3.
of uncertain significance; not determined: an equivocal attitude.

Equivocal

64

1. exigent  state or character; urgency.

2.
Usually, exigencies. the need, demand, or requirement intrinsic to a circumstance, condition, etc.: the exigencies of city life.
3.
a case or situation that demands prompt action or remedy; emergency: He promised help in any exigency.

Exigency

65

1. (of land) plowed and left unseeded for a season or more; uncultivated.

2.
not in use; inactive: My creative energies have lain fallow this year.

Fallow

66

1. the act of cleaving or splitting into parts.

2.
Also called nuclear fission. Physics . the splitting of the nucleus of an atom into nuclei of lighter atoms, accompanied by the release of energy. Compare fusion ( def. 4 ) .
3.
Biology . the division of an organism into new organisms as a process of reproduction.

Fission

67

1.to form by heating and hammering; beat into shape.

2.
to form or make, especially by concentrated effort: to forge a friendship through mutual trust.
3.
to imitate (handwriting, a signature, etc.) fraudulently; fabricate a forgery.

4. to move ahead slowly; progress steadily: to forge through dense underbrush.

5. to move ahead with increased speed and effectiveness (usually followed by ahead ): to forge ahead and finish the work in a burst of energy.

Forge

68

1 lack of social grace, sensitivity, or acuteness; awkwardness; crudeness; tactlessness.

2.
an act, movement, etc., that is socially graceless, awkward, or tactless.

-beceriksizlik acemilik

Gaucherie

69

1 calm; peaceful; tranquil: halcyon weather.

2.
rich; wealthy; prosperous: halcyon times of peace., usually with nostalgic reference
3.
happy; joyful; carefree: halcyon days of youth.
4.
of or pertaining to the halcyon or kingfisher.

Halcyon

70

1 a portable barrier over which contestants must leap in certain running races, usually a wooden frame with a hinged inner frame that swings down under impact to prevent injury to a runner who does not clear it.

2. hurdles, ( used with a singular verb ) a race in which contestants must leap over a number of such barriers placed at specific intervals around the track. Compare high hurdles, low hurdles.
3. any of various vertical barriers, as a hedge, low wall, or section of fence, over which horses must jump in certain types of turf races, as a steeplechase, but especially an artificial barrier.
4. a difficult problem to be overcome; obstacle.

Hurdle

71

1 absolutely necessary or required; unavoidable: It is imperative that we leave.

2.
of the nature of or expressing a command; commanding.

Imperative

72

1 originating in and characteristic of a particular region or country; native (often followed by to ): the plants indigenous to Canada; the indigenous peoples of southern Africa.

2.
innate; inherent; natural (usually followed by to ): feelings indigenous to human beings

 

autochthonous, aboriginal, natural.

-1.  foreign, alien. 

Indigenous

73

1 not solvent;  unable to satisfy creditors or discharge liabilities, either because liabilities exceed assets or because of inability to pay debts as they mature.

2.
pertaining to bankrupt persons or bankruptcy.

 

 penniless, destitute, impoverished, bankrupt. 

Insolvent

74

1 not to be revoked or recalled; unable to be repealed or annulled; unalterable: an irrevocable decree.

Irrevocable

75

1 talking or tending to talk much or freely; talkative; chattering; babbling; garrulous: a loquacious dinner guest.

2.
characterized by excessive talk; wordy: easily the most loquacious play of the season.

Loquacious

76

1 working or acting merely for money or other reward; venal.

2.
hired to serve in a foreign army, guerrilla organization, etc.

3. a professional soldier hired to serve in a foreign army.
4. any hireling..

 

grasping, acquisitive, avaricious, covetous.

 

-1.  altruistic, idealistic, unselfish. 

Mercenary

77

1guilty of or characterized by neglect,  as of duty: negligent officials.

2.
lazily careless; offhand: a negligent wave of his manicured hand.

 

neglectful

Negligent

78

1 intense hatred or dislike, especially toward a person or thing regarded as contemptible, despicable, or repugnant.

2.
the reproach, discredit, or opprobrium attaching to something hated or repugnant: He had to bear the odium of neglecting his family.
3.
the state or quality of being hated.

 

detestation, abhorrence, antipathy. 2.  obloquy.

- 1.  love. 

Odium

79

1 an adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, especially a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance.

2.
Military . a member of a party of light or irregular troops engaged in harassing an enemy, especially a member of a guerrilla band engaged in fighting or sabotage against an occupying army.


1. See follower. 3.  biased, prejudiced.

- 1.  opponent. 

Partisan

80

1 an annoying or troublesome person, animal, or thing; nuisance.

2.
an insect or other small animal that harms or destroys garden plants, trees, etc.
3.
a deadly epidemic disease, especially a plague; pestilence.


1.  annoyance. 3.  pandemic, scourge, epidemic. 

Pest

81

1 to cast or thrust forcibly or suddenly into something, as a liquid, a penetrable substance, a place, etc.; immerse; submerge: to plunge a dagger into one's heart.

2.
to bring suddenly or forcibly into some condition, situation, etc.: to plunge a country into war; to pull a switch and plunge a house into darkness.

3. to move violently and rapidly downward or forward

Plunge

82

1 to value highly, esteem 

Prize v.

83

1 a thrusting blow, especially with the fist. (v)

2.
forcefulness, effectiveness, or pungency in content or appeal; power; zest: a letter to voters that needs more punch.

 

1.  strike, hit; drub, pummel. 

Punch

84

1 of, pertaining to, marked by, or favoring reaction,  especially extreme conservatism or rightism in politics; opposing political or social change.

 

 ultraconservative.

-1, 2.  radical. 

Reactionary

85

1 negligent, careless, or slow in performing one's duty, business, etc.: He's terribly remiss in his work.

2.
characterized by negligence or carelessness.
3.
lacking force or energy; languid; sluggish.

 

 
1, 2.  derelict, thoughtless, lax, slack, neglectful. 3.  dilatory, slothful, slow. 

Remiss

86

1 a title, heading, direction, or the like, in a manuscript, book, statute, etc., written or printed in red or otherwise distinguished from the rest of the text.

2.
a direction for the conduct of divine service or the administration of the sacraments, inserted in liturgical books.
3.
any established mode of conduct or procedure; protocol.
4.
an explanatory comment; gloss.
5.
a class or category

Rubric

87

1 the following of one thing after another; succession.

2.
order of succession: a list of books in alphabetical sequence.
3.
a continuous or connected series: a sonnet sequence.
4.
something that follows; a subsequent event; result; consequence.

 

1. See series. 2.  arrangement. 4.  outcome, sequel. 

Sequence

88

1 able to pay all just debts.

2.


having the power of dissolving; causing solution. 

Solvent

89

1 of or pertaining to the school of philosophy founded by Zeno, who taught that people should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and submit without complaint to unavoidable necessity.

Stoic

90

1 to pray humbly; make humble and earnest entreaty or petition.

 

 

2.  implore, crave, solicit, beseech. See appeal. 

Supplicate

91

1 lacking in self-assurance, courage, or bravery; easily alarmed; timorous; shy.

2.
characterized by or indicating fear: a timid approach to a problem.

 

 fearful, fainthearted. See cowardly. 

Timid

92

1 offense; annoyance; displeasure: to feel umbrage at a social snub; to give umbrage to someone; to take umbrage at someone's rudeness.

2.
the slightest indication or vaguest feeling of suspicion, doubt, hostility, or the like.
3.
leaves that afford shade, as the foliage of trees.

-gücenme alınma kızma, gölge

  pique, grudge, resentment.

 

 

Umbrage

93

1being truly or very much so: a veritable triumph.

2. being such practically or in effect

3. true, real, utter, absolute

 

real, genuine; utter. See authentic. 

Veritable

94

1 to interlace (threads, yarns, strips, fibrous material, etc.) so as to form a fabric or material.

2. to form by interlacing threads, yarns, strands, or strips of some material: to weave a basket; to weave cloth.
3. to form by combining various elements or details into a connected whole: to weave a tale; to weave a plan.
4. to introduce as an element or detail into a connected whole (usually followed by in  or into ): She wove an old folk melody into her latest musical composition.
5. to direct or move along in a winding or zigzag course; move from side to side, especially to avoid obstructions: to weave one's way through traffic.

 contrive, fabricate, construct, compose. 4.  insert, intermix, intermingle. 

Weave