Impersonal Verbs Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Impersonal Verbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Impersonal Verbs Deck (16):
1

(Oportet; necesse est; licet) Their construction with: accusative and infinitive

Oportet/necesse est/licet ...me abire

It is necesary that/(for me to)...I go away; i must go away
it is necessary that...i go away; i must go away
it is permitted that...I go away; i can (am permitted to) go away

2

(necesse est; licet)Their construction with: dative and infinitive

Necesse est/licet ...mihi abire

It is necessary fro me to go away; i must go away
It is permitted for me to go ay; i can (am permitted to) go away

3

(necesse est; licet)Their construction with: Subjunctive clause introduced by ut (expressed or implied)

Necesse est/licet... (ut) abeam

It is necessary that I go away; i must go away
It is permitted that I go away; i can (am permitted to) go away

4

(Four Ways of expressing

I can (am permitted) to go away

Licet me abire
Licet mihi abire
Licet abeam
Licet ut abeam

These three ways can be used to express i must go away with "necesse est"

5

(Miseret; piget; taedet; paenitet; pudet) Their construction with: objective Genitive and Accusative

Miseret me doloris
Paenitet me sceleris

Take the genitive of the thing which arouses the feeling and the accusative of the person concerned

It pities me of (his) grief; i pity (his) grief
It repents me of (my) crime; I am sorry for (my) crime

6

Alternative to genitive And accusative construction

Instead of genitive: infinitive/quod clause/neuter pronoun -used to express the source of the feeling

-these are then the subject of the verb.

7

"Reading bores me" using infinitive clause

Legere me taedet

8

I am sorry that such great crimes have been committed in this state
Using quod clause

(The fact that such great crimes have been committed in this state repents me)
Me paenitet quod tanta scelera in hac civitate facta sunt

9

I am ashamed of this
Using a neuter pronoun

(This shames me)
Hoc me pudet

10

"Interest" and "refert"

"It concerns, it is of interest, it is in the interest of"


11

Expressing the thing which it concerns with "Interest" and "refert"

-Genitive of person concerned and an infinitive
-an ut clause
-demonstrative pronoun in the neuter singular

Instead of the genitive of the personal pronouns, these ablatives are used: mea, tua, sua, nostra, vestra

12

Ducis interest/refert opus conficere

It is in the interest of the leader to complete (his) work

13

Ducis interest/refert ut celeriter abeas

It is in the interest of the leader that you go away quickly
It concerns the leader that you go away quickly

14

Huc ducis interest/refert

This is in the interest of the leader

15

Mea interest/refert ut celeriter abeas

It is of interest (with respect to my [affair]) to me that you go away quickly
It concerns me that you go away quickly

Mea is modifying the noun re (first part of the verb refert)

16

What are they

Verbs only found in third person singular, infinitive, sometimes participle

Require "it"