Infinitive Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Infinitive > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infinitive Deck (25):
1

Present active

are/ere/ere/ire

To desire

2

Present passive

Ari/eri/i/iri

To be desired

3

Perfect active

3rdPP + isse

To have desired

4

Perfect passive

4thPP (-us -a -um) + esse

To have been desired

5

Future active

Urus/ura/urum + esse

To be going to desire

6

Infinitives can also be translated as

Optare= To desire/desiring

7

What is an infinitive

Not limited by person, number, mood
Does show tense and voice

8

Complementary/object infinitive

Verbs that express ability, will, desire

Infinitives required to complete the idea of the verb

Object infinitives if they function as the direct object of the transitive verb

9

How should a present active infinitive be translated

To desire

10

How should a present passive infinitive be translated

To be desired

11

How should a perfect active infinitive be translated

To have desired

12

How should a perfect passive infinitive be translated

To have been desired

13

How should a future active infinitive be translated

To be going to desire

14

Future active periphrastic infinitive (+present)
How should it be translated

4PP (-urus -ura -urum) esse (same as the future active infinitive)

To be going to desire

15

Future active periphrastic infinitive (+perfect)
How should it be translated

4PP (-urus -ura -urum) + fuisse

To have been going to desire

16

Future passive periphrastic infinitive (+present)
How should it be translated

Present stem (-ndus -nda -ndum) + esse

To have to be desired

17

Future passive periphrastic infinitive (+perfect)
How should it be translated

Present stem (-ndus -nda -ndum) + fuisse

To have had to be desired

18

what actually is an infinitive

it is actually a neuter noun

19

videre est credere

to see is to believe
--> seeing is believing

20

if an infinitive is used as a noun it can be modified by

an adjective appearing in the neuter

21

Libros legere bonum est

reading books is a good thing
to read books is good
it is a good thing to read books

22

we know that reading books is a good thing

--> we know that to read books is good

Scimus bonum esse libros legere

(legere is the subject accusative of the infinitive esse)

23

The historical infinitive

Used instead of a finite verb, emphasise the pure verbal action rather than its agents

24

The subject of historical infinitive

In the nominative

25

In viis urbis heri currere, clamare, fortiter pugnare

In the streets of the city yesterday (men/they) were running, shouting, fighting, bravely

(Historical infinitive)