Inhalational Anesthetics Flashcards Preview

Topnotch Pharmacology (Sept 2017) > Inhalational Anesthetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inhalational Anesthetics Deck (12):
1

Mechanism of action of inhalational anesthetics

Facilitate GABA mediated inhibition; block brain NMDA and Ach-N receptors

2

Laughing gas

Nitrous oxide

3

Lowest potency, highest MAC, least cardiotoxic

Nitrous oxide

4

Also used for minor surgery and dental procedures

Nitrous oxide

5

Inhalational anesthetic: use

General anesthesia

6

May cause bronchospasm; irritant; pungent odor

Desflurane

7

May cause renal insufficiency

Sevoflurane

8

Coronary steal syndrome

Isoflurane

9

Spike and wave activity, muscle twitching, breath holding, myocardial depression

Enflurane

10

Postoperative Hepatitis

Halothane

11

Highest potency, lowest MAC

Methoxyflurane

12

Best measure of potency of inhaled anesthetics

MAC(mean alveolar anesthetic concentration)