Environmental Medicine Flashcards Preview

PCBM M1T3 > Environmental Medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Environmental Medicine Deck (15)
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1
Q

Where do certain environmental pathogens come from?

A

Where we works and do things in our lives

2
Q

What is the first principle of environmental med?

A

Environmental and occupational exposure may be small and subtle and can be difficult to diagnose

3
Q

What is the second principle of environmental med?

A

These health effects may be found in any member of the population, regardless of age, sex, pre-existing diseases processes or others disabilities

4
Q

Will every exposure cause effect?

A

No

5
Q

What does effect depend on?

A

Dose

6
Q

What are the three factors that effects whether a dose will affect a person?

A

Concentration (amount) of toxin
Duration of exposure
Route of exposure

7
Q

Occupational exposures?

A

Can usually make at least some assumptions about specific exposures to workers and route of exposure
Characterization by workplace

8
Q

Environmental may have exposures that….

A

Have unknown # of contaminates
Cause exposure by drinking, eating, breathing
Overall exposure are of lower magnitudes
Conscious and can be confounded by other illnesses or diseases

9
Q

What are the main points in a history to know if someone has been exposed to environmental-related illnesses?

A

History
Physical exam
Characterization of exposure

10
Q

How is the history used to investigate the environment?

A

Screening for all the environments, occupations and other

Someone who lives with a factory worker washing toxin lined clothes

11
Q

What are some investigative history questions?

A

Does the problem get worse on weekends or vacations?
Does it improve at work?
Are there particular locations where it is worse?

12
Q

Association does ____ causation.

A

DOES NOT

13
Q

What organs are most sensitive to contamination?

A

Eyes, skin, respiratory system

14
Q

What is the main treatment?

A

Revolves around the identification and removal of the pt from the source of contaminants

15
Q

What the qualities of a good evaluation?

A

Done by any practitioner, short time period, ask direct questions