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Flashcards in Drugs Neuro Deck (125):
1

Gabapentin

antiepileptic

2

Pregablin

antiepileptic

3

Tiagabine

antiepileptic
Inhibits GABA reuptake

4

Volparate

Antiepileptic

5

Propanalol

Betaadrenoceptor

6

Citalopram

SSRI

7

Venlafaxine

SSRI

8

Zolpidem

Benzo

9

Triazolam

Benoz

10

Loprazolam

Benoz

11

Nitrazepam

Benzo

12

Diazepam

Benzo

13

Phenobarbitone

Barbituates (GABAa receptor enhancement) used as anxiolytic and anticonvulsant

14

Busipirone

5-HT1a agonist - anxiolytic

15

Ipsapirone

5-HT1a agonist - anxiolytic

16

Gepirone

5-HT1a agonist - anxiolytic

17

Olanzapine

Antipsychotics

18

Risperidone

Antipychotic

19

Zopiclone

Hypnotic

20

Zolpidem

Hypnotic

21

Chloral hydrate

Hypnotic

22

Diphenhydramine

antihistamine

23

Promethazine

Antihistamine

24

Mepivacaine

LA

25

Bupivacaine

LA -> epidural

26

Prilocaine

LA intravenous e.g limb surgery

27

Tetracaine

Surface anesthesia LA cornea

28

Articaine

LA

29

Lignocaine

Surface anesthesia or intravenous or epidural e.g. limbs surgery

30

Thipentaie

Injection/intravenous Anesthetic

31

Propofol

Injection/intravenous Anesthetic

32

Etomidate

Injection/intravenous Anesthetic

33

Midazolam

Benzo (used as GA)
Injection/intravenous Anesthetic

34

Ketamine

NMDA channel blocker
Injection/intravenous Anesthetic

35

Nitrous Oxide

Inhalation anesthetics

36

Isoflurane

Inhalation anesthetics

37

Desflurane

Inhalation anesthetics

38

Sevoflurane

Inhalation anesthetics

39

Atropine

Muscarinic antagonists

40

Atracurium

NMJ blovking agent (GA use)

41

Tiletamine

Dissociative anaesthetic

42

Morphine

opioid

43

Heroin

opioid

44

Codeine

opioid

45

Oxycodone

Opioid

46

Methadone

Opioid

47

Pethidine

opioid will cross placenta

48

Pentazocaine

Opioid

49

Fentanyl

Opioid

50

Remifentanyl

Opioid

51

Buprenorphine

Opioid

52

Tramadol

opioid/ Noradrenaline re-uptake inhibitor

53

Nalozone

Opioid receptor antagonist to prevent abuse

54

Naltrexone

Opioid receptor antagonist to prevent abuse

55

Dextromethorphan

Cough suppressant (non-opioid)

56

Co-codamol

codeine and paracetamol

57

Co-codraprin

Codeine and aspirin

58

Co-proxamol

dextropropoxyphene + paracetamol

59

Carbamazepine use

Trigeminal neuralgia
Na channel blocker (anticonvulsant)

60

Gabapentin/pregablin use

Diabetic neuropathy

61

Amtitriptyline

Antidepressant used in post herpatic neuralgia

62

Sodium valporate

Anticonvulsant
1. potentiate GABA actions at GABAa R

2. Inhibits GABA transaminase
3. Inhibitis SSA dehydrogenase

4. blocks voltage-gated sodium channels

63

Felbamate

1. Potentiate GABA actions at GABAa R (anticonvulsant)
2. NMDA antagonist anticonvulsant

64

Perampenal

AMPA antagonists (anticonvulsant)

65

Carbamaxepine

blocks voltage-gated sodium channels
Anticonvulsant action

66

Oxcarbazepine

blocks voltage-gated sodium channels
Anticonvulsant action

67

Phenytoin

1. blocks voltage-gated sodium channels
2. Block of voltage-activated calcium channels
Anticonvulsant action

68

Lamotrigine

1. blocks voltage-gated sodium channels
2. Block of voltage-activated calcium channels
Anticonvulsant action

69

Ethosuximde

Block of voltage-activated calcium channels (low voltage)

70

Gabapentin

Specifically blocks transport of voltage-gated calcium channels to the membrane

71

Topiramate

Treatment of migraine along with anticonvulsant
Multpiple actions (GABA, block sodium and calcium, Blocks AMPA)

72

Levetiracetum

anticonvulsant

73

Zonisamide

Na channel block - anticonvulsant

74

Retigabine

Activates KCNQ potassium channels

75

Busipirone

Post-synaptic receptor agonist of monoamines

76

Mirazepine

Pre-synaptic receptor antgonists for monoamine
Anti-D

77

Moclobemide

MAOIs
Anti-D

78

Phenylzine

MAOIs
Anti-D

79

Fluoextine

SSRI
Anti-D

80

Iproniazid

MAOI
Anti-D

81

Imipramine

TCA
Anti-D

82

Amitriptyline

TCA
Anti-D

83

Clomipramine

TCA
Anti-D

84

Despiramine

TCA
Anti-D

85

Paroxetine

SSRI
Anti-D

86

Reboxetine

Selective Noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor
Anti-D

87

Trazadone

5-HT2 antagonists + SSRI
Anti-D (atypical)

88

Nefazedone

5-HT2 antagonist +SNRI/SSRI
Anti-D (atypical)

89

Mianserin

Alpha-adrenoceptor and 5-HT and 5-HT antagonist
Anti-D (atypical)

90

Mirtazepine

Alpha-adrenoceptor and 5-HT and 5-HT antagonist
Anti-D (atypical)

91

Lithium

mood stabiliser

92

Fuoxetine

SSRI

93

Agonelatine

Melatonin agonists and 5-HT2 antagonist

94

Phenothiazines

Primary D2-receptor antagonists
Typical anti-pyschotics

95

Chlorpromazine

Primary D2-receptor antagonists
Typical anti-pyschotics

96

Fluphenazine

Primary D2-receptor antagonists
Typical anti-pyschotics

97

Thioridazines

Primary D2-receptor antagonists
Typical anti-pyschotics

98

Butyrophenones

Primary D2-receptor antagonists
Typical anti-pyschotics

99

Haloperidol

Primary D2-receptor antagonists
Typical anti-pyschotics

100

Pimozide

Primary D2-receptor antagonists
Typical anti-pyschotics

101

Clozapine

Also know as Serotonin (5-HT2) and dopamine (D2) antagonists
Atypical antipyschotics

102

Risperidone

Also know as Serotonin (5-HT2) and dopamine (D2) antagonists
Atypical antipyschotics

103

Quetoapine

Also know as Serotonin (5-HT2) and dopamine (D2) antagonists
Atypical antipyschotics

104

Zotepine

Also know as Serotonin (5-HT2) and dopamine (D2) antagonists
Atypical antipyschotics

105

Aripriprazole

Also know as Serotonin (5-HT2) and dopamine (D2) antagonists
Atypical antipyschotics

106

Sertaline

SSRI

107

Rupropion

MOAI (DA) smoking cessation

108

Methylphenodate

Ritalin
ADHD

109

Atomoxetine

MOAI (NA)

110

Modafinil

Cognitiveenhancers

111

Fenfluramine

SSRI

112

Sibutramine

NA/5-HT re-uptake inhibitorq

113

Romonabant

Selective CB1 receptor blocker

114

Lorcaserin →

Selective 5-HT2c receptor agonist

115

Orlistata

Lipase inhibitor which prevents fat breakdown and absorption.

116

a. Levodopa (L-Dopa)

dopamine agonist

117

Prampipexole (Mirapexin)

Direct Dopamine Receptor Agonists:

118

Ropinirole (eg Adartel, Requip)

Direct Dopamine Receptor Agonists:

119

Rotigotine (Neupro)

Direct Dopamine Receptor Agonists:

120

Selegiline

Inhibitors of dopamine metabolism:
Irreversible MAO-B inhibitor

121

Rasagiline

Inhibitors of dopamine metabolism:

122

Entacapone

Inhibitors of dopamine metabolism:

123

Tolcapone

Inhibitors of dopamine metabolism:

124

Amantidine:

Antiviral agent
Parkinsons

125

Memantine:

NMDA receptor antagonist

Decks in Cardio Class (108):