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Flashcards in Prepping communities: Chemical Deck (11)
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1
Q

What are agents of opportunity?

A

Toxic industrial chemicals, poisoning consumer products

2
Q

What some types of chemical weapons?

A

Nerve agents, blood agents, irritants agents, vessicants, incapacitating agents

3
Q

What are the nerve agents?

A
Organophophates chemicals (similar to insecticides and high lethal)
Liquids that are vaporized to disseminate (toxin if inhaled, slow onset)
4
Q

What are the muscarinic effects of an organophosphate poisoning?

A
Defecation
Urination
Miosis
Bronchorrhea, bronchospasm
Emesis
Lacrimation
Secretions/seizures
5
Q

What are the nicotinic effects of an organophosphate poisoning?

A
Mydiasis
Tachycardia
Weakness
Hypertension
Fasciculation
Seizures
6
Q

What are the characteristics of low nerve agent exposure?

A

Miosis, dim vision, eye pain, rhinorrhea, dyspnea, sweating

7
Q

What are the characteristics of high nerve agent exposure?

A

Immediate loss of consciousness, seizures, apnea, paralysis

8
Q

What are the treatments for nerve agents?

A

Antidodes: atropine (2mg IV), pralidoxine (1 g IV), benzodiazepines for seizures

9
Q

How much atropine is given?

A

Starting dose 2 mg, give until secretions are dry, ventilation is easy, if pt is conscious or comfortable

10
Q

What are the characteristics of irritant gasses?

A

Common industrial chemical, combine with moisture to form acids or bases, high doses can cause chemical burns

11
Q

What are the locations of gas site of injury?

A

Nose - ammonia
Mouth - chlorine
Lung - phosgene