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Flashcards in Diseases and Symptoms Deck (43):
1

Syphilis

Symptoms:
1. Chancre (open wound)
2. Rash
3. Cardiovascular, Gummas, Neurosyphilis

HRG:
Homosexual men, people who have sex for drugs or money.

2

Lyme Disease

Symptoms:
1. EM rash (painless, no itching, bullseye) 2. heart arrhythmia, nero - facial paralysis, meningitis

HRG: outdoorsy people

3

Leptospirosis

Symptoms:
Kidney & Liver damage, + subclinical

HRG:
Occupational

4

Pseudomonas

HRG:
Nosocomial, Cystic Fibrosis, IV Drug users

5

Legoinnaire's Disease (pneumonia)

HRG:
Elderly/Smokers

Symptoms:
high fever, chills, coughing

6

Brucellosis

HRG:
occupational, ingestion

Symptoms:
Resp failure, enlarged organs (liver, spleen, lymph nodes)

7

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

HRG:
unvaccinated under 1 year old

Symptoms:
1-2 weeks: cold like.
1-6 weeks: acute violent cough w/ w/out vomiting.
100 days: long convalescent cough

8

Gonorrhea, Urethritis

HRG:
multiple sexual partners

Symptoms:
Men - local, pain/pus drip.
Women - cryptic symptoms, scarring, PID, sterility, ectopic preg

9

Meningitis

Symptoms:
violent inflammation of brain, nausea, vomiting, confusion, drowsy, photophobia, coma

10

Peptic Ulcer Disease, Gastric Cancer

Symptoms:
Pain, Bloody Diarrhea

11

Gastroenteritis

HRG:
young, old, immunodeficient.

Symptoms:
Diarrhea (watery, sticky, bloody), Abdominal Pain, Fever,
RARE: Gillian Barre Syndrom (flaccid paralysis starting at foot and moving up)

12

Cholera

Symptoms:
Severe diarrhea for 1 week, NO fever, dehydration, organ failure, muscle cramps, hypoglycemia arrhythmia, acidosis (increases urin pH) shock and death

13

UTI

Sympotms:
Urinate frequently, painful burning

14

Hemorrhagic Colitis, Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

HRG:
the usual

Symptoms:
HC - bloody diarrhea, severe pain, no fever HUS - watery diarrhea, bloody, severe pain, vomiting, hemorrhaging, blood in urine (dialysis), hypoglycemia, neurological.

15

Diarrhea or Traveler's Disease

Symptoms:
Watery Diarrhea, cramps, headache

16

Shigella HUS - hemolytic uritic syndrome

Symptoms:
same symptoms as EHEC + blood, pus, mucus in stools

17

Shigellosis (sever dysentery)

Symptoms:
1st fever, then cramps, dysentery, blood/pus. in children, freq begins with convulsions

18

Salmonellosis

HRG: babies to age 5

Symptoms:
mild fever, diarrhea w/ w/out blood, nausea, vomiting. occasionally sepsis.

19

Typhoid Fever

Symptoms:
NO diarrhea, high fever, headache, death from necrotizing hemorrhaging (can perforate intestines), "Rose Spots" on abdomen and trunk, Multi Organ Dysfunction - wherever it goes.

20

Bacterial Vaginosis

Symptoms:
mild, fish smell, thin frothy discharge, NO inflammation or pain.

21

Bacteroides fragilis

Symptoms:
vaginal infections... other places

22

Peridontal disease, trench mouth, ulcerating gingivitis

Symptoms:
high amount of blood clots

23

rocky mountain spotted fever

Symptoms:
fever, then spotted rash (pink flat, to red raised) (90%)

24

Non Gonococcal Urethritis

Symptoms:
mild gonorrhea symptoms.

25

trachoma (in the eyes)

Symptoms:
nodules, blindness

26

acute urethral syndrom, Ureaplasma urealyticum

Symptoms:
Male infertility (decreases sperm motility)
Women - preterm labor, spontaneous abortions

27

Pseudomembranous Colitis

Symptoms:
Explosive Diarrhea

28

Toxic Megacolon

Symptoms:
enlarged colon (football sized), large sections of colon sluffed off, hemorrhaging

29

Gas Gangrene

HRG:
people with poor circulation. Diabetics, elderly, illegal abortions

Symptoms:
necrosis to muscle with gas production in tissue (can hear it). foul odor, fever, massive tissue destruction. If in blood - BP down, shock, renal failure.

30

Botulism and Infant Botulism

Symptoms:
Flaccid Paralysis (descending) first occular, double vision, dilated pupils, blurred vision. difficulty swallowing, ab pain, death from resp. failure.
Infant - flaccid baby syndrome. constipation, limp neck.

31

Tetanus (lockjaw), Neonatal tetanus.

HRG:
unvaccinated w/ deep puncture wound, or unvaccinated mothers.

Symptoms:
(Tetany) locked jaw (massater muscle), descending until respiratory failure, back arches, face tightens, can break bones, pain, exhaustion

32

Anthrax - cutaneous, intestinal, pulmonary

Symptoms:
Cutaneous - papule, blister, red, black, scab, heals (rarely systemic)
Intestinal - vomiting, intestinal pain, bleeding, death
Pulmonary - toxemia - hemorrhage, edema, necrosis. meningitis - death. early phase - mild, fever, no runny nose, no nasal congestion. late phase - death (fulmitating, fever, labored breathing, chest pain, bp down). Enough toxins made. no survivors

33

Galloping Pneumonia

Symptoms:
strep toxic shock - in blood. High fever, severe pain, BP down, multi organ failure

34

Necrotizing Fasciitis

Symptoms:
M-1 protein (attaches easier), necrosis - gangrene (3-4 days). red, tender, swollen skin with lesions, pain. occlude blood vessels, after 4 days necrosis.

35

Rheumatic Fever

Symptoms:
damages heart/joints, fever, arthritis

36

Pneumococcal Pneumonia

HRG:
unvaccinated children, elderly, immunodeficient

Symptoms: lungs - fever, cough with rusty sputum
blood - hemorrhagic complications, rash, sepsis
meningitis - fever, STIFF NECK

37

Puerperal Fever in Newborn

HRG:
premature labor, membranes rupture, multiple births, mother has history of group B

Symptoms:
meningitis, carditis, shock

38

Staph Colonize infections

Symptoms:
1. no symptoms.
2. Local, recurring (boil, colonizing implants - joints, valves, IV, pacemaker). - infects the fibronectin
3. Sepsis
MRSA, VISA, VRSA

39

Food Poison

Symptoms:
nausea, vomiting (Emetic)

40

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Symptoms:
3 or more organ systems involved
high fever, rash (sunburn-like), multi organ involvement. - skin peels, loose nails, DIC, renal failure

41

Tuberculosis (TB)

HRG:
1 out of 10 get disease if infected. HIV+, substance abuse, immunodeficient, HCW, homeless.

Symptoms:
persistant cough (maybe bloody), fever, chest pain, fatigue, wt. loss, short of breath. can get to brain and bones.

42

Listeriosis (meningitis in unborn child, or cardiovascular abnormalities)

HRG:
Elderly, Immunodeficient, unborn (mother subclinical) high affinity for placenta and fetal brain

Symptoms:
headache, fever, fatigue, vomit, septicemia

43

Diphtheria

HRG:
unvaccinated, 4 years old

Symptoms:
sore throat, difficulty breathing, swollen neck