Flashcards in Prepping communities: Psychological Deck (20)
What are the different psychological problem that will be faced after a disaster?
Transient distress symptoms, behavioral changes, anxiety disorders, PTSD
What are the risk factors increasing rate of psychological problems?
Degree of exposure, exhaustion, physical harm, loss of someone close, history of mental disorder
What is incident command's role in addressing psychological issues?
Formally designated leader, training and practice, integration of volunteers, protective plan
What should volunteers address for psychological issues?
Credentialing, just in time training, management
Can cause more issues if not trained correctly
What can happen to the security and safety role of responders in a psychological event?
Can have similar responses to trauma and get PTSD just like civilians
What should be done for interventions for responders?
Refer IDed affected to professionals
What is done for triage and treatment in a psychological event?
Normal vs abnormal responses, treat with scope of competency and resources, ID high risk persons
What is a normal response?
A sense of apprehension, worry, edginess, difficulty concentrating, rational to escape scene, sometimes altruistic behaviors
What are some prevalent syndrome?
Sub-diagnostic distress with physical complaints
How is sub-diagnostic distress treated?
Normalize responses with empathy, support counseling, treat symptoms like insomnia
What constitutes psychological first aid?
Protect survivors from more harm, reduce physiological arousal, get support for distressed, keep families together
What are the characteristics abnormal responses?
Intensity and duration, results in disability, avoid certain object or events, usual pattern of symptoms
What are some abnormal disorders?
Acute stress, PTSD, major depressive, dysthymic
What types of reactions would you see in a young child (less than 5)?
Separation fears, nightmares, regression
What types of reactions would you see in a child and adolescent (6-11, 12-18)?
Atypical disruptive behaviors, withdraw from people, activities, irritability and difficulty concentrating, lower grades
What are common to stress disorders?
Re-experiencing events, emotional numbing, avoidance, autonomic arousal, disruption of life
What is SNAP screening?
What are some screening questions?
In the past two weeks have you ...
Had a depressed mood most of the day?
Loss of interest or pleasure in most activities?
Think life is not worth living or about killing yourself?
What questions would be asked to screen for substance abuse?
Ever had a problem with drugs? CAGE
Do you drink alcohol? How much? Felt you should CUT down? People ANNOYING you about it? Felt GUILTY about it? Drink the morning to rid a hangover (EYE-OPENER)?