Dermatologic Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dermatologic Drugs Deck (10):
0

Isotretinoin
(Functional Classification)

Antiacne agent, retinoid

1

Isotretinoin
(Uses)

Severe recalcitrant nodulocystic acne

2

Isotretinoin
(Contraindications)

Hypersensitivity, inflamed skin
Pregnancy (X)

3

Lindane
(Functional Classification)

Scabicide, pediculicide

4

Lindane
(Chemical Classification)

Chlorinated hydrocarbon (synthetic)

5

Lindane
(Mechanism of Action)

Stimulates nervous system of arthropods, resulting in seizures, death

6

Lindane
(Uses)

Scabies, lice (head/pubic/body), nits in those intolerant to or who do not respond to other agents

7

Lindane
(Contraindications)

Hypersensitivity, patients with known seizure disorders, Norwegian (crusted) scabies
Premature neonate; inflammation of skin, abrasions, skin breaks; seizure disorder

8

Lindane
(Side Effects)

CNS: tremors, SEIZURES, CNS TOXICITY, stimulation, dizziness (Chronic inhalation of vapors), anxiety, insomnia
CV: VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION (chronic inhalation of vapors)
GI: Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea, liver damage (inhalation of vapors)
GU: KIDNEY DAMAGE (chronic inhalation of vapors)
HEMA: APLASTIC ANEMIA (chronic inhalation of vapors), MYELOSUPPRESSION
INTEG: Pruritus, Rash, Irritation, Contact Dermatitis

9

Lindane
(Nursing Considerations)

ASSESS:
-Skin for abrasions, breaks, inflammation; don not use on these areas
-INFESTATION: head, hair for lice, nits before and after treatment; if scabies present, check all skin surfaces; identify source of infection: school, family, sexual contacts

PERFORM/PROVIDE:
-Isolation until areas on skin, scalp have cleared, treatment completed
-Removal of nits with fine-toothed comb rinsed in vinegar after treatment; use gloves