Vocab: English-Latin 1-12 Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Vocab: English-Latin 1-12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab: English-Latin 1-12 Deck (407):
1

Crown, wreath

Corona -ae1F

2

Water

Aqua, -ae 1F

3

With

Cum (+ablative)

4

Care, concern, anxiety

Cura -ae1F

5

Concerning, about, (down) from

De (+abl)

6

Out of, from

E(ex) (+ablative)

7

Indeed, of course, for

Enim

8

And

Et-que

9

Both...and

Et...et

10

Even

Et (as an adverb)

11

Talk, report, rumor, fame, reputation

Fama -ae1F

12

Woman

Femina -ae1F

13

Form, shape, figure, beauty

Forma -ae1F

14

Into, onto

In + accusativeMotion towards

15

In, on

In + ablativePlace where

16

Island

Insula -ae1F

17

Sailor

Nauta -ae1M

18

How to indicate a question

-ne

19

Not

Non (adverb)

20

Native land, country

Patria -ae1F

21

Money

Pecunia -ae1F

22

Penalty, punishment

Poena -ae1F

23

To pay a penalty

Poenas dare

24

Poet

Poeta -ae1M

25

Gate

Porta -ae1F

26

Queen

Regina -ae1F

27

But

Sed

28

Torch

Taeda -ae1F

29

Crowd, uproar

Turba -ae1F

30

Way, road, path, street

Via -ae1F

31

Dinner

Cena -ae1F

32

Consul

Consul -consulis3M

33

Desirous, eager, fond of

+ genitiveCupidus -a -um1,2Adjective

34

Riches, wealth

Divitiae -arum (only plural)1F

35

Leader, guide

Dux, ducis3M/F

36

Household, family

Familia -ae1F

37

River, running water

Flumen -inis3N

38

Open space, market place, public square

Forum -i2N

39

Commander, general

Imperator -oris3M

40

Youth, young person

Iuvenis -iuvenis3M/F

41

Ship

Navis -is -ium3F

42

Speaker

Orator -oris3M

43

Parent

Parens, parentis3M/F

44

Poor

Pauper, pauperis3Adjective

45

Reward

Praemium -i2N

46

Wicked deed, crime

Scelus, sceleris3N

47

Statue

Statua -ae1F

48

As, when (+indicative)

Ut

49

Other, another

Alius -a -ud

50

One...another

Alius...alius

51

Some...others

Alii..alii

52

The other (of two)

Alter, altera, alterum

53

At, near, among, at the house of

Apud + accusative

54

Skill, art

Ars, artis, artiumF

55

Boldness, courage

Audacia -ae1F

56

Bold, courageous

Audax, audacis3Adjective

57

Aid

Auxilium -i2N

58

Certain, sure

Certus -a -um1,2Adjective

59

Uncertain, unsure

Incertus -a -um1,2Adjective

60

Guardian

Custos -odis3M

61

Figure, form, shape

Figura -ae1F

62

Pact, treaty, agreement

Foedus, foederis3N

63

Flight

Fuga, fugae1F

64

Joy

Gaudium -i2N

65

Race, people

Gens, gentis, -ium3F

66

Now, by this time, already, soon

Iam

67

Journey, route

Iter, itineris3N

68

Husband, wife,spouse

Coniunx, coniugis3M/F

69

Custom, plural: character

Mos, moris3M

70

Neither

Neuter, neutra, neutrum 1,2Adjective

71

No,none

Nullus, nulla, nullum1,2Adjective

72

Ring, orb, circle

Orbis, orbis -ium3M

73

Circle of land, the world

Orbis terrarum

74

Part

Pars, partis -ium3F

75

On account of, because of

Propter + accusative

76

How much, how great

Quantus -a -um1,2Adjective

77

How many

Quot

78

Signal, sign

Signum -i2N

79

Sun

Sol, solis3M

80

Alone, only

Solus -a -um1,2Adjective

81

So much, so great

Tantus -a -um1,2Adjective

82

As/so much...asAs/so great..as

Tantus...quantusQuantus...tantus

83

So many

Tot

84

As many...as

Tot...quotQuot...tot

85

All, whole

Totus -a -um1,2Adjective

86

Any

Ullus -a -um1,2Adjective

87

One, alone

Unus -a -um1,2Adjective

88

Which (of two)

Uter, utra, utrum1,2Adjective

89

Manliness, courage, excellence, virtue

Virtus -tutis3F

90

Friendship

Amicitia -ae1F

91

Fall, accident, occurrence, chance

Casus -us4M

92

Counsel, plan, advice

Consilium, -i2N

93

Cruel (adjective of two)

Crudelis -eAdjective of two

94

Mad, raving

Demens, dementis3Adjective

95

Easy

Facilis -e3Adjective

96

Difficult

Difficilis -e3Adjective

97

Slender, unadorned, simple

Gracilis -e3Adjective

98

Guest, host

Hospes -itis3M

99

Humble, lowly

Humilis -e3Adjective

100

Praise

Laus, laudis3F

101

Greatly

Magnopere Adverb

102

Ancestors

Maiores -um (plural only)3M

103

Badly

Male Adverb

104

Mars

Mars, Martis3M

105

Much, very

MultumAdverb

106

For

Nam

107

Hatred

Odium -i2N

108

Too little, not enough

Parum AdverbIndeclinable adjective

109

Little, small

Parvus -a -um1/2Adjective

110

Before, previously

PriusAdverb

111

As soon as possible

Quam primum

112

Nearest, next

Proximus -a -um1/2Adjective

113

Than (in comparisons)

Quam

114

Often

SaepeAdverb

115

Wise

Sapiens -ntis3Adjective

116

Wisdom

Sapientia -ae1F

117

Enough

SatisAdverbIndeclinable adjective

118

Serene, calm

Serenus -a -um1/2

119

Like, similar (to)

+genitive/dativeSimilis -e3

120

Dissimilar, unlike

+genitive/dativeDissimilis -e

121

Highest, top (of)

Summus -a -um

122

Suppliant, humble

Supplex, supplicis3

123

So

Tam

124

So...asAs...as

Tam...quam

125

Temple

Templum -i2N

126

Safe

Tutus -a -um

127

Withdraw, take oneself

Se recipere

128

Or (introducing the second part of a double question)

An

129

Breeze, wind, air

Aura, aeF

130

Companion

Comes, comitis M/F

131

Abundance, supply Plural: troops

Copia -aeF

132

Why, for what reason

Cur

133

Horrible, rough

Horridus -a -umAdjective

134

Of an enemy, hostile

Hostilis -eAdjective

135

There, then

IbiAdverb

136

Same

Idem, eadem, idem

137

Immortal, everlasting

Immortalis -eAdjective

138

Self, very

Ipse, ipsa, ipsum

139

That (of yours)That (with perjorstive sense)

Iste, ista, istud

140

Command, order

Iussum -iNThe ablative is issu "by order"

141

Way, manner, limit, kind

Modus -iM

142

In what way, how

Quo modo

143

Or not (generally used as the second part of a double indirect statement)

Necne

144

In a direct question anticipates the answer "yes"

Nonne

145

In a direct question anticipates the answer "no"

Num

146

Whether

Num (in a direct question)

147

Secretly

Occulte

148

Power, strengthPl: resources, wealth

Ops, opisF

149

Few

Pauci -ae -a

150

How long

Quamdiu

151

When, since

Quando

152

By what means, why, and therefore

Quare

153

Because

Quia

154

A certain one, a certain thing

Quidam, quaedam, quiddam (pronoun)

155

Certain

Quidam, quaedam, quoddam (adjective)

156

Lot, destiny

Sors, sortis, -iumF

157

As if, as, as it were

Tamquam

158

At last, at length

Tandem

159

Where, when

Ubi

160

From where

Unde

161

I wish!, would that!, If only!

Utinam

162

Whether

Utrum

163

Whether...orX3

Utrum...an-ne...an--...an

164

Whether...or not (in direct double questions)X3

Utrum...an non-ne...an non--...an non

165

Whether...or not (in indirect double questions)X3

Utrum...necne-ne...necne--...necne

166

Whether (introducing a single indirect question)

An

167

(Away) from, by

+ablativeA, ab (a +consonant, b+ vowel or h)

168

To, towards

Ad

169

Soul, spirit, life force

Anima, -aeF

170

Altar

Ara -aeF

171

Storeroom, (small) room

Cella, -aeF

172

Guilt, fault

Culpa -aeF

173

Glory, renown

Gloria -aeF

174

Inhabitant

Incola, -aeM (occasionally F)

175

Ambush, plot, treachery

Isidiae, -arumF(Used only in plural)

176

Envy, jealousy

Invidia, -aeF

177

Tear (of water)

Lacrima -aeF

178

Moon, moonlight

Luna, -aeF

179

Delay

Mora -aeF

180

Nature

Natura, -aeF

181

And not, nor

Neque, nec

182

Neither...nor

Neque (nec)... Neque (nec)

183

Nothing

Nihil or nilN

184

Unless, if...not, except

Nisi

185

Harm, injury

Noxa -aeF

186

Now

Nunc

187

Through

+accusativePer

188

Province

Provincia -aeF

189

Girl

Puella -aeF

190

Always

Semper

191

Feeling, thought, opinion

Sententia, -aeF

192

If

Si

193

Under (going to place)

sub +accusative

194

Under (at/in place)

Sub + ablative

195

Earth, land

Terra -aeF

196

Wave

Unda -aeF

197

Life

Vita -aeF

198

Bitter, harsh

Acerbus -a -um

199

Field

Ager, agriM

200

War

Bellum, -iN

201

Good

Bonus -a -um

202

Blind, hidden, secret

Caecus -a -um

203

Plain, level surface

Campus, -iM

204

Bright, clear, famous

Clarus -a -um

205

Right (not left), favourable

Dexter, dextra, dextrum

206

Right hand

Dextra -aeF

207

To the right

Ad dextram

208

Diligence

Diligentia -aeF

209

Gift

Donum -iN

210

Sword

Gladius -iM

211

Happy

Laetus -a -um

212

Free

Liber, libera, liberum

213

Large, big, great

Magnus -a -um

214

Evil, bad, wicked

Malus -a -um

215

Marcus (proper name)

Marcus -iM

216

Miserable, unhappy, wretched

Miser misera miserum

217

Much, many

Multus -a -um

218

Son

Natus -iM

219

In order that...not

Ne (purpose clause)

220

That...not

Ne (indirect command)

221

Eye

Oculus -iM

222

Boy; child

Puer, pueriM

223

Beautiful

Pulcher pulchra pulchrum

224

Roman

Romanus -a -um

225

Rock, stone

Saxum -iN

226

Slave

Servus -iM

227

In order that

Ut (in purpose clauses)

228

That

Ut (in indirect commands)

229

Strong, healthy

Validus -a -um

230

Cloth, covering, sail

Velum -iN

231

To set sale

Vela dare

232

Indulgence, favour, kindness, (obliging) disposition

Venia -aeF

233

Wind

Ventus -iM

234

Word

Verbum -iN

235

Man

Vir, viriM

236

Eternal

Aeternus -a -um

237

High, tall, deep

Altus -a -um

238

Friendly

+ dativeAmicus -a -um

239

Unfriendly, hostile

+dativeInimicus -a -um

240

Heaven, sky

Caelum -iN

241

Dear

+ dativeCarus -a -um

242

Food

Cibus -iM

243

Around

+ accusative Circum

244

A god, deity

Deus, deum, dei, deo deoDi, deos, deorum/deum, dis, disM

245

Goddess

Dea -aeF

246

Deed

Factum -iN

247

Son

Filius -iM

248

Daughter

Filia -aeF

249

Respected, honourable, distinguished

Honestus -a -um

250

Book

Liber, libriM

251

Letter (of the alphabet)Pl letter (epistle)

Littera -aeF

252

Table

Mensa -aeF

253

Town

Oppidum -iN

254

Danger

Periculum -iN

255

Because

Quod

256

Realm, Kingdom

Regnum -iN

257

Enthusiasm, zeal

Studium -iN

258

Roof, house

Tectum -iN

259

Shadow

Umbra -aeF

260

Urn

Urna -aeF

261

True, real

Verus -a -um

262

Truly, indeed

Vere/vero

263

Country house, farmhouse

Villa -aeF

264

Before, in front of

+ accusativeAnte

265

Before, previously

Ante (adverb)

266

Ancient

Antiquus -a -um

267

Arms, weapons

Arma -orumN Plural

268

Golden, of gold

Aureus -a -um

269

However, moreover

Autem

270

Well

Bene

271

Master, lord

Dominus -iM

272

Hard, harsh

Durus -a -um

273

Iron, sword

Ferrum -iN

274

Flame, fire

Flamma -aeF

275

Authority, power, empire

Imperium -iN

276

Superior, director, master, teacher

Magister, magistriM

277

Middle of, middle

Medius -a -um

278

Soon

Mox

279

New, strange

Novus -a -um

280

Never

Numquam/nunquam

281

Ever

Umquam/unquam

282

Loyal, dutiful, pious

Pius -a -um

283

Irreverent, wicked, impious

Impius -a -um

284

People

Populus -iM

285

After, behind

+accusative Post

286

Afterwards, after, behind

Post (adverb)

287

After + indicative

Postquam

288

Although + indicative

Quamquam

289

Fall, downfall, ruin, desuction

Ruina -aeF

290

Without

+ablative Sine

291

Ally

Socius -iM

292

Allied

Socius -a -um

293

Nevertheless

Tamen (adverb)

294

Animal

Animal, -alis, -iumN

295

Athens

Athenae, -arumF(Plural)

296

And

Atque or ac

297

Dawn

Aurora -aeF

298

Body

Corpus, corporisN

299

For a long time

Diu

300

House, home

Domus -iF

301

Copy, model, example

Exemplar -aris -iumN

302

Example

Exemplum -iN

303

Brother

Frater, fratrisM

304

Human being, man

Homo, hominisM

305

Fire

Ignis, ignis, -iumI-stem but the ablative singular can be -e or -iM

306

Italy

Italia -aeF

307

Juno

Iuno, ionionisF

308

Jupiter

Iuppiter, IovisM

309

Light (neuter version)

Lumen, luminisN

310

Sea

Mare, maris, -iumN

311

Mother

Mater, matrisF

312

Mind, disposition, intellect

Mens, mentis, -iumF.

313

Soldier

Miles, militisM

314

(City) walls

Moenia, moenium (plural)N

315

Mountain

Mons, montis, -iumM

316

Not only...but also

Non solum...sed etiam

317

Night

Nox, noctis, -iumF

318

Father

Pater, patrisM

319

King

Rex, regisM

320

Rome

Roma -aeF

321

Rumor, gossip

Rumor -orisM

322

Country (the countryside)

Rus, rurisN

323

Sound, healthy, sane

Sanus -a -um

324

Slavery

Servitus, servitutisF

325

Constellation, star; heaven

Sidus, siderisN

326

Sister

Soror -orisF

327

Fear, dread x2

Timor, timorisM

328

City

Urbs, urbis, -iumF

329

Liveliness, activity, vigor

Vigor, -orisM

330

Force, power; strength in plural

Singular: Vis, --Plural: vires, viriumF

331

love

amor, amorisM

332

year

annus -iM

333

Asia

Asia -aeF

334

producer, founder, author

auctor -orisM

335

citizen

civis, civis, -iumM or F

336

I

ego, mei

337

end, boundary, limit

finis, finis, -iumM

338

descent, origin, race, sort

genus, generis,N

339

this, the latter

hic, haec, hoc

340

hour, season

hora, -aeF

341

enemy, public enemy

hostis, hostis, -iumM

342

that, the former

ille, illa, illud

343

this, that ; he, she, it

is, ea, id

344

place, spot

locus -iM in singularN in plural

345

my, mine, my own

meus -a -um

346

death

mors, mortis, -iumF

347

our, ours, our own

noster, nostra, nostrum

348

work

opus, operisN (even though it ends in -us)

349

there is need of

opus estwhat is needed is put in the Nominative, Ablative, or occasionally Genitive caseperson in need is in Dative

350

who, which, that

qui, quae, quod

351

which, what

qui, quae, quod

352

five

quinque

353

who, what

quis, quid

354

health, safety

salus, -utisF

355

say hello, greet

salutem dicere

356

himself, herself, itself, themselves

--, sui

357

his own, her own, its own, their own

suus -a -um

358

time, period, season

tempus -orisN

359

you

tu, tui

360

your, yours, your own (singular)

tuus -a -um

361

your, yours, your own (plural)

vester, vestra, vestrum

362

voice

vox, vocis F

363

sharp, keen, fierce

acer, acris, acreadjective of three

364

song, poem, incantation

carmen -inisN

365

citizenship; state

civitas, civitatisF

366

day

dies -eiM

367

house, home

domus -us/iF

368

sweet, pleasant

dulcis -eadjective of two

369

happy, fortunate

felix, felicis adjective of one

370

unhappy, unfourtunate

infelix -icisadjective of one

371

faith, trust, trustworthiness

fides -eiF

372

strong, brave

fortis, -eadjective 2

373

cold

frigidus -a -um

374

enjoyment; fruit, profit

fructus -usM

375

to be a profit, be an asset to

(for the purpose of) (+dative)fructui esse

376

heavy, severe, important

gravis -eadjective 2

377

huge

ingens, ingentisadjective 1

378

wrath, anger

ira, -aeF

379

freedom

libertas, libertatis F

380

shore, beach

litus, litorisN

381

long

longus -a -umadjective

382

far off, at a distance, far and wide

longeadverb

383

light

lux, lucisF

384

at the first light, at daybreak

prima luce

385

hand; band, troop

manus -usF

386

mindful, remembering

(+genitive)memor, memorisadjective 1

387

fear, dread

metus -usM

388

motion, movement

motus -usM

389

divinity, divine spirit

numen, numinisN

390

on account of which thing, for what reason, why

Quam ob rem

391

on account of

(+accusative)ob

392

every, all

omnis -eadjective 2

393

pinion

opinio -onisF

394

heart, breast

pectus -orisN

395

in front of, for, on behalf of, instead of, in return for

(+ablative)pro

396

fugitive, banished, exiled

profugus -a -umadjective

397

public

publicus -a -umadjective

398

thing, matter, affair, situation

res, reiF

399

state, republic

res publica

400

cruel

saevus -a -umadjective

401

sensation, feeling

sensus -usM

402

appearance

species -eiF

403

hope

Spes -eiabove, upperF

404

above, upper

superus -a -umadjective

405

the gods above

superi -orum (plural)M

406

head, top, summit; whirlpool, whirlwind

vertex, verticisM

407

Carrie

Carrie, Carris F