Local Anesthetics Flashcards Preview

Topnotch Pharmacology (Sept 2017) > Local Anesthetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Local Anesthetics Deck (15):
1

Enhances local anesthetic activity

Hyperkalemia

2

Antagonizes local aneshetic activity

Hypercalcemia

3

Only local anesthetic that is not a vasodilator

Coccaine

4

Ester local anesthetic

Procaine, benzocaine, cocaine, tetracaine

5

Also for extravasation complications from venipuncture, inadvertent intraarteriao injections

Procaine

6

May be used topically

Benzocaine

7

Has intrinsic sympathomimetic activity

Cocaine

8

May be used as spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthersia, topical opthalmkc anesthesia

Tetracaine

9

Amide local anesthetics include

Lidocaine, prilocaine, bupivacaine, ropivacaine

10

group 1B antiarrhythmic; used post MI and for digitalis toxicity

Lidocaine

11

Also used as dental anesthesia

Prilocaine

12

May develop methhemoglobinemia

Prilocaine

13

May be used as epidural or intrathecal anesthesia

Bupivacaine

14

May cause severe cardiovascular toxicity? Tx?

Bupivacaine; tx with INTRALIPID

15

MOA:

block voltage dependent Na channels, reducing influx of Na and preventing depolarization