Prepping communities: Biological Events (not done) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prepping communities: Biological Events (not done) Deck (14)
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1
Q

What are the two types of biological events?

A

Natural and intentional

2
Q

What are the two types of bioterrorism release?

A

Overt (notice of release)

Covert (no notice of threat)

3
Q

What are a few methods of detection of a biological event?

A

Inc number of pts, inc unexplained death, usual pt ages, animal die off

4
Q

What are the CDC categories of bioterrorism agents?

A

A,B,C designations
Quantity of agent available, ability to disseminate the agent, person-to-person, severity, public response, overall risk to national security

5
Q

What are the category A agents?

A

Anthrax, smallpox, plague, botox, tularemia, viral hemorrhagic fever

6
Q

Why are category B agents in that designation?

A

Less quantity available, harder to disseminate, less person to person, less severe, less known

7
Q

What are the category B agents?

A
Infectious (brucellosis, glanders)
Bio-toxins (ricin, staph entero B)
Water (vibrio)
Food (salmonella, E.coli, shigella)
Viral encephaltis
8
Q

What are the agents in category C?

A

Emerging infectious diseases as bioterrorism (nipah, hantavirus)
May pose a significant public health threat (avian flu, SARS)

9
Q

Describe anthrax.

A

Endemic in animals sometimes in humans, dealing with infected animals, spores in bio-attack, cutaneous, inhalation, GI

10
Q

What are the clinical features of anthrax?

A

Inhalation incubation period 2-43 days with prodrome and abrupt onset of fulminant illness
Widened mediastium and pleural effusions

11
Q

What are the cutaneous features of anthrax?

A

1-7 day incubation, itchy papule to ulcer to black eschar, regional adenpathy and systemic symptoms, usually resolves completely

12
Q

What are the GI features of anthrax?

A

1-7 incubation, not likely as bioattack, febrile illness w/ blood diarrhae, eating undercooked infected meat

13
Q

How is anthrax diagnosed?

A

Blood, gram stain pleural fluid or CSF, inhalational and cutaneous disease

14
Q

What is the treatment for anthrax?

A

Ciprofloxacin 400 mg IV

Doxycycline 100 mg IV q12h