Flashcards in Prepping communities: Natural Disasters Deck (28)
What are the characteristics of natural disasters?
Occur annually throughout US, common cause of disaster related deaths and injuries,costs billions per events, reinforce importance of all hazards approach to disasters
What should be done in detection in a natural disaster?
Possible mitigation with early detection, early threat ID and scientific tracking, sirens and media releases
What are the two most important factors in decreasing mortality for tornadoes?
Advanced warning and shelter access
For incident management in a natural disaster what is should be done in finance?
Local, state and federal agreements, and financial responsibilities defined, establish pre-event purchases
In a natural disaster, what part of planning do in incident command?
Potential disruption of local infrastructure
What could happen during operations in incident management?
Communications may be disrupted
Vital healthcare facilities may be damaged or nonfunctional
What does incident management involve?
Maybe the highest level of governmental leadership
Involves effective communication to the general population through the media
What is involved during safety and security in a natural disaster?
Secure to enter, detect life in dangerous conditions vs duty to perform, safety status may change
What safety statues changes during rising water?
Impedes vehicle controle (6 in = no steering; 2 ft = wash away cars)
DO NOT enter rising water
What is the natural disaster leading cause of death in the US?
What are the challenges to hospitals and surge capacity facilities?
Volume of people, staff notification and ID, ingress/egress routes established, media coverage of events, accuracy of info
What is the first priority of assess hazards?
Yourself and you team
What are some consideration that must be made when assessing hazards?
Evolving hazards, hazardous materials, environmental tress, human and animal waste management, contaminated water/food
In support, what logistic challenges may occur due to natural disaster?
Transportation access, personnel notification, accurate estimate of needs, delay in ordering or shipments
What does casualty survival depend on?
Local preparedness and response
What is the golden hour for earthquakes?
24 hours after a quake
90% entrapped survivors extracted, after that mortality inc
how long must local support be ready to assist?
Several days, minimum 3 for life saving and critical services
What is responsible for the "next surge" of causalities in support?
Disruption of medical supplies
What are surge capacity facilitates?
Faculties of operation
When the need exceeds panned area of resources
What is the unique need for surge capacity facilities?
Electrical power, back generators
What type of standardized triage approach will improve casualty management?
What is the main point of triage?
Doing the greatest good for the greatest number of survivable casualties
What should be expected in a triage situation?
Large numbers of minimally injured causalities
What must evacuation planning and operations be able to do in natural disasters?
Be adaptable to unexpected condition and situations
What must evacuation consider?
Scene access to casualties and preparation for transportation and resource utilization
What is the main point for recovery?
Reestablishing local healthcare access is a top priority in early efforts, utilization of state and federal resources
What is very important in recovery?
Capture documentation and data
Sustaining available resources in recovery