Independent Uses Of The Subjunctive Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Independent Uses Of The Subjunctive > Flashcards

Flashcards in Independent Uses Of The Subjunctive Deck (20):
1

Hortatory

present subjunctive is used to express an exhortation
mainly first person

veniamus!= let's come!

2

negative jussive and hortatory subjunctives

introduced by ne

3

ne hoc faciat!

Let him not do this!

4

what is Potential subjunctive

xpresses an action which might possibly or conceivably occur

5

Haec credas

you would (could, might) believe these things

(potential subjunctive)

6

present potentiality

present (sometimes perfect) subjunctive is used

7

future potentiality

present (sometimes perfect) subjunctive used

8

Fratrem mei misereri nolim

I would not wish my brother to pity me

(future potentiality)
(misereor takes genitive to express its object, objective genitive mei)

9

Dicas eum hominem bonum esse

you would say that he is a good man
you might say that he is a good man

(future potential)

10

how is past potential expressed

imperfect subjunctive

11

Crederes eum hominem bonum esse

you would have believed that he was a good man
you might have believed that he was a good man

(past potential)

12

negative of potential subjunctive

introduced by non

13

Optative subjunctive

A wish for the future which is capable of fulfilment

expressed by the present subjunctive
`

14

Optative subjunctive can be introduced by

utinam or ut

15

negative optative subjunctive

introduced by utinam ne or ne

16

Utinam veniat!

Would that he were coming!
I wish he would come!
If only he would come!

(optative subjunctive)

17

Optative subjunctive incapable of fulfillment

present time: imperfect subjunctive
past time: pluperfect subjucntive

18

Utinam veniret!

Would that he were coming!
I wish he were coming!
If only he were coming!

(optative, present unfulfillable)

19

Utinam venisset!

Would that he had come!
I wish he had come!
If only he had come!

(optative, past unfulfillable)

20

Jussive

present subjunctive used to express a command
mainly third person

veniat!= let him come!