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Topnotch Pharmacology (Sept 2017) > Mnemonics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mnemonics Deck (168):
1

TCA overdose

3cs (coma,convulsion, cardiotoxicity)

2

Drugs that can cause livedo reticularis

A man reads FHM and GQ (amantadine, hydroxyurea, minocycline, gemcitabine, quinidine)

3

Half life of local anesthetics

A PRO finishes the race fastest (Procaine- shortest half life); At the end of a long ROPE(ropivacaine=longest half life 4.2 hrs)

4

Drugs that can cause erectile dysfunction

a SORE PEniS cant Fuck Hard(SSRIa, opiates, risperidone, ethanol, propanolol, estrogens, spironolactone, finasteride, hydrochlorothizide)

5

Amantadine

A-mantadine (A MAN to dine takes off his CoAt) prevents uncoating; blocks influenza A and rubell-A , causes problems with cerebell-A

6

Survival in CHF

ABA! Buhay ka pa! (Ace inhibitors, beta-blockers, aldosterone antagonists)

7

Aminoglycosides

Amin-O-glycosides (O2 requiring)

8

Drugs that cause pulmonary fibrosis

BBBAN ME (bleomycin,busulfan, bromocriptine, amiodarone, nitrofurantoin, methotrexate)

9

Ostebloast vs Osteoclast

Blast= Builds bone; Clast=Cleaves(resorba)bone

10

Marijuana intoxication

Bloody Mary

11

Buspirone

Buspirone is for Busy people(always anxious)

12

Drugs that can cause agranulocytosis

CCCAPPIT (clozapine, co-trimoxazole, colchicine, aminopyrine, phenylbutazone, PTU, indomethacin, tocainamide)

13

Aspirn poisoning

CHAFS (coma, hyperventilation, acidosis(HAGMA, fever, seizure)

14

Class 1C antiarrythmics

Chicken ay Pagkain for Ernest 1C: (propafenone, flecainide, encainide)

15

Drugs that can cause a Disulfiram rxn

Clara took the Pre-Medical Test in the PM (chlorpropamide, cefoperazone, cefomandole, cefotetan, procarbazine,metronidazole)

16

Clomiphene

Clone Me Phlease

17

Organophosphate poisoning

DUMBBELS(diarrhea, urination,miosis, bronchospasm, bradycardia. Excitation, lacrimation, sweating, salivation)

18

Alprastodil

E1 (iwan) mong bukus and ductus

19

Local anesthetics vs amides

Esters-1 "i" in their names, amides- 2 "i" s in their names

20

1st gen cephalosporin

FADer, help me FAZ my PhArmacology boards!

21

Serotonin syndrome

FAT CHD! (Fever, agitation, tremor, clonus, hyperreflexia)

22

Five cardinal symptoms of thrombotic thromocytopenic purpura

FAT RN(fever,anemia, thrombocytopenia,renal dysfunction, nervous system changes)

23

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

FEVER(fever, encephalopathy, vitals unstable, elevated cpk, rigidity)

24

Finasteride

FinAsteRIde- Five Alpha Reductase Inhibitor

25

G6PD deficiency triggers

FPAINNS (Fava beans, Primaquine, ASA,Isoniazid, NSAIDs and Nitrofurantoin, Sulfa Drugs)

26

Fibrateso MOA

FULL(fibrates upregulate lipoprotein lipase)

27

Delirium tremens

HAD 48(hallucinations, autonomic instability, delirium, 48-72 hours post discontinuation)

28

Normal anion gap metabolic acidosis

HARD UP( hyperalimentation, acetazolamide, renal tubular acidosis, diarrhea, ureteroenteric fistula, pancreaticoduodenal fistula

29

2nd gen coverage

HEN PEcKs (haemophilus influenzae, enterobacter aerogenes, neisseria spp.etc)

30

Antimuscarinic poisoning (aka ATROPINE POISONING)

HOT as hare, DRY as a bone, RED as a beet, BLIND as a bat, MAD as a hatter

31

Sedative hypnotic poisoning

Hot Hot Hot DeCisioN (hypothermia, hypotension, hypoactive BS, disinhibition, coma, nystagmus)

32

Thiazide diuretics adverse effects

Hyper GLUC (Glycemia, Lipidemia, Uricemia, Calcemia)

33

Class 1B Antiarrhythmics

I Buy Mexican Tacos from Lily (Mexiletine, tocainamide, lidocaine)

34

Isoniazid

INH- injures neurons and hepatocytes

35

Primary signs of Parkinsons

Its a TRAP (tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability)

36

Drugs that can cause LUPUS

Its HIPP to have LUPUS (hydralazine, isoniazid, procainamide, penicllamine$

37

Insulin preparations

LISpro=mabiLIS; gLARGine=Go Large!; LANTus= LANTa na sa sobrang tagal!

38

Magnesium vs Aluminum hydroxide

MAGnesium hydroxide= MAGtatae; ALUMinum= Ayaw LUMabas!

39

Increased Stool Osmloat Gap

ME DIE(methanol, ethanol, diuretics, isopropyl alcohol, ethylene glycol)

40

Aminoglycosides

Mean GNATS canNOT kill anearobes (getamicin,neomycin,amikacin,tobramycin, streptomycin) + (nephrotoxicitu,ototoxicity,teratogen)

41

Opioid receptors

mU receptor= mabagal huminga; delTa= Tolerance; Kappa= konstipation

42

Cocaine intoxication

Nakakkita ka ng ice cold coke. Na excite ka. Nanlaki ang mata mo. (Cocaine=Mydriasis)

43

Drugs that can cause gingival hyperplasia

NapaCa- Pangit ng gingiVa mo(nifedipine, cyclosporine, phenytoin, verapamil)

44

Protease inhibitors

NAVIR(never) TEASE and proTEASE

45

Nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors

Never ever deliver nucleosides (nevirapine, efavirenz, delavirdine)

46

Progestins

NORgestimate,NORethindrone and NORgestrel are NOT Estrogens. They are PROGESTINS

47

Loop diuretic toxicitieis

OH DANG! (ototoxicity, Hypokalemia, Dehydration, Allergy to sulfa, Nephritis, Gout)

48

Signs and symtpoms of excess PTH

Painful bones, Renal stones, abdominal groans, psychiatric overtones

49

Triad of opioid overdosage

PCR (pupillary constriction, comatose state, respiratory depression)

50

Covered by 1st gen cephalosporins

PEcks FIRST (proteus mirabilis, escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumonia)

51

Routes of administration of penicillins

PenV is Oral: ipinapasok sa Vungaga, PenG is IV: you inGect pen G

52

PTH

Phosphate thrashing hormone

53

Pioglitazone

PIOGlitazone=pampa POGI ng INSULIN para di mo maresist

54

Laboratory test to assess extrinsic and intrinsic coagulation pathways

PiTT= PTT for intrinsic; PeT= PT for extrinsic pathway

55

Parasympathetic characteristics

PLASMA (Parasympathetic, long preganglionic, acetylcholine, short postganglionic fibers, acetylcholine)

56

Rifampicin

R= red orange urine, RNA polymerase inhibitor, red orange body fluids, rapid development of resistance, revs up cytochrome

57

Drugs that can cause gynecomastia

Some Drugs Create Awesome Knockers (Spironolactone, Digoxin, Cimetidine, Alcohol, Ketoconazole)

58

Succinylcholine

Kapag mag DEPOsit ka SUCCess yun (DEPOlarzing, SUCCinycholine)

59

Dopamine vs NE

dopamine vasoDILATES renal blood vessels while NE, vasoCONSTRICTS them

60

Benzodiazipine antidote

Ben is off with the Flu (Flumazenil)

61

Patent DA tx

Come In and Close the Door (Indomethacin, Closes PDA)

62

Quinoline MOA

Topple the Queen (Interferes with Topoisomerase II)

63

Clopidogrel

CLOPIdogrel (Clots, Oral,Platelet inhibitor)

64

Protein synthesis inhbitors

Buy AT 30, CELLS at 50 (aminoglycosides, tetracycline; chloramphenicol, erythromycin, lincosamide(clindamycin), linezolid, streptogrammins)

65

Bicarbonate and ammonium chloride

Alkalinizing agent= Basic= Bicarbonate; aCidifying agent= aCidic= ammonium Chloride

66

Drugs with Zero Order Kinetics

WHAT PET(warfarin, heparin, aspririm, tolbutamide, phenytoin, ethanol, theophylline)

67

Drugs that display tachyphylaxis

MED students Love CNN in HD (metoclopramide,ephedrine, dobutamine, LSD, calcitonin, nitroglycerin, nicotine, hydralazine, desmopressin)

68

Phase I rxns

a HORDe of phase I reactions (hydrolysis, oxidetion, reduction, deamination)

69

Cytochrome P450 inducers

Ethel Booba takes Phen Phen and refuses Greasy Carb Shakes (ethanol, barbiturates, phenytoin, Rifampicin, Griseofulvin, Carbamezapine, St. John's Wort/ Smoking)

70

Cytochrome P450 inhibitors

Inhibitors Stop Cyber Kids from Eating GRApefruit QV (Isoniazid, Sulfonamides, Cimetidine, Ketoconazole, Erythromycin, Grapefruit Juice, Quinidine, Valproic Acid)

71

Muscarinic antagonist for parkinsonism

Try Park you Benz, Beep here (trihexyphenidyl, benztropine, biperiden)

72

Renin antagonist

Alis ka renin (aliskiren)

73

Drugs with Narrow Therapetic Index

WALA na Cyang PaPa VasTeD na! (Warfaring, aminoglycosides, lithium, amphotericin B, Carbamezapine, Phenobarbital, Phenytoin, Vancomycin, Theophylline, Digoxin)

74

Class IA:

I am the Lactating Queen, who proclaimed Diso's pyramid (sodium lactate- tx; quinidine, procainamide, disopyramide)

75

Class 3 antiarrhythmics

AIDS (amiodarone, ibutilide, dofetilide, sotalol)

76

Acetazolamide

ACIDazolamide causes ACIDosis

77

Potassium Sparing Diuretics

The K STAEs(stays) (spironolactone, Traimterene, Amiloride, Eplerenone)

78

Drugs that cause cutaneous flushing

VANC (vancomycin, adenosine, niacin, calcium channel blockers)

79

Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome

Weird ACO(ataxia, confusion, ophthalmoplegia)

80

Tamoxifen

TAnngal Mammary Mo

81

Flutamide

Fake androgen

82

Calcitonin

TONew down calcium

83

Bacteriostatic antibiotics

Were ECSTaTiC about bacteriostatics (erythromycin, clindamycin, sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, tetracycline, chloramphenicol)

84

Ampicillln/ amoxicillin

AMPicillin= AMPed up penicillin
amOxicillin= greater Oral bioavailability

85

Antimicrobial coverage of extended spectrum penicillins

Amoxicillin HELPS kill Enterococci (Harmophilus inf, E coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella spp, Enterococci)

86

Nafcillin

Use Naf for Staf

87

Antipseudomonal penicillins

TCP: Takes care of pseudomonas (ticarcillin, carbenicillin, piperacillin)

88

Third Gen Cephalosporins

FEnge PO ng PERA to FIX my TTTTTV(ceFEtamet, CefPOdoxin, cefoPERAzone, ceFIXime, CefTriaxone, cefTizidime, cefoTaxime, cefTizoxime, cefTibuten)

89

Drugs of last resort

I AM your Last Shot at Victory (imipinem, amikacin, meropenem, linezolid, streptogramins, vancomycin)

90

Foscarnet

FOScarnet= pyroFOSphate analog

91

Amantadine

A man to dine takes off his coat (amantadine prevents uncoating)

92

Imipinem- cilastatin

With Imipinem, the kill is LASTIN with ciLASTatIN

93

Tetracycline

TeTracyclines= block aTTachment of T RNA acceptor site

94

Clindamycin vs Metronidazole

Clindamycin- anaerobic infxns ABOVE the diaphragm
Metronidazole- anaerobic infxns BELOW the diaphragm

95

Cisplatin

Ci-splat-in(major side effect- splat(vomiting sound) vomiting so severe that anti nausea drug needed; action: goes into DNA strand)

96

Bleomycin

Blow mycin- blows my DNA to bits

97

SOMOgyi and DAWN

Somo- so much inuslin; dawn- down insulin

98

Beta 1 blockers

Beam one (esomolol, atenolol, metoprolol)

99

Direct sympathomimetics

DINED(dopamine, isoproterenol, NE, epi, dobutamine)

100

Inhalational anesthetic

SHINE (sevoflurane, halothane, isoflurane, enflurane)

101

Pupils in overdose (morphine vs amphetamine)

Morn-fine- small; am fat amine- fat

102

Zafirlukat, montelukast, cinalukast: MOA

Anti- LUKotriens

103

Tetracycline:SE

TEtracycline is a TEratogen that causes stainin of TEeth in NBs

104

Selective MAO B Inhibitor

SELEgliline

105

Steroid the can cause depression

Dexamethasone

106

SER the PAROT did not Escit but it Fluo, Flu away

Sertaline,paroxitene,escitalopran,fluvoxamine

107

Livedo retoculatris

Ah My God, Qute (amantadine, hydroxyurea, minocycline, gemcitabunr, quinidine)

108

Glaucoma drugs that decrease secretiob

Tamad (timolol, acetazolamide, mannitol, apraclonidine, dorzolamide)

109

Drugs for lethal injection

Tepok Patay Ka (thiopental, pancuronium, potassium chloride)

110

Pramipexole

Prami ng pera! prami ng anak! Prami ng taba! (Gambling, hypersexuality, overeating)

111

Most dangerous hallucinogenic

Angel/PCP- nasalangit ka, nakakita ka ng pakpak

112

Ethambutol

Maraming arabo sa ethambul(istanbul) arabinosyl

113

Class of anti arrythmias

Natural Born Killers catch arrythmias (Na,B blockers, K, Ca)

114

Site of action of diuretics

Carlos Likes to Kick Ass (carbonic-pct, loop-Lh,thiazides-early DT, K sparing-late DT-ADH-CD

115

Parasites

Iver ia strong and has a maserati (ivermectin-strongyloides)
Al ehes and hydes(albendazole for echinococcus)
Meb has a whip (meb for trichuris)
Dec fils (dEC for filariasis)
Thia trics- thiabendazole for trichinella
Pyr- enters (pyrantel for entrobius)

116

For increased TGs

TGIF(thank God its fibrates)

117

DOC for toxoplasmosis

Pyrimethamine sulfadiazine (natukso yung pari sa daya (naToxo ung Pryi da Dia)

118

Topisomerase I inhibitor

TOp Take One (topetecan)

119

Topoisomerase II inhibitot

E2posidr

120

Selective MAO B Inhibitor

SELEgliline

121

Steroid the can cause depression

Dexamethasone

122

SER the PAROT did not Escit but it Fluo, Flu away

Sertaline,paroxitene,escitalopran,fluvoxamine

123

Livedo retoculatris

Ah My God, Qute (amantadine, hydroxyurea, minocycline, gemcitabunr, quinidine)

124

Glaucoma drugs that decrease secretiob

Tamad (timolol, acetazolamide, mannitol, apraclonidine, dorzolamide)

125

Drugs for lethal injection

Tepok Patay Ka (thiopental, pancuronium, potassium chloride)

126

Pramipexole

Prami ng pera! prami ng anak! Prami ng taba! (Gambling, hypersexuality, overeating)

127

Most dangerous hallucinogenic

Angel/PCP- nasalangit ka, nakakita ka ng pakpak

128

Ethambutol

Maraming arabo sa ethambul(istanbul) arabinosyl

129

Class of anti arrythmias

Natural Born Killers catch arrythmias (Na,B blockers, K, Ca)

130

Site of action of diuretics

Carlos Likes to Kick Ass (carbonic-pct, loop-Lh,thiazides-early DT, K sparing-late DT-ADH-CD

131

Parasites

Iver ia strong and has a maserati (ivermectin-strongyloides)
Al ehes and hydes(albendazole for echinococcus)
Meb has a whip (meb for trichuris)
Dec fils (dEC for filariasis)
Thia trics- thiabendazole for trichinella
Pyr- enters (pyrantel for entrobius)

132

For increased TGs

TGIF(thank God its fibrates)

133

DOC for toxoplasmosis

Pyrimethamine sulfadiazine (natukso yung pari sa daya (naToxo ung Pryi da Dia)

134

Topisomerase I inhibitor

TOp Take One (topetecan)

135

Topoisomerase II inhibitot

E2posidr

136

Selective MAO B Inhibitor

SELEgliline

137

Steroid the can cause depression

Dexamethasone

138

SER the PAROT did not Escit but it Fluo, Flu away

Sertaline,paroxitene,escitalopran,fluvoxamine

139

Livedo retoculatris

Ah My God, Qute (amantadine, hydroxyurea, minocycline, gemcitabunr, quinidine)

140

Glaucoma drugs that decrease secretiob

Tamad (timolol, acetazolamide, mannitol, apraclonidine, dorzolamide)

141

Drugs for lethal injection

Tepok Patay Ka (thiopental, pancuronium, potassium chloride)

142

Pramipexole

Prami ng pera! prami ng anak! Prami ng taba! (Gambling, hypersexuality, overeating)

143

Most dangerous hallucinogenic

Angel/PCP- nasalangit ka, nakakita ka ng pakpak

144

Ethambutol

Maraming arabo sa ethambul(istanbul) arabinosyl

145

Class of anti arrythmias

Natural Born Killers catch arrythmias (Na,B blockers, K, Ca)

146

Site of action of diuretics

Carlos Likes to Kick Ass (carbonic-pct, loop-Lh,thiazides-early DT, K sparing-late DT-ADH-CD

147

Parasites

Iver ia strong and has a maserati (ivermectin-strongyloides)
Al ehes and hydes(albendazole for echinococcus)
Meb has a whip (meb for trichuris)
Dec fils (dEC for filariasis)
Thia trics- thiabendazole for trichinella
Pyr- enters (pyrantel for entrobius)

148

For increased TGs

TGIF(thank God its fibrates)

149

DOC for toxoplasmosis

Pyrimethamine sulfadiazine (natukso yung pari sa daya (naToxo ung Pryi da Dia)

150

Topisomerase I inhibitor

TOp Take One (topetecan)

151

Topoisomerase II inhibitot

E2posidr

152

Selective MAO B Inhibitor

SELEgliline

153

Steroid the can cause depression

Dexamethasone

154

SER the PAROT did not Escit but it Fluo, Flu away

Sertaline,paroxitene,escitalopran,fluvoxamine

155

Livedo retoculatris

Ah My God, Qute (amantadine, hydroxyurea, minocycline, gemcitabunr, quinidine)

156

Glaucoma drugs that decrease secretiob

Tamad (timolol, acetazolamide, mannitol, apraclonidine, dorzolamide)

157

Drugs for lethal injection

Tepok Patay Ka (thiopental, pancuronium, potassium chloride)

158

Pramipexole

Prami ng pera! prami ng anak! Prami ng taba! (Gambling, hypersexuality, overeating)

159

Most dangerous hallucinogenic

Angel/PCP- nasalangit ka, nakakita ka ng pakpak

160

Ethambutol

Maraming arabo sa ethambul(istanbul) arabinosyl

161

Class of anti arrythmias

Natural Born Killers catch arrythmias (Na,B blockers, K, Ca)

162

Site of action of diuretics

Carlos Likes to Kick Ass (carbonic-pct, loop-Lh,thiazides-early DT, K sparing-late DT-ADH-CD

163

Parasites

Iver ia strong and has a maserati (ivermectin-strongyloides)
Al ehes and hydes(albendazole for echinococcus)
Meb has a whip (meb for trichuris)
Dec fils (dEC for filariasis)
Thia trics- thiabendazole for trichinella
Pyr- enters (pyrantel for entrobius)

164

For increased TGs

TGIF(thank God its fibrates)

165

DOC for toxoplasmosis

Pyrimethamine sulfadiazine (natukso yung pari sa daya (naToxo ung Pryi da Dia)

166

Topisomerase I inhibitor

TOp Take One (topetecan)

167

Topoisomerase II inhibitot

E2posidr

168

Bactericidal antibiotics

Very Finely Proficient At Cell Murder (vancomycine, fluoroquinolones, penicillins, aminoglycosides, cephalosprins, metronidazole)