Indirect Statements Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Indirect Statements > Flashcards

Flashcards in Indirect Statements Deck (20):
1

How to make a direct statement indirect

Make the (nominative) subject accusative

Make the finite verb and infinitive

Nothing else changes

2

The tense of the infinitive

Relative to that of the main verb

Present - action occurring at the same time as main verb
Perfect - action that prior to that of the main verb
Future - action which will occur subsequent to that of the main verb

3

Dicit auroram terras novo lumine spargere

He says that dawn is sprinkling the lands with new light

4

Dixit auroram terras novo lumine spargere

He said that dawn was sprinkling the lands with new light

5

Dicet auroram terras novo lumine spargere

He will say that dawn is sprinkling the land with new light

6

Dicit auroram terras novo lumine sparsisse

He says that dawn (sprinkled) has sprinkled the lands with new light

7

Dixit auroram terras novo lumine sparsisse

He said that dawn had sprinkled the lands with new light

8

Dicet auroram terras novo lumine sparsisse

He will say that dawn has sprinkled (sprinkled) the lands with new light

9

He says that dawn will sprinkle the lands with new light

Dicit auroram terras novo lumine sparsuram esse

10

He said that dawn would sprinkle the lands with new light

Dixit auroram terras novo lumine sparsuram esse

11

He will say that dawn will sprinkle the lands with new light

Dicet auroram terras novo lumine sparsuram esse

12

What is an indirect statement

The original speakers ideas reported by someone else

A statement that follows verbs that express actions that take place in the head such as saying, thinking, seeing, perceiving, knowing
- the statement is often introduced by the english word "that"

13

Subordinate clauses in indirect statements verbs

are in the subjunctive

their tense is determined using tense sequence

this is because the person reporting the statement does not claim responsibility that what the subject says is true

14

The man whom you see desires money

Vir quem vides pecuniam optat

15

I say that the man whom you see (may see) desires money

Dico virum quem videas pecuniam optare

(present subjunctive, primary sequence, simultaneous action after dico)

16

I said that the ma whom you saw (might be seeing) desired money

Dixi virum quem videres pecuniam optare

(imperfect subjunctive, secondary sequence, simultaneous action after dixi)

17

Vir quem vidisti (videbas) pecuniam optat

The man whom you saw desires money

18

Dico virum quem videris pecuniam optare

I say that the man whom you saw (may have seen) desires money

(perfect subjunctive, primary sequence, prior action after dico)

19

Dixi virum quem vidisses pecuniam optare

I said that the man whom you had seen (might have seen) desired money

(pluperfect subjunctive, secondary sequence, prior action after dixi)

20

Dico virum quem vides pecuniam optare

(use of the indicative rather than the subjunctive)

I say that the man whom YOU ACTUALLY SEE (and I accept responsibility for this statement) desires money