Viral Diseases and Vaccines Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Viral Diseases and Vaccines Deck (23):
1

Hepatitis A

HAVrix vaccine, or Twinrix vaccine

2

Hepatitis B

Recombivax (newborns), Twinrix. Universal Precautions.

3

Hepatitis C

NO VACCINE. Universal Precautions. NAT Test for blood transfusions.

4

HSV-1

NO VACCINE.

5

HSV-2

Vaccine for women who have never had HSV. Will decrease neonatal transmission.

6

Herpetic Whitlow

No Vaccine

7

Chicken Pox

Varivax vaccine (live attenuated), subsequent exposures acts as booster

8

Shingles

Zostavax Vaccine. for people over the age of 60

9

Mono

No Vaccine. Wash hands

10

Measles

MMR vaccine. 2 shots after 1 year of age

11

Mumps

MMR vaccine. 2 shots after 1 year of age

12

Rubella

MMR vaccine. 2 shots after 1 year of age

13

Polio

IPV (Injected Polio Vaccine). eliminates VAPP (Vaccine Associated Paralytic Polio)

14

RSV

NO VACCINE. Universal Precautions. Contact Isolation.

15

Hantavirus

NO VACCINE. Limit exposure to rodent excreta.

16

HPV

2 Vaccines: Gardasil and HPV4. Target 6, 11, 16, and 18 (16 and 18 related to cervical cancer)

17

Ebola

2 experimental vaccines. works in guinea pigs, mice, monkeys. Now in safety tests with humans.

18

Influenza

Yearly Vaccine: Trivalent (3 different flu viruses, 2 A and 1 B) people over 6 months old. Flucazone: people over 65.

19

Bird Flu

Vaccine, but difficult to create because virus mutates so often and is difficult to produce in hen eggs.

20

Rabies

Vaccine - 4 doses, can vaccinate after exposure because of long incubation time

21

Rotovirus

2 vaccines: live, and oral. RotaTeq

22

Norovirus

No Vaccine. Wash hands

23

HIV

No Vaccine.