Prepping communities: Chemical Flashcards Preview

PCBM M1T3 > Prepping communities: Chemical > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prepping communities: Chemical Deck (11):
1

What are agents of opportunity?

Toxic industrial chemicals, poisoning consumer products

2

What some types of chemical weapons?

Nerve agents, blood agents, irritants agents, vessicants, incapacitating agents

3

What are the nerve agents?

Organophophates chemicals (similar to insecticides and high lethal)
Liquids that are vaporized to disseminate (toxin if inhaled, slow onset)

4

What are the muscarinic effects of an organophosphate poisoning?

Defecation
Urination
Miosis
Bronchorrhea, bronchospasm
Emesis
Lacrimation
Secretions/seizures

5

What are the nicotinic effects of an organophosphate poisoning?

Mydiasis
Tachycardia
Weakness
Hypertension
Fasciculation
Seizures

6

What are the characteristics of low nerve agent exposure?

Miosis, dim vision, eye pain, rhinorrhea, dyspnea, sweating

7

What are the characteristics of high nerve agent exposure?

Immediate loss of consciousness, seizures, apnea, paralysis

8

What are the treatments for nerve agents?

Antidodes: atropine (2mg IV), pralidoxine (1 g IV), benzodiazepines for seizures

9

How much atropine is given?

Starting dose 2 mg, give until secretions are dry, ventilation is easy, if pt is conscious or comfortable

10

What are the characteristics of irritant gasses?

Common industrial chemical, combine with moisture to form acids or bases, high doses can cause chemical burns

11

What are the locations of gas site of injury?

Nose - ammonia
Mouth - chlorine
Lung - phosgene