Uses Of NAGDA 13-18 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Uses Of NAGDA 13-18 Deck (18):
1

I persuade you

I am persuasive (with reference) to you

Tibi persuadeo

(Dative with certain intransitive verbs)

2

Dative with certain intransitive verbs

Transitive verbs in english are intransitive in latin

Credo, credere, credidi, creditus: be credulus, believe; be trusting, trust
Faveo, favere, favi, favitus: be favourable, favor
Ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotus: be forgiving, forgive, pardon
Impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus: give orders, command
Noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitus: be harmful, harm
Parco,parcere, peperci, parsus: be sparing, spare
Pareo, parere, parui, paritus: be obedient, obey
Placeo, placere, placui, placitus: be pleasing, please
Persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi, persuasus: be persuasive, persuade
Studeo, studere, studui, --: be zealous, study

3

What case is used in exclamations

Accusative!

4

Oh wasted land!
Unhappy boy!

Patriam perditam!
Puerum miserum!

(Accusative of exclamation)

5

Greek Accusative

Accusative (rather than ablative) of respect/specification
Used in poetry

The subject performs the action and experiences its effects. (Cingitur=he girds (a sword) on himself)

6

He girds on a sword

(He is girded with respect to a sword)

Ferrum cingitur

(Greek accusative)

7

What is the greek accusative often used for

Accusative of respect is often used to express the part affected. (Such as a body part)

8

Caput vulneratus est
Os pallore suffusa est

Wounded/suffused with respect to his head/her face

He was wounded in the head
She was suffused with pallor in her face

9

Adverbial accusative

When an accusative of respect functions adverbially

10

Maximam partem ille vir sapientissimus est

With respect to the greatest part, that man is very wise
For the most part that man is very wise

11

At that time a great number of legates came to the city

(With respect to that of time, a great number of legates came to the city)

Id temporis magnus numerus legatorum ad urbem venit

12

Multum laborat ut a civibus laudetur

He works with respect to much in order that he may be praised by the citizens
He works a lot in order that he may be prised by the citizens

13

Genitive of indefinite value

A few Neuter adjectives and some nouns that imply utter worthlessness are used in the Genitive case

Express the value of a person, thing, or situation
When that value is not specifically determined, or is indefinite

14

What kinds of verbs is the genitive of indefinite value used with

Verbs meaning "consider", "reckon", "value"

15

The neuter adjectives and nouns used in Genitive of Indefinite Value

All genitive:
Flocci
Assis
Nihili
Magni
Parvi
Tanti
Quanti
Pluris
Minoris
Permagni, maximi
Minimi
Plurimi

16

Ablative of price

Instrumental ablative (ablative of means) is used sith some expressions to express the price of something

17

Nemo est qui pace bellum mutet

There is no one who would (ex)change war by means of peace
There is no one who would exchange war for peace

(Ablative of price

18

He sold his country house at a great price

(He sold his house by means of a great price)
Villam suam magno (pretio) vendidit

(Ablative of price)