Prepping communities: Natural Disasters Flashcards Preview

PCBM M1T3 > Prepping communities: Natural Disasters > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prepping communities: Natural Disasters Deck (28)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

What are the characteristics of natural disasters?

A

Occur annually throughout US, common cause of disaster related deaths and injuries,costs billions per events, reinforce importance of all hazards approach to disasters

2
Q

What should be done in detection in a natural disaster?

A

Possible mitigation with early detection, early threat ID and scientific tracking, sirens and media releases

3
Q

What are the two most important factors in decreasing mortality for tornadoes?

A

Advanced warning and shelter access

4
Q

For incident management in a natural disaster what is should be done in finance?

A

Local, state and federal agreements, and financial responsibilities defined, establish pre-event purchases

5
Q

In a natural disaster, what part of planning do in incident command?

A

Potential disruption of local infrastructure

6
Q

What could happen during operations in incident management?

A

Communications may be disrupted

Vital healthcare facilities may be damaged or nonfunctional

7
Q

What does incident management involve?

A

Maybe the highest level of governmental leadership

Involves effective communication to the general population through the media

8
Q

What is involved during safety and security in a natural disaster?

A

Secure to enter, detect life in dangerous conditions vs duty to perform, safety status may change

9
Q

What safety statues changes during rising water?

A

Impedes vehicle controle (6 in = no steering; 2 ft = wash away cars)
DO NOT enter rising water

10
Q

What is the natural disaster leading cause of death in the US?

A

Flash floods

11
Q

What are the challenges to hospitals and surge capacity facilities?

A

Volume of people, staff notification and ID, ingress/egress routes established, media coverage of events, accuracy of info

12
Q

What is the first priority of assess hazards?

A

Yourself and you team

13
Q

What are some consideration that must be made when assessing hazards?

A

Evolving hazards, hazardous materials, environmental tress, human and animal waste management, contaminated water/food

14
Q

In support, what logistic challenges may occur due to natural disaster?

A

Transportation access, personnel notification, accurate estimate of needs, delay in ordering or shipments

15
Q

What does casualty survival depend on?

A

Local preparedness and response

16
Q

What is the golden hour for earthquakes?

A

24 hours after a quake

90% entrapped survivors extracted, after that mortality inc

17
Q

how long must local support be ready to assist?

A

Several days, minimum 3 for life saving and critical services

18
Q

What is responsible for the “next surge” of causalities in support?

A

Disruption of medical supplies

19
Q

What are surge capacity facilitates?

A

Faculties of operation

When the need exceeds panned area of resources

20
Q

What is the unique need for surge capacity facilities?

A

Electrical power, back generators

21
Q

What type of standardized triage approach will improve casualty management?

A

MASS triage

22
Q

What is the main point of triage?

A

Doing the greatest good for the greatest number of survivable casualties

23
Q

What should be expected in a triage situation?

A

Large numbers of minimally injured causalities

24
Q

What must evacuation planning and operations be able to do in natural disasters?

A

Be adaptable to unexpected condition and situations

25
Q

What must evacuation consider?

A

Scene access to casualties and preparation for transportation and resource utilization

26
Q

What is the main point for recovery?

A

Reestablishing local healthcare access is a top priority in early efforts, utilization of state and federal resources

27
Q

What is very important in recovery?

A

Capture documentation and data

Sustaining available resources in recovery

28
Q

How long can recovery last?

A

Years