Ablative Absolute Flashcards Preview

2nd Moreland and Fleischer > Ablative Absolute > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ablative Absolute Deck (10):

Coniuge veniente, femina discedet

With her husband coming, the woman will depart
Since/If/Although her husband is coming, the woman will depart

subject of absolute (coniuge) iis different from subject of main clause (femina)


translation of a present participle in the ablative absolute

-e ending rather than the -i


Expressing an ACTIVE absolute idea occurring prior to the time of the main verb without recasting it in PASSIVE VOICE

no perfect active participle
another construction would have to be used


How to say
If/ after/although her husband is coming

Si/postquam/quamquam coniunx venit


Coniuge viso, femina discessit

with her husband having been seen, the woman departed
Although/when/since/if she had seen her husband, the woman departed

subordinate clause changed from passive to active

"She" is the same subject in the absolute and the main clause in English but in Latin the subjects are coniuge and femina


How to say
When she was departing, the woman saw her husband

we can't use the ablative absolute because the subject of both clauses ("she" and "woman") is the same. a simple participle must be used instead

Femina discedens coniugem vidit


Illa femina regina, incolae felices erant

With that woman being queen, the inhabitants were happy

When that woman was queen, the inhabitants were happy


What does one do when sum needs to be used

no present participle of sum

two nouns in ablative absolute construction used with an implied participle used connecting them


Custode amicum vocante, nautae fugerunt

with the guardian calling his friend, the sailors fled

When the guardian was calling his friend, the sailors fled
Participle is a verbal adjective and retains its verbal functions.
Consequently it can control an object (amicum)


what is it

refers to a part of the sentence which has no close syntactical connection with the rest

subject of the absolute is different from that of the main clause
functions as an adverb giving the circumstances in which the action of the main clause occurs