Drug Of Choice- Micro Flashcards Preview

Topnotch Pharmacology (Sept 2017) > Drug Of Choice- Micro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drug Of Choice- Micro Deck (49):
1

MRSA

Vancomycin

2

VRSA

Linezolid

3

Staph epidermidis

Vancomycin

4

Staph saprophyticus

TMP SMX, quinolonesw

5

Strep pyogenes

Pen G

6

Strep agalactiae

Pen ag

7

Group D Strep (Enterococcus Faecalis)

Penicillin + gentamicin; vancomycin; linozolid

8

Strep Pneumoniae

Pen G; Levofloxacin/ vancomycin combined with ceftriaxone for penicillin resistance

9

Viridians streptococci(streptococcus mutans, S. sanguis)

Pen G with or without an aminoglycoside; vancomycin; linezolid

10

Bacillus anthracis

Ciprofloxacin

11

Bacillus cereus

Symptomatic for food poisoning; vancomycin, clindamycin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin for ophthalmitis

12

Clostridium tetani

Penicillin; metronidazole

13

Clostridium botolinum

Adeq ventilatory support; elimination of organism from GIT, trivalent botolinum toxin (A,B,E)

14

Clostridium perfringens

Wound debridement and penicillin for gas gangrene; supportive management for food poisoning

15

Clostridium difficile

Withdrawal of antibiotic, metronidazole

16

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

Antitoxin and Pen G

17

Listeria monocytogenes

Ampicillin with or without gentamycin

18

Neisseria meningitidis

Pen G

19

Neisseria gonorrhea

Ceftriaxone+ gentamycin

20

Haemophilus influenzae

Ceftriaxone

21

Bordettela pertussis

Erythromycin

22

Legionella pneumophilia

Azithromycin or erythromycin

23

E.coli

Ampicillin or sulfonamides for UTI; 3rd gen cephalosporin for meningitis and sepsis; rehydration for traveler's diarrhea

24

Salmonella spo

Ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin; PH: amoxicillin, chloramphenicol, cotrimoxazole

25

Shigella spp

Ciprofloxacin in severe cases

26

Vibrio cholera

Tetracycline; azithromycin shortens duration

27

Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V. Vulnificus

Minocycline plus fluoroquinolone of cefotaxie

28

Campylobacter jejuni

Erythromycin for severe disease

29

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Culture guided treatment (cephalosporins alone or with aminoglycosides)

30

Proteus mirabilis

TMP SMX or ampicillin

31

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Combination of active antibiotics*

32

Bacteroides fragilis

Metronidazole, clindamycin or cefoxitin

33

Brucekla abortus

Doxycycline plus rifampin

34

Francisella tularensis

Streptomycin or gentamycin

35

Yersinia pestis

Streptomycin and tetracycline

36

Pasturella multicoda

Pen G

37

Mycobacterium avium intrwcellulare complex

Azithromycin

38

Mycobacterium leprae

Tuberculoid leprosy- dapsone and rifampin; lepromatous leprosy- dapsone, rifampin, clofazimine; erythema nodosum leprosum- thalidomide

39

Actinomycosis

Pen G+ drainage

40

Nocardia asteroides

TMP SMX + drainage

41

Mycoplasma pneumonia

Erythromcyin or azithromycin

42

Treponema pallidum

Benzathine penicillin

43

Borrelia burgdorferi

Doxycycline

44

Borrelia recurrentis

Tetracycline, erythromycin

45

Leptospira interogans

Pen G

46

Chlamydia spp

STD- azithromycin; conjunctivitis- erthromycin; LGV- doxycycline; psittacosis- azithromycin

47

Rickettsia

Doxycycline

48

Klebsiella granulomatis

Azithromycin

49

Methicillin sensitive SA

Penicillinase resistant penicillins (nafcillin, oxacillin, and dicloxacillin)