Disaster Safety and Assess Hazards Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Disaster Safety and Assess Hazards Deck (31):
1

What are the ABCs of scene safety action plan?

Awareness of hazardous conditions
Barrier needed for protection
Communication information

2

What are secondary hazards?

An addition to the primary event that may not be completely obvious
A risk to victims and rescuers

3

What are the first things to do in a hazard situation?

Protect yourself
Get out, call 911, follow scene priorities, all-hazard consideration, restrict access

4

What are the scene priories of protection?

Protect self, then team, then public, then patients, then environment

5

What are the scene environment "U"s?

Unsafe, uncertain, unpredictable

6

What are the scene caveats?

Don't show up uninvited
Don't disturb possible evidence
Don't disrupt emergency services

7

What should be done with a suspicious package?

ID - inappropriate/unusual labeling
Do not open, shake, examine or show it
Wash hands and call 911

8

What are some considerations for a chemical incident?

Safe zone uphill, upwind, secondary contamination, must wear PPE, secondary threats and environment

9

What are some considerations for a biological incident?

Delayed presentation, health care facilities become scene
Community issues, isolate ill, observe exposed, PPE

10

What are some considerations for a radiological incident?

Hazards - contaminated victim, continued release, fallout, windborn spread, PPE

11

What are some considerations for a nuclear incident?

Get out! Probably not terrorist

12

What are some considerations for a natural disaster?

Scene variability, danger from secondary threats, evac and rescue

13

What are some considerations for explosives?

Location of contamination/dispersal
Do not enter area w/ explosives, on-going threat, immediate evac
Cell phones, pagers and electronics - danger

14

What are some secondary dangers?

Structural instability
Falling debris

15

What are some critical considerations for personal protection equipment?

Minimize contact, protect orifices, proper training and fitting, no one type protects against everything, may create work hazards

16

What should be considered when choosing a PPE?

Immediate Danger to Life or Health?
The agent
Release method
Confined space?
Release site proximity (Hot/Warm zone)
Job duties during the event

17

Describe a level A PPE.

Fully encapsulated suit, provides the maximum protection, uses a self-contained breathing apparatus on the inside, fully encapsulating and includes chemical resistance boots and gloves
Need assistance to get in or out of

18

Describe a level B PPE.

Provides high respiratory protection but has less skin protection, uses a self-contained breathing apparatus, hooded chemical resistant suit, which does include the boots and gloves

19

Describe a level C PPE.

Powered air-purifying respirator (PAPR), hooded chemical resistant clothing, chemical resistant boots and gloves
Suitable for decontamination

20

Describe a BIO-PPE.

Double gloves, impermeable gowns, goggles, cap, leg and shoe covers, N95 mask or better respirator, hand hygiene
Suitable for most hospital situations

21

Describe a level D PPE.

Minimum protection, no respiratory protection, standard work uniform, standard OSHA personal protective barriers

22

What is the universal respiratory etiquette strategy for healthcare faculties?

Give surgical masks/cough barriers, provide hygiene supplies in waiting areas, encourage coughers to be 3 ft away, construct barriers between staff and sick

23

What should be used to figure out which hospital PPE to use?

Hot zone - casulaty collection Level A
Warm zone - triage and decontaminate Level B or C
Cold zone - treatment/transport Level D or BioPPE

24

What are some types of respiratory protection?

Self contained breathing apparatus
Supplied air respirator
Powered air purifying respirator
Air purifying respirator

25

Which PPEs are a fit test required for?

N95 or greater

26

What is decontamination?

Rapid removal or deactivation of contaminants as soon as possible even with incomplete info
Reduce amount and spread of contaminants

27

Who should you decontaminate?

Everyone who may have been contaminated by a chemical, radiological, nuclear (or biological) agent

28

How do you decontaminate?

Dry = undress
Wet = undress +solution
Soap and water vs dilute bleach

29

Describe gross decontamination.

Close to location, non-ambulatory, casualty collection, privacy, ambient and water temp (hypothermia)

30

Describe technical decontamination

Close to the gross location, privacy, ambient temp and water (hypothermia), fresh clothing needed

31

What should be done during post-decontamination?

Observe the location and monitor delayed symptoms, psychological support, specific treatment