Drug list Flashcards Preview

Topnotch Pharmacology (Sept 2017) > Drug list > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drug list Deck (153):
1

Ondansetron

5 HT3 receptor antagonist (chemo and post op vomiting)

2

Ergotamine

5HT2 receptor antagonjst (vasoselective); antidote is Nitroprusside

3

Ergonovine

5 HT2 receptor antagonist (uteroselective) ; postpartum bleeding

4

Misoprostol

Prostglandin E1 analog; teratogenic: Moebius sequence

5

Alprastodil

Prostaglandin E1 analog

6

Dinoprostone

Prostaglandin E2 analog

7

Carboprost

Prostaglandin F2a analog

8

Epoprostenol

Prostaglandin I2 analog (pulmonary hypertension)

9

Latanoproet

Prostaglandin F2a analog

10

Sumatriptan

5 HT 1D/1B receptor agonist ; DOC for acute migraine

11

Ondansetron

5 HT3 receptor antagonist (chemo and post op vomiting)

12

Ipratropium

Muscarinic receptor antagonist

13

Theophylline

Methlxanthine

14

Cromolyn

Mast cell stabilizer

15

Fluticasone

Corticosteroid

16

Zileuton

Leukotriene synthesis inhibitor

17

Montelukast

Leukotriene antagonist

18

Omalizumab

Anit IgE antibody

19

Ferrous sulfate

Hematopoetic growth factor

20

Deferoxaminr

Heavy metal chelator

21

Cyanocobalamin

Hematopoietic growth factor

22

Folic acid

Hematopoietic growth factor

23

Epoetin alfa

Hematopoietic growth factor

24

G-CSF

Myeloid growth factor

25

Oprelvekin (IL 11)

Megakaryocyte growth factor

26

Aspirin

Antiplatelet, anti inflammatory (TXA2)

27

Abciximab

Antiplatelet drug (GPIIB/ IIIa)

28

Clopidogrel

Antiplatelet(Thienopyridine) - ADP

29

Dipyridamole/Cilostazol

Antiplatelet (phosphodiesterase III inhibitor; increases cAMP)

30

Heparin

Anticoagulant (indirect thrombin inhibitor)- antihrombin III

31

Enoxapari

Anticoagulant (indirect thromin inhibitor) - antihrombin III and Factor Xa

32

Lepirudin

Anticoagulant(direct thrombin inhibitor)- inhibits thrombin

33

Warfarin

Anticoagulant (vit K epoxide reductase)

34

Protamine sulfate

Antidote- chemical antagonist

35

Alteplase

Thrombolytic- tissue plasminogen activator analog

36

Aminocaproic acid/ tranexamix acid

Antiplasmin drug

37

Vitamin K1(phytonadione)

Endogenous vitamin, antidote

38

Desmopressin

ADH agonist(V2)

39

Methotrexate

DMARD (inhibits AICAR transformylase)

40

Infliximab

DMARD- TNF-a binding

41

Azathriopine

DMARD- 6 thioguanine- suppresses inosinic acid synthesis

42

Chloroquine

DMARD, antimalarial drug

43

Cyclophosphamide

DMARD, cancer drug(forms phosphoramide mustard)

44

Cyclosporine w

DMARD(acts on interleukin 1 and 2

45

Mycophenolate mofetil

DMARD- inhibits inosine monophosphate dehyrogenase

46

Sulfasalazine

DMARD- sulfapyridine inhibits cytokines

47

Colchicine

Anitgout(microtubule assembly inhibitor)

48

Probenecid

Antigout(uricosuric)

49

Allopurinol

Antigout(xanthine oxidase inhibitor)

50

Febuxostat

Antigout(xanthine oxidase inhibitor)

51

Ergotamine

5HT2 receptor antagonjst (vasoselective); antidote is Nitroprusside

52

Ergonovine

5 HT2 receptor antagonist (uteroselective) ; postpartum bleeding

53

Misoprostol

Prostglandin E1 analog; teratogenic: Moebius sequence

54

Alprastodil

Prostaglandin E1 analog

55

Dinoprostone

Prostaglandin E2 analog

56

Carboprost

Prostaglandin F2a analog

57

Epoprostenol

Prostaglandin I2 analog (pulmonary hypertension)

58

Latanoproet

Prostaglandin F2a analog

59

Albterol/salbutamol

Beta2 selective agonist

60

Salmeterol

Beta 2 selective agonist (long acting)

61

Sumatriptan

5 HT 1D/1B receptor agonist ; DOC for acute migraine

62

Ondansetron

5 HT3 receptor antagonist (chemo and post op vomiting)

63

Ipratropium

Muscarinic receptor antagonist

64

Theophylline

Methlxanthine

65

Cromolyn

Mast cell stabilizer

66

Fluticasone

Corticosteroid

67

Zileuton

Leukotriene synthesis inhibitor

68

Montelukast

Leukotriene antagonist

69

Omalizumab

Anit IgE antibody

70

Ferrous sulfate

Hematopoetic growth factor

71

Deferoxaminr

Heavy metal chelator

72

Cyanocobalamin

Hematopoietic growth factor

73

Folic acid

Hematopoietic growth factor

74

Epoetin alfa

Hematopoietic growth factor

75

G-CSF

Myeloid growth factor

76

Oprelvekin (IL 11)

Megakaryocyte growth factor

77

Aspirin

Antiplatelet, anti inflammatory (TXA2)

78

Abciximab

Antiplatelet drug (GPIIB/ IIIa)

79

Clopidogrel

Antiplatelet(Thienopyridine) - ADP

80

Dipyridamole/Cilostazol

Antiplatelet (phosphodiesterase III inhibitor; increases cAMP)

81

Heparin

Anticoagulant (indirect thrombin inhibitor)- antihrombin III

82

Enoxapari

Anticoagulant (indirect thromin inhibitor) - antihrombin III and Factor Xa

83

Lepirudin

Anticoagulant(direct thrombin inhibitor)- inhibits thrombin

84

Warfarin

Anticoagulant (vit K epoxide reductase)

85

Protamine sulfate

Antidote- chemical antagonist

86

Alteplase

Thrombolytic- tissue plasminogen activator analog

87

Aminocaproic acid/ tranexamix acid

Antiplasmin drug

88

Vitamin K1(phytonadione)

Endogenous vitamin, antidote

89

Desmopressin

ADH agonist(V2)

90

Methotrexate

DMARD (inhibits AICAR transformylase)

91

Infliximab

DMARD- TNF-a binding

92

Azathriopine

DMARD- 6 thioguanine- suppresses inosinic acid synthesis

93

Chloroquine

DMARD, antimalarial drug

94

Cyclophosphamide

DMARD, cancer drug(forms phosphoramide mustard)

95

Cyclosporine w

DMARD(acts on interleukin 1 and 2

96

Mycophenolate mofetil

DMARD- inhibits inosine monophosphate dehyrogenase

97

Sulfasalazine

DMARD- sulfapyridine inhibits cytokines

98

Colchicine

Anitgout(microtubule assembly inhibitor)

99

Probenecid

Antigout(uricosuric)

100

Allopurinol

Antigout(xanthine oxidase inhibitor)

101

Febuxostat

Antigout(xanthine oxidase inhibitor)

102

Ergotamine

5HT2 receptor antagonjst (vasoselective); antidote is Nitroprusside

103

Ergonovine

5 HT2 receptor antagonist (uteroselective) ; postpartum bleeding

104

Misoprostol

Prostglandin E1 analog; teratogenic: Moebius sequence

105

Alprastodil

Prostaglandin E1 analog

106

Dinoprostone

Prostaglandin E2 analog

107

Carboprost

Prostaglandin F2a analog

108

Epoprostenol

Prostaglandin I2 analog (pulmonary hypertension)

109

Latanoproet

Prostaglandin F2a analog

110

Albterol/salbutamol

Beta2 selective agonist

111

Salmeterol

Beta 2 selective agonist (long acting)

112

Sumatriptan

5 HT 1D/1B receptor agonist ; DOC for acute migraine

113

Ipratropium

Muscarinic receptor antagonist

114

Theophylline

Methlxanthine

115

Cromolyn

Mast cell stabilizer

116

Fluticasone

Corticosteroid

117

Zileuton

Leukotriene synthesis inhibitor

118

Montelukast

Leukotriene antagonist

119

Omalizumab

Anit IgE antibody

120

Ferrous sulfate

Hematopoetic growth factor

121

Deferoxaminr

Heavy metal chelator

122

Cyanocobalamin

Hematopoietic growth factor

123

Folic acid

Hematopoietic growth factor

124

Epoetin alfa

Hematopoietic growth factor

125

G-CSF

Myeloid growth factor

126

Oprelvekin (IL 11)

Megakaryocyte growth factor

127

Aspirin

Antiplatelet, anti inflammatory (TXA2)

128

Abciximab

Antiplatelet drug (GPIIB/ IIIa)

129

Clopidogrel

Antiplatelet(Thienopyridine) - ADP

130

Dipyridamole/Cilostazol

Antiplatelet (phosphodiesterase III inhibitor; increases cAMP)

131

Heparin

Anticoagulant (indirect thrombin inhibitor)- antihrombin III

132

Enoxapari

Anticoagulant (indirect thromin inhibitor) - antihrombin III and Factor Xa

133

Lepirudin

Anticoagulant(direct thrombin inhibitor)- inhibits thrombin

134

Warfarin

Anticoagulant (vit K epoxide reductase)

135

Protamine sulfate

Antidote- chemical antagonist

136

Alteplase

Thrombolytic- tissue plasminogen activator analog

137

Aminocaproic acid/ tranexamix acid

Antiplasmin drug

138

Vitamin K1(phytonadione)

Endogenous vitamin, antidote

139

Desmopressin

ADH agonist(V2)

140

Methotrexate

DMARD (inhibits AICAR transformylase)

141

Infliximab

DMARD- TNF-a binding

142

Azathriopine

DMARD- 6 thioguanine- suppresses inosinic acid synthesis

143

Chloroquine

DMARD, antimalarial drug

144

Cyclophosphamide

DMARD, cancer drug(forms phosphoramide mustard)

145

Cyclosporine w

DMARD(acts on interleukin 1 and 2

146

Mycophenolate mofetil

DMARD- inhibits inosine monophosphate dehyrogenase

147

Sulfasalazine

DMARD- sulfapyridine inhibits cytokines

148

Colchicine

Anitgout(microtubule assembly inhibitor)

149

Probenecid

Antigout(uricosuric)

150

Allopurinol

Antigout(xanthine oxidase inhibitor)

151

Febuxostat

Antigout(xanthine oxidase inhibitor)

160

Albterol/salbutamol

Beta2 selective agonist

161

Salmeterol

Beta 2 selective agonist (long acting)