Cum Clauses Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Cum Clauses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cum Clauses Deck (19):
1

Verbs of such cum clauses

Most often in the subjunctive, they follow sequence of tenses after main verb

2

Cum used as a subordinating conjunction means

"When, since, although"

3

temporal "cum" clause and

the "cum" clause refers strictly to time and its action is coordinated with that of the main verb
"cum" is translated as "when" ("at the very time")

4

Circumstantial "cum" clause

the "cum" clause states the circumstances in which the action of the main verb takes place
"cum" is translated "when" ("under the circumstances of")

5

Tenses of Circumstantial "cum" clause

present/future time= indicative is used
past time = subjunctive is used

6

cum to videbo, felix eram

(at the very time) when I see you, I shall be happy

(temporal)

7

Cum to videbo, felix ero

Under the circumstances of my seeing you, I shall be happy
when I see you, I shall be happy

(circumstantial)

8

When I saw you, I was happy

Cum to viderem, felix eram

(circumstantial)

9

Causal "cum" clause

"cum" is translated as "since" or "because"
verb is always in the subjunctive

10

Since I had seen you, I was happy

Cum to vidissem, felix eram

(causal)

11

Concessive "cum" clauses

cum translates as "although"

"tamen"(nevertheless) may alert a concessive "cum"

verbs always in the subjunctive

12

Although I see you, I am happy

Cum to videam, felix sum

(concessive)

13

Tenses for the verbs in primary and secondary sequence
temporal
circumstantial
causal
concessive

1) indicative 2) indicative
1) indicative 2) subjunctive
1) subjunctive 2) subjunctive
1) subjunctive 2) subjunctive

14

Coniuge veniente, femina discedet

with "cum": When her husband comes, the woman will depart

Cum coniunx veniet, femina discedet

15

Coniuge veniente, femina discedet

with "cum": since/although her husband is coming, the woman will depart

cum coniunx veniat, femina discedet

16

Coniuge viso, femina discessit --->

Cum coniugem vidisset, femina discessit

When/after/since/although she saw (had seen) her husbands, the woman departed

17

other words that can be used to introduce temporal clauses

ut
ubi
postquam
quando
+indicative

="when"

18

other words that can be used to introduce causal clauses

quoniam, quando + indiactive (Almost always)
quod, quia + indicative/subjucntive

="since"

19

other words that can be used to introduce concessive clauses

quamquam, etsi + indicative
quamvis + subjunctive

="although"