Uses Of NAGDA Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Uses Of NAGDA > Flashcards

Flashcards in Uses Of NAGDA Deck (71):
1

Puellam curae culpat

He blames the girl for her concern
(genitive of the charge)

2

Nautam pecuniae damnavit

He sentenced the sailor [of money] to pay money
(genitive of the penalty)

3

Verbs of accusing and condemning

Genitive
Expresses the charge or penalty

4

Ablative without a preposition

Expresses the means/instrument by which something is done

5

How to express manner

Ablative modified by an adjective (with or without cum) = way/manner

Ablative not modified by an adjective + cum = way/manner

6

You heard my wretched words with indulgence

Verba misera cum venia audivisti

Ablative of manner

7

you heard my wretched words with great indulgence

Verba misera magna (cum) venia audivisti

Ablative of manner

8

The sailors fight with swords
We see by means of our eyes
He frightened the women with a torch

"With" here is equivalent to "by means of"

Nautae gladiis pugnant
Oculis videmus
Feminas taeda terruit

Ablative of means (instrument)

9

Person who performs a passive verb

Ablative of personal agent

Expressed in the ablative, preceded by a(ab)

Note that this is a person and not an object (ablative of means)

10

The girl is frightened by the queen

Puella a regina terretur

Ablative of personal agent

11

The personal agent

A(ab) + ablative case

12

The personal agent of the passive periphrastic

Expressed by the dative case without a preposition

13

The poet must be seen by the queen

Poeta reginae videndus est

Reginae is in dative case

(Dative of agent with the passive periphrastic)

14

The possessor with forms of the verb "sum"

Dative is used to show possession

Possessor is put in the dative case

15

The crown is the queen's

Corona est reginae

Reginae is dative

(Dative of the possessor)

16

The friend has a book

Liber est amico

Amico is dative

(Dative of possessor)

17

What are verbs that express or imply separation or deprivation accompanied by

Accompanied by the ablative case

A(ab), e(ex), de are sometimes used, often the ablative is alone

Ablative of separation

18

The men freed the inhabitants of the island from slavery

Homines incolas insulae SERVITUTE liberaverunt

(Ablative of separation)

19

Oedipus, because he was not free from care, deprived himself of his eyes

Oedipus, quod liber (e) CURA non erat, se OCULIS privavit

20

What does the verb "careo" take?

Takes an ablative of separation

21

How to express origin or descent

Ablative

22

How to express place from which

A(ab), e(ex), de + ablative

Names of towns, cities, small islands; "domus," "rus" take no preposition.

23

He came from Italy

He came from Rome

Ab italia venit

Roma venit

24

Aeneas is the son from a goddess

Aeneas (e) dea natus est

25

How is place to which expressed

Ad + accusative

No preposition used for names of towns, cities, small islands; "domus," "rus"

26

How is Accompaniment expressed

cum + ablative

27

He comes to the city with his friend

Ad urbem cum amico venit

(ablative of accompaniment)

28

Ad urbem mecum venit

He comes to the city with me

(Ablative of accompaniment)

29

How is time when expressed

Ablative

30

How is time within which exressed

ablative

31

Illo tempore miser erat

At that time he was unhappy

(ablative of time when)

32

Quinque annis hoc opus perficiet

Within five years he will complete this task

(ablative of time within which)

33

how is duration of time expressed

accusative

answers the question "for how long?"

34

how is extent of space expressed

accusative

answers the question "for how long?"

35

Quinque annos miser erat

for five years he was unhappy

(accusative of duration of time)

36

quinque pedes ad dextram ambulavit

he walked five feet to the right

(accusative of extent of space)

37

the respect with which a statement is true is expressed by

ablative

38

Haec femina specie pulchra est

This woman is beautiful in (respect to) appearance

(ablative of respect)

39

In my opinion, they will accomplish nothing

In RESPECT TO my opinion..

Mea sententia nihil perficient

(ablative of respect)

40

double dative

two datives appearing in close proximity

-one denotes the purpose with reference to which the action/idea expressed in the clause occurs
-the other denotes the person or thing with reference to whom or which the action/idea is relevant

41

Filii matri fructui sunt

The sons are (for the purpose of) an asset (with reference) to their mother
-the sons are an asset to their mother

(double dative)

42

he came to the city to save me

for the purpose of...with reference to

Ad urbem saluti mihi venit

(double dative)

43

The opinion of the evil man was a danger to the state

for the purpose of...with reference

Opinio mali periculo erat civitati

(double dative)

44

How to make comparisons

with quam "than", has the same case before it as after it

or ablative + the comparative adjective

45

He said that his father was taller than the guest

Dixit patrem esse altiorem quam hospitem

(comparison with quam)

46

pater est altior quam egoo

the father is taller than I

(comparison with quam)

47

Pater eius est altior hospite

His father is taller than the guest

(ablative of comparison)

48

How to express degree of difference

ablative used to express the degree in which two things differ

found with the superlative when there is an implicit comparative judgement being made

49

His father is taller than the guest by a foot

Pater eius est pede altior hospite
Pater eius est pede altior quam hospes

50

Nunc multo felicior est

Now he is much happier

51

He is by far the best of all who are fighting

Multo optimus ex omnibus pugnantibus est

52

how to express a whole group

genitive (the word on which the genitive depends expresses the part)

or e(ex)/de + ablative (especially when the part is a cardinal numeral)

53

the bravest of all the soldiers came to me

Fortissimus omnium militum ad me venit


(partitive genitive)

54

Multi hominum opiniones sapientium laudant

Many of the men praise the opinions of the wise

(partitive genitive)

55

Quinque ex militibus domum venerunt

Five of the soldiers came home

(ablative partitive)

56

HE has enough money

SAtis pecuniae habet

57

He has more money than you

Plus pecuniae habet quam tu

58

How is cause expressed

ablative

or "ob"/"propter" + accusative

translated as "because of"

59

Clamare gaudio coepit

She began to shout because of joy

(Ablative of Cause)

60

They were praised because of their beauty

Forma laudabantur

(Ablative of Cause)

61

Propter metum feminas interfecit

He killed the women on account of fear

62

How is Description expressed (quality of another noun)

noun in ABLATIVE or GENITIVE modified by an adjective

63

A man of great wisdom (two ways)

Vir magna sapientia/Vir magnae sapientiae

(Ablative and Genitive of Description)

64

verbal idea understood in nouns/adjectives of feeling or action

what is the object and subject

object of the verbal idea: objective genitive

noun that is its subject: subjective genitive

65

amor patriae

love of the native land

(objective genitive)
native land is loved, patriae is the object of the verbal idea understood in amor

66

metus belli

fear of war

(objective genitive)

67

desirous of money

cupidus(-a -um) pecuniae

(the subject desires money)

(objective genitive)

68

feminae amor patriae

the woman's love of her native land

(the woman is doing the loving and therefore feminae is the SUBJECTIVE GENITIVE) the woman (subject) loves her native land (object

69

how to give a characteristic

a genitive noun (can be modified by an adjective)

"It is the mark of"

70

Hominis sapientis est libros legere

IT is the mark of a wise man to read books

71

It is the mark of a good man to praise the gods

Boni est deos laudare