Viral Disease and Transmission Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Viral Disease and Transmission Deck (21):
1

Hepatitis A

Hu Fecal to Hu Oral (food, water)

2

Hepatitis B

Parenteral or Sexual (high amount in semen and blood)

3

Hepatitis C

Parenteral (IV drug users, Needle Sticks, Transfusions). Tatoos, body piercing...

4

HSV-1

contact with oral area

5

HSV-2

STD or neonatal (if contact with genital secretions)

6

Herpetic Whitlow

Fingers touching a lesion

7

Varicella-Zoster

Hu Resp to Hu Resp (unvacc)
direct contact with lesion, transplacental, through conjunctiva of eye
HRG: unvaccinated

8

Mono

Saliva (kissing, drinking after... can be blood transfusion)
HRG: people who didn't get infected as children

9

Measles

Hu Resp to Hu Resp
HRG: unvaccinated

10

Mumps

Hu Resp to Hu Resp
HRG: unvaccinated who haven't had second shot

11

Rubella

Hu Resp to Hu Resp, or nasal secretions
HRG: Unvaccinated

12

Polio

Hu Fecal to Hu Oral, water, fingers, flies
HRG: unvaccinated

13

RSV

Hu Resp to Hu Resp, fomites, fingers
HRG: babies, elderly, immunodeficient, Congestive Heart Failure patients

14

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

Rodent Borne (mice), to Hu Resp
HRG: people in dry climates exposed to rodents

15

HPV

Direct contact, STD, Oral Sex, tanning beds, bathing suits, medical instruments
HRG: women with multiple sexual partners, now men, too

16

Ebola

starts with unknown NON-human reservoir to 1st patient, then through chain of death by body fluids

17

Influenza

Hu Resp to Hu Resp
HRG: unvaccinated

18

HIV

STD, mother to baby, blood (needle sticks)

19

Rabies

Saliva, scratches, eyes, mucous membranes, inhaled

20

Rotovirus

Fecal to Oral

21

Norovirus

Fecal to Oral - food, water, aerosol from vomit