Vocab Notes Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Vocab Notes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Notes Deck (90):
1

"De" (concerning/down from) always takes

The ablative

2

When "do" is used with an infinitive it means

Grants/allows

3

"Enim" (indeed, of course) placement

Can't be first word of a clause, usually it is the second

4

As an adverb "et" means

Even

5

"Est" can mean

"He/she/it is"
Or
"There is" (erat/eritwill be there was/there will be)

6

Fourth principal part of sum

Futurus (future active participle) "going to be"
As "to be" can't be passive

7

When "sum" is used as a linking verb

Same case proceeding and following it

8

The preposition "cum" (with) always takes

The ablative

9

How to say done "by" a person

A(ab)

10

How to say done "by" delay, "by" tears

Just ablative case

11

Case with "ad"

Accusative (the case of movement towards)

12

Case with "per"

Accusative

13

When does dubito mean hesitate and when doubt

Hesitate when used with an infinitive
Doubt otherwise

14

When does multus multa multum have its two meaning

Much- singular
Many - plural

15

What does oro may govern

Two accusatives:
-the thing begged for
-the person begged

16

He begged the queen for money

Reginam pecuniam oravit

17

How to use peto

If one asks someone for something, he is asking something FROM somebody
Therefore a(ab) + ablative

18

His son asked Marcus for a gift

Natus donum a Marco petivit

19

How to say fight against

Pugno + cum

20

Pugno + cum

Means fight against, NOT fight with

21

Gratias agere

'To thank' someone

22

I thanked the queen

Gratias reginae egi

23

How to send something to someone

Mitto
Ad + accusative (not dative alone)

24

How to point something out to someone

monstro
Dative case

25

I shall point out the queen to the man

Reginam viro monstrabo

26

Passive of "video" (see)

Seem or be seem

27

Ante governs what case

Accusative case

28

Autem's placement

Postpositive conjunction

Cannot be the first word in a clause

29

Debeo + infinitive

Ought

30

Impero governs what case

Governs the dative case

31

How to give a command to someone that he do something

Ut/ne + subjunctive + impero

The person ordered is in the dative

32

I order the woman to sing

Feminae ut canat impero

33

Perfect tenses of nosco/cognosco

Mean know
When someone has learned something he knows it

34

Post...quam

Just means "postquam"(after)

35

Multi socii Romanis in magno bello pugnaverunt


Two ways

Many (men) allied to the Romans fought in the great war

Many men fought in the great war as allies to the Romans

36

Et domini et servi pii ad aras deorum venerunt

Two ways

Both the dutiful masters and slaves came to the altars of the gods
Both the masters and slaves came to the altars of the gods as dutiful men

37

Careo governs what case

Ablative case

38

Opus est governs what cases

what is needed is put in the Nominative, Ablative, or occasionally Genitive case

person in need is in Dative

39

locus is masculine in singular but neuter in plural
If plural masculine locus does occur what does it mean?

refers to passages of literature or the points of an argument.

40

suffix -tas -tatis

a feminine endings of abstract nouns which indicates a quality or state

civitas -tatis: the "state of being a citizen" = "citizenship, state"
libertas -tatis: the "state of being free" = "freedom"

41

the two masculine nouns in the fifth declension

dies, diei (and a compound of dies)

42

meaning of feminine singular of dies

(it is mainly male)
used when a specific day is meant, or reference to time in general
such as longa dies "a long day"

43

when fructus -us M is used in the dative with sum

fructui esse = "to be an asset to"

44

Nauta reginae fructui erat

the saior was an asset to the queen

45

iacto

"throw" but also "boast"

46

Iubeo construction

only verb of ordering that does not use the construction for an indirect command (ut/ne + subjunctive)

rather, it uses an infinitive + accusative subject

47

the queen ordered the sailors to set sail

regina nautas vela dare iussit

48

to seek something from someone

a(ab)/de/ex + quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus

49

we asked that you not go home

quaesivimus ne domum ires

(quaero may introduce an indirect command)

50

we sought money from our friends

Pecuniam ab/de/ex amicis quaesivimus

51

Maiores, maiorum (the plural) means

ancestors

52

Quam can mean

how in exclamatory sense
with comparative= than
with superlative= as...as possible
feminine accusative singular relative pronoun/interrogative adjective

53

Quam pulchra est!

how beautiful she is!

54

Nam omnis populus regem timuit

for all the people feared the king

55

adjectives are sometimes better translated as
Humiles in tectum domini venimus

adverbs
"we, humble, came into the house of the master" = "we came humbly into the master's house"

56

They approached first

--> they were the first to approach

primi accesserunt

57

What is proximus found with

often found with the daive

58

He was nearest the crowd

Proximus turbae fuit

59

what do similis and dissimilis govern

genitive or dative

60

we saw the animal on the top of the mountain

Animal in summo monte vidimus

61

what is so sweet as to having a very dear friend

having ---> to have

Quid est tam dulce quam habere amicum carissimum

62

What does doceo govern

may govern two accusatives: that which is being taught, and the person being taught

63

We wish to teach many things to our children

Multa natos docere optamus

64

Fero in the third person can mean

"say, report"

65

Auctorem clarissimum inillo tecto ferunt vixisse

They say that the very famous author lived in that house

66

The very famous author is said to have lived in that house

Auctor clarissimus in illo tecto vixisse fertur

67

what does "iam" depend on

what does it mean

depends on the tense of the verb for its meaing
present tense= "now"
past tense= "up to now, already, by this time"
future: "soon"

68

Mos meaning in singular

custom

69

mos (mores) mean in plural

character (our customs make up our character)

70

virtus, virtutis meaning

"the state of being a man" = "manliness, courage, excellene, virtue"

71

what is credo, credere, credidi, creditus
what does it govern

intransitive verb which means "be trusting"
governs the dative case

we translate it as "believe, trust"

72

what does cupidus-a-um govern

an objective genitive

73

He was desirous of power

Cupidus imperii erat

74

Amicos hortati sumus ne huic homini crederent

we urged our friends not to believe this man

75

exceptions from the i-stem rule

iuvenis, iuvenis
parens, parentis

76

Do you want courage more than beauty?

Vitutemne forma mavis?

(malo governing an accusative and ablative of comparison)

77

Do you prefer courage to beauty?

Virtutemne forma mavis?

(malo governing an accusative and ablative of comparison)

78

minor meaning "threaten" governs what case (complex)

threaten something (Accusative) to a person/thing (dative)
threaten person/thing (dative) with something(ablative)

79

The leader threatened the impious men with death (two ways)

Dux mortem impiis minatus est

Dux impiis morte minatus est

80

when "ut" is used with the indicative it means

"as" or "when"

81

Utor, uti, usus sum governs what case

ablative case

82

did you use your sword

Ferro usus es?

83

what deponents govern the ablative case

utor, uti, usus sum
fruor, frui, fructus sum
fungor, fungi, functus sum
potior, potiri, potitus sum
vescor, vesci, --,

84

The slaves took themselves to the altars of the gods

servi se ad deorum aras receperunt

85

Ops, opis in singular and plural

singular: power, strength, help
plural: "resources, wealth"

86

Te rogavi ne id faceres

I asked you that you not do that

rogo can mean to make a demand from someone as well as "Ask"

87

Te pecuniam rogo

I ask you for money

88

suffixes -ax -idus -ulus -ivus express

the action of the verb as a quality or tendency

89

suffixes -ilis -bilis express

passive qualities and occasionally active ones

90

suffixes -bundus -cundus express

a continuance of the act or quality expressed by the verb