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2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Different Sentence Types > Flashcards

Flashcards in Different Sentence Types Deck (32):
1

Verbs of Conditional clauses

Subjunctive following sequence of tenses (some are indicative)

2

Purpose clauses introduced by

Ut/ne

3

Verbs of purpose clauses

Subjunctive following sequence of tenses

4

What is an indirect statement

Someone reporting an already occurred action

5

Verbs of indirect statement

Infinitive
And subject is accusative

6

Subordinate clauses in indirect statements

In subjunctive following sequence of tenses

7

Hortatory Subjunctive formed

(Usually) 1st person present Subjunctive

Let us!

8

Jussive subjunctive formed

(Usually) 3rd person present subjunctive

Let them!

9

Negative of hortatory and Jussive subjunctives

Ne...

10

What is potential subjunctive

A normal sentence but expressing uncertainty

11

Future time of potential subjunctive

Present (sometimes perfect) subjunctive

12

Present time of potential subjunctive

Present (sometimes perfect) subjunctive

13

Past time of potential subjunctive

Imperfect subjunctive

14

Negative potential subjunctive

Non...

15

What is optative subjunctive

A desire/wish for the future

16

How is optative subjunctive formed

(Utinam/ut), but not necessary, +present subjunctive

17

Negative optative subjunctive

Utinam ne/ne

18

Optative subjunctive incapable of fulfilment, present time

(Utinam/ut), but not necessary, + imperfect subjunctive

19

Optative subjunctive incapable of fulfilment, past time

(Utinam/ut), but not necessary, + pluperfect subjunctive

20

Direct question introduced by

-ne
Or
An interrogative word (quis, quid, quando, quo, quo modo, cur, quam ob rem, unde)

21

Direct questions yes expected

Nonne...

22

Direct questions no expected

Num...

23

Double Direct questions

Utrum...an
-ne...an
...an

24

Indirect questions are formed by

Interrogative word + subjunctive (according to sequence of tenses, periphrastic for future)

25

Double indirect questions and second question is negative

Necne (more often than an non)

26

Conditional clauses introduced by

Si/nisi + ut/ne

27

What is a purpose clause

Latin: I fight in order to overcome the sailor
English: I fight to overcome the sailor

28

What are indirect statements a bit like

Like indirect statements (subjunctive like purpose clauses)
They depend on an indicative verb

29

What is an indirect command

English: I beg you to kill that man
Latin: I beg in order that you kill that man

Ut/ne + subjunctive

30

Verbs of indirect command

Present (for primary) or imperfect (for secondary) subjunctive

31

Deliberative subjunctive

Present or imperfect subjunctives used to deliberate about a course of action

Used in rhetorical questions

32

What should I have done?
What was I to do?

Quid facerem?

Past deliberative subjunctive